2015, Oxford library of psychology, ISBN 9780199957996, xx, 399

This Oxford Handbook offers a comprehensive and authoritative review of important developments in computational and mathematical psychology. With chapters...

Psychometrics | Cognition | Mathematical models | Cognitive science | Psychology

Psychometrics | Cognition | Mathematical models | Cognitive science | Psychology

Book

2012, ISBN 9781107011991, ages cm

Much of our understanding of human thinking is based on probabilistic models. This innovative book by Jerome R. Busemeyer and Peter D. Bruza argues that,...

Decision making | Physics | Mathematical models | Cognition | Statistical decision | Quantum theory

Decision making | Physics | Mathematical models | Cognition | Statistical decision | Quantum theory

Book

2010, ISBN 0761924507, ix, 211

Book

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, ISSN 0140-525X, 2013, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp. 255 - 274

Classical (Bayesian) probability (CP) theory has led to an influential research tradition for modeling cognitive processes. Cognitive scientists have been...

classical probability theory | judgment | decision making | conjunction effect | quantum probability theory | rationality | interference effects | category membership | similarity ratings | disjunction effect | NEUROSCIENCES | CONJUNCTION FALLACY | ORDER | CHOICE | DECISION-MAKING | DISJUNCTION | UNCERTAINTY | FUZZY-TRACE THEORY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL | SIMILARITY | BRAIN | Cognitive Science | Decision Making | Quantum Theory | Motivation | Humans | Models, Psychological | Cognition | Probability Theory | Bayesian statistical decision theory | Decision-making | Models | Research | Quantum statistics | Behavioral decision theory | Cognition & reasoning | Rationality | Quantum theory | Information processing

classical probability theory | judgment | decision making | conjunction effect | quantum probability theory | rationality | interference effects | category membership | similarity ratings | disjunction effect | NEUROSCIENCES | CONJUNCTION FALLACY | ORDER | CHOICE | DECISION-MAKING | DISJUNCTION | UNCERTAINTY | FUZZY-TRACE THEORY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL | SIMILARITY | BRAIN | Cognitive Science | Decision Making | Quantum Theory | Motivation | Humans | Models, Psychological | Cognition | Probability Theory | Bayesian statistical decision theory | Decision-making | Models | Research | Quantum statistics | Behavioral decision theory | Cognition & reasoning | Rationality | Quantum theory | Information processing

Journal Article

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, 06/2009, Volume 276, Issue 1665, pp. 2171 - 2178

Two experimental tasks in psychology, the two-stage gambling game and the Prisoner's Dilemma game, show that people violate the sure thing principle of...

Prisoners dilemma | Quantum mechanics | Cognitive dissonance | Psychology | Cognitive models | Markov models | Cognition | Game theory | Modeling | Cognitive psychology | Decision-making | Prisoner's dilemma | Cognitive science | Quantum probability | SEARCH | GAMES | Prisoner's Dilemma | PRINCIPLE | COOPERATION | CHOICE | EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | MODELS | decision-making | PREFERENCES | quantum probability | BIOLOGY | UNCERTAINTY | ECOLOGY | PRISONERS-DILEMMA | cognitive science | Cognitive Science | Models, Theoretical | Decision Theory | Probability | Humans

Prisoners dilemma | Quantum mechanics | Cognitive dissonance | Psychology | Cognitive models | Markov models | Cognition | Game theory | Modeling | Cognitive psychology | Decision-making | Prisoner's dilemma | Cognitive science | Quantum probability | SEARCH | GAMES | Prisoner's Dilemma | PRINCIPLE | COOPERATION | CHOICE | EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | MODELS | decision-making | PREFERENCES | quantum probability | BIOLOGY | UNCERTAINTY | ECOLOGY | PRISONERS-DILEMMA | cognitive science | Cognitive Science | Models, Theoretical | Decision Theory | Probability | Humans

Journal Article

Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, 6/2013, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp. 901 - 908

Context effects—preference changes that depend on the availability of other options—have attracted a great deal of attention among consumer researchers...

Consumer research | Perceptual similarity | Rectangles | Psychology | Consumer psychology | Psychological research | Experimentation | Cognitive models | Frequency ranges | Cognitive psychology | compromise effect | preferences | attraction effect | perceptual decision making | decision making | preferential choice | similarity effect | perception | FIELD-THEORY | PHANTOM ALTERNATIVES | ASYMMETRIC DOMINANCE | CHOICE | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | JUDGMENT | MODELS | ATTRACTION | LOSS AVERSION | SIMILARITY | PREFERENCE | Young Adult | Perception - physiology | Adult | Choice Behavior - physiology | Decision Making - physiology | Humans | Decision making | Speech | Researchers

Consumer research | Perceptual similarity | Rectangles | Psychology | Consumer psychology | Psychological research | Experimentation | Cognitive models | Frequency ranges | Cognitive psychology | compromise effect | preferences | attraction effect | perceptual decision making | decision making | preferential choice | similarity effect | perception | FIELD-THEORY | PHANTOM ALTERNATIVES | ASYMMETRIC DOMINANCE | CHOICE | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | JUDGMENT | MODELS | ATTRACTION | LOSS AVERSION | SIMILARITY | PREFERENCE | Young Adult | Perception - physiology | Adult | Choice Behavior - physiology | Decision Making - physiology | Humans | Decision making | Speech | Researchers

Journal Article

PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 10/2014, Volume 9, Issue 10, p. e110909

There has been a strong recent interest in applying quantum theory (QT) outside physics, including in cognitive science. We analyze the applicability of QT to...

MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Models, Psychological | Quantum Theory | Humans | Public opinion polls | Analysis | Quantum theory | Operators | Theory | Cognitive ability | Science | Cognition | Random variables | Quantum physics | Physics | Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition | Mathematics | Naturvetenskap | Natural Sciences | Matematik

MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Models, Psychological | Quantum Theory | Humans | Public opinion polls | Analysis | Quantum theory | Operators | Theory | Cognitive ability | Science | Cognition | Random variables | Quantum physics | Physics | Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition | Mathematics | Naturvetenskap | Natural Sciences | Matematik

Journal Article

Topics in Cognitive Science, ISSN 1756-8757, 10/2013, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp. 689 - 710

Question order effects are commonly observed in self‐report measures of judgment and attitude. This article develops a quantum question order model (the QQ...

Question order | Constructive | Markov | Bayesian | Vector feature space | Order effects | Quantum probability | Judgment | SELF-GENERATED VALIDITY | PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL | EXPLANATION | ATTITUDE | MECHANICS | RECOGNITION MEMORY | Quantum Theory | Attitude | Humans | Self Report | Models, Psychological | Probability | Mathematics | Models, Statistical | Probability Theory | Empirical Research

Question order | Constructive | Markov | Bayesian | Vector feature space | Order effects | Quantum probability | Judgment | SELF-GENERATED VALIDITY | PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL | EXPLANATION | ATTITUDE | MECHANICS | RECOGNITION MEMORY | Quantum Theory | Attitude | Humans | Self Report | Models, Psychological | Probability | Mathematics | Models, Statistical | Probability Theory | Empirical Research

Journal Article

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, 7/2014, Volume 111, Issue 26, pp. 9431 - 9436

The hypothesis that human reasoning obeys the laws of quantum rather than classical probability has been used in recent years to explain a variety of seemingly...

A priori knowledge | Zero | Quantum mechanics | Mathematical vectors | Cognitive models | Quantum field theory | Parametric models | Modeling | Polls | Judgment | Attitude judgment | Measurement effects | National surveys | Quantum theory | measurement effects | CLASSICAL DYNAMICAL-SYSTEMS | MODELS | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | quantum theory | national surveys | attitude judgment | BRAIN | Models, Psychological | Surveys and Questionnaires | Probability Theory | Attitude | Humans | Judgment - physiology | Psychological aspects | Research | Social aspects | Reasoning | Social science research | Judgment (Ethics) | Social Sciences

A priori knowledge | Zero | Quantum mechanics | Mathematical vectors | Cognitive models | Quantum field theory | Parametric models | Modeling | Polls | Judgment | Attitude judgment | Measurement effects | National surveys | Quantum theory | measurement effects | CLASSICAL DYNAMICAL-SYSTEMS | MODELS | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | quantum theory | national surveys | attitude judgment | BRAIN | Models, Psychological | Surveys and Questionnaires | Probability Theory | Attitude | Humans | Judgment - physiology | Psychological aspects | Research | Social aspects | Reasoning | Social science research | Judgment (Ethics) | Social Sciences

Journal Article

Journal of Economic Literature, ISSN 0022-0515, 9/2006, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp. 631 - 661

Most economists define rationality in terms of consistency principles. These principles place "bounds" on rationality-bounds that range from perfect...

Economic models | Utility models | Dual aspect theory | Economic utility | Stochastic models | Automobiles | Rational choice theory | Modeling | Reason | Bounded rationality | DEPENDENT UTILITY THEORIES | MIXED LOGIT | MODELS | STOCHASTIC CHOICE | TRANSITIVITY | ECONOMICS | INDEPENDENCE AXIOM | SIMILARITY | CONTEXT | JUDGMENTS | DECISION FIELD-THEORY | Studies | Economists | Economic theory | Violations

Economic models | Utility models | Dual aspect theory | Economic utility | Stochastic models | Automobiles | Rational choice theory | Modeling | Reason | Bounded rationality | DEPENDENT UTILITY THEORIES | MIXED LOGIT | MODELS | STOCHASTIC CHOICE | TRANSITIVITY | ECONOMICS | INDEPENDENCE AXIOM | SIMILARITY | CONTEXT | JUDGMENTS | DECISION FIELD-THEORY | Studies | Economists | Economic theory | Violations

Journal Article

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, ISSN 2045-2322, 12/2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 10

Two different dynamic models for belief change during evidence monitoring were evaluated: Markov and quantum. They were empirically tested with an experiment...

PROBABILITY | TIME | DECISION-MAKING | CHOICE BEHAVIOR | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Markov chains | Models | Interference

PROBABILITY | TIME | DECISION-MAKING | CHOICE BEHAVIOR | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Markov chains | Models | Interference

Journal Article

Psychological Review, ISSN 0033-295X, 07/2018, Volume 125, Issue 4, p. 572

A general theory of measurement context effects, called Hilbert space multidimensional (HSM) theory, is presented. A measurement context refers to a subset of...

Social sciences | Hilbert space | Probability distribution | Behavioral sciences

Social sciences | Hilbert space | Probability distribution | Behavioral sciences

Journal Article

Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, 10/2008, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp. 1015 - 1022

A recent study demonstrated that individuals making experience-based choices underweight small probabilities, in contrast to the overweighting observed in a...

Experiential learning | Prospect theory | Underweight | Experimentation | Research Articles | Information feedback | Modeling | Parametric models | Frequentism | Observed choices | Term weighting | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | RISK | EXPERIENCE | EVENTS | LOSS AVERSION | DECISION FIELD-THEORY | Decision Making | Choice Behavior | Motivation | Probability Learning | Gambling - psychology | Humans | Risk-Taking | Attention | Problem-Based Learning | Feedback, Psychological | Culture | Gambling | Expected utility | Feedback | Decision making | Comparative studies | Experimental psychology | Theory

Experiential learning | Prospect theory | Underweight | Experimentation | Research Articles | Information feedback | Modeling | Parametric models | Frequentism | Observed choices | Term weighting | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | RISK | EXPERIENCE | EVENTS | LOSS AVERSION | DECISION FIELD-THEORY | Decision Making | Choice Behavior | Motivation | Probability Learning | Gambling - psychology | Humans | Risk-Taking | Attention | Problem-Based Learning | Feedback, Psychological | Culture | Gambling | Expected utility | Feedback | Decision making | Comparative studies | Experimental psychology | Theory

Journal Article

2015, Oxford library of psychology, ISBN 0199957991

Web Resource

2015, Oxford library of psychology, ISBN 0199957991

Web Resource

16.
Full Text
Two-Stage Dynamic Signal Detection

: A Theory of Choice, Decision Time, and Confidence

Psychological Review, ISSN 0033-295X, 7/2010, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp. 864 - 901

The 3 most often-used performance measures in the cognitive and decision sciences are choice, response or decision time, and confidence. We develop a random...

Time pressure | Confidence | Optimal solution | Diffusion model | Subjective probability | STOCHASTIC-MODELS | confidence | subjective probability | RESPONSE-TIME | time pressure | PARADIGMS EMPHASIZING STATE | DIFFUSION-MODEL ACCOUNT | PROBABILITY JUDGMENT | optimal solution | PSYCHOLOGY | PROCESS LIMITATIONS | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | diffusion model | RANDOM-WALK | RECOGNITION MEMORY | RANDOM ERROR | PSYCHOPHYSICAL DISCRIMINATION | Decision Making | Cognitive Processes | Task Analysis | College Students | Theories | Problem Solving | Classification | Models | Time | Evaluation Methods | Universities | Michigan | Choice Behavior | Time Factors | Humans | Reaction Time | Signal Detection, Psychological | Judgment | Decision-making | Choice (Psychology) | Research

Time pressure | Confidence | Optimal solution | Diffusion model | Subjective probability | STOCHASTIC-MODELS | confidence | subjective probability | RESPONSE-TIME | time pressure | PARADIGMS EMPHASIZING STATE | DIFFUSION-MODEL ACCOUNT | PROBABILITY JUDGMENT | optimal solution | PSYCHOLOGY | PROCESS LIMITATIONS | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | diffusion model | RANDOM-WALK | RECOGNITION MEMORY | RANDOM ERROR | PSYCHOPHYSICAL DISCRIMINATION | Decision Making | Cognitive Processes | Task Analysis | College Students | Theories | Problem Solving | Classification | Models | Time | Evaluation Methods | Universities | Michigan | Choice Behavior | Time Factors | Humans | Reaction Time | Signal Detection, Psychological | Judgment | Decision-making | Choice (Psychology) | Research

Journal Article

Cognition, ISSN 0010-0277, 02/2015, Volume 135, pp. 43 - 46

•Is cognitive science having an impact on decision science, and if so, when did this happen, and what is this impact?•This article looks back into the history...

Prospect theory | Sequential sampling models | Utility theory | Heuristics | JUDGMENT | RESPONSE-TIME | NEURAL BASIS | RISK | MULTIALTERNATIVE CHOICE | MODEL | UTILITY | PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL

Prospect theory | Sequential sampling models | Utility theory | Heuristics | JUDGMENT | RESPONSE-TIME | NEURAL BASIS | RISK | MULTIALTERNATIVE CHOICE | MODEL | UTILITY | PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL

Journal Article

Psychological Review, ISSN 0033-295X, 4/2011, Volume 118, Issue 2, pp. 193 - 218

A quantum probability model is introduced and used to explain human probability judgment errors including the conjunction and disjunction fallacies, averaging...

Conjunction fallacy | Inference | Order effects | Disjunction fallacy | Quantum theory | inference | quantum theory | conjunction fallacy | disjunction fallacy | PSYCHOLOGY | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | MECHANICS | REPRESENTATIVENESS | MODELS | UNPACKING | FREQUENCY | UNCERTAINTY | FUZZY-TRACE THEORY | order effects | VIOLATIONS | CONDITIONAL-PROBABILITY | Cognitive Processes | Comparative Analysis | Thinking Skills | Fundamental Concepts | Quantum Mechanics | Probability | Models | Cognitive Psychology | Error Patterns | Physics | Quantum Theory | Humans | Models, Psychological | Cognition | Mathematics | Models, Statistical | Judgment | Research

Conjunction fallacy | Inference | Order effects | Disjunction fallacy | Quantum theory | inference | quantum theory | conjunction fallacy | disjunction fallacy | PSYCHOLOGY | PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | MECHANICS | REPRESENTATIVENESS | MODELS | UNPACKING | FREQUENCY | UNCERTAINTY | FUZZY-TRACE THEORY | order effects | VIOLATIONS | CONDITIONAL-PROBABILITY | Cognitive Processes | Comparative Analysis | Thinking Skills | Fundamental Concepts | Quantum Mechanics | Probability | Models | Cognitive Psychology | Error Patterns | Physics | Quantum Theory | Humans | Models, Psychological | Cognition | Mathematics | Models, Statistical | Judgment | Research

Journal Article