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Medical Physics, ISSN 0094-2405, 01/2013, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp. 011702 - n/a
...) is used to represent fat and organs, including the prostate. A plastic insert is placed into the phantom to simulate bladder filling... 
Medical image noise | dosimetry | image registration | mathematics computing | deformable phantom | Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof | regularization | Medical image contrast | phantoms | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Computed tomography | fats | Registration | rubber | Image forming and processing | deformation | deformable image registration | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | biological organs | Medical imaging | deformation verification | plastics | bone | image similarity | Anatomy | Biomechanics | computerised tomography | Image data processing or generation, in general | radiation therapy | Cameras | Medical image spatial resolution | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | Dosimetry/exposure assessment | biomedical optical imaging | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Algorithms | Humans | Urinary Bladder - diagnostic imaging | Tomography, X-Ray Computed | Image Processing, Computer-Assisted - methods | Imaging, Three-Dimensional | Phantoms, Imaging | Index Medicus | PROSTATE | PATIENTS | RECTUM | RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY | ALGORITHMS | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | SKELETON | IMAGES | PHANTOMS | BLADDER | RADIOTHERAPY | URETHANE
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 07/2015, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp. 4974 - 4986
Purpose: MR‐based pseudo‐CT has an important role in MR‐based radiation therapy planning and PET attenuation correction. The purpose of this study is to... 
Cluster analysis | biomedical MRI | image classification | MRI | fuzzy set theory | Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof | UTE | Tissues | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | image sampling | image enhancement | Computed tomography | Involving electronic [emr] or nuclear [nmr] magnetic resonance, e.g. magnetic resonance imaging | fats | feature extraction | Clinical applications | data acquisition | spin‐spin relaxation | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | Reconstruction | Pulse sequences | Image enhancement or restoration, e.g. from bit‐mapped to bit‐mapped creating a similar image | bone | image reconstruction | brain | image matching | water | computerised tomography | pattern clustering | Image data processing or generation, in general | Medical image reconstruction | Methods or arrangements for processing data by operating upon the order or content of the data handled | clustering | neurophysiology | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | Spatial resolution | undersampling | Medical image artifacts | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Tomography - methods | Brain - anatomy & histology | Humans | Skull - anatomy & histology | Magnetic Resonance Imaging - methods | Cluster Analysis | Feasibility Studies | Index Medicus | CORRECTIONS | PATIENTS | RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY | SKULL | ANIMAL TISSUES | RADIATION DOSES | ALGORITHMS | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | FUZZY LOGIC | IMAGES | POSITRON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY | FATS | RADIOTHERAPY | BRAIN | Radiation Therapy Physics
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 08/2014, Volume 41, Issue 8Part1, pp. 313 - n/a
Purpose: Selecting optimal features from a large image feature pool remains a major challenge in developing computer‐aided detection (CAD) schemes of medical... 
Segmentation | image classification | Neural engineering | Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof | Medical image contrast | Optimization | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Network topology | Databases | fats | feature extraction | image segmentation | feature selection | medical image processing | medical image analysis | computer‐aided detection (CAD) | Analysis of texture | Medical image segmentation | biological tissues | Mammography | genetic algorithms | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | Topology | image texture | artificial neural networks | Testing procedures | Image analysis | Image data processing or generation, in general | sequential floating forward selection (SFFS) | Methods or arrangements for processing data by operating upon the order or content of the data handled | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | neural nets | Cancer | computer-aided detection (CAD) | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Algorithms | Datasets as Topic | Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods | Time Factors | Area Under Curve | Humans | ROC Curve | Breast Neoplasms - diagnostic imaging | Mammography - methods | Pattern Recognition, Automated - methods | Neural Networks (Computer) | Index Medicus | Radiation Imaging Physics
Journal Article
Medical Physics, ISSN 0094-2405, 05/2014, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp. 051901 - n/a
... (small, medium, and large). External calibration rods of bone, red marrow, and fat-simulating materials were placed beneath the body phantoms... 
cellular biophysics | Segmentation | dosimetry | Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof | subregion analysis | radioisotopes | Scintigraphy | Single‐slice | phantoms | Computed tomography | Medical X‐ray imaging | fats | image segmentation | Materials properties | calibration | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | Image scanners | Medical imaging | bone | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | bone marrow | phantom study | computerised tomography | radiation therapy | X‐ray scattering | Germanium | Therapeutic applications, including brachytherapy | quantitative computed tomography | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | X‐ray effects | Dosimetry/exposure assessment | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Humans | Tomography, X-Ray Computed - methods | Bone Marrow - radiation effects | Calibration | Radiation Dosage | Adipose Tissue - radiation effects | Body Size - radiation effects | Algorithms | Models, Biological | Radiotherapy - methods | Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn - radiation effects | Bone and Bones - radiation effects | Lumbar Vertebrae | Radiometry - methods | Index Medicus | CORRECTIONS | CALIBRATION | ERRORS | EVALUATION | RADIATION DOSES | SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION | ACCURACY | SKELETON | TRABECULAR BONE | IMAGES | RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE | FATS | PHANTOMS | RADIOTHERAPY | DOSIMETRY | Radiation Imaging Physics
Journal Article
Medical Physics, ISSN 0094-2405, 06/2013, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp. 061902 - n/a
...-material phantom consisting of water, vegetable oil, and polyoxymethylene plastic. The tissue samples were then chemically decomposed into their respective... 
Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons | Chemical analysis | Lipids | Tissues | phantoms | biomedical measurement | Computed tomography | Standards and calibration | proteins | polymers | functional imaging | calibration | Computerised tomographs | dual energy | Medical imaging | breast density | plastics | biological tissues | diagnostic radiography | Mammography | water | computerised tomography | Cone beam computed tomography | lipid bilayers | Calibrating of instruments or apparatus | Testing or calibrating of apparatus or arrangements provided for in groups G01D1/00 to G01D15/00 | X‐ray scattering | vegetable oils | sensitivity | molecular biophysics | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | Cancer | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Breast - chemistry | Reproducibility of Results | Humans | Radiography, Dual-Energy Scanned Projection - methods | Sensitivity and Specificity | Water - analysis | Absorptiometry, Photon - methods | Female | Proteins - analysis | Lipids - analysis | Cone-Beam Computed Tomography - methods | Cadaver | Index Medicus | CALIBRATION | DIAGNOSIS | VEGETABLE OILS | MAMMARY GLANDS | NEOPLASMS | DECOMPOSITION | PLASTICS | PLANT TISSUES | ANIMAL TISSUES | SIMULATION | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | CHEMICAL ANALYSIS | RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE | PHANTOMS | PROTEINS | LIPIDS | Radiation Imaging Physics
Journal Article
Medical Physics, ISSN 0094-2405, 07/2012, Volume 39, Issue 7, pp. 4579 - 4587
Purpose: Design optimization and phantom validation of an integrated digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and near-infrared spectral tomography (NIRST) system... 
Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof | light scattering | optical tomography | biomedical optics | Tissues | Scattering measurements | phantoms | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | image sampling | Near infrared imaging | Numerical optimization | perturbation theory | fats | spectroscopy | tomography | Optical properties | data acquisition | Image detection systems | Optical scattering | tumours | medical image processing | Transforming light or analogous information into electric information | Reconstruction | Medical imaging | frequency‐domain analysis | Data acquisition and logging | Mammography | image reconstruction | Image quality | Image sensors | Near‐field scanning | infrared imaging | Image data processing or generation, in general | breast tomosynthesis | sensitivity | minimisation | gelatin | Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; Fatty acids therefrom; Detergents; Candles | Cancer | biomedical optical imaging | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging | Science & Technology | Reproducibility of Results | Biomarkers, Tumor - analysis | Humans | Systems Integration | Tomography, X-Ray Computed - methods | Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared - methods | Subtraction Technique | Breast Neoplasms - metabolism | Algorithms | Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods | Sensitivity and Specificity | Female | Breast Neoplasms - diagnosis | Scattering, Radiation | Mammography - methods | Index Medicus | HEMOGLOBIN | TOMOGRAPHY | PATIENTS | MAMMARY GLANDS | NEOPLASMS | SPECIFICITY | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY | SENSITIVITY | VALIDATION | DATA ACQUISITION | SIMULATION | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | IMAGE PROCESSING | PERTURBATION THEORY | LIGHT SCATTERING | OPTICAL PROPERTIES | PHANTOMS | Optical Physics
Journal Article