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Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, ISSN 0148-0227, 03/2010, Volume 115, Issue B3, p. n/a
High‐velocity friction tests were conducted on solid and hollow cylinders of Carrara (calcite) marble, dolomite marble, silicate‐bearing calcite marble, and... 
powder lubrication | carbonate fault | seismic slip | thermal decomposition | frictional heating | velocity weakening | GEOCHEMISTRY & GEOPHYSICS | FRICTION WELDING APPARATUS | SOUTHWEST JAPAN | PERMEABILITY | INTERNAL STRUCTURE | ROCKS | GOUGE | DECOMPOSITION | FLUID PRESSURE | EARTHQUAKE | THERMAL PRESSURIZATION | Geology | Rheology | Seismology | Earthquakes | Plate tectonics | Continental dynamics
Journal Article
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, ISSN 0148-0227, 05/2005, Volume 110, Issue B5, pp. B05202 - n/a
To understand how frictional melting affects fault instability, we performed a series of high‐velocity friction experiments on gabbro at slip rates of... 
Dynamics and mechanics of faulting | Structural Geology | Fractures and faults | Seismology | Rheology and friction of fault zones | Earthquake dynamics | slip weakening | pseudotachylyte | frictional melting | WELDING APPARATUS | GEOCHEMISTRY & GEOPHYSICS | RATES | DISTANCE | RHEOLOGY | FLUID PRESSURE | GENERATION | VISCOSITY | BUBBLE-BEARING MAGMAS | PSEUDOTACHYLYTE | LIQUIDS
Journal Article
Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, 07/2007, Volume 34, Issue 14, pp. L14311 - n/a
The dynamic strength of seismogenic faults has a critical effect on earthquake slip instability and seismic energy release. High velocity friction experiments... 
Seismology | Rheology and friction of fault zones | Earthquake dynamics | Tectonophysics | Dynamics and mechanics of faulting | Structural Geology | Fractures and faults | serpentinite | fault weakening | shear hearing | FRICTION | RATES | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | SAN-ANDREAS FAULT | SLIP | ROCKS | SERPENTINITE | RUPTURE | STRENGTH | STRESS | FLOW | Earth Sciences | Sciences of the Universe
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 5/2007, Volume 316, Issue 5826, pp. 878 - 881
High-velocity weakening of faults may drive fault motion during large earthquakes. Experiments on simulated faults in Carrara marble at slip rates up to 1.3... 
Coefficient of friction | Fault zones | Melting | Geology | Thermal decomposition | Earthquakes | Shear stress | Sliding | Reports | Sensors | Calcite | RATES | SAN-ANDREAS FAULT | SLIP | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | SERPENTINITE | FLUID PRESSURE | HEAT-FLOW | STRESS | Chemical weathering | Plate tectonics | Research | Friction | Faults | Heating | Measuring instruments | Decomposition
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 2/2006, Volume 311, Issue 5761, pp. 647 - 649
Melt produced by friction during earthquakes may act either as a coseismic fault lubricant or as a viscous brake. Here we estimate the dynamic shear resistance... 
Fault zones | Experimental data | Melting | Earthquakes | Aluminum | Outcrops | Shear stress | Specimens | Sliding | Reports | Lubrication | FRICTION | PSEUDOTACHYLYTES | STRESS | SLIP | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Shear flow | Research
Journal Article
Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, 01/2007, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp. L01308 - n/a
High‐velocity friction experiments on a fault gouge collected from the Nojima fault activated during the 1995 Kobe earthquake showed that the friction... 
Dynamics and mechanics of faulting | Structural Geology | Seismology | Rheology and friction of fault zones | Earthquake dynamics | earthquake | high‐velocity friction experiment | slip‐weakening | RATES | ENERGY | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | NOJIMA FAULT | SLIP | ZONE | ROCKS | FLUID PRESSURE | STRENGTH | FLUIDIZATION | SITU STRESS MEASUREMENTS
Journal Article
Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, 2016, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp. 2543 - 2551
Pore pressure is an important factor in controlling the slip instability of faults and thus the generation of earthquakes. Particularly slow earthquakes are... 
blueschist | subduction earthquake | pore pressure | friction | Earthquakes | Isotopes | Fault lines | Nucleation | Shear | Seismic activity | Slip | Seismic stability | Pressurization | Depth | Mechanics (physics) | Geological faults | Pore pressure | Stresses | Subduction (geology) | Pressurizing | Pressure | Fluid pressure | Stress | Subduction | Faults | Subduction zones | Mechanics | Rocks | Instability | Control stability | Stability | Porosity
Journal Article
Oceanography, ISSN 1042-8275, 3/2019, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp. 95 - 97
Riser-based drilling became available to scientists for the first time when the Japanese drilling vessel (D/V) began operations in 2005. The introduction of a... 
THEME 2. Probing the Dynamic Earth and Assessing Geohazards | SEDIMENT | OCEANOGRAPHY | Drilling | Logging | Chemical analysis | Data collections | Boreholes | Wellheads | Physical properties | Ocean floor | Water analysis | Ships | Technology | Drilling vessels | Drilling fluids | Data collection | Scientists | Sampling | Riser pipes | Mud | Sea water | Seawater
Journal Article
Earth, Planets and Space, ISSN 1343-8832, 12/2014, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 8
The 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Mw 9.0) produced a very large slip on the shallow part of a megathrust fault that resulted in destructive tsunamis. Although... 
IODP Expedition 343 | Earth Sciences | Geology | 2011 Tohoku earthquake | Friction | Smectite | DSDP Leg 56 | Earth Sciences, general | Geophysics/Geodesy | Fracture energy | OKI EARTHQUAKE | ZONE | GOUGE | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | RUPTURE | STRESS | FAULTS
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 05/2007, Volume 316, Issue 5826, pp. 878 - 881
Journal Article
Geology, ISSN 0091-7613, 2019, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp. 107 - 110
Catastrophic caldera collapse following a large volcanic eruption or subsurface magmatic outflow is associated with very large displacements on ring faults.... 
FRICTION | GEOLOGY | ZONE | SLIP | PSEUDOTACHYLYTES | GENERATION | VISCOSITY | MELTS | Collapse | Slip resistance | Shear | Shear tests | Geology | Seismic activity | Friction resistance | Mechanical properties | Low resistance | Magma | Faults | Fault lines | Geological faults | Friction | Earthquakes | Volcanic activity | Outflow | Volcanoes | Catastrophic collapse | Volcanic eruptions
Journal Article
Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, 12/2018, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp. 2622 - 9
A new method for evaluating the in situ rock strength beneath the seafloor is proposed and applied to the Nankai Trough accretionary prism. The... 
THRUST BELTS | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | CENTRAL JAPAN | BITS | TROUGH | MODEL | FORE-ARC | EARTHQUAKE | MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES | KUMANO BASIN | DEFORMATION | Cores | Drilling | Convergence zones | Compression | Geological time
Journal Article
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, ISSN 0148-0227, 09/2011, Volume 116, Issue B9, p. n/a
The final slip of about 450 m at about 30 m/s of the 1963 Vaiont landslide (Italy) was preceded by >3 year long creeping phase which was localized in... 
thermal pressurization | gouge | landslide | Vaiont | friction | smectite | SMECTITE-RICH | GEOCHEMISTRY & GEOPHYSICS | LUBRICATION | INSTABILITY | COMPACTION | DEHYDRATION | FAULT GOUGE | LANDSLIDES | CRYSTAL SCALE | STRENGTH | CA-MONTMORILLONITE | Petrology | Geology | Microstructure | Rheology | Mineralogy
Journal Article
The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, ISSN 0016-7630, 09/2018, Volume 124, Issue 9, pp. 725 - 739
Earthquakes occur when shear stress exceeds the static strength of a fault; thus, knowledge of fault strength is important. Various estimates of fault strength... 
Fieldwork | Rock mechanics | Deformation | Seismic activity | Methodology | Heat flow | Experiments | Fault lines | Earthquakes | Seismology | Shear stress | Strength | Anomalies
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, 7/2015, Volume 112, Issue 30, pp. 9276 - 9280
During earthquakes, comminution and frictional heating both contribute to the dissipation of stored energy. With sufficient dissipative heating, melting... 
Cataclasite | Pseudotachylyte | Obsidian breccia | Earthquake slip | Frictional melting | LUBRICATION | pseudotachylyte | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | RELAXATION | STICK-SLIP | VISCOSITY | cataclasite | SILICATE MELTS | obsidian breccia | RATES | GLASS-TRANSITION | earthquake slip | GENERATION | frictional melting | EARTHQUAKES | Observations | Faults (Geology) | Rheology | Physical Sciences
Journal Article
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, ISSN 0148-0227, 07/2011, Volume 116, Issue B7, p. n/a
A rotary shear apparatus has been newly set up in Chiba University which can control the temperature near a sliding surface, Tmeas, up to 1000°C independently... 
rock friction | earthquake generation process | frictional experiment | frictional heating | effect of temperature | GEOCHEMISTRY & GEOPHYSICS | HEAT | CHI-CHI | ROCKS | ZONE | EARTHQUAKE | GABBRO | FAULTS | Geology | Microstructure | Rheology | Plate tectonics
Journal Article