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B.E. journal of theoretical economics, ISSN 1935-1704, 11/2009, Volume 9, Issue 1
While a key function of contracts is to provide incentives, the incentives of judges to enforce the terms of a contract have rarely been examined. This paper... 
Bribes
Journal Article
2002, ISBN 1589061160, xii, 564
This volume presents 18 recent IMF research studies on the causes and consequences of corruption, as well as how it can most effectively be combated to improve... 
Economic aspects | Expenditures, Public | International Monetary Fund | Political corruption | Governance | Economic Conditions | Fund Role
Book
Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, 08/2015
This article uses representative data for firms for Latin American firms and show that corruption decreases employment in firms. This result is robust to... 
bribes | employment | corruption
Journal Article
Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, 12/2014, Volume 120, pp. 32 - 47
This paper aims to understand how corruption responds to an income loss. We exploit an unexpected 25% wage cut incurred in 2010 by all Romanian public sector... 
Bribes | High-stakes exam | Austerity measures | Public school principals | PERFORMANCE | FIELD EXPERIMENT | PAY | ECONOMICS | Wages | Samhällsvetenskap | Economics and Business | Social Sciences | Ekonomi och näringsliv
Journal Article
International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, 10/2017
Two competing conceptualizations of corruption in the literature view it either as efficient or burdensome from firms’ perspective. Using data on the... 
BRIBES | CORRUPTION | TAX ADMINISTRATION | BRIBERY
Journal Article
Annual Review of Economics, ISSN 1941-1383, 1/2012, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 479 - 509
Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion in economists' ability to measure corruption. This in turn has led to a new generation of well-identified,... 
Politicians | Business corruption | Cost estimates | Political corruption | Developing countries | Government bureaucracy | Data corruption | Government corruption | Cost efficiency | Empirical evidence | development | graft | bribes | corruption | INDONESIA | PERFORMANCE | PAY | UGANDA | POLITICIANS | POLITICALLY CONNECTED FIRMS | ECONOMICS | HEALTH | INDIA | PROGRAM | TEACHER | Economic aspects | Social aspects | Political aspects
Journal Article
Review of Law & Economics, ISSN 2194-6000, 11/2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp. 241 - 263
Crimes such as bribery require the cooperation of two or more criminals for mutual gain. Instead of deterring these crimes, the state should disrupt them by... 
bribes | corruption | crime
Journal Article
Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, 03/2014, Volume 111, pp. 17 - 28
This paper examines the effectiveness of using asymmetric liability to combat harassment bribes. Asymmetric liability is a mechanism where bribe-takers are... 
Retaliation | Harassment bribes | Experiment | Asymmetric penalty | GAME | PUNISHMENT | GENDER | ECONOMICS | CORRUPTION | CULTURE | Liability (Law) | Harassment (Law) | Bribery
Journal Article
GAMES AND ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR, ISSN 0899-8256, 09/2014, Volume 87, pp. 616 - 618
We clarify the sufficient condition for a trivial equilibrium to exist in the model of Rachmilevitch (2013). (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 
Bribes | Collusion | First-price auctions | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, ISSN 0928-1371, 9/2018, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp. 289 - 313
Journal Article
Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, 09/2016, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp. 1865 - 1877
Research summary : Using a unique database that measures firm‐level bribery in A frica and L atin A merica, we corroborate extant results in the literature... 
influence strategy | investments | emerging economies | bribes | corruption | SOCIAL DESIRABILITY BIAS | INSTITUTIONS | MANAGEMENT | GROWTH | BUSINESS | Bribery | Investigations | Ethics | Nepotism
Journal Article
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, 05/2018, Volume 149, pp. 332 - 355
We study the relative effectiveness of extrinsic monetary disincentives and intrinsic non-monetary disincentives to corruption, using a harassment bribery... 
Probability of audit | Fine/penalty | Corruption | Ethics education | Harassment bribes | CERTAINTY | INSTRUCTION | DETERMINANTS | RISK ATTITUDES | BRIBERY | PUNISHMENT | AVERSION | ECONOMICS | ENFORCEMENT | SEVERITY
Journal Article
Economics & Politics, ISSN 0954-1985, 07/2014, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp. 309 - 331
Evidence from the International Crime Victimization Survey and the World Business Environment Survey suggests that actual corruption experience is a weak... 
BRIBES | GOVERNANCE INDICATORS | POLITICAL SCIENCE | GROWTH | PAY | ECONOMICS | GOVERNMENT | Studies | Measurement | Democracy | Corruption | Economic development
Journal Article
International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, 11/2018, Volume 41, Issue 15, pp. 1314 - 1323
Two competing conceptualizations of corruption in the literature view it either as efficient or burdensome from firms' perspective. Using data on the... 
bribes | corruption | Tax administration | Offenses | Corruption | Taxation | Concept formation | Companies
Journal Article
Journal of Management, ISSN 0149-2063, 5/2019, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp. 1889 - 1926
Despite the consensus on the negative country-level implications of corruption, its consequences for firms are less understood. This study examines the effect... 
innovation | institutions | new products | emerging economies | corruption | ENTRY | MANAGEMENT | PAY BRIBES | PERFORMANCE | STRATEGY | PSYCHOLOGY, APPLIED | NATIONAL INNOVATION | TIME | BUSINESS | CAPABILITY | FIRM | TRUST | Emerging markets
Journal Article
Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, 03/2016, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp. 361 - 364
We use representative data for firms for Latin American firms and show that corruption decreases employment in firms. This result is robust to changes in... 
O12 | Corruption | employment | bribes | H32 | Latin America | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
2014, World Bank Sudy, ISBN 9781464802393, xv, 89 pages
This report, consisting of a study prepared by global project finance specialists Hunton and Williams LLP and comments from six internationally reputed... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Developing countries | Finance | DEBT SERVICING | CONTRACT RIGHTS | GLOBAL MARKETS | CURRENCY MISMATCH | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | RENEGOTIATION | MARKET RISKS | ISSUANCE | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | INITIAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE DELIVERY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INVESTMENT POLICY | BANK DEBT | VEHICLE | PUBLIC POLICY | PRIVATE SECTOR | SOVEREIGN DEBTS | PLEDGES | EQUITY INVESTOR | NEW BUSINESSES | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | PORT FACILITIES | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | HOST COUNTRIES | BALANCE SHEET | OPERATIONAL RISKS | GRACE PERIOD | CASH FLOWS | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANKS | PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP | CREDITS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | BANKRUPTCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BORROWING COST | DISBURSEMENTS | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | LENDER | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | EQUITY INVESTORS | RAILWAYS | DEBT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | COMMODITY PRICES | BRIBES | PRIVATE CAPITAL | TRUSTEE | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | NONPAYMENT | LEGAL CONSTRAINTS | RATE OF RETURN | LOAN AGREEMENTS | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFRASTRUCTURE LOANS | BOARDS OF DIRECTORS | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INVESTOR INTEREST | DIVIDENDS PAYABLE | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | GOVERNMENT CREDIT | LOAN | PRESENT VALUE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | BID | NEGATIVE PLEDGE CLAUSES | EXCHANGE RATE | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | CURRENCY | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | CREDIT MARKET | INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS | PUBLIC INFORMATION | UTILITIES | OWNERSHIP INTEREST | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE | PARTIAL RISK | GLOBAL FINANCE | COLLATERAL | AIRPORT | FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT LAW | PRIVATE INVESTOR | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | EQUITY HOLDING | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | EQUITY RETURN | LAWS | REVENUE MANAGEMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | PUBLIC | EQUITY CONTRIBUTION | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | ELECTRICITY | MARKET DESIGN | NATIONAL BUDGET | LONG-TERM FINANCE | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | RECEIPTS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | EQUIPMENT | RETAINED EARNINGS | WATER SUPPLY | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | HOST GOVERNMENT | RETURNS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | NATIONAL TREASURY | COLLATERALIZATION | BARTER | LENDERS | CAPITAL COSTS | O&M | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | POLITICAL RISK | CONVENTIONAL BANK | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | MDB | TAX | INCOME TAXES | COMPETITIVE TENDER | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | SOURCES OF FINANCE | RETURN ON INVESTMENT | SWAPS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ROADS | DEVELOPMENT COMPANY | PUBLIC SERVICES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | VALUATION | CREDIT FACILITY | RAIL LINES | RAIL | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | FOREIGN INVESTORS | INTEREST RATE | TAX REVENUES | LOAN AGREEMENT | FINANCIAL SKILLS | PROVISIONS | EMERGING MARKET | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | WEALTH | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | BANK BORROWING | HOST GOVERNMENTS | MONETARY FUND | BORROWINGS | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | INITIAL INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | FUNDING SOURCES | LOAN FACILITY | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | DOWN PAYMENT | LEVEL OF RISK | FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE
Book
Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 01/2018, Volume 127, Issue 1, pp. 174 - 196
We conduct face-to-face interviews with bank chief executive officers to classify 397 banks across 21 countries as relationship or transaction lenders. We then... 
Credit cycle | Relationship banking | Credit constraints | FOREIGN BANKS | LENDING RELATIONSHIPS | DISTANCE | FIRMS | DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | BRIBES | GROWTH | CONSTRAINTS | ECONOMICS | SELECTION | Economic policy | Business schools | Bank loans | Banks (Finance)
Journal Article
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