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PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2014, Volume 9, Issue 3, p. e92368
The gut microbiota (GM) modulates the hosts metabolism and immune system. Probiotic bacteria are defined as live microorganisms which when administered in... 
C-REACTIVE PROTEIN | TRABECULAR BONE | WOMEN | MINERAL DENSITY | IMMUNE-SYSTEM | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | ESTROGEN-RECEPTOR-ALPHA | OSTEOPROTEGERIN | GUT MICROBIOTA | TNF-ALPHA | T-CELLS | Bone and Bones - pathology | Ovariectomy - adverse effects | T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory - metabolism | RANK Ligand - metabolism | Body Weight - drug effects | Bone and Bones - drug effects | Lactobacillus - drug effects | Bone Marrow - metabolism | Bone and Bones - metabolism | Inflammation Mediators - metabolism | Female | Minerals - metabolism | Bone Marrow - drug effects | Bone Resorption - etiology | Bone Resorption - blood | Cytokines - metabolism | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Bone Resorption - drug therapy | Biomarkers - blood | Probiotics - pharmacology | Lactobacillus - metabolism | Bone Resorption - prevention & control | Organ Size - drug effects | T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory - drug effects | Animals | Bone Marrow - pathology | Probiotics - therapeutic use | Mice | Osteoprotegerin - metabolism | Transforming Growth Factor beta - metabolism | Probiotics | Ovariectomy | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Physiological aspects | Bones | T cells | Density | Drinking water | Calcium | Lymphocytes T | Genomes | Arthritis | Immune status | Osteoprotegerin | Bone resorption | Osteoporosis | Microorganisms | Biomedical materials | Microbiota | Lymphocytes | Bone marrow | Bacteria | Tumor necrosis factor-TNF | Biocompatibility | Bone density | Bone loss | Bone (cortical) | Bone composition | Food | Immune system | Calcium (urinary) | Excretion | Gnotobiotics | Cytokines | Nutrition | Immunoregulation | Rheumatology | Inflammation | Tumor necrosis factor-α | IL-1β | Metabolism | Gene expression | Bone mineral content | Medicine | Serum levels | Osteoclastogenesis | Bone mass | Antibiotics | Womens health | Ligands | Endokrinologi och diabetes | Endocrinology and Diabetes
Journal Article
Journal Article
Nature medicine, ISSN 1546-170X, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 7, pp. 1095 - 1101
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), the most abundant growth factor in the bone matrix, maintains bone mass in adulthood. We now report that IGF-1 released... 
MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL | LIFE-SPAN | PHYSIOLOGY | RESORPTION | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | OSTEOPOROSIS | CELL BIOLOGY | INSULIN-RECEPTOR | OSTEOBLAST PROGENITORS | RELEVANCE | FRACTURES | POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN | GROWTH-FACTOR-I | Bone Matrix - metabolism | Immunohistochemistry | Mesenchymal Stromal Cells - enzymology | Bone and Bones - pathology | Receptor, IGF Type 1 - metabolism | Insulin-Like Growth Factor I - pharmacology | Femur - pathology | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | Cell Count | Humans | Aging - drug effects | Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 - pharmacology | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases - metabolism | Femur - diagnostic imaging | Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins - metabolism | X-Ray Microtomography | Bone and Bones - drug effects | Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 - metabolism | Bone Matrix - drug effects | Bone and Bones - metabolism | Insulin-Like Growth Factor I - administration & dosage | Bone Resorption - metabolism | Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 - administration & dosage | Receptor, IGF Type 1 - deficiency | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt - metabolism | Femur - growth & development | Mesenchymal Stromal Cells - drug effects | Bone Resorption - blood | Osteoblasts - enzymology | Osteoblasts - drug effects | Osteogenesis - drug effects | Rats | Enzyme Activation - drug effects | Mice, Knockout | Bone Resorption - diagnostic imaging | Osteoblasts - pathology | Organ Size - drug effects | Animals | Cell Differentiation - drug effects | Bone Resorption - pathology | Mice | Mesenchymal Stromal Cells - pathology | Insulin-Like Growth Factor I - metabolism | Aging - metabolism | Physiological aspects | Research | Insulin-like growth factor 1 | Protein kinases | Stem cells | Bone marrow | Insulin-like growth factors
Journal Article
Journal Article