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Open Economies Review, ISSN 0923-7992, 4/2016, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 227
Journal Article
Journal of International Economics, ISSN 0022-1996, 2007, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp. 242 - 264
Journal Article
Theoretical and Applied Economics, ISSN 1841-8678, 03/2015, Volume XXII, Issue 1, pp. 15 - 34
The study aims at developing an Early Warning System for predicting balance of payments crises for 17 emerging economies, which constitute a relatively... 
Model evaluation | Balance of payments | Crises | Foreign exchange | Early warning system
Journal Article
Journal of International Economics, ISSN 0022-1996, 05/2007, Volume 72, Issue 1, p. 242
  This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take... 
Studies | Economic models | Inflation | Foreign exchange rates | Central banks | Balance of payments
Journal Article
Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, 04/2003, Volume 111, Issue 2, pp. 404 - 424
The classical model of balance of payments crises implicitly assumes that the central bank sits passively as international reserves dwindle. In practice,... 
Liquid assets | Liquids | Opportunity costs | Money demand | Inflation rates | Elasticity of demand | Central banks | Cash | Nonmonotonic logic | Interest rates | EXCHANGE-RATE REGIMES | ECONOMICS | INFLATION | ECONOMY | Economic aspects | Monetary policy | Balance of payments | Research
Journal Article
Review of International Economics, ISSN 0965-7576, 08/2012, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp. 517 - 534
During the 2007–09 financial crisis large volatility and wide currency swings characterized the foreign exchange market. This paper utilizes the early‐warning... 
ECONOMICS | Prices and rates | Money | Financial markets | Gross domestic product | Analysis | Foreign exchange | Studies | Balance of payments deficit | Economic models | Recessions | Economic theory | Manycountries | Foreign exchange markets | Global economy | Economic impact | Economic history | Economic statistics
Journal Article
2013, ISBN 9781484315347, xiii, 229
China has reached a stage where further financial sector reforms appear essential. As the reform process progresses and macrofinancial linkages deepen, the... 
Banks and banking | Macroeconomics | China Economic policy | Economic development | Finance | Economic stabilization
Book
04/2007, ISBN 9781452767277, 26
This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take... 
Foreign Exchange Intervention | Economic Models | Balance Of Payments Crisis | Flow Speculative Attack | Exchange Rate Targeting | Inflation Targeting
Book
2010, Wolrd Investment and Political Risk, ISBN 9780821381151, 96
Political risk is a top concern for corporate foreign investors from industrialized but also developing countries when venturing into emerging markets. At the... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | ECONOMIC IMBALANCES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT REGIMES | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | CORPORATE INVESTORS | CDS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | NEW PRODUCTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | HOST COUNTRY | LIABILITY | GOVERNMENT BUDGETS | MONETARY POLICIES | COMMODITY PRICE | EXPROPRIATION RISK | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | POLICY RESPONSES | PRIVATE CREDITORS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENT | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT FLOWS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | CAPITAL ACCOUNT TRANSACTIONS | CONSUMER GOODS | POLITICAL RISKS | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | DURABLE | CAPITAL FLOWS | GROWTH RATE | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | SETTLEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | CREDIT RISK PREMIUMS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBALIZATION | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | GROWTH RATES | COMMODITY | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | OIL PRICES | GLOBAL INVESTORS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | REINSURANCE | INVESTOR DEMAND | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | OUTPUT | RESERVE BANK | EMERGING ECONOMIES | CREDIT AGENCIES | RISK OF EXPROPRIATION | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | RESERVE | NET DEBT | MARKET MECHANISMS | EQUITY FUNDS | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | INSURANCE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | EXCHANGE CONTROLS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | CRITICAL MASS | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXPOSURE | SOCIAL RELATIONS | CURRENCY | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | FINANCIAL CRISES | OUTPUT LOSSES | EXPORT CREDIT | RESERVES | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | SAVINGS | EXPROPRIATION RISKS | FOREIGN ASSETS | PRIVATE CAPITAL INFLOWS | REMITTANCES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | CREDIT RISK | DEBT CRISIS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | REINVESTMENT | GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | JOINT VENTURES | DIVESTMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | CAPITAL ACCOUNTS | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | RISK PREMIUMS | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | NEW MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | ECONOMIC CRISES | EXPROPRIATION | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | HOME MARKETS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | FINANCIAL INSTABILITY | PROPERTY MARKETS | EQUITY MARKETS | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | CREDITORS | DOMESTIC MARKETS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | COMMODITIES | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | EMERGING MARKET ASSETS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | TAX | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | PRIVATE EQUITY | INVESTMENT HORIZONS | DOMESTIC BANKS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | INSURERS | MACROECONOMIC DATA | FOREIGN FUNDS | FIXED INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | EMERGING MARKETS | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | FLOATING EXCHANGE RATE | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS | CREDIT GUARANTEE | WEALTH EFFECTS | EMERGING MARKET | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | PROPERTY RIGHTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS | ACCESS TO FINANCING | HOST GOVERNMENTS | INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION | MARKET INVESTORS | PORTFOLIO | MONETARY FUND | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | OUTPUT GAP | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | WORLD ECONOMY | EMERGING-MARKET | PRIVATE MARKET | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS CRISES | INVESTOR AWARENESS | CAPITAL MARKETS | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | STOCK MARKETS | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES
Book
Review of Keynesian Economics, ISSN 2049-5323, 3/2018, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp. 221 - 239
In a pegged exchange-rate system, a balance-of-payments crisis happens when there is serious mistrust of whether a debtor country holds sufficient... 
Balance-of-payments crisis | Gross capital flows | TARGET2 | Financial instability | Monetary sovereignty | Eurozone | financial instability | MONEY | eurozone | gross capital flows | monetary sovereignty | MONETARY-POLICY | ECONOMICS | balance-of-payments crisis
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Economics, ISSN 1049-0078, 08/2018, Volume 57, pp. 13 - 35
Negative commodity price shocks can induce balance of payments crises in resource dependent economies. Governments often react by intervening against currency... 
Mining | Resource rich economy | Papua New Guinea | Agriculture | Marshall-Lerner condition | Foreign exchange rationing | REGRESSION | TESTS | MODEL | FOREIGN-CURRENCY DEBT | EMERGING MARKET CRISES | PANEL-DATA | COINTEGRATION | RATE REGIMES | ECONOMICS | FINANCIAL SHOCKS | Silver | International trade | Gold | Rationing | Analysis | Economic aspects | Foreign exchange | Exports
Journal Article
2008, ISBN 9781589067288, xviii, 332
Exchange rate analysis lies at the center of the IMF's surveillance mandate and policy advice, as well as in the design of IMF-supported programs, and IMF... 
Foreign exchange rates | International Monetary Fund
Book
CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, 2017, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp. 182 - 209
According to the most common understanding, currency crises are always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon. Based on a formal theoretical model and ample... 
Currency market pressure | Balance of payments | Currency flows | Boom-and-bust cycles | Currency crises | EXCHANGE-RATE DYNAMICS | currency market pressure | OF-PAYMENTS CRISES | PRICES | balance of payments | CAPITAL INFLOWS | boom-and-bust cycles | ECONOMICS | currency flows | MODEL | currency crises | BALANCE
Journal Article
Journal of International Economics, ISSN 0022-1996, 1996, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp. 235 - 264
This paper claims that the roots of Mexico's balance-of-payments crisis are found in the prevailing high degree of capital mobility and financial... 
Mexican crisis | Devaluation | Herding behavior | Global economy | Balance-of-payments crises | devaluation | TRADE | global economy | REAL EXCHANGE-RATE | ECONOMICS | balance-of-payments crises | herding behavior | Economic aspects | Balance of payments | Foreign exchange reserves
Journal Article
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 9/2011, Volume 121, Issue 555, pp. 905 - 930
We present a model of the optimal level of international reserves for a small open economy seeking insurance against sudden stops in capital flows. We derive a... 
Risk aversion | Economic models | Consumer economics | Opportunity costs | Emerging markets | Short term debt | Credit insurance | Calibration | Risk premiums | Gross domestic product | DEMAND | GROWTH | RISK | ECONOMICS | CRISES | DEFAULT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | Economic policy | Economics and Finance | Humanities and Social Sciences
Journal Article
2008, Directions In Development - Public Sector Governance, ISBN 9780821374610, xvi, 290
Small states face special hurdles in achieving development gains. These states spend significantly more of their GDP on producing public goods and services,... 
Electronic government information | Public contracts | States, Small | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | GLOBAL MARKETS | TRUST FUND | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | COOPERATIVE BANKS | FIXED COSTS | BANK OF CANADA | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | BANQUE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE | SMALL COUNTRY | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | CREDIT EXPANSION | HUMAN RESOURCES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | CURRENCY BOARDS | JURISDICTIONS | CURRENCY BOARD | MARKET STRUCTURES | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | CENTRAL BANKING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | EASTERN CARIBBEAN CENTRAL BANK | LENDER OF LAST RESORT | SEIGNIORAGE | LEGISLATION | REGULATORY AGENCY | DEVALUATION | BANKS | JURISDICTION | TREATY | WORLD MARKETS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PUBLIC REGISTRIES | COLONIALISM | BANK CREDIT | MONOPOLY | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | REGULATORY BODY | CIVIL SERVICE | MORTGAGE BANK | INTERNATIONAL BANKS | RULE OF LAW | BANKING INDUSTRY | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | TAX COLLECTION | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GROWTH RATES | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | CLEARING HOUSE | COMMON MARKET | BANKING LEGISLATION | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | CREDIT GROWTH | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | ECONOMIC STABILITY | FISCAL BURDEN | MORTGAGE BANKS | OUTPUT | REFORM PROGRAM | RETIREMENT | WORLD TRADE | BANK OF CENTRAL AFRICAN STATES | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | SMALL ECONOMIES | LEGAL FRAMEWORKS | MARKET MECHANISMS | MARKET STRUCTURE | VOLATILITY | BANKING REGULATION | MARKET SIZE | INSURANCE | BANK OPERATIONS | BANK EXAMINATIONS | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | LOAN | SECURITIES MARKET | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CENTRAL BANK INDEPENDENCE | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | DOMESTIC MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICES | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK | OPEN COUNTRIES | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | TELEPHONE SERVICES | BANK OF ENGLAND | LEGAL SYSTEMS | DEREGULATION | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | HOME MORTGAGE | SAVINGS BANKS | FEDERAL RESERVE | FOREIGN BANKS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | REMITTANCES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | SINGLE MARKET | MONETARY POLICY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | MONETARY AUTHORITIES | NATIONAL BANKS | PRIVATIZATION | INDIRECT COST | DEFICITS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | POLITICAL ECONOMY | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AUTONOMY | GOVERNMENT REFORM | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | REGULATOR | BANKING CRISES | LAWS | EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | REMOTE LOCATIONS | SMALL COUNTRIES | CELLULAR PHONES | SUBSIDIARY | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRANSACTION | DOMESTIC CREDIT | COMMERCIAL BANK | TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATION | INCOME | EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS | SUPERVISION MECHANISMS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | INCOMES | SOLVENCY | OUTSOURCING | GOVERNANCE INDICATORS | TREATIES | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | BARRIERS TO COMPETITION | CREDIT UNIONS | CONNECTIVITY | INFLATION | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | LIBERALIZATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | FINANCE COMPANIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | BANQUE CENTRALE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST | TAX | DOMESTIC BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | PUBLIC UTILITIES | BUDGETARY SYSTEMS | COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY | REPUTATION | PUBLIC SERVICES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | BILATERAL INSTITUTIONS | FIXED EXCHANGE RATE | LENDER-OF-LAST-RESORT | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | HUMAN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | MOBILE PHONE | MONOPOLIES | JOINT VENTURE | GOVERNMENT ACTION | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION | REGULATORS | LOCAL BANKS | PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION | BANK SUPERVISION | MONETARY FUND | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | MUNICIPALITIES | BANKING SECTOR | WORLD ECONOMY | HARMONIZATION | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS CRISES | INSTRUMENT | PRIVATE BANKS | ECONOMIC INTEGRATION | BUDGETING | PRODUCTIVITY | BANK FAILURE
Book
2003, ISBN 9781589062740, ix, 116
Using a cross-country sample of 169 IMF-supported programs and detailed studies of 15 programs, this evaluation report examines various aspects of fiscal... 
International Monetary Fund Evaluation | Fiscal policy | Fiscal Reforms | Ieo | Fiscal Management
Book
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