X
Search Filters
Format Format
Subjects Subjects
Subjects Subjects
X
Sort by Item Count (A-Z)
Filter by Count
animals (26) 26
neurosciences (26) 26
index medicus (25) 25
male (21) 21
ventral tegmental area (19) 19
rats (18) 18
neurons (16) 16
rats, sprague-dawley (15) 15
nervous system (12) 12
nucleus-accumbens (12) 12
dopamine (11) 11
ventral tegmental area - physiology (11) 11
prefrontal cortex (10) 10
reward (9) 9
ventral tegmental area - drug effects (9) 9
conditioned place preference (8) 8
gaba (8) 8
neurons - physiology (8) 8
ventral tegmental area - cytology (8) 8
analgesics, opioid - pharmacology (7) 7
article (7) 7
mental disorders (7) 7
dopamine - physiology (6) 6
dopaminergic neurons - physiology (6) 6
electrophysiology (6) 6
neurons - drug effects (6) 6
neurophysiology (6) 6
neuroscience (6) 6
patch-clamp techniques (6) 6
receptors, opioid, mu - agonists (6) 6
reinforcement (6) 6
brain (5) 5
brain research (5) 5
enkephalin, ala-mephe-gly- - pharmacology (5) 5
human necessities (5) 5
humans (5) 5
hygiene (5) 5
in vitro techniques (5) 5
investigating or analysing materials by determining theirchemical or physical properties (5) 5
measuring (5) 5
medical or veterinary science (5) 5
midbrain (5) 5
morphine (5) 5
narcotics (5) 5
neurons - metabolism (5) 5
nucleus accumbens (5) 5
opioids (5) 5
physics (5) 5
preparations for medical, dental, or toilet purposes (5) 5
psychological phenomena and processes (5) 5
receptors (5) 5
research (5) 5
rodents (5) 5
testing (5) 5
ventral tegmental area - metabolism (5) 5
alcoholism (4) 4
articles (4) 4
dopamine - metabolism (4) 4
dopaminergic neurons - drug effects (4) 4
gaba neurons (4) 4
gaba-containing neurons (4) 4
mediating opiate reward (4) 4
mesencephalon (4) 4
midbrain dopamine neurons (4) 4
motivation (4) 4
musculoskeletal, neural, and ocular physiology (4) 4
neural inhibition - drug effects (4) 4
neural pathways - physiology (4) 4
neurons - cytology (4) 4
neurotransmitters (4) 4
nucleus-accumbens shell (4) 4
physiological aspects (4) 4
rat (4) 4
substantia-nigra (4) 4
tyrosine 3-monooxygenase - metabolism (4) 4
analgesics (3) 3
behavior (3) 3
benzeneacetamides - pharmacology (3) 3
brief communications (3) 3
cell biology (3) 3
delta opioid receptor (3) 3
disease models, animal (3) 3
ethanol (3) 3
immunocytochemistry (3) 3
in-vivo microdialysis (3) 3
inhibitory postsynaptic potentials - drug effects (3) 3
medicine (3) 3
mesencephalon - physiology (3) 3
mice (3) 3
narcotic antagonists - pharmacology (3) 3
nerve net - physiology (3) 3
neural inhibition - physiology (3) 3
nondopaminergic neurons (3) 3
opioid (3) 3
periaqueductal gray (3) 3
physiology (3) 3
pyrrolidines - pharmacology (3) 3
rat substantia-nigra (3) 3
rats, inbred lew (3) 3
receptor (3) 3
more...
Language Language
Publication Date Publication Date
Click on a bar to filter by decade
Slide to change publication date range


Trends in Neurosciences, ISSN 0166-2236, 04/2015, Volume 38, Issue 4, p. 217
  Opioids are the most potent analgesics in clinical use; however, their powerful rewarding properties can lead to addiction. The scientific challenge is to... 
Drug addiction | Neurosciences | Analgesics | Narcotics | Neurons | Memory
Journal Article
Neurochemistry International, ISSN 0197-0186, 10/2019, Volume 129, p. 104504
Neural circuits that enable an organism to protect itself by promoting escape from immediate threat and avoidance of future injury are conceptualized to carry... 
PLACE PREFERENCE PARADIGM | MEASURING REWARD | PRESYNAPTIC INHIBITION | BASOLATERAL AMYGDALA | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | LATERAL HABENULA | SOCIAL DEFEAT STRESS | NUCLEUS-ACCUMBENS SHELL | CATECHOLAMINE INNERVATION | SELECTIVE ACTIVATION | NEUROSCIENCES | VENTRAL TEGMENTAL AREA
Journal Article
Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, 10/2014, Volume 34, Issue 44, pp. 14707 - 14716
Journal Article
Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, 09/2008, Volume 28, Issue 36, pp. 8908 - 8913
Broad action potentials (APs) and dopamine (DA) D 2 receptor (D 2 R)-mediated inhibition are widely used to identify midbrain DA neurons. However, when these... 
Nucleus accumbens | κ-opioid | receptor | Dopamine | Amygdala | Ventral tegmental area | amygdala | ventral tegmental area | Brief Communications | D2 receptor | nucleus accumbens | dopamine
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, 02/2006, Volume 103, Issue 8, pp. 2938 - 2942
Journal Article
Behavioral Neuroscience, ISSN 0735-7044, 08/2012, Volume 126, Issue 4, p. 515
The delta opioid receptor (DOR) agonist DPDPE decreases ethanol (EtOH) consumption when injected into the ventral tegmental area (VTA). We previously showed... 
Neurosciences | Anxieties | Neurons | Alcoholism | Behavior | Cortisone
Journal Article
Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, 05/2010, Volume 588, Issue 9, p. 1541
Substance P (SP) and its receptors are involved in anxiety-related behaviours and regulate the intake of drugs of abuse and alcohol. Within the midbrain... 
Drug abuse | GABA | Illegal drugs | Universities and colleges | Potassium channels | Protein kinases
Journal Article
JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, ISSN 0270-6474, 10/2014, Volume 34, Issue 44, pp. 14707 - 14716
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is required for the rewarding and motivational actions of opioids and activation of dopamine neurons has been implicated in... 
calcium channel | VTA | midbrain | CONDITIONED PLACE PREFERENCE | opioid | RECEPTOR MESSENGER-RNA | NONDOPAMINERGIC NEURONS | SUBSTANTIA-NIGRA | NEUROSCIENCES | VENTRAL TEGMENTAL AREA | CALCIUM-CHANNELS | RAT CNS | GABA NEURONS | OPIATE REWARD | ADENYLATE-CYCLASE
Journal Article
Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, 09/2011, Volume 589, Issue 17, p. 4229
Non-technical summary Opioid receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that modulate synaptic function. Depending upon their nervous system site of... 
Neurons | GABA | Morphine | Universities and colleges
Journal Article