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Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 04/2014, Volume 121, pp. 216 - 224
•Char and soot from wood particles pyrolysis in a DTR were characterized.•Char and soot characteristics change with temperature and residence time... 
Thermal annealing | Steam gasification | Char | Soot | Biomass pyrolysis | Pyrolysis | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2020, Volume 264, Issue C, p. 116833
.... Experimental measurements of industrially relevant biomass char particles (12.5 mm and smaller) undergoing kinetics-limited gasification reactions with CO2 and H2O reveal how porosity and surface area change with char conversion... 
Vascular structure | Biomass char | Biomass gasification | Surface area | Pore structure | ENERGY-PRODUCTION | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | CO2 | FIXED-BED | ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFICATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | COAL CHAR | FLUID-SOLID REACTIONS | TEMPERATURE | KINETICS | RANDOM PORE MODEL | Endothermic reactions | Temperature gradients | Hardwoods | Carbon dioxide | Biomass | Diameters | Conversion | Temperature gradient | Crop residues | Reaction kinetics | Poplar | Pores | Gasification | Porosity | Chars | Sintering (powder metallurgy) | Continuity (mathematics)
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 11/2016, Volume 183, pp. 405 - 413
A newly designed experimental setup for the “in-flight” measurement of the emissivity of burning char particles in the spectral range from 1.25μm to 5.5μm is presented... 
Char emissivity | Pyrometry | Coal rank | Oxy-fuel | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | SIZE | RADIATION | BURNOUT | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | RATES | REACTOR | TEMPERATURE | KINETICS | BIOMASS | EMITTANCE | Combustion | Bituminous coal | Lignite
Journal Article
Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, 07/2016, Volume 90, pp. 114 - 121
This study investigated the reduction of primary tar vapor from biomass pyrolysis over a bed of hot char particles, focusing on the effect of different operating conditions and char properties... 
Pyrolysis | Gasification | Biomass | Tar | Thermal cracking | Char | REMOVAL | AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING | BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY | ENERGY & FUELS | ELIMINATION | MODEL
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 10/2014, Volume 134, pp. 53 - 62
.... Therefore the effect of particle shape variations was calculated to determine the effect of spheroidal or cylindrical particle shapes when determining char burning kinetics of pulverized fuel... 
Char combustion | Biomass | Pyrometry | Burning rate | PULVERIZED COAL CHAR | OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | SIZE | O-2/CO2 ATMOSPHERES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | RATES | TEMPERATURE | MODELS | O-2/N-2 | Combustion
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 10/2015, Volume 158, pp. 753 - 763
.... Single char particles with a diameter of 8mm were produced in situ from pellets of raw and torrefied pine shell, olive stones and straw... 
Torrefaction | Gasification | Biomass | Kinetics | Char | OXIDATION | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | REACTIVITY | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | COAL CHAR | MASS-TRANSFER | CARBON-DIOXIDE | WOOD CHAR
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 11/2015, Volume 159, pp. 89 - 97
•Pyrolysis of dry reed black liquor particles in fluidized were been investigated in N2 atmosphere... 
Pyrolysis | Reed black liquor (RBL) | Particles | Fluidized bed | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | WHEAT-STRAW | THERMAL-DEGRADATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | REACTOR | AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES | BIOMASS PYROLYSIS | TEMPERATURE | ACTIVATED CARBON | CO2 GASIFICATION | LIGNIN | Liquors
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 07/2016, Volume 148, pp. 332 - 340
This paper examines the effects of temperature and oxygen enrichment on conversion of large wood char particle under non-isothermal conditions... 
Random pore model | Kinetic parameters | Ash segregated core model | Diffusion | Char | CARBON | ENERGY & FUELS | COAL | BIOMASS PARTICLE | OXYGEN | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | PYROLYSIS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | Activation energy | Analysis | Combustion | Mechanical engineering | Oxygen | Diffusion rate | Wood | Oxygen enrichment | Ashes
Journal Article
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, ISSN 0165-2370, 2004, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp. 243 - 248
.... The bio-char yield increased with increasing particle size of the sample. A high temperature and smaller particles increase the heating rate resulting in a decreased bio-char yield... 
Char reactivity | Agricultural residue | Bio-char | Slow pyrolysis | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | agricultural residue | SPECTROSCOPY | BIOMASS | char reactivity | slow pyrolysis | bio-char
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 10/2019, Volume 193, pp. 73 - 81
Porous structure and its development have significant influence on the heat and mass transfer between char particle and surrounding fluid, and the unique properties of supercritical water might make... 
Porous structure | Nitrogen adsorption | Supercritical water gasification | Catalyst | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | PORE STRUCTURE | NITROGEN TRANSFORMATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | BIOMASS | KINETICS | DYNAMICS | HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION | FLUIDIZED-BED | COAL-GASIFICATION | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | CELLULOSE | Fractal geometry | Gasification | Catalysis | Mass transfer | Heat transfer | Optimization | Surface structure | Potassium carbonate
Journal Article
Powder Technology, ISSN 0032-5910, 10/2018, Volume 338, pp. 887 - 897
.... Experiments revealed that at low fluidization velocities, the smaller char particles and biomass particles occur more preferentially in the bed material recirculation stream... 
Tar formation | Scaling | Segregation | Cold flow modeling | Fluidized bed gasification | SAND | COMBUSTION | FUEL-PARTICLES | MODEL | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | DEVOLATILIZATION | SOLID FUELS | REACTOR | TERNARY MIXTURES | GAS | MIXING SEGREGATION | Biomass energy | Analysis
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, 03/2016, Volume 287, pp. 649 - 656
....•Microstructure, combustion rate, burnout time, and maximum temperature reached of the char particle were analyzed... 
Combustion | Biomass | Char | Oxy-fuel | Coal | Fluidized bed | CARBON | O-2/CO2 | REACTIVITY | ATMOSPHERES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | PULVERIZED COAL | DEVOLATILIZATION | CONDITIONS. PART | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | O-2/N-2 | GASIFICATION | Analysis | Lignite | Burn out (Psychology) | Rankings | Energy Engineering | Energiteknik
Journal Article
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, 03/2015, Volume 43, pp. 281 - 295
Journal Article
Powder Technology, ISSN 0032-5910, 05/2017, Volume 313, pp. 210 - 217
.... The particles either in prolate or oblate spheroid shapes are involved in this paper. Using the ellipsoidal coordinates, a theoretical study is conducted on the char combustion of the spheroidal particle under forced convection... 
Char combustion | Sherwood number | Forced convection | Biomass | Spheroidal particle | BIOMASS PARTICLES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HEAT | SHAPE | REACTOR | CARBON | KINETICS | Combustion
Journal Article