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Book
2009, ISBN 0821379712, xv, 225
Closing the Coverage Gap discusses how social pensions and other retirement income transfers can be used to close the coverage gap of mandatory pension... 
Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | Government policy | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | INCOME GROUP | NATIONAL POPULATION | HEALTH ECONOMICS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | POLICY ANALYSIS | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | MINIMUM PENSION | PENSION PLAN | PERIODS OF UNEMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY POPULATION | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | SOCIAL PENSION | CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | OLDER WOMEN | TAKE-UP RATE | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | TAX RATE | POOR FAMILIES | CHILD CARE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | ADMINISTRATIVE DATA | PENSION ACCOUNT | MINIMUM PENSIONS | VULNERABILITY | CLIMATE CHANGE | INCOME SECURITY | PUBLIC PENSIONS | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PENSION ISSUES | POLICY GUIDANCE | DISCOUNT RATES | RETIREMENT AGE | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEMES | SOCIAL POLICY | CREDITS | MARGINAL TAX RATES | PENSION REFORM PRIMER | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | ELDERLY PERSONS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | POPULATION AGEING | POVERTY LEVELS | TRADITIONAL FAMILY | WORTH | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | COMMODITY | OLD-AGE | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | WITHDRAWAL RATE | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | HUMAN RIGHTS | PENSION REFORM | COST ESTIMATES | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET TRANSITIONS | LOW-INCOME WORKERS | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | FINANCIAL PLANNER | LOW FERTILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | GLOBAL POPULATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | CITIZEN | MIGRATION | PENSION SYSTEMS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SKILLED WORKERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION PROVIDERS | SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE PENSION | LOW-INCOME INDIVIDUALS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENCIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | FAMILY POLICIES | INDIGENOUS PEOPLE | PENSION SCHEME | NATIONAL PLAN | MINORITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | LIMITED RESOURCES | CHRONIC POVERTY | QUALITY OF SERVICES | DISSEMINATION | NUTRITION | PROBABILITIES | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | POVERTY RATES | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | ORPHANS | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | PENSION TRANSFERS | POVERTY RATE | SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATIONS | IMPORTANT POLICY | BEST PRACTICES | PENSION RIGHTS | GENERAL POPULATION | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CURRENT PROGRAMS | POOR INDIVIDUALS | VOLUNTARY SAVINGS | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | FAMILY SUPPORT | LEGAL STATUS | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOURCES OF INCOME | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | WITHDRAWAL | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | IMPACTS OF POPULATION | AVERAGE EARNINGS | PENSION INCOME | MATERNITY LEAVE | PENSION SCHEMES | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | SENIOR | BABIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY DEVELOPMENT | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ASSET HOLDINGS | INTEREST RATE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | KNOWLEDGE GAP | PUBLIC PENSION | FINANCIAL ASPECTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT DECISION | CALCULATIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | LONG-TERM SAVINGS | FIXED COST | TRADE UNION | FINANCIAL POLICY | POLICY MAKERS | HUMAN RIGHT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BUDGETING | OLDER MEN | SOCIAL AFFAIRS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
Book
2007, Occasional paper, ISBN 1589066146, Volume 258., xii, 135
Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses -- it's a record to be envied. These... 
Monetary policy | Fiscal policy | Economic policy | Economic conditions | Pension | Energy | Growth | Banking | Inflation Targeting | Macroeconomics | Economic Growth
Book
2003, ISBN 158906223X, xiv, 315
Aging populations. Weather shocks. Scarce water. Globalization. Security threats. Policymakers today confront a number of developments that threaten to burden... 
Aging | Economic aspects | Fiscal policy | Climatic changes | Savings | Vacancy Lists | Pensioners | Public Finance | Fiscal Management | Social Safety Nets | Saf Arrangement Texts | Savings Promotion
Book
2005, Latin American development forum, ISBN 0821358170, xxi, 341
Empirical analysis of two decades of pioneering pension and social security reform in Latin America and the Caribbean shows that much has been achieved, but... 
Social security | Social legislation | Latin America | LABOR MARKETS | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | PAY-AS-YOU-GO SYSTEMS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | PRIVATIZATION | MORTALITY TABLES | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | DEFICITS | GROSS RETURNS | ANNUITIES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE SECTOR | COMPONENTS | TAX ADVANTAGES | MONETARY POLICIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEM | BASIC PENSION | BENEFIT FORMULA | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | FORMAL SECTOR | PENSION FUND ADMINISTRATORS | SUBSIDIARY | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION SYSTEMS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY | MANDATES | PENSION FUND PORTFOLIOS | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | GOVERNMENT TRANSFERS | PRIVATE SECTORS | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | INCENTIVES TO SAVE | RETIREMENT INCOME | BANKS | INSURANCE COMPANY | E-MAIL | BALANCE SHEETS | FUNDED SCHEMES | LONGEVITY RISK | MANDATORY SCHEMES | PENSION SYSTEM | FUNDED SYSTEMS | MUTUAL FUNDS | DEPOSITS | FUNDED COMPONENT | INFLATION | RISK MANAGEMENT | MARKET ECONOMIES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | FISCAL BALANCE | LATIN AMERICAN | FISCAL STABILITY | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | PRIVATE PILLAR | DEBT | PENSION SAVINGS | PENSION SAVINGS PLANS | PENSION FUND | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PILLARS | MORAL HAZARD | PENSION REFORM | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | LIFE EXPECTANCY | FISCAL BURDEN | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | MULTIPILLAR SYSTEMS | AFFILIATES | PENSION DEBT | WORKER CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | STOCK MARKET | OPERATING COSTS | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | OPERATIONAL EXPENSES | SOCIAL SECURITY | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | WAGES | CONTRIBUTION RATES | INCOME GROUPS | PENSION FUND ADMINISTRATOR | SOCIAL INSURANCE | FISCAL LIABILITIES | FUNDED ACCOUNTS | HOUSING | FINANCIAL DEEPENING | PENSIONS | INTERGENERATIONAL FAIRNESS | PENSION SYSTEMS | CAPITAL MARKETS | PENSION REFORMS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | FOREIGN ASSETS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
1994, Occasional paper, ISBN 9781557754110, Volume 113, vii, 117
Poland's economy rebounded dramatically in 1992-93, several years after the nation embarded on a comprehensive program of economic transformation. This paper... 
Poland Economic conditions | Poland Economic policy
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821374511, Volume no. 134, xvii, 99
The countries of Southeast Europe have undergone a significant transition over the past decade. Helped by macroeconomic stabilization and efforts in advancing... 
Finance, Public | Balkan Peninsula Social policy | Social policy | Balkan Peninsula | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | SALARIES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE DELIVERY | WAGE EXPENDITURES | ALLOCATION | PUBLIC PROVISION | EXTERNAL DEBT | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | ROAD NETWORK | HEALTH SECTOR | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | DATA AVAILABILITY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | CIVIL SERVICE SALARY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE SECTOR | AVERAGE GROWTH | COMPETITIVE BIDS | NATIONAL BANK | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | RESPONSIBILITIES | HEALTH SERVICES | PUBLIC REVENUES | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | TAX RATE | PENSIONS SYSTEMS | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | PUBLIC PENSIONS | COUNTRY ECONOMISTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | FISCAL REFORMS | ACCOUNTABILITY | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | BANKS | VALUABLE | FISCAL SYSTEM | SALES | PRIVATE SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGE | CURRENT EXPENDITURES | CREDITS | MARKETING | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | CIVIL SERVICE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | REFORM EFFORTS | PURCHASING POWER | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE POLICY | RECESSION | LIVING STANDARDS | OLD-AGE | DEBT | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | INCOME TAX | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCE USE | RETIREMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL IMBALANCES | REFORM AGENDA | DIRECT INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICIT | REFORM PROCESS | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | CIVIL SERVICE PAY | EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS | WELFARE BENEFITS | TREASURY SYSTEMS | BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | LOAN | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES | SECONDARY EDUCATION | BUDGETARY FUND | FISCAL ENVELOPE | SUPPORT PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | CURRENCY | RAPID DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | CAPITAL SPENDING | WAGE | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | FISCAL PRESSURES | TAXPAYERS | FOREIGN BORROWING | NATIONAL AUTHORITIES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | ETHNIC GROUPS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | POLICY COMMITMENTS | DECENTRALIZATION | INTEREST PAYMENTS | EQUITY ISSUES | PUBLIC HEALTH | ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION | ETHNIC GROUP | CURRICULA | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | FISCAL COST | PUBLIC SERVICE | PERSONAL INCOME | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE CUTS | INCOME | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | EARLY RETIREMENT | INCOMES | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTION | COST-EFFECTIVENESS | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | COST RECOVERY | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | CURRENT ACCOUNT | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | INCOME LEVELS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | FOREIGN GRANTS | RETIREMENT AGES | CURRENT EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR | SALES TAXES | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | INCOME TAXES | SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | HEALTH FINANCING | BEST PRACTICE | GOVERNMENT FINANCE STATISTICS | SENIOR | INSURANCE SCHEMES | PUBLIC SERVICES | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | RETIREMENT PERIOD | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE POLICIES | POVERTY REDUCTION | GENERAL PUBLIC | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONTRIBUTION SCHEME | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | PERSONAL INCOME TAXES | TAX REVENUES | FISCAL POSITIONS | CONTRIBUTION RATES | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | PUBLIC PENSION | HEALTH SPENDING | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | EXPENDITURE ADJUSTMENTS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | HEALTH INSURANCE FUNDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | EDUCATION POLICY | PERVERSE INCENTIVES | SIZE OF GOVERNMENT
Book
05/2014
Today, the Kyrgyz pension system plays a major role in poverty alleviation of the elderly but this role is diminishing fast due to low coverage of working age... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | MIGRANT | FERTILITY RATES | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | MARKET DISTORTIONS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | BENEFIT LEVELS | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | INITIAL RETIREMENT AGE | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | DATA AVAILABILITY | SOCIAL PENSIONS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PENSION FINANCING | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | PENSION SCHEME | DEFICITS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ELDERLY POPULATION | SOCIAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATE | ANNUITY FACTORS | DISABILITY PENSION | BASIC PENSION | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | ACCRUAL RATE | PENSION POLICY | EQUITY ISSUES | MORTALITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | CASH FLOWS | INCOME LEVEL | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PUBLIC SPENDING | FERTILITY | LEGISLATION | OLDER PERSONS | NET WAGES | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | SOCIAL IMPACT | MIGRANTS | ANNUITY | FUNDED SCHEME | PENSION COSTS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | PENSIONER | RETIREMENT AGE | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | SOCIAL POLICY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | SOCIAL FUND | BENEFICIARY | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION RIGHTS | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENTS | EMPLOYEE | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS | FUNDED COMPONENTS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | PENSION SYSTEM | ELDERLY | HEALTH INSURANCE | SUBSISTENCE FARMING | INVESTMENT RETURNS | MIGRANT WORKERS | GROWTH RATE | ASSET MANAGEMENT | FUNDED COMPONENT | INFLATION | PENSION SPENDING | STOCKS | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | LIFE EXPECTANCY ESTIMATES | PENSION EXPENDITURE | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | NOTIONAL ACCOUNTS | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | GROWTH RATES | OLD-AGE | SURVIVOR PENSION | PENSION FUND | BENEFIT PAYMENTS | RESPECT | INCOME TAX | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | INSURANCE PENSION | FAMILIES | IMMIGRATION | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | INFLATION RATES | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCY | FINANCIAL FLOWS | LONG TERM PROJECTIONS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | FUND DATA | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | NOTIONAL ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | INVESTMENT INCOME | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | OUTPUTS | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | GENDERS | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH | VOLUNTARY PENSION | POPULATION DATA | PENSION AT RETIREMENT | RETIREES | LABOR FORCE | BENEFICIARIES | BANKING SYSTEM | DEFICIT FINANCING | INTEREST RATE | BENEFIT INDEXATION | PENSION BENEFIT | INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | LOW-INCOME ECONOMY | NATIONAL PENSION | INCOME GROUPS | OLD AGE | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | PENSION EXPENDITURES | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | FINANCES | GOVERNMENT PENSION | PUBLIC PENSION | INSURANCE PENSIONS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | GENDER | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PAY-AS-YOU-GO SYSTEM | PENSIONS | PENSION PAYMENTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | MIGRATION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | COMPENSATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | CONSTANT SHARE | PENSIONERS | WORKING POPULATION | FINANCIAL HEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM PARAMETERS | PAYROLL TAX | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | NOTIONAL CAPITAL | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | WILL | MULTI-PILLAR SYSTEM | CASH INCOME | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
02/2014
This note sets out options to develop private pensions in Albania. It has been requested by the authorities to help create a more diversified pension system... 
INVESTMENT FUND | TAX BENEFIT | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | START-UP COSTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | HOME OWNERSHIP | INVESTMENT RISK | MORTALITY TABLES | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | SMALL COUNTRY | ANNUITY MARKET | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | HOME COUNTRY | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | COST REDUCTION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | CUSTOMER ACQUISITION | MORTALITY | JOINT ANNUITY | PENSION SECTORS | TAX RELIEF | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CONVERSIONS | LEGISLATION | VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | FEE INCOME | ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | MANDATORY SAVING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEM | FINANCE CORPORATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | UNION | TAX BURDEN | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | PENSION FUND | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INVESTMENT FUNDS | LIFE ANNUITY | RENEWABLE ENERGY | TRUSTEE | DISABILITY | IDS | PENSION REFORM | ILLIQUIDITY | POOLS OF SAVINGS | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE ANNUITIES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | RETIREMENT | AFFORDABILITY | PENSION FUNDS | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | JOINT ANNUITIES | LABOR MARKET | REPLACEMENT RATES | MARKET STRUCTURE | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | COMPANY LAW | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | FINANCIAL ACCOUNT | INSURANCE | GENDER INEQUALITY | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | JUDGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | LEVEL OF ASSETS | ENROLLMENT | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | EXCESS RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC ECONOMY | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | BEQUESTS | PAY AS YOU GO | PRIVATE PENSION | TAX BENEFITS | HOME | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM STABILITY | ASSET MANAGERS | ENROLLMENTS | RETIREMENT DATE | TRUSTEES | EXTREME POVERTY | COMPANY PENSION | HOMEOWNERSHIP | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | RETIREMENT INCOME SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | PENSION POLICY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL ADVANTAGE | PENSION REFORM PROCESS | TAX INCENTIVES | PENSION ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | EU DIRECTIVES | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | OUTSOURCING | SCANDAL | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | LOCAL CAPITAL MARKET | RETURNS | TERM DEPOSIT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | INFORMAL SECTORS | CONTRIBUTION COLLECTION | FUTURE PENSION | PROPERTY MARKETS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RETIREMENT AGES | WITHDRAWAL | PENSION LAW | BANKING SUPERVISION | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PENSION INCOME | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | SOURCES OF FINANCE | PENSION SAVING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | EMPLOYERS | BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL SECURITY | VOLUNTARY PENSION | KEY CHALLENGES | COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | MICROENTERPRISES | GENDER EQUALITY | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | MARKET TRENDS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | COST STRUCTURE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PENSION PRODUCTS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | GENDER | REGULATORS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EQUITIES | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | CUSTOMER BASE | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PUBLIC SYSTEMS | ACCOUNT HOLDER | SMALL ENTERPRISES | WILL | TRANSFERABLE SECURITIES
Book
10/2013, ISBN 1484316274, 77
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member... 
Book
2012, ISBN 9780821388488, 342
Nonfinancial Defined Contribution (NDC) schemes are now in their teens. The new pension concept was born in the early 1990s, implemented from the mid-1990s in... 
Finance & Accounting | Defined contribution pension plans | Pensions | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | NEWBORN | PENSION COVERAGE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | RETIREMENT BEHAVIOR | INCOME GROUP | INVESTMENT RISK | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION | COUNTRY OF ORIGIN | WAGE LEVELS | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | OLDER WORKERS | CITIZENSHIP | SOCIAL PENSIONS | PUBLIC DEFICIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | CASH TRANSFERS | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR | ELDERLY POPULATION | INVOLUNTARY UNEMPLOYMENT | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | BASIC PENSION | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | NATIONAL LEVEL | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | SEX | CENTER FOR HEALTH | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | AGE GROUP | POPULATION CENSUSES | SERVANTS | NUMBER OF DEATHS | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | RETIREMENT AGE | LIVE BIRTHS | BENEFICIARY | MANDATORY SAVING | HUMAN RESOURCE | PUBLIC SCHEME | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES | GROWTH RATE | PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS | PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS | POPULATION AGEING | OCCUPATION | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | INSURANCE POLICIES | MARKET DATA | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | INFANT | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | POPULATION CENSUS | CHILD REARING | SELF EMPLOYMENT | AGE CATEGORIES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | PENSION FRAMEWORK | BENEFICIARIES | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | LABOR SUPPLY | BENEFIT INDEXATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | CORESIDENCE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | RURAL POPULATION | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | AGE DISTRIBUTION | PRESENT VALUE | PROGRESS | URBAN POPULATION | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | MIGRATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSIONS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | RESERVES | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | CITIZENS | GROSS WAGES | RETIREMENT INVESTMENT | FAMILY POLICIES | WAGE BILL | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | PROVIDENT FUND | WORKFORCE | MANDATORY SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | DIVISION OF LABOR | AVERAGE WAGE | PENSION POLICY | REFUGEES | UNEMPLOYED | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | BENEFIT FORMULAE | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME PROVISION | MIGRANTS | EARLY RETIREMENT | ANNUITY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED BASIS | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | DEATH RATES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | MUTUAL FUNDS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | INFORMAL LABOR MARKETS | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | CHANGE IN POPULATION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | PENSION LIABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS | WORKER | WOMAN | PENSION INCOME | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | LIFE INSURANCE | UNFUNDED PENSION | LIFE EXPECTANCY | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MULTIPILLAR SYSTEMS | BANK ACCOUNTS | POPULATION DATA | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | ASYLUM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | OLD AGE | PUBLIC PENSION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | POPULATION FORECASTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | POPULATION DIVISION | NUMBER OF WORKERS | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | PENSIONABLE AGE | TAX FINANCING | INFANT MORTALITY | GROSS REPLACEMENT RATES | LABOUR
eBook
06/2012
This paper presents and explains cross country data for mandatory publicly and privately managed pension systems around the world. Relevant World Bank... 
PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | NEWBORN | PENSION COVERAGE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | RETIREMENT BEHAVIOR | INCOME GROUP | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION | COUNTRY OF ORIGIN | PENSION REGIMES | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | CITIZENSHIP | SOCIAL PENSIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | ELDERLY POPULATION | SOCIAL PENSION | GENDER GAP | BASIC PENSION | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | NATIONAL LEVEL | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | SEX | CENTER FOR HEALTH | PILLAR SYSTEMS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | POPULATION CENSUSES | SERVANTS | PUBLIC PILLAR | NUMBER OF DEATHS | RETIREMENT INCOME SCHEMES | RETIREMENT AGE | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | LIVE BIRTHS | MANDATORY SAVING | PUBLIC SCHEME | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION PROGRAM | GROWTH RATE | POPULATION AGEING | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEME | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | OLD-AGE | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | INSURANCE POLICIES | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | INFANT | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | POPULATION CENSUS | CHILD REARING | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | STATE GOVERNMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | LABOR SUPPLY | BENEFIT INDEXATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | RURAL POPULATION | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | AGE DISTRIBUTION | PRESENT VALUE | PROGRESS | URBAN POPULATION | MANDATORY SCHEME | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | MIGRATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSIONS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | NOMINAL WAGE | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR | ACCRUAL RATES | ELDERLY PEOPLE | FERTILITY RATES | PENSION | CITIZENS | BENEFIT LEVELS | GROSS WAGES | FAMILY POLICIES | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | MIDDLE-INCOME ECONOMIES | PROVIDENT FUND | WORKFORCE | AGING POPULATION | MANDATORY SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | PENSION POLICY | REFUGEES | NATIONALS | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | BENEFIT FORMULAE | MANDATES | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | RETIREMENT INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME PROVISION | MIGRANTS | ANNUITY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED BASIS | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | DEATH RATES | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | MUTUAL FUNDS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | HIV | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | MARKET ECONOMIES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | CHANGE IN POPULATION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSION | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | PENSION LIABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS | WOMAN | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | ECONOMIC TRANSITION | LIFE INSURANCE | UNFUNDED PENSION | ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | BANK ACCOUNTS | FORMAL PENSION SYSTEM | POPULATION DATA | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | ASYLUM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | OLD AGE | PUBLIC PENSION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | POPULATION FORECASTS | LONG-TERM CARE | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | RETIREMENT-INCOME PROVISION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | POPULATION DIVISION | NUMBER OF WORKERS | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | PENSIONABLE AGE | TAX FINANCING | INFANT MORTALITY | FORMAL PENSION
Book