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Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, 09/2014, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp. 500 - 509
Ancient Chinese objects dating from the Warring States period (475–221BC) to the Han dynasty (206BC–220AD), including faience beads, wall paintings, polychrome... 
Chinese Blue | Raman microscopy | Barium copper silicate | Qin Empire | Chinese Purple | Dark blue particle BaCu2Si2O7 | Polarized light microscopy | SOUTH-AFRICA | BLUE | INVENTION | ANCIENT-TIMES | ARCHAEOLOGY | PURPLE PIGMENTS | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ARTIFACTS | ANTHROPOLOGY | Archaeology | Barium | Silicates | Raman spectroscopy | Analysis | Microscope and microscopy
Journal Article
Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, 10/2016, Volume 58, Issue 5, pp. 796 - 806
The ancient Chinese barium copper silicate minerals mainly comprise Chinese purple (BaCuSi2O6) and Chinese blue (BaCuSi4O10), which were widely used from the... 
Simulation synthesis | barium copper silicate pigment | Chinese purple | witherite | mineral raw materials | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | PURPLE | GREEN | CHEMISTRY, INORGANIC & NUCLEAR | ARCHAEOLOGY | RAMAN MICROSCOPY | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ARTIFACTS | EGYPTIAN BLUE | Barium | Raw materials | Silicates | Silicate minerals | Barium compounds
Journal Article
by Li, Q.H and Yang, J.C and Li, L and Dong, J.Q and Zhao, H.X and Liu, S
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, ISSN 1386-1425, 03/2015, Volume 138, pp. 609 - 616
[Display omitted] •Raman spectroscopy is used to identify ancient barium copper silicate pigments.•Some artifacts were analyzed in situ by the portable XRF and... 
Barium copper silicate pigments | Non-invasive analysis | Ancient Chinese silicate artifacts | PbO–BaO–SiO2 glaze | Micro-Raman spectroscopy | PbO-BaO-SiO2 glaze | PORTABLE XRF SPECTROMETER | XINJIANG | POTTERY | INVENTION | POLARIZED-LIGHT MICROSCOPY | PURPLE | RAMAN MICROSCOPY | AFRICA | GLASS-BEADS | SPECTROSCOPY | EGYPTIAN BLUE | Barium | Analysis | Silicates
Journal Article
Journal of Visualized Experiments, ISSN 1940-087X, 04/2014, Issue 86
Journal Article
Applied Physics B, ISSN 0946-2171, 8/2018, Volume 124, Issue 8, pp. 1 - 10
We present a compositional analysis of different copper ore samples collected from Baluchistan, Pakistan. The qualitative as well as quantitative analysis was... 
Quantum Optics | Physics, general | Engineering, general | Physical Chemistry | Physics | Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices | SPECTROSCOPY LIBS | PHYSICS, APPLIED | TEMPERATURE | ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS | LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN | ABLATION | CRYSTAL | INDUCED PLASMA | SAMPLES | OPTICS | ALLOY | SPECTROMETRY | Silver | Barium | Laser-plasma interactions | Lasers | Analysis
Journal Article
by Li, Q H and Yang, J C and Li, L and Dong, J Q and Zhao, H X and Liu, S
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 03/2015, Volume 138, p. 609
This article describes the complementary application of non-invasive micro-Raman spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to the... 
History, Ancient | Silicates - history | Barium - history | China | Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission | Crystallization | Glass | Spectrum Analysis, Raman | Copper - history
Journal Article
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, 12/2017, Volume 477, pp. 1 - 6
It is shown experimentally that in silver- and copper-containing barium-phosphate glasses metal subnanosized luminescent molecular clusters are formed during... 
Silver | Phosphate glass | X-ray | Copper | Luminescence | Molecular cluster | PARTICLES | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ION-EXCHANGE | CENTERS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, CERAMICS | MOLECULAR CLUSTERS | FLUORESCENCE | SILICATE-GLASSES | OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPY | ABSORPTION | REFRACTIVE GLASSES | SPECTRA | Phosphates | Barium | Optical properties | Analysis
Journal Article
Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, 05/2018, Volume 123, Issue 19
The alkaline earth copper tetra-silicates, blue pigments, are interesting infrared phosphors. The Ca, Sr, and Ba variants fluoresce in the near-infrared (NIR)... 
Air conditioning | Barium | Calcium | Fluorescence | Silicates | Strontium | Near infrared radiation | Absorption | Concentrators | Phosphors | Decay | Pigments | Air conditioners | Copper oxides
Journal Article
Studies in Conservation, ISSN 0039-3630, 01/2006, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp. 81 - 98
Ancient Chinese objects from the eighth to the third centuries BC were studied by Raman microscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive... 
Earrings | Barium | Chinese culture | Microscopy | Raman scattering | Pigments | Lead | Faience | Silicates | Raman spectroscopy | BACUSI2O6 | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | ART | RINGS | STATE | MICROSCOPY | VIBRATIONAL ANALYSIS | ULTRAMARINE BLUE | ARCHAEOLOGY | REFINEMENT | SPECTROSCOPY | GLASS STRUCTURE | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | SPECTRA
Journal Article
by Wang, Y and Ma, H and Chen, K and Huang, X and Cui, J and Sun, Z and Ma, Q
Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, 02/2019, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp. 43 - 54
Low‐temperature vitreous materials fluxed with lead (and barium) appeared in the early Warring States period (c.fifth century bce) in ancient China. A range of... 
potash calcium faience | Warring States period | barium copper silicate | lead flux vitreous | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | BLUE | INVENTION | PIGMENTS | CHEMISTRY, INORGANIC & NUCLEAR | ARCHAEOLOGY
Journal Article
Journal of the Geological Society of India, ISSN 0016-7622, 12/2019, Volume 94, Issue 6, pp. 635 - 640
Journal Article
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, 01/2016, Volume 432, pp. 227 - 231
Journal Article
Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, 2003, Volume 254, Issue 1, pp. 176 - 187
A copper hydroxynitrate of stoichiometry Cu 2(OH) 3NO 3, analogous to the layered double hydroxide family, was synthesized by the so-called controlled double... 
A2. Growth from solutions | B1. Copper hydroxynitrate | A1. Characterization | A1. X-ray diffraction | A1. Crystal morphology | growth from solutions | PARTICLES | NITRATE | ZINC-OXIDE | X-ray diffraction | copper hydroxynitrate | RHEOLOGY | CRYSTALLOGRAPHY | SALTS | crystal morphology | BARIUM | LAYERED SILICATE NANOCOMPOSITES | characterization | MELT INTERCALATION
Journal Article
Dyes and Pigments, ISSN 0143-7208, 06/2014, Volume 105, pp. 167 - 173
A green chemistry strategy was developed to prepare two barium copper silicate pigments. Chinese purple BaCuSi2O6 and dark blue BaCu2Si2O7 are synthesized... 
Near-infrared luminescence | Pigment | Hydrothermal synthesis | Scottyite | Chinese purple | Spin gap | MATERIALS SCIENCE, TEXTILES | CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE | ANCIENT-TIMES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | INORGANIC PIGMENTS | EGYPTIAN BLUE | CHAINS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | COPPER SILICATES
Journal Article
Mineralogical Magazine, ISSN 0026-461X, 12/2015, Volume 79, Issue 7, pp. 1769 - 1778
A new silicate, colinowensite, BaCuSi , has been found in the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. It is associated with effenbergerite,... 
SrCuSi4O10 | BaCuSi2O6 | Colinowensite | new mineral,Wessels Mine | wesselsite | Kalahari Manganese Field | South Africa | Wessels Mine | EFFENBERGERITE | BLUE | CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE | INVENTION | PIGMENTS | new mineral | GILLESPITE | BARIUM COPPER SILICATE | MINERALOGY
Journal Article