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γ-valerolactone (303) 303
gamma-valerolactone (229) 229
levulinic acid (173) 173
biomass (172) 172
conversion (136) 136
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nickel (22) 22
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ester (14) 14
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Catalysis Today, ISSN 0920-5861, 07/2015, Volume 250, pp. 209 - 217
The vapor-phase hydrogenation of levulinic acid (LA) to γ-valerolactone (GVL) was investigated over copper catalysts supported on γ-Al 2 O 3 . The catalysts... 
γ-Alumina | Levulinic acid | Copper | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, 08/2009, Volume 48, Issue 35, pp. 6529 - 6532
Simplified procedure: A new catalytic route was developed for the conversion of biomass carbohydrates into γ‐valerolactone (GVL) without using an external H2... 
formic acid | γ‐valerolactone | sustainable chemistry | levulinic acid | γ-valerolactone | Levulinic acid | Sustainable chemistry | Formic acid | Levulinic Acids - metabolism | Biomass | Catalysis | Lactones - metabolism | Carbohydrate Metabolism | Formates - metabolism
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 01/2014, Volume 115, pp. 101 - 108
•Ecofriendly and noble-metal-free Cu–Fe catalysts were fabricated using the metal nitrates.•Cu–Fe catalyst was efficient for hydrogenation of biomass-derived... 
2-Methylfuran | Biofuels | Hydrogenation | γ-Valerolactone | Cu–Fe catalyst | Biofuels 2-Methylfuran γ-Valerolactone | Cu-Fe catalyst | gamma-Valerolactone | CYCLOPENTANONE | CONVERSION | ENERGY & FUELS | LIQUID | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | TEMPERATURE | ALCOHOL | BIOMASS | CHEMISTRY | TRANSPORTATION FUELS | Biomass energy | Nitrates
Journal Article
ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, 02/2015, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp. 508 - 512
A highly efficient and green process for the hydrogenation of biomass‐derived levulinic acid (LA) to γ‐valerolactone (GVL) has been developed. GVL was obtained... 
biomass | γ‐valerolactone | water chemistry | hydrogenation | levulinic acid | γ-valerolactone | HEMICELLULOSE | LIQUID | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | valerolactone | SELECTIVE CONVERSION | PLATFORM | FORMIC ACIDS | AEROBIC OXIDATION | CELLULOSE | FUELS
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis A: General, ISSN 0926-860X, 08/2015, Volume 505, pp. 217 - 223
Abstract The TiO 2 supported Ni catalysts were investigated for vapour phase hydrogenation of aqueous levulinic acid at ambient pressure. Ni/TiO 2 demonstrated... 
Levulinic acid | DRIFTS | Nickel | Titania | Hydrogenation | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, 09/2012, Volume 5, Issue 9, pp. 1657 - 1667
Journal Article
ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, 07/2018, Volume 11, Issue 14, pp. 2262 - 2262
The Front Cover shows a sustainable process for production of furfural, a valuable platform chemical, from lignocellulosic biomass using a solvent system... 
γ-valerolactone | biomass | homogeneous catalysis | furfural | xylose
Journal Article
Catalysis Today, ISSN 0920-5861, 03/2019, Volume 325, pp. 68 - 72
Influence of group V elements such as Ta, Nb and V on the product distribution in the vapour phase hydrogenation of levulinic acid (LA) over Ni/TiO catalyst... 
Ni-Nb-TiO | Pyridine-IR | Levulinic acid | Biomass | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis A, General, ISSN 0926-860X, 11/2013, Volume 468, pp. 52 - 58
•Pd/SiO2 nanoparticles were successfully prepared through assitance of green solvent CO2.•Highly uniform dispersion of Pd nanoparticles with small size... 
Pd Nanoparticle | Synthesis | Levulinic acid | Hydrogenation | γ-Valerolactone | γ- Valerolactone | gamma-Valerolactone | METHANOL | CONVERSION | LIQUID | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | EFFICIENT HYDROGENATION | CHEMICALS | CHEMISTRY | CELLULOSE | DERIVATIVES | CATALYSTS | Nanoparticles | Stability | Catalysts | Reaction time | Palladium | Catalysis | Silicon dioxide
Journal Article
Renewable Energy, ISSN 0960-1481, 02/2020, Volume 146, pp. 359 - 370
γ-Valerolactone (GVL) is an interesting bio-based platform molecule that is utilized as green solvent and a versatile building block for the synthesis of... 
Mesoporous silicate | Transfer hydrogenation | Furfural | Biomass conversion | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
Synthetic Communications, ISSN 0039-7911, 11/2018, Volume 48, Issue 21, pp. 2801 - 2808
A concise synthesis of both enantiomers of γ-valerolactone has been developed from commercially available Alanine. The key steps in the synthesis of these... 
lactonization | γ-valerolactone | Alanine | macrolides | diazotization
Journal Article
Polymers, ISSN 2073-4360, 01/2020, Volume 12, Issue 1, p. 116
γ-valerolactone (GVL)/H2O/acid solvent mixtures has been used in chemical pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, it was claimed that GVL lignins were... 
γ-valerolactone | 1,3-dioxane | lignin | formaldehyde | pretreatment
Journal Article
Process Biochemistry, ISSN 1359-5113, 11/2019
Journal Article
Journal of Energy Chemistry, ISSN 2095-4956, 09/2019, pp. 15 - 24
A novel pH gradient methodology was used to synthesise a series of Cu–ZrO catalysts containing different quantities of Cu and Zr. All of the catalysts were... 
Levulinic acid | Cu–ZrO | Hydrogenation | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, 07/2013, Volume 6, Issue 7, pp. 1163 - 1167
Mild‐mannered manipulation: A catalytic method for the conversion of carbohydrate biomass to γ‐valerolactone in acidic aqueous media has been developed. The... 
iridium | biomass | γ‐valerolactone | sustainable chemistry | homogeneous catalysis | γ-valerolactone | Carbohydrates - chemistry | Solubility | Water - chemistry | Organometallic Compounds - chemistry | Biomass | Iridium - chemistry | Hydrogen-Ion Concentration | Lactones - chemistry
Journal Article
Catalysis Communications, ISSN 1566-7367, 05/2019, Volume 125, pp. 52 - 55
Nickel on zirconium oxide catalyst showed a high activity for the transfer hydrogenation of methyl levulinate and levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone (GVL) using... 
Zirconium oxide | Nickel | Methyl levulinate | γ-Valerolactone | Hydrogen transfer reaction
Journal Article
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, ISSN 0021-8561, 04/2018, Volume 66, Issue 13, pp. 3449 - 3456
As the main hemicellulose of poplar, the interaction of xylan with lignin was expected to have profound effect on biomass recalcitrance. In this paper, the... 
γ-valerolactone | lignin | topochemistry | xylan | enzymatic hydrolysis
Journal Article
ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, 05/2015, Volume 8, Issue 9, pp. 1538 - 1547
A series of titania‐supported ruthenium and platinum catalysts was investigated in the levulinic acid hydrogenation towards γ‐valerolactone, a key reaction for... 
biomass | γ‐valerolactone | titania | supported catalysts | levulinic acid | γ-valerolactone | Levulinic Acids - chemistry | Temperature | Titanium - chemistry | Water - chemistry | Catalysis | Hydrogenation | Lactones - chemistry | or physical chemistry | Chemical Sciences | Theoretical and
Journal Article
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 05/2019, Volume 147, pp. 263 - 270
Hydrothermal carbonization of glucose (180 °C, 4 h) with 5-sulfosalicylic acid and nickel or copper sulfate afforded transition-metal (Ni/NiO, Cu/CuO)... 
Hydrogenation catalyst | Platform chemicals | Hydrothermal carbonization | Levulinic acid | γ-Valerolactone
Journal Article
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