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2014, The Princeton economic history of the western world, ISBN 0691151490, xiii, 310
Book
2012, ISBN 019994427X, cm.
The book asks when financial development is good for growth. It turns to industrializing England for an answer, using London goldsmith bankers as a case study.... 
economic history | Credit rationing | Industrial revolution | Usury laws | Economic growth | Hoare's bank | Financial development
Book
The Quarterly Journal of Economics, ISSN 0033-5533, 8/2012, Volume 127, Issue 3, pp. 1339 - 1392
How persistent are cultural traits? Using data on anti-Semitism in Germany, we find local continuity over 600 years. Jews were often blamed when the Black... 
Towns | Deportation | Voting | Jewish peoples | Nazism | Pogroms | Jewish culture | Synagogues | Cities | Antisemitism | ECONOMICS | CULTURAL TRANSMISSION | GROWTH | Civilization | Influence | History | Culture
Journal Article
The Review of Economic Studies, ISSN 0034-6527, 10/2015, Volume 82, Issue 4 (293), pp. 1409 - 1448
Powerful, centralized states controlling a large share of national income only begin to appear in Europe after 1500. We build a model that explains their... 
Centralization | Fiscal resources | Military conflict | Military Revolution | War | Taxation | State capacity | TRADE | EUROPE | INSTITUTIONS | ORIGINS | centralization | GROWTH | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
The Quarterly Journal of Economics, ISSN 0033-5533, 2/2008, Volume 123, Issue 1, pp. 101 - 137
This paper examines the value of connections between German industry and the Nazi movement in early 1933. Drawing on previously unused contemporary sources... 
Stock prices | Dividends | Voting | Nazism | Market capitalization | Yield | Chancellors | Business structures | Stock markets | Political parties | MONEY | ECONOMICS | MARKETS | HEAVY INDUSTRY | GROWTH | Economic aspects | Business-government relations | Research | Germany
Journal Article
The Review of Economic Studies, ISSN 0034-6527, 4/2013, Volume 80, Issue 2 (283), pp. 774 - 811
How did Europe escape the "Iron Law of Wages?" We construct a simple Malthusian model with two sectors and multiple steady states, and use it to explain why... 
Epidemics | Plague | Population growth | Urban economics | Mortality | Urbanization | War | Cities | Calibration | Warfare | Demographic regime | Long-run growth | Great divergence | Malthus to solow | MORTALITY | POPULATION | Long-run Growth | PRICES | Malthus to Solow | MIDDLE-AGES | E27 | MALTHUS | ECONOMIC-DEVELOPMENT | O41 | Demographic Regime | STAGNATION | N33 | N13 | O14 | GROWTH | ECONOMICS | Great Divergence | ENGLAND
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, 6/2015, Volume 112, Issue 26, pp. 7931 - 7936
Attempts at modifying public opinions, attitudes, and beliefs range from advertising and schooling to “brainwashing.” Their effectiveness is highly... 
Persistence | Cultural transmission | Indoctrination | Anti-Semitism | ORIGINS | PREFERENCES | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | persistence | indoctrination | ATTITUDES | cultural transmission | anti-Semitism | CHILDREN | National socialists | Race discrimination | Social science research | Influence | Forecasts and trends | Cultural diffusion | Research | Social Sciences
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 11/2016, Volume 106, Issue 11, pp. 3367 - 3400
What determines risk-bearing capacity and the amount of leverage in financial markets? Using unique archival data on collateralized lending, we show that... 
HETEROGENEOUS EXPECTATIONS | DEPRESSION | LIQUIDITY | STOCK-MARKET | INVESTORS | BEHAVIOR | CRISIS | AVERSION | ECONOMICS | SELECTION | AMSTERDAM | Leverage (Finance) | Collateralized loan obligations | Forecasts and trends | Financial markets | Margins (Security trading) | Analysis | Studies | Risk | Leverage | Lending | Securities markets
Journal Article
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 12/2011, Volume 121, Issue 557, pp. 1205 - 1227
What sustained borrowing without third-party enforcement in the early days of sovereign lending? Philip II of Spain accumulated towering debts while stopping... 
Loans | Debt | Bank loans | Loan defaults | Lenders | Bankers | Sovereign debt | Kings | Bankruptcy | Contracts | REPUDIATION | ECONOMICS | SOVEREIGN-DEBT | MODELS | SPAIN | Banking industry
Journal Article
Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, 04/2017, Volume 125, Issue 2, pp. 478 - 526
Using newly collected data on association density in 229 towns and cities in interwar Germany, we show that denser social networks were associated with faster... 
DEMOCRACY | CIVIL-SOCIETY | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 10/2013, Volume 103, Issue 6, pp. 2227 - 2264
We analyze the emergence of the first socioeconomic institution in history limiting fertility: west of a line from St. Petersburg to Trieste, the European... 
Labor supply | Pastoralism | Grains | Female fertility | Mortality | Marriage age | Pastoral nomads | Peasant class | Agricultural land | Land use | MORTALITY | POPULATION | HOUSEHOLD FORMATION | GROWTH | PRODUCTIVITY | NUPTIALITY | ECONOMICS | URBANIZATION | MALTHUSIAN STAGNATION | ENGLAND | ECONOMY | Forecasts and trends | History | Fertility | Social economics | Analysis | Childbirth
Journal Article
The Journal of Economic Perspectives, ISSN 0895-3309, 10/2013, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp. 165 - 186
Western Europe surged ahead of the rest of the world long before technological growth became rapid. Europe in 1500 already had incomes twice as high on a per... 
Population growth | Mortality | Urbanization | Population estimates | War | Military technology | Cities | Warfare | Epidemiology | Socioeconomics | POPULATION | TRADE | GROWTH | WAR | ECONOMICS | MALTHUS | URBANIZATION | ENGLAND | Influence | Politics | Analysis | Wealth
Journal Article
The Economic History Review, ISSN 0013-0117, 08/2016, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp. 999 - 1006
Carlos Álvarez‐Nogal and Christophe Chamley recently published an article in the Economic History Review on ‘Debt policy under constraints: Philip II, the... 
HISTORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES | ECONOMICS | DEFAULTS | SPAIN | AGE | HISTORY | Misrepresentation | Economic history | Banking
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 5/2013, Volume 103, Issue 3, pp. 79 - 85
We analyze under what conditions intermarriage can be used as an indicator of tolerance, and whether such tolerant attitudes persisted in Germany during the... 
Towns | Political attitudes | Intermarriage | Jewish peoples | Nazism | Jewish culture | CULTURE, INSTITUTIONS, AND HISTORICAL PERSISTENCE | Jewish history | Cities | Antisemitism | Grandparents | ECONOMICS | Evaluation | Jews | Toleration | History | Social aspects | Jewish communities | Studies | Attitudes | Marriage
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 12/2004, Volume 94, Issue 5, pp. 1654 - 1668
This paper presents a case study of a well-informed investor in the South Sea bubble. We argue that Hoare's Bank, a fledgling West End London bank, knew that a... 
Stock prices | Trade | Investors | Customers | Bank loans | Banks | Bank stocks | Stock shares | Business structures | Economic bubbles | EQUILIBRIUM ASSET PRICES | HETEROGENEOUS EXPECTATIONS | STOCK-MARKET | BEHAVIOR | ARBITRAGE | ECONOMICS | CRASHES | Subsidiaries, divisions and units | Investments | Analysis | Banking industry | Forecasts and trends | Stock markets | Studies | Stocks | Correlation analysis | Investment policy | Rates of return | History
Journal Article
The Review of Economics and Statistics, ISSN 0034-6535, 7/2014, Volume 96, Issue 3, pp. 418 - 430
Using census-based data on the ability to recall one's age, we show that low levels of nutrition impaired numeracy in industrializing England, 1780 to 1850:... 
Child nutrition | Grains | Nutrition | Wheat prices | Censuses | Labor markets | War | Cognition | Numeracy | Intelligence quotient | ARTICLES | QUANTITATIVE LITERACY | GROWTH | BIRTH-WEIGHT | SOCIAL SCIENCES, MATHEMATICAL METHODS | ECONOMICS | HEALTH | HEIGHT | CHILDHOOD | SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS | COGNITIVE FUNCTION | LIFE | AGE | Prices and rates | Economic aspects | Supply and demand | Forecasts and trends | Labor market | Food
Journal Article
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 4/2008, Volume 118, Issue 528, pp. 743 - 758
This article studies the effects of interest rate restrictions on loan allocation. The British government tightened the usury laws in 1714, reducing the... 
Loans | Usury laws | Mortgage loans | Credit | Secured loans | Bank loans | Collateral | Loan rates | Usury | Interest rates | HOARES BANK | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC-GROWTH | MARKETS
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 05/2009, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp. 248 - 254
This paper argues that Malthusian regimes are capable of sustained changes in per capita incomes. Shifting mortality and fertility schedules can lead to... 
Population growth | Disease and Development: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives | Mortality | Domestic workers | Urbanization | War | Agriculture | Cities | Epidemiology | Economic history | Income level | ECONOMICS | INDUSTRIAL | ENGLAND | GROWTH | Malthusianism | Forecasts and trends | Fertility | Studies | Economic theory
Journal Article
The Journal of Economic History, ISSN 0022-0507, 12/2010, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp. 813 - 842
The defaults of Philip II have attained mythical status as the origin of sovereign debt crises. We reassess the fiscal position of Habsburg Castile, deriving... 
Military spending | Debt | Public debt | Long term debt | Loan defaults | Revenue | Armadas | Debt service | Surplus | Sustainable economies | HISTORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES | FRENCH-REVOLUTION | ECONOMICS | PUBLIC-FINANCE | SOVEREIGN DEBT | HISTORY | Kings and rulers | History | Finance
Journal Article
Cliometrica, ISSN 1863-2505, 1/2015, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp. 49 - 75
Contingent sovereign debt can create important welfare gains. Nonetheless, there is almost no issuance today. Using hand-collected archival data, we examine... 
Excusable default | H63 | F34 | G12 | History | Sovereign debt | N23 | Economics / Management Science | Spain | Economic Theory | Contingent lending | Econometrics | Methodology and the History of Economic Thought | REPUDIATION | MORAL HAZARD | HISTORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES | ECONOMICS | MODEL | CLAIM | HISTORY | Resveratrol | Studies | Royalty | Economic conditions | Default | Economic history
Journal Article