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Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1062-9769, 2019
Credit markets affect the real economy in multiple ways. This paper utilizes variation in the timing of bank branching deregulation of 39 states between 1970... 
Credit availability | High school graduation | Bank branching deregulation
Journal Article
Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, ISSN 2345-0282, 03/2018, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp. 565 - 580
Existing research proves that companies' access to bank loans or other external sources of financing for business development is one of the defining factors of... 
Small and medium enterprises | Banking sector | Credit availability | Economics and Finance | Statistical Finance | Methods and statistics | Computer Science | General Finance | Computational Engineering, Finance, and Science | Humanities and Social Sciences | Quantitative Finance
Journal Article
2010, World Bank Studies, ISBN 9780821385487, ix, 48
Mongolia was one of the East Asian economies hardest hit by the global downturn, as copper prices collapsed and external demand fell. This Economic... 
Mongolia Economic policy | Mines and mineral resources | Mongolia Economic conditions | BOND SPREADS | LABOR MARKETS | INFLATIONARY PRESSURES | CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | TAXATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | EXTERNAL SHOCK | MINIMUM WAGE | MARKET ECONOMY | ECONOMIC POLICY | MARKET CONDITIONS | BALANCE DUE | BAILOUT | CASH TRANSFERS | EARNINGS | ESCROW | REAL INTEREST RATE | TRADING | RESERVE FUND | SELF FINANCE | COMMODITY PRICE | SAFETY NET | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | URBAN AREAS | LIQUIDITY | TRANCHE | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICIES | LEGISLATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | EXPORTERS | CURRENT EXPENDITURES | CREDITS | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | LOCAL BUSINESSES | CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT | CAPITAL FLOWS | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | PREPAYMENT | ACCESS TO MARKETS | SMALL BUSINESSES | DISBURSEMENTS | DONOR FUNDING | USER FEES | HOUSEHOLDS | ADB | FISCAL BALANCE | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | REAL INTEREST | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | NOMINAL INTEREST RATES | BLACK MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CASH TRANSFER | OUTSTANDING STOCK | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | COMMODITY PRICES | FISCAL DEFICITS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKETS | INCOME TAX | DISCRIMINATION | FAMILIES | ARREARS | CREDIT GROWTH | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | DISPOSABLE INCOME | FISCAL BURDEN | BANK BALANCE SHEETS | GOVERNMENT BONDS | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | LABOR MARKET | EXPORT SHARES | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | HUSBANDS | RESERVE | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | OPERATING COSTS | BOND ISSUANCE | SCHOLARSHIPS | FISCAL DEFICIT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MARKET DETERMINATION | LLC | WAGES | FINANCIAL ACCOUNT | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | INDIVIDUAL CREDITORS | NPL | INFORMAL WORKERS | OUTSTANDING LOANS | NONPERFORMING LOAN | COMMERCIAL TERMS | RETURN | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | BID | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | FISCAL GAPS | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | MIGRATION | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | INTERNATIONAL RESERVES | CONSOLIDATION | PEG | RESERVES | CREDIT DEFAULT | SAVINGS | INFRASTRUCTURE CONCESSIONS | FISCAL POLICY | DEBT RELIEF | LENDING POLICIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | PENSION | CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | STATE BANK | MORTGAGES | CREDIT RISK | REAL INTEREST RATES | TIME DEPOSITS | BORROWING COSTS | AMORTIZATION | CREDIT BOOM | LAWS | FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE | INFLATION RATE | CAPITAL INFLOWS | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | TRADING PARTNER | CENTRAL BANK BILLS | BANK RESTRUCTURING | LOAN QUALITY | SUBSIDIARY | LEVEL OF INFLATION | TRADE BALANCE | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | RECEIPTS | NONPERFORMING LOANS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | EQUIPMENT | COMMERCIAL BANK | FOREIGN DEBT | LOAN STOCK | RECEIPT | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | BANK ASSET | EXPORT GROWTH | SOLVENCY | DONOR RESOURCES | INVESTMENT SPENDING | TAX REGIME | WATER SUPPLY | PROFITABILITY | RETURNS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | PUBLIC FINANCES | CREDIT QUALITY | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | CAPITAL COSTS | LOAN SIZE | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | CREDITORS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | ASSET MARKETS | HOLDING | LENDING PORTFOLIOS | ESCROW ACCOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES | TRANCHES | ASSET QUALITY | FINANCIAL POLICIES | TAX | TAX CREDIT | SURPLUS | DEPOSIT GUARANTEES | BOND YIELDS | ACCOUNTING | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | SHAREHOLDER | MACROECONOMIC DATA | NET WORTH | EMERGING MARKET BOND | POLICY RESPONSE | DEPOSITOR | FISCAL BALANCES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | DISBURSEMENT | FINANCIAL ASSET | TRANSPORT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | BUDGET DEFICIT | BANK SUPERVISION | PUBLIC DEBT | SOVEREIGN BOND | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | REDEMPTION | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | SECTOR REFORMS | CONSUMER PRICE INDICES | BANK FAILURE
Book
Journal Article
Journal of International Money and Finance, ISSN 0261-5606, 2011, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp. 1773 - 1790
Using survey data for firms from Eastern European transition economies we investigate the determinants of credit rationing. Our rationing definition... 
Credit rationing | Transition | Censoring | Bivariate probit | IMPERFECT INFORMATION | RESEARCH-AND-DEVELOPMENT | MARKETS | MONETARY-POLICY | BUSINESS, FINANCE | AVAILABILITY | DISCRIMINATION | SMALL-BUSINESS | INVESTMENT | GROWTH | SAMPLE SELECTION | Research | Economic conditions | Analysis | Business enterprises
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Stability, ISSN 1572-3089, 06/2016, Volume 24, pp. 40 - 60
We use data from the Surveys of Small Business Finances to classify small privately held firms into four groups based upon their need for credit. Our results... 
Availability of credit | Credit rationing | Loan approval/denial | Small business | Discouraged | Capital structure | INFORMATION | BANKRUPTCY | MARKETS | LOANS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | SMALL FIRMS | DISCRIMINATION | AVAILABILITY | COMPETITION | INVESTMENT | ECONOMICS | ACCESS | Surveys | Commercial finance companies
Journal Article
Journal of Indian Business Research, ISSN 1755-4195, 01/2014, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 48 - 69
Purpose - This study aims to examine the importance of credit and low price guarantee (LPG) on consumer purchase intention across types of retail store formats... 
Customer preference | Low price guarantee | Kirana stores | Retail formats | Credit availability | Emerging markets | Competition | Retail stores | Studies | LPG | Influence | Shopping | Guarantees | Patronage
Journal Article
10/2013
This paper provides an overview of key regulatory actions a government may implement to support responsible lending. It covers a range of possible... 
CASH RESERVES | CHECKS | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | APR | CONSUMER MARKETS | CREDIT PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL ACCESS | RETAIL CREDIT | LATE PAYMENTS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | POOR FINANCIAL DECISIONS | FINANCIAL INDUSTRY | CONSUMERS | LOAN PRODUCTS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | LOW INCOME | INTEREST RATES | CREDIT PROVISION | CONSUMER LOAN | INDEBTEDNESS | MONTHLY PAYMENT | NATIONAL BANK | MORTGAGE FRAUD | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INSTALLMENTS | RESPONSIBILITIES | FINANCIAL SITUATIONS | MORTGAGE LENDER | FUTURE INCOME | DEBTOR | CREDIT PROVIDERS | SOUND FINANCIAL DECISIONS | LACK OF INFORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | PREPAYMENT PENALTIES | EXTORTIONATE CREDIT | BANKS | VALUABLE | FAMILY STRUCTURE | SALES | BANKING SERVICES | SALE | PREDATORY LENDING | BANKRUPTCY | LOCAL BUSINESSES | BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS | MARKETING | MONTHLY INCOME | MINIMUM PAYMENTS | TOTAL COST | LOAN APPLICATION | ADVERTISEMENTS | MEDICAL CARE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING POLICY | LOAN APPROVAL | CREDIT MARKETS | COST OF CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | FDIC | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PROVISION OF INFORMATION | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | UNION | ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATE | INTEREST CHARGES | CASH FLOW | RISKY BEHAVIOR | REAL ESTATE | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | UTILITY BILL | LOW-INCOME CUSTOMERS | SALARY | INFORMATION ON CREDIT | ARREARS | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | DISPOSABLE INCOME | UNEXPECTED EXPENSE | RETIREMENT | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | REAL COST | ANNUAL STATEMENT | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT CARDS | REGULATORY GUIDANCE | CONSUMER PROTECTION | ABILITY OF CONSUMERS | DEBT REPAYMENT | FINANCIAL SITUATION | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | INSURANCE | MONEYLENDERS | BORROWER | CONSUMER UNDERSTANDING | LOAN | UNEXPECTED EXPENSES | CONSUMER CREDIT | EXCHANGE RATE | PROPERTY TAXES | CONSUMER COMPLAINTS | CREDIT MARKET | MORTGAGE | PREDATORY LENDERS | FINANCIAL LITERACY SURVEYS | LOW-INCOME FAMILIES | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | DEBT LIMITS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | FEDERAL RESERVE | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | GROSS INCOME | COLLATERAL | INFORMED DECISIONS | LENDING POLICIES | DEPOSIT | MONETARY POLICY | DECEPTIVE PRACTICES | CREDIT DECISION | LOAN AMOUNT | MORTGAGES | MORTGAGE LENDERS | CREDIT SCORING | FINANCIAL MARKETS | MONTHLY PAYMENTS | CONSUMER ISSUES | FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | TOTAL COSTS | CONSUMER | FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT LIMITS | CREDIT REPORTS | MORTGAGE PAYMENTS | PROPERTY OWNERSHIP | INCOME LEVEL | CURRENT INCOME | FINANCIAL LITERACY | CREDIT CARD | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | INCOME | CREDIT FACILITIES | LENDING REGULATION | LOAN SHARKS | COMPARISON SHOP | MORTGAGE PRODUCTS | INCOMES | FAIR LENDING | CONSUMER LENDING | BEST PRACTICES | SALES AGENTS | CONSUMER ORGANIZATIONS | REPAYMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | PROBABILITY | LENDERS | INFLATION | CREDITORS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | INTEREST RATE CEILINGS | MORTGAGE LENDING | LOW-INCOME | INCOME TAXES | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICY | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | DEBT-TO-INCOME RATIO | MICROFINANCE | SENIOR | ASSESSMENT PROCESS | BANKERS ASSOCIATION | CONSUMER BEHAVIOR | MORTGAGE APPLICATIONS | NEGATIVE CREDIT HISTORY | FINANCIAL SECURITY | INEXPERIENCED CONSUMERS | FAMILY MEMBER | TRUE COST | FINANCIAL CIRCUMSTANCES | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | CREDIT BUREAUS | REAL COSTS | CREDITOR | FINANCES | LACK OF INTEREST | INVESTMENT PRODUCTS | RETAIL BANKS | FARMERS | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTORS | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | CALCULATIONS | FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | BORROWING | FINANCIAL EXPERIENCES | BIASES | DIVORCE | CAPITAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL CONSUMER | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | DEBTORS | BUDGETING | UTILITY BILLS | TYPES OF LOANS | OFFICE OF FAIR TRADING | LOW INTEREST RATES | DEBTS | INFORMED DECISION
Book
Journal of Banking and Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, 1998, Volume 22, Issue 6-8, pp. 983 - 1014
We present estimates of how much bank loans and real activity in small businesses responded to changes in banks' capital conditions and other bank and... 
Small business | E44 | G21 | Bank capital | High-powered loans | Credit crunch | Credit availability | CAPITAL CRUNCH | LOANS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | BANK | credit crunch | bank capital | credit availability | ECONOMICS | small business | high-powered loans | Credit | Financial markets | Credit market | Analysis
Journal Article
05/2013
The development of a far reaching correspondent banking network is one of the key factors behind Brazil's success story in financial inclusion. Between 2005... 
REGULATORY BARRIERS | SMALL BORROWERS | POST OFFICE NETWORK | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | FINANCIAL ACCESS | COOPERATIVE BANKS | PERSONAL FINANCE | LOANS FROM FAMILY | PRIVATE CREDIT | INVESTMENT VEHICLE | LOAN PRODUCTS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | EMPOWERMENT | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | INDEBTEDNESS | MARKET REGULATORS | PUBLIC REGISTRY | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | GENDER GAP | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | LEVELS OF CREDIT | CENTRAL BANK | COMMUNITY BANK | DISCOUNT RATE | DEBT PAYMENTS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | POSTAL BANK | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ATM NETWORKS | CREDIT REPORTING | FISCAL REFORMS | BANKS | ADULT EDUCATION | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | FINANCIAL FRAUDS | PENSION SYSTEM | FINANCIAL PROVIDERS | CREDIT MARKETS | CREDIT SCORING MODELS | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | COST OF CREDIT | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | MICROINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | RECESSION | FINANCIAL SHOCK | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | AUTO LOANS | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SAVINGS PRODUCTS | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | LOAN AMOUNTS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | LINE OF CREDIT | COMMERCIAL CREDIT | MFIS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | RURAL CREDIT | EMERGING ECONOMIES | LOW COST LOANS | RESERVE | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | PAYMENT SERVICES | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | FORMAL CREDIT | BENEFICIARIES | CREDIT CARDS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | ACCESS TO ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | DEFAULT RISK | HIGH INTEREST RATES | BORROWER | CREDIT REGISTRIES | UNSECURED CREDIT | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | CREDIT SCORES | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCING | APPROVAL PROCESSES | LIVING STANDARD | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | PENSIONS | SAVINGS RATE | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | PERSONAL SAVINGS | SAVINGS | ACCESS INDICATORS | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | OUTREACH EFFORTS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | DEBIT CARD | CREDIT SOURCES | DEPOSIT | PENSION | MARKET DISTORTIONS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CREDIT DECISION | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | GENDER EQUITY | ACCESS TO BANK | CREDIT RISK | POINT OF SALE | CREDIT SCORING | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BANK ACCOUNT | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | FORMAL SAVINGS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SYSTEMS | CREDIT ACCESS | CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | CREDIT REPORTING SYSTEM | AGRICULTURAL CREDIT | CREDIT REPORTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | MICRO ENTERPRISES | INCOME LEVEL | MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT | CREDIT ANALYSIS | MERCHANT | COMMERCIAL BANK | CREDIT CARD | MICROCREDIT | SMALL LOANS | FORMAL FINANCE | SECURITIES | CREDIT PROGRAMS | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | REPAYMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | PUBLIC FUNDS | INCOME LEVELS | COOPS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | LOAN SIZE | SOURCES OF INCOME | CHAMBER OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | INSTALLMENT | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ACCESS POINTS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INTEREST RATES ON LOANS | CONSUMER PROTECTIONS | TAX | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BANK LOAN | CREDIT CARD ACCESS | MICROFINANCE LOANS | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | ACCESS TO BANK ACCOUNTS | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | MICROFINANCE | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAUS | OUTSTANDING LOAN | PUBLIC BANK | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | SAVINGS RATES | CONSUMER CONFIDENCE | NET WORTH | BANK ACCOUNTS | FORMAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | COOPERATIVES | STOCK MARKET | DATED CHECKS | EMERGING MARKETS | BANK SERVICES | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | HOUSING FINANCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | LEVEL OF DEBT | SOURCE OF CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | BANKING NETWORK | CREDIT BUREAUS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | SOCIAL WELFARE | MFI | PRIVATE LENDERS | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | FARMERS | TRANSPARENCY | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | GENDER | UNEMPLOYMENT | MONETARY FUND | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT | DIVERSIFICATION | MERCHANTS | CUSTOMER BASE | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | BANK BRANCHES | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | NEW BUSINESS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BANKRUPTCIES | ATM NETWORK | POST OFFICE
Book
2009, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821378618, Volume no. 159, vii, 38
The purpose of this note is to provide policy insights to decision makers, academics, and researchers on the trends in investment in Southeast Europe (SEE). A... 
Investments | COMPETITIVENESS | FOREIGN BANKS | SMALL FARMS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CAPITAL STOCK | HOUSEHOLD BORROWING | BANK CONSOLIDATION | REMITTANCES | PRIVATE SAVINGS | CORRUPTION | NATIONAL SAVING | FOREIGN FIRMS | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | GDP | PUBLIC SAVINGS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | PRIVATIZATION | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | BUSINESS CLIMATE | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT | PROSPERITY | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO SERVICES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | AGRICULTURE | ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS | PUBLIC POLICY | AFFORDABILITY OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL AFFAIRS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | NEW ENTREPRENEURS | TRADING | CREDIT CRUNCH | CONTRIBUTION | INVESTMENT RATES | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | FINANCING OF INVESTMENT | STOCK MARKET CAPITALIZATION | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PRIVATE INVESTMENT RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | FOREIGN LOANS | POLITICAL STABILITY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT PATTERNS | PORTFOLIO FLOWS | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | STOCK EXCHANGES | AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY | INCOME | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION | HEAVY INVESTMENTS | MARKET DEEPENING | VALUABLE | CAPITAL BASE | INVESTMENT ACTIVITY | PRODUCTION COSTS | RAPID GROWTH | INVESTMENT SPENDING | HOST ECONOMIES | SALE | PROFITABILITY | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TURNOVER | CAPACITY UTILIZATION | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | EMPLOYEE | RETURNS | INVESTMENT FLOWS | POSITIVE EFFECTS | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | CAPITAL FLOWS | INVESTMENT NEEDS | DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | PUBLIC FINANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | CORPORATE BOND | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | FINANCIAL SERVICES | UNION | NATIONAL SAVINGS | SOCIAL SERVICES | STATEMENT | WORTH | FINANCIAL DEPTH | UNDERDEVELOPED FINANCIAL SECTOR | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BY SECTOR | LIVING STANDARDS | REAL ESTATE | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | SUPPLY CHAINS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | FIXED CAPITAL | GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | INVENTORY | PUBLIC ASSETS | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | PRIVATE CAPITAL | DOMESTIC BANKS | CREDIT GROWTH | INITIAL CAPITAL | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | RATE OF RETURN | TRADING COSTS | SAVINGS RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | AFFORDABILITY | FOREIGN COMPANIES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | BUSINESS ACTIVITY | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | STOCK MARKET | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | FUTURE GROWTH | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | STATISTICAL DATA | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | INVESTMENT GROWTH | VALUE ADDED | FOREIGN INVESTORS | LABOR FORCE | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | ACCESS TO EXTERNAL FINANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | ADVISORY SERVICE | HUMAN CAPITAL | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | SPECULATION | EXPENDITURES | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | NATURAL RESOURCES | FINANCIAL SECTORS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LOCAL BANKS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | PORTFOLIO | UNEMPLOYMENT | LEVY | MONETARY FUND | PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | TOTAL OUTPUT | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | VENTURE CAPITAL | CAPITAL MARKETS | LACK OF ACCESS | REMITTANCE | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | CORPORATE BOND ISSUES | STOCK MARKETS | DOMESTIC INVESTMENT | CAPITAL OUTLAYS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | GROWTH POTENTIAL
Book
04/2014
The enabling environment for the development of Nepal has improved, but opportunities need to be effectively leveraged through focused policy action. Nepal has... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | TRUST FUND | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | INFLATIONARY PRESSURES | INTEREST RATE SPREAD | T-BILL | CREDIBILITY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | INTEREST RATES | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT EXPANSION | TRADING | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | MONEY SUPPLY | BONDS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | OPERATING LOSSES | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | LENDER OF LAST RESORT | POLITICAL STABILITY | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | ACCOUNTABILITY | TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT | T-BILLS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | LETTERS OF CREDIT | MIGRANT WORKERS | CREDIT MARKETS | CAPITAL CONSTRAINTS | CIVIL SERVICE | COUNTRY RISKS | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | BANK LENDING | BANKING INDUSTRY | LENDER | SHAREHOLDERS | REGISTRATION FEE | SAVINGS BEHAVIOR | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | MACROECONOMIC RISK | BROAD MONEY | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | COMMERCIAL BANKING | SAVINGS DEPOSITS | RISK WEIGHTED ASSETS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INCOME TAX | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT GROWTH | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE FUNDS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | LEVEL OF INTEREST RATE | BANK BALANCE SHEETS | PRIVATE FINANCE | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | OPEN MARKET | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | RESERVE ASSETS | RESERVE | DEBT SOURCE | NET LOSSES | LAND VALUE | PAYMENT DEFAULT | MARKET STRUCTURE | BANK LIQUIDITY | DISINTERMEDIATION | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | WAGES | CREDIT WORTHINESS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | DEFAULT RISK | URBANIZATION | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | SECURITIES MARKET | EXCHANGE RATES | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | CURRENCY | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | CREDIT MARKET | NET PROFIT | RETURN ON EQUITY | AUDITING | RESERVES | TAX ADMINISTRATION | FOREIGN ASSETS | LAND LOCATION | MARKET FAILURES | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | BALANCE OF PAYMENT | TAX CODE | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | MONETARY AUTHORITIES | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | BANK RATES | MORTGAGES | PUBLIC TRANSPORT | CREDIT RATIONING | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | CREDIT CRUNCH | INFLATIONARY EXPECTATIONS | LAWS | SUPPLY OF CREDIT | INTEREST RATE VOLATILITY | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS | REGULATORY FORBEARANCE | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS | RISK PROFILE | MARKET LIQUIDITY | TRADE BALANCE | FOREIGN CAPITAL | FORM OF COLLATERAL | NON PERFORMING LOANS | TREASURY BILLS | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | MANDATES | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | PERSONAL INCOME | REPO | RISKY ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES | RETAINED EARNINGS | SOLVENCY | INVESTMENT SPENDING | WATER SUPPLY | SECURITIES | INTEREST RATE CAPS | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | OPEN MARKET OPERATIONS | DEPOSIT MOBILIZATION | EXCESS LIQUIDITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | CREDIT QUALITY | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | LACK OF COMPETITION | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | AUCTION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS | HOLDING | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUSH FACTORS | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | LAND USE | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | DEVELOPMENT BONDS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | REPOS | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS | ACCOUNTING | HOME LOANS | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POLICY RESPONSE | STOCK MARKET | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | LOAN PORTFOLIO | PRICE STABILITY | INTERNAL AUDIT | HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS | TRANSPORT | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION | PUBLIC DEBT | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | INFLATIONARY PRESSURE | BUDGET SURPLUS | CREDIT AVAILABILITY | BANKING SECTOR | PRIVATE PARTY | LIQUID ASSETS | CAPITAL MARKETS | REMITTANCE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | BUDGETING
Book
04/2014
The enabling environment for the development of Nepal has improved, but opportunities need to be effectively leveraged through focused policy action. Nepal has... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | TRUST FUND | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | INFLATIONARY PRESSURES | INTEREST RATE SPREAD | T-BILL | CREDIBILITY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | ECONOMIC POLICY | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | INTEREST RATES | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT EXPANSION | TRADING | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | MONEY SUPPLY | BONDS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | OPERATING LOSSES | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | LENDER OF LAST RESORT | POLITICAL STABILITY | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | ACCOUNTABILITY | TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT | T-BILLS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | LETTERS OF CREDIT | MIGRANT WORKERS | CREDIT MARKETS | CAPITAL CONSTRAINTS | CIVIL SERVICE | COUNTRY RISKS | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | BANK LENDING | BANKING INDUSTRY | LENDER | SHAREHOLDERS | REGISTRATION FEE | SAVINGS BEHAVIOR | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | MACROECONOMIC RISK | BROAD MONEY | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | COMMERCIAL BANKING | SAVINGS DEPOSITS | RISK WEIGHTED ASSETS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INCOME TAX | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT GROWTH | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE FUNDS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | LEVEL OF INTEREST RATE | BANK BALANCE SHEETS | PRIVATE FINANCE | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | OPEN MARKET | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | RESERVE ASSETS | RESERVE | DEBT SOURCE | NET LOSSES | LAND VALUE | PAYMENT DEFAULT | MARKET STRUCTURE | BANK LIQUIDITY | DISINTERMEDIATION | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | WAGES | CREDIT WORTHINESS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | DEFAULT RISK | URBANIZATION | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | SECURITIES MARKET | EXCHANGE RATES | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | CURRENCY | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | CREDIT MARKET | NET PROFIT | RETURN ON EQUITY | AUDITING | RESERVES | TAX ADMINISTRATION | FOREIGN ASSETS | LAND LOCATION | MARKET FAILURES | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | BALANCE OF PAYMENT | TAX CODE | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | MONETARY AUTHORITIES | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | BANK RATES | MORTGAGES | PUBLIC TRANSPORT | CREDIT RATIONING | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | CREDIT CRUNCH | INFLATIONARY EXPECTATIONS | LAWS | SUPPLY OF CREDIT | INTEREST RATE VOLATILITY | STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS | REGULATORY FORBEARANCE | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS | RISK PROFILE | MARKET LIQUIDITY | TRADE BALANCE | FOREIGN CAPITAL | FORM OF COLLATERAL | MIDDLEMEN | NON PERFORMING LOANS | TREASURY BILLS | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | MANDATES | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | PERSONAL INCOME | REPO | RISKY ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES | RETAINED EARNINGS | SOLVENCY | INVESTMENT SPENDING | WATER SUPPLY | SECURITIES | INTEREST RATE CAPS | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | OPEN MARKET OPERATIONS | DEPOSIT MOBILIZATION | EXCESS LIQUIDITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | CREDIT QUALITY | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | LACK OF COMPETITION | AUCTION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS | HOLDING | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUSH FACTORS | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | LAND USE | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | DEVELOPMENT BONDS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | REPOS | CREDIT SOURCE | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS | ACCOUNTING | BANK RATE | HOME LOANS | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POLICY RESPONSE | STOCK MARKET | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | LOAN PORTFOLIO | PRICE STABILITY | INTERNAL AUDIT | HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS | TRANSPORT | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION | PUBLIC DEBT | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | INFLATIONARY PRESSURE | T-BILL RATE | BUDGET SURPLUS | CREDIT AVAILABILITY | BANKING SECTOR | PRIVATE PARTY | LIQUID ASSETS | CAPITAL MARKETS | REMITTANCE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | BUDGETING
Book
06/2012
Latvia has a well-developed financial sector, but in the aftermath of the 2008-09 global financial crisis, access to finance has become a major constraint for... 
SECURITY INTERESTS | SHORT MATURITY | INVESTMENT FUND | MATURITIES | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CREDIBILITY | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | BANK GUARANTEE | INTEREST RATES | BAILIFFS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | PUBLIC REGISTRY | TRADING | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT UNION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | CENTRAL SECURITIES DEPOSITORY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | CURRENCY BOARD | DEBTOR | INVESTING | FRAUD | HOST COUNTRIES | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | RISK AVERSION | PERSONAL GUARANTEES | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INVESTOR BASE | STOCK EXCHANGES | EXPORTERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | CREDIT APPRAISAL | TURNOVER | LOCAL CURRENCY | PENSION SYSTEM | SETTLEMENT SYSTEMS | BANK CREDIT | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | CENTRAL DEPOSITORY | CREDIT HISTORY | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | SETTLEMENT | PORTFOLIO VALUATION | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | COMMERCIAL PLEDGES | CASH FLOW | COMMERCIAL LAW | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAU | DEBT | PENSION FUND | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INVESTMENT FUNDS | ARREARS | CREDIT GROWTH | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | VARIABLE RATES | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | SOVEREIGN RATING | FORECLOSURE | LINE OF CREDIT | COMMERCIAL CREDIT | CREDITWORTHINESS | PENSION FUNDS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | LOCAL DEBT | MOVABLE ASSETS | DEEDS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | LIQUIDATION | REGISTRATION SYSTEM | SECURITIES LAWS | CREDITOR RIGHTS | OPEN ECONOMY | DEPOSITORS | BENEFICIARIES | CONSUMER PROTECTION | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | STATE BANKS | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | MONEYLENDERS | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | NPL | CENTRAL BANKS | COMMERCIAL TERMS | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | BROKERAGE | SECURITIES LAW | BOND | BOND MARKETS | DEBT ISSUANCE | EXCHANGE RATE | BANK LENDERS | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PRIVATE PROPERTY | DOMESTIC MARKET | CREDIT MARKET | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | FUND MANAGERS | RESERVES | RETURN ON ASSETS | FIXED INCOME | LEGAL REFORMS | DEED | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | FOREIGN BANK | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | MARKET CONFIDENCE | AVAILABILITY OF BANK FINANCING | DEPOSIT | PENSION | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | MARKET DISTORTIONS | LOCAL BANK | RELIANCE ON COLLATERAL | LOAN AMOUNT | EQUITY INSTRUMENTS | LOAN GUARANTEE | CREDIT SCORING | AUCTIONS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ENFORCEMENT PROCESSES | FIXED ASSET | BANK LOANS | CASH MANAGEMENT | SUPPLY OF CREDIT | DUE DILIGENCE | MARKET LIQUIDITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | COMMERCIAL PLEDGE | MICRO ENTERPRISES | CAPITAL MARKET | INVESTMENT REGULATION | EQUIPMENT | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | EXPORT GROWTH | CURRENCY RISK | MONEY LENDERS | FIXED INCOME PORTFOLIO | TAX REGIME | SECURITIES | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | RETURNS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | IMMOVABLE ASSETS | COLLATERALIZATION | PUBLIC FUNDS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | CORPORATE BONDS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | LOAN SIZE | CREDITORS | AUCTION | EQUITY FINANCING | WITHDRAWAL | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BAILIFF | TAX | REPOSSESSION | CHECKING ACCOUNT | STRATEGIC INVESTORS | PRIVATE EQUITY | INSURANCE COMPANIES | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | MICROFINANCE | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAUS | AMOUNT OF CAPITAL | CAPITALIZATION | BANK ACCOUNTS | INDIVIDUAL INVESTORS | LIQUIDATIONS | STOCK MARKET | DEPOSITOR | ISSUANCES | CAPITAL GAINS | MICROENTERPRISES | PAYMENT SYSTEM | FOREIGN INVESTORS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | CREDIT DECISIONS | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | RISK OF DEFAULT | RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGES | CREDIT GUARANTEE | INTERNATIONAL CREDIT | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | LEGAL PROTECTION | LOAN PORTFOLIO | BANK BONDS | CREDITOR | MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE | PRIVATE LENDERS | SECURITY INTEREST | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPARENCY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCING | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PORTFOLIO | CREDIT INFORMATION REGISTRY | BANKING SECTOR | DOMESTIC BONDS | PARTIAL CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKETS | DEBTORS | PRIVATE BANKS | LEGAL SYSTEM | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | STOCK MARKETS | DEBTS
Book
09/2011
Financial infrastructure broadly defined comprises the underlying foundation for a country's financial system. It includes all institutions, information,... 
COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | CREDIT PRODUCTS | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | COMMERCIAL LENDING | CREDIT EXTENSIONS | PRIVATE CREDIT | MARKET FOR CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | PUBLIC POLICY | COMPETITIVE CREDIT | INDEBTEDNESS | FREE ACCESS | PUBLIC RECORD | TRADING | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | SMALL BUSINESS | LOAN REQUEST | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS | CENTRAL BANK | COLLATERAL REGISTRIES | LOAN VOLUMES | INSURANCE MARKETS | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | CREDIT OFFICER | DEBTOR | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT SCORE | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | CREDIT REPORTING | BANKS | CREDIT REPORT | PORTFOLIO QUALITY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | LOAN PAYMENT | DURABLE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT CAPACITY | CREDIT MARKETS | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LIENS | HOUSEHOLDS | UNION | CREDIT RATING | REAL ESTATE | FINANCIAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAU | DEBT | SMALL BUSINESS LENDING | LOAN DENIALS | MORAL HAZARD | INFORMATION ON CREDIT | ARREARS | INVENTORIES | HUMAN RIGHTS | LENDING DECISION | LOAN PAYMENTS | MORTGAGE LOANS | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | DEBT COLLECTION | REAL ESTATE REGISTRIES | LOAN AGREEMENTS | COMMERCIAL CREDIT | ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | MARKET PRACTICES | PROPRIETORSHIP | PAYMENT HISTORY | CREDIT CARDS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | FINANCIAL MARKET PARTICIPANTS | INSURANCE | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | CREDIT REGISTRIES | RETURN | LOAN | CREDIT SCORES | CONSUMER CREDIT | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | DEBT MATURITY | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE PROPERTY | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | NEW MARKET | CREDIT MARKET | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL STUDIES | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | BENEFITS OF CREDIT | ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | TAX CODE | REMITTANCES | CORRUPTION | PREJUDICE | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | CREDIT PORTFOLIO | CREDIT SCORING | FINANCIAL MARKETS | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | CREDIT RATIONING | PERSONAL LOANS | BORROWING COSTS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | CREDIT REPORTING SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LIMITS | CREDIT REPORTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | PRUDENTIAL SUPERVISION | PROMISSORY NOTES | INTERNATIONAL STANDARD | WORKING CAPITAL | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CREDIT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | MERCHANT | CREDIT CARD | LEGAL OBLIGATION | CHILD SUPPORT | CONSUMER LENDING | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | HOME MARKETS | INVESTMENT SPENDING | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | CREDIT CULTURES | CREDIT UNDERWRITING | SECURITIES | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | CREDIT APPLICATIONS | REPAYMENTS | VEHICLE REGISTRIES | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | MARKET MECHANISM | MAINSTREAM CREDIT | BUSINESS TRANSACTION | LENDERS | GOOD CREDIT | CREDITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | INFORMATION SHARING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | TAX | CREDIT CARD ISSUERS | CREDIT PORTFOLIOS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CREDIT OFFICERS | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | SHAREHOLDER | MICROFINANCE | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAUS | EMPLOYERS | CREDIT RATINGS | FAIR ACCESS | EMERGING MARKETS | CREDIT REPORTING SYSTEMS | PUBLIC RECORDS | COMPETITIVE MARKETS | LEVEL OF DEBT | INTERNATIONAL CREDIT | TRADE CREDITORS | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CREDITOR | FINANCES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | GENDER | BILLS OF EXCHANGE | MONETARY FUND | BORROWINGS | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | BIASES | BUSINESS LOANS | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PARTIAL CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | PROVISION OF CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | ACCESS TO CREDIT | DEBTORS | BANKRUPTCIES | CREDIT ASSESSMENT | DEBTS | EXTENSION OF CREDIT
Book
06/2014
The initial assessment under the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) was undertaken in 2003. The first Update mission (April 2013) assessed the... 
INTERNATIONAL MONEY MARKETS | SUPERVISION OF BANKS | GLOBAL MARKETS | BOND MARKET | MATURITIES | EXTERNAL DEBT | MARKET RISKS | DERIVATIVES MARKET | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | LONG TERM ASSETS | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | LIABILITY | CREDIT EXPANSION | PUBLIC FUND | HUMAN RESOURCES | TRADING | MONETARY POLICIES | RISK ASSESSMENTS | SAFETY NET | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | CENTRAL SECURITIES DEPOSITORY | POLICY RESPONSES | FUTURES | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | LIQUIDITY | FLOW OF CREDIT | FRAUD | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | EXPORTERS | INTERESTS OF INVESTORS | ARBITRAGE | SUPERVISORY AGENCIES | BROKERS | LIQUIDITY RISK | TURNOVER | BANKRUPTCY | LEGAL TRADITIONS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | MUTUAL SAVINGS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | EXTERNAL FUNDING | LIQUIDITY POSITION | SETTLEMENT | COMPENSATION FUND | FINANCIAL SERVICES | SECONDARY MARKETS | EXTERNAL BORROWINGS | IRREVOCABLE LINE OF CREDIT | SECURITIES HOLDINGS | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM | FAIR VALUE | FINANCIAL MARKET | COMMERCIAL BANKING | FISCAL POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | INTEREST RATE SPREADS | RISK EXPOSURES | FINANCIAL RISKS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | CREDIT LINES | COMPENSATION FUNDS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | RESERVE | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | INTEREST INCOME | MARKET PRACTICES | MARKET MECHANISMS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | DEPOSITORS | INSURANCE PENETRATION | MONEY MARKET | LIQUIDITY RATIOS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | DEFAULT RISK | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | MATURITY | NPL | RETURN | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | MARKET CONCENTRATION | SECURITIES MARKET | DOMESTIC BANKING | BOND | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | BOND TRADING | INCOME SECURITIES | MORTGAGE | OUTSTANDING DOMESTIC DEBT SECURITIES | REGULATORY STRUCTURE | RESERVES | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE | RETURN ON ASSETS | SAVINGS BANKS | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | FOREIGN BANK | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | COMPETITIVE MARKET | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | DEPOSIT | ENFORCEMENT POWERS | MONETARY POLICY | SHORT-TERM BORROWING | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | MATURITY MISMATCHES | DUE DILIGENCE | AGGREGATE DEBT | DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS | SETTLEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS | RISK PROFILE | PRIMARY MARKET | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRANSACTION | NONPERFORMING LOANS | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | INTEREST RATE DERIVATIVES | COLLATERAL RISK | MATURITY STRUCTURE | REPO | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | CAPITAL BASE | DEFAULTS | CIVIL PENALTIES | SOLVENCY | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | LEGAL IMPEDIMENTS | CREDIT LOSS | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS |