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membranes (17) 17
engineering, chemical (16) 16
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physical or chemical processes or apparatus in general (16) 16
separation (16) 16
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chemistry (14) 14
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treatment of water, waste water, sewage, or sludge (13) 13
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climate change mitigation technologies related to wastewatertreatment or waste management (9) 9
desalination (9) 9
distillation (9) 9
general tagging of cross-sectional technologies spanning over several sections of the ipc (9) 9
general tagging of new technological developments (9) 9
saline water conversion (9) 9
technical subjects covered by former uspc cross-reference art collections [xracs] and digests (9) 9
technologies for adaptation to climate change (9) 9
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membran (8) 8
wärme- und stoffübergang (8) 8
direct-contact-membrandestillationsverfahren (7) 7
entsalzung (7) 7
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membrane distillation (7) 7
module (7) 7
wasserdampf (7) 7
water resources (7) 7
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energy (6) 6
fibers (6) 6
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temperature polarization (6) 6
water-vapour (6) 6
dcmd:direct-contact-membrane-distillation (5) 5
desalination-of-seawater (5) 5
flux (5) 5
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membrandestillation (5) 5
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system (5) 5
water (5) 5
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electrospinning (4) 4
heat and mass transfer (4) 4
heat-transfer (4) 4
hollow-fiber membranes (4) 4
komponentenentwicklung (4) 4
nanocomposites (4) 4
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permeatstrom (4) 4
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betriebsbedingung (3) 3
betriebszustand (3) 3
cfd (3) 3
design-of-components (3) 3
flux enhancement (3) 3
hollow fiber membranes (3) 3
hollow-fiber (3) 3
materials science, multidisciplinary (3) 3
nanomaterials (3) 3
nanostructure (3) 3
operating-condition (3) 3
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permeat (3) 3
permeate (3) 3
polyvinylidene fluorides (3) 3
porosity (3) 3
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prozessleistung (3) 3
removal (3) 3
salinity (3) 3
seewasserentsalzung (3) 3
vacuum-membrane-distillation (3) 3
water vapor flux (3) 3
channels (2) 2
composite-membranes (2) 2
contact (2) 2
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dcmd:direct-contact-md (2) 2
design (2) 2
direct contact membrane distillation (2) 2
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flow (2) 2
fo:forward-osmosis (2) 2
gap-width (2) 2
heat-transfer-coefficient (2) 2
inlet temperature (2) 2
kompositmembran (2) 2
mass transfer coefficient (2) 2
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Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, 2019, Volume 53, Issue 7, pp. 3488 - 3498
In this study, we propose a novel module design to integrate forward osmosis (FO) and membrane distillation (MD). The two processes are sealed in one module... 
HYBRID SYSTEM | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | ENERGY | TRACE ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS | TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | WASTE-WATER | SEAWATER DESALINATION | PILOT-SCALE | DRAW SOLUTION | HIGH SALINITY | FEED | Mass balance | Distillation | Salts | Temperature | Fluctuations | Modules | Flux | Flow velocity | Salt rejection | Osmosis | Flow rates | Water vapor
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 12/2013, Volume 448, pp. 240 - 247
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 12/2014, Volume 471, pp. 138 - 148
Journal Article
Desalination, ISSN 0011-9164, 09/2017, Volume 418, pp. 43 - 59
The current study aims to highlight the effect of flow pattern on the variations of permeate fluxes over the membrane surface during desalination in a direct... 
Permeate flux distribution | Polarization | Salinity distribution | Membrane distillation | 3D CFD modeling | CFD | DESIGN | HEAT-TRANSFER | PERFORMANCE | TEMPERATURE POLARIZATION | WATER RESOURCES | SEAWATER | SIMULATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | MODULE | CHANNELS | MASS-TRANSFER | Aquatic resources | Saline water conversion | Fluid dynamics | Analysis | Sea-water | Salinity | Polytetrafluoroethylene | Marine sciences
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 09/2015, Volume 489, pp. 73 - 80
The importance of removing non-condensable gases from air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) modules in improving the water vapor flux is presented in this... 
Air gap width | Membrane distillation (MD) | Heat and mass transfer coefficients | Sub-atmospheric pressure | Gas permeance | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | TRANSPORT | POLYMER SCIENCE | SCALE | Analysis | Permeability | Saline water conversion
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 10/2018, Volume 563, pp. 175 - 182
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 10/2019, Volume 588, p. 117197
In this study, we proposed a novel air-assisted swirling flow-type microbubble generator (MBG) to improve the downstream transmembrane flux of a multistage... 
Microbubble generator | Two-phase flow | Seawater desalination | Membrane distillation | Permeation flux enhancement | AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS | POLYMER SCIENCE | HEAT-TRANSFER | SPACER | TEMPERATURE POLARIZATION | AIR-GAP | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | MODULE DESIGN | DIRECT-CONTACT MEMBRANE | DISTILLATION | MASS-TRANSFER
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 12/2012, Volume 423-424, pp. 11 - 19
Aromatic fluorinated polyoxadiazoles (F-POD) and polytriazoles (F-PT) were synthesized and for the first time manufactured into porous membranes by phase... 
Membranes | Polytriazole | Polyoxadiazole | Membrane distillation | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | POLYMER SCIENCE | HOLLOW-FIBER | DISTILLATION | Waste management | Aquatic resources | Fluorides | Saline water conversion
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 10/2018, Volume 564, pp. 193 - 203
This study provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of the fundamental characteristics of heat and mass transfer in the direct contact membrane... 
Temperature polarization | Flux improvement | Heat and mass transfer | Spacer | Desalination | CFD | SYSTEM | MASS FLUX ENHANCEMENT | POLYMER SCIENCE | SIMULATION | FILLED CHANNELS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | MODULE DESIGN | HEAT-TRANSPORT | WATER | Analysis | Saline water conversion
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 03/2015, Volume 478, pp. 85 - 95
This paper presents the development of a rigorous theoretical model to predict the transmembrane flux of a flat sheet hydrophobic composite membrane,... 
Direct contact membrane distillation | Heat and mass transfer | Desalination | Composite membrane | DESIGN | POLYMER SCIENCE | HOLLOW-FIBER | CASCADE | FLOW | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HEAT | MODULE | SPACER-FILLED CHANNELS | FABRICATION | MASS-TRANSFER | Polytetrafluoroethylene | Analysis | Models | Aquatic resources | Saline water conversion | Sea-water | Boundary layer
Journal Article
Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, 2017, Volume 544, pp. 126 - 134
The low thermal efficiency and low water production are among the major challenges that prevent membrane distillation (MD) process from being commercialized.... 
Total heat flux | Thermal equilibrium | Total water production | DCMD module scale-up | Conduction heat loss | SYSTEM | POLYMER SCIENCE | PERFORMANCE | HOLLOW-FIBER | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | FLUX ENHANCEMENT | RECOVERY | THERMAL EFFICIENCY | MODULE | ULTRAFILTRATION | SPACER-FILLED CHANNELS | SEAWATER DESALINATION | Analysis | Salinity
Journal Article
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, 08/2010, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp. 1754 - 1765
Electrospinning of Polyamide 6 (PA 6) in 2,2,2‐trifluoroethanol (TFE) was investigated for the fabrication of nanofibrous nonwoven membranes useful for... 
membranes | orientation | polyamides | electrospinning | nanofibers | Electrospinning | Membranes | Nanofibers | Orientation | Polyamides | POLYMER SCIENCE | CRYSTAL STRUCTURE | MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES | FIBER | NYLON-6 | NANOCOMPOSITES | GAMMA-FORM | POLYMER NANOFIBERS | SCAFFOLD | Relative humidity | Polyamide resins | Mats | Nanomaterials | Nanostructure | Fibers
Journal Article