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Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, ISSN 1062-7995, 07/2016, Volume 24, Issue 7, pp. 1009 - 1015
We have investigated the influence of sodium (Na) on the properties of co‐evaporated Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) layer microstructures and solar cells. The photovoltaic... 
CZTS | NaF | recombination | co‐evaporation | carrier collection | ZnS | co-evaporation | PHYSICS, APPLIED | ENERGY & FUELS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Solar cells | Fluorides | Solar energy industry | Solar batteries | Analysis
Journal Article
physica status solidi c, ISSN 1862-6351, 08/2013, Volume 10, Issue 7‐8, pp. 1086 - 1092
The ternary compound semiconductor Cu2SnS3 (CTS) is formed from non‐toxic materials that are abundant in Earth's crust and other low‐cost elements. CTS has... 
thin film | solar cell | Cu2SnS3 | Solar cell | SnS | Thin film
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 04/2014, Volume 9, Issue 4, p. e94115
Journal Article
AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X, 07/2017, Volume 1865, Issue 1
In our laboratory, the development of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) solar cells has been conducted. It is said that the conversion efficiency of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) was... 
CZTS | thin film solar cell | ZnSnS | Na effect | Cadmium telluride | Thin films | Hydrogen sulfide | Solar cells | Photovoltaic cells | Copper indium gallium selenides | Sodium diffusion | Sodium fluoride | Carrier density | Soda-lime glass | Copper zinc tin sulfide | Glass substrates
Journal Article
Progress in Photovoltaics, ISSN 1062-7995, 07/2016, Volume 24, Issue 7, pp. 1009 - 1015
We have investigated the influence of sodium (Na) on the properties of co-evaporated Cu sub(2)ZnSnS sub(4) (CZTS) layer microstructures and solar cells. The... 
Solar cells | Thin films | Sodium | Photovoltaic cells | Devices | CZT | Microstructure | Diodes | Deposition
Journal Article
Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, 2009, Volume 517, Issue 7, pp. 2455 - 2460
The low cost, environmental harmless Cu 2ZnSnS 4 (CZTS)-based thin film solar cells are fabricated by using abundant materials. The CZTS film possesses... 
Solar cell | Cu 2ZnSnS 4 | Sulfurization | Efficiency | Thin film | ZnSnS | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | PHYSICS, APPLIED | Cu2ZnSnS4 | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | MATERIALS SCIENCE, COATINGS & FILMS | Thin films | Solar cells | Dielectric films | Solar energy industry | Solar batteries | Optical properties
Journal Article
Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, 10/2011, Volume 110, Issue 7
Journal Article
physica status solidi c, ISSN 1862-6351, 06/2017, Volume 14, Issue 6, p. n/a
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is one of the promising materials for high efficiency thin film solar cells. Here we report on the chemical and structural characterization of... 
chemical treatment | Cu2ZnSnS4 | surface | cationic surfactant | ZnSnS | Solar cells | Raman spectra | Scattering | Etching | Surfactants | Surface treatment | Thin films | Photovoltaic cells | Cations | Chemical composition | Structural analysis | Copper zinc tin sulfide | Methanol
Journal Article
physica status solidi c, ISSN 1862-6351, 06/2017, Volume 14, Issue 6, p. n/a
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is one of the promising materials of absorber layer used in thin film solar cells. In this paper, we revealed the effects of surface treatment... 
oxidization | surface treatment | Cu2ZnSnS4 | H2O2 | ZnSnS | Thin films | Solar cells | Raman spectra | Solution heat treatment | Hydrogen peroxide | Photovoltaic cells | Spectrum analysis | Scattering | Oxidation | Surface treatment | Copper zinc tin sulfide
Journal Article
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-4922, 10/2012, Volume 51, Issue 10
Journal Article
Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, 05/2007, Volume 515, Issue 15, pp. 5997 - 5999
The development of environment friendly type thin film solar cell Cu ZnSnS (say CZTS-type) fabricated using abundant materials is introduced in this paper.... 
Inline-type vacuum apparatus | Sputter time | Cu/(Zn + Sn) | Conversion efficiency | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | PHYSICS, APPLIED | Cu/(Zn plus Sn) | sputter time | inline-type vacuum apparatus | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | conversion efficiency | MATERIALS SCIENCE, COATINGS & FILMS
Journal Article
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-4922, 10/2012, Volume 51, Issue 10
Journal Article
Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, 09/2017, Volume 638, p. 312
In this study, Cu.sub.2ZnSnS.sub.4(CZTS) formation by co-evaporation and subsequent annealing in S-flux was demonstrated using molecular beam epitaxy(MBE)... 
Annealing | Epitaxy
Journal Article
Applied Physics Express, ISSN 1882-0778, 04/2008, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp. 0412011 - 0412012
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin film solar cells have been fabricated by co-sputtering technique using three targets of Cu, SnS, and ZnS. CZTS-based thin film solar... 
OPTICAL-PROPERTIES | PHYSICS, APPLIED | ABUNDANT MATERIALS
Journal Article
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, 05/2012, Volume 524, pp. 22 - 25
The crystal structure of Cu ZnSnS (CZTS) thin films fabricated by vapor-phase sulfurization was determined using X-ray anomalous dispersion. High statistic... 
Solar cell | X-ray diffraction | CZTS | Anomalous dispersion
Journal Article
Applied Physics Express, ISSN 1882-0778, 10/2010, Volume 3, Issue 10
Journal Article
Journal of Materials Chemistry, ISSN 0959-9428, 03/2012, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp. 4021 - 4024
Journal Article
physica status solidi c, ISSN 1862-6351, 05/2009, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp. 1266 - 1268
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films were prepared by sulfurization of electrodeposited Cu‐Zn‐Sn precursors. The Cu‐Zn‐Sn precursors were deposited on Mo‐coated glass... 
84.60.Jt | 68.55.−a | 81.15.Pq | 73.40.Lq | 61.05.cp
Journal Article
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, 06/2009, Volume 93, Issue 6-7, pp. 996 - 999
Cu ZnSnS (CZTS) thin films were prepared by sulfurizing precursors deposited by electroplating. The precursors (Cu/Sn/Zn stacked layers) were deposited by... 
CZTS | Sulfurization | ZnSnS | Electroplated precursors | Thin film solar cells | SOLAR-CELLS | ENERGY & FUELS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | OPTICAL-PROPERTIES | Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS)
Journal Article
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