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Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, 01/2019, Volume 361, pp. 37 - 48
[Display omitted] •AC-supported NZVI showed both chain-like form and individual nanospheres.•The capacity of NZVI/AC for Pb(II) was 8.2 times greater than that... 
Nanoscale zero-valent iron | Drinking water | Activated carbon support | Kinetics | Pb(II) removal | MECHANISM | REACTIVITY | ADSORPTION | AQUEOUS-SOLUTION | NANOPARTICLES | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | OXIDES | NZVI | DRINKING-WATER | SURFACE-ANALYSIS | ZEOLITE | Adsorption | Analysis | Composite materials industry
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, 05/2017, Volume 316, pp. 842 - 849
•Using disposable Ca(OH)2 for steam/oxygen gasification of coal could produce high quality syngas.•Adding Ca(OH)2 promoted carbon conversion and improved... 
Catalytic gasification | Disposable catalyst | Ca(OH)2 | High quality syngas | CH4 | Coal | Ca(OH)
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 10/2015, Volume 138, pp. 147 - 155
The indirectly heated fixed bed reactor with particularly designed internals has been devised to achieve advanced pyrolysis performance for coal (Energy &... 
Pyrolysis | Intensification | Secondary reaction | Internals | Fixed bed | Oil Shale | QUALITY | CRACKING | YIELD | ENERGY & FUELS | PORE STRUCTURE | THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | TEMPERATURE | PRODUCTS | KINETICS | GENERATION | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Usage | Fixed beds | Reactors | Heating | Shale oil | Oil shale | Fuels | Walls
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 07/2016, Volume 148, pp. 248 - 255
Our previous studies have shown evident technical superiorities of oil shale pyrolysis in a newly devised fixed bed reactor with particularly designed... 
Secondary reactions | Pyrolysis | Oil shale | Vacuum pyrolysis | Fixed bed | Internals | HIGH-QUALITY TAR | YIELD | ENERGY & FUELS | HEATING RATE | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | WIRE-MESH REACTOR | PRODUCTS | GOYNUK | PARTICLE-SIZE | COAL PYROLYSIS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | Shale oils | Analysis | Oil-shales | Reactors | Furnaces | Drying oils | Shale oil | Barometric pressure | Fuels
Journal Article
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, ISSN 1388-6150, 12/2017, Volume 130, Issue 3, pp. 2227 - 2238
...Study on the evolution characteristic of intermediate during the pyrolysis of oil shale Mengya Li 1,2 • Jin-Hui Zhan 1 • Dengguo Lai 1,2 • Yong Tian 1,2... 
Polymer Sciences | Pyrolysis | Chemistry | Analytical Chemistry | Measurement Science and Instrumentation | Intermediate | Physical Chemistry | Structural composition | Inorganic Chemistry | Oil shale | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | KEROGEN | CONVERSION | STATE C-13 NMR | DECOMPOSITION | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | RESIDUAL CARBON | THERMODYNAMICS | SPECTROSCOPY | FTIR | KINETICS | BITUMEN | GC/MS | Shale oils | Bituminous materials | Oil-shales
Journal Article
Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, 04/2016, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp. 2865 - 2873
This article investigates the effect of the reactor temperature profile on the distribution and characteristics of the products from fixed-bed pyrolysis of oil... 
Journal Article
Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, 07/2017, Volume 31, Issue 7, pp. 6996 - 7003
Pyrolysis of Huadian oil shale was investigated in a newly designed shallow fixed bed reactor mounted with infrared heating to clarify the pyrolysis behavior... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | EVOLUTION | ENERGY & FUELS | RAPID PYROLYSIS | COAL | GOYNUK | PARTICLE-SIZE | FIXED-BED | GRAIN-SIZE | CATALYST | PRODUCTS YIELD
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 01/2016, Volume 163, pp. 48 - 55
•Metallic heating plates are added to indirectly heated fixed bed to improve pyrolysis performance.•Heating plates facilitated and even doubled the heating... 
Heating enhancement | Pyrolysis | Process intensification | Oil shale | Internals | PLANT | YIELD | ENERGY & FUELS | DECOMPOSITION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | TEMPERATURE | DEMINERALIZATION | PRODUCTS | KINETICS | GAS EVOLUTION | COAL PYROLYSIS | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 04/2017, Volume 158, pp. 191 - 198
Oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in moving bed with internals (MBI) was investigated with the aim to identify the effect of oil shale properties... 
Pyrolysis | Shale ash | Steam atmosphere | Ceramic balls | Oil shale | Internals | YIELDS | FILTER | CRACKING | ENERGY & FUELS | STEAM | FIXED-BED | FILTRATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | COKING | VAPOR | PRODUCTS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | TECHNOLOGY | Petroleum products | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Refining | Catalysis | Petroleum
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 04/2018, Volume 215, pp. 348 - 355
[Display omitted] •A multi-stage fluidized bed was proposed to couple coal pyrolysis with char gasification.•This work succeeded in the smooth operation of... 
Tar | Char gasification | Multi-stage fluidized bed | Coal pyrolysis | Syngas | OIL-SHALE | CONVERSION | ENERGY & FUELS | BROWN-COAL | INTERNALS | STEAM | FIXED-BED | ATMOSPHERES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | DESTRUCTION | TEMPERATURE | TECHNOLOGY | Pyrolysis | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 06/2016, Volume 173, pp. 138 - 145
•Effects of secondary reactions were investigated in oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier.•Oil vapor cracking is the main secondary reaction when... 
Secondary reactions | Coking | Cracking | Pyrolysis | Oil shale | Solid heat carrier | CLOSED-SYSTEM | ENERGY & FUELS | DECOMPOSITION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | TEMPERATURE | KINETICS | ASH | OPEN-SYSTEM PYROLYSIS | GAS EVOLUTION | GENERATION | TECHNOLOGY | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 07/2016, Volume 176, pp. 200 - 208
•A transport bed was used to study the effect of steam-containing syngas on coal rapid pyrolysis.•Steam-containing syngas combined the advantages of steam and... 
Pyrolysis | Transport bed | Tar | Coal | Steam | Syngas | VOLATILE-CHAR INTERACTIONS | ENERGY & FUELS | PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION | LOW-RANK COAL | IN-SITU DESTRUCTION | COKE-OVEN GAS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | VICTORIAN BROWN-COAL | DROP-TUBE REACTOR | WIRE-MESH REACTOR | NASCENT CHAR | FLASH PYROLYSIS | Polymerization | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 07/2017, Volume 199, pp. 504 - 511
This article presents an overview on carbon chemical structure transformation to understand kerogen thermal decomposition based on the chemical structure of... 
Pyrolysis | Tar | Shale oil | Chemical structure | Coal | Oil shale | Kerogen | Mechanism | ENERGY & FUELS | STATE C-13 NMR | INTERNALS | FIXED-BED | SECONDARY REACTIONS | SOLID HEAT CARRIER | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | GAS EVOLUTION | NUCLEAR MAGNETIC-RESONANCE | COAL PYROLYSIS | MOVING-BED | OIL-SHALE PYROLYSIS | Shale oils | Analysis | Oil-shales | Chemical industry | Herbicides | Pesticides industry
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 11/2015, Volume 159, pp. 943 - 951
[Display omitted] •A moving bed with internals was devised for small-size oil shale pyrolysis using solid heat carrier.•The new reactor obviously improved the... 
Secondary reactions | Pyrolysis | Moving bed | Oil shale | Internals | Solid heat carrier | RESOURCES | YIELD | ENERGY & FUELS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ASH | GAS EVOLUTION | TECHNOLOGY | Shale oils | Oil-shales
Journal Article
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN 0360-3199, 07/2016, Volume 41, Issue 28, pp. 12093 - 12100
The chemical mechanisms and product distribution in the process of oil shale kerogen pyrolysis were investigated via reactive molecular dynamics (RMD)... 
Oil shale kerogen | Hydrocarbons | Pyrolysis | ReaxFF molecular dynamics | ELECTROCHEMISTRY | MACROMOLECULAR STRUCTURE ELEMENTS | ENERGY & FUELS | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION | HEATING RATE | REAXFF | PRODUCTS | KINETICS | FORCE-FIELD | HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION | COAL PYROLYSIS | WATER | Molecular dynamics | Shale oils | Hydrogen | Oil-shales
Journal Article
中国化学工程学报:英文版, ISSN 1004-9541, 2017, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp. 507 - 515
Pyrolysis of Shenmu coal was performed in fixed-bed reactors indirectly heated by reducing operating pressure and mounting internals in the reactor to explore... 
Pyrolysis | Reaction | Internals | Fixed-bed | Coal | Reducing pressure | HIGH-QUALITY TAR | CHAR STRUCTURE | SOLID HEAT CARRIER | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | VICTORIAN BROWN-COAL | EVOLUTION | VACUUM PYROLYSIS |