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02/1998, ISBN 9781452711966, 0
One of the most acute problems that the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union (BRO) Countries face in the transition to market economies is the reform... 
Book
06/2007, ISBN 9781451920604, 110
How to entrench hard-won gains, increase resilience to shocks, and improve growth performance to reduce poverty? As Central America moves forward in regaining... 
Public Debt | Economic Conditions | Economic Growth
Book
07/2009, ISBN 9781451872989, 56
This paper discusses the key sources of vulnerabilities for pension plans and insurance companies in light of the global financial crisis of 2008. It also... 
Insurance Regulations | Oecd | Private Investment | Financial Institutions | Financial Risk | Insurance Supervision | Asset Management | Latin America | External Shocks
Book
05/2007, ISBN 1452761221, 32
This paper reviews macroeconomic aspects of pension reforms in Latin America, focusing on financial market stability and fiscal sustainability. Concentration... 
Pension Funds | Debt Management | Latin America
Book
12/2004, ISBN 9781451920345, 50
During the 1990s, a failure to collect social contributions in Central and Eastern European countries deprived pension schemes of resources needed to meet... 
integration | social contribution collection | tax/revenue administration
Book
04/1997, ISBN 9781463908911, 168
Book
Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, 01/2016, Volume 38, pp. 47 - 58
The creation of non-contributory pension schemes is becoming increasingly common as countries struggle to reduce poverty. Drawing on data from Mexico's Adultos... 
Non-contributory pensions | Poverty | Mental health and well-being | SOUTH-AFRICA | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL-SECURITY | RETIREMENT | TIME-USE | ECONOMICS | HEALTH | UNEMPLOYMENT | PROGRAM | Pensions
Journal Article
05/1998, ISBN 1452736138, 0
There has, in recent years, been a growing consensus that public expenditure on social protection in Italy suffers from severe shortcomings. These were... 
Book
Pensions: An International Journal, ISSN 1478-5315, 02/2011, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp. 51 - 62
  Greece under severe financial and economic crisis has accepted the control of the World Monetary Fund and the European Union. Among other measures imposed on... 
contributory pension | pension reform | basic pension | Laws, regulations and rules | Government aid | Government finance | Social security | Retirement benefits | Pensions | Research | Studies | Pension plans | Legislation | Sustainability | Regulatory reform
Journal Article
12/2006, ISBN 1451865325, 33
Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their... 
Aging | Social Safety Nets | Economic Conditions | Asia
Book
03/2012, Social Protection and Labor Discussion Paper, Volume 1208
Pension and social insurance programs that prevent a substantial loss in consumption resulting from old age, disability, or death are an integral part of any... 
PENSION COVERAGE | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | POOR | INVESTMENT RISK | CIVIL SERVICE PENSIONS | ANNUITIES MARKETS | PROTECTION SYSTEM | SOCIAL PENSIONS | PILLAR PENSION | ANNUITIES | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE PENSION SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PENSION | SHOCK | SAFETY NET | BENEFIT FORMULA | CONTRIBUTION RATE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | CIVIL SERVICE PENSION | SOCIAL INSURANCE BENEFITS | ACTUARIAL MODELING | PRIVATE LIFE INSURANCE | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | SOCIAL POLICY | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION PROGRAM | HEALTH INSURANCE | WORK INJURY | FUNDED PENSION | UNIVERSAL BENEFITS | RISK MANAGEMENT | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRIBUTORY PENSION | CASH TRANSFER | FINANCIAL MARKET | RISK POOLING | DOMESTIC INVESTORS | PENSION SAVINGS | FISCAL DEFICITS | PRIVATE MANAGEMENT | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTORY PENSIONS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | HOUSEHOLD TRANSFERS | REPLACEMENT RATES | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLAN | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | BENEFICIARIES | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | GLOBAL PENSION | PROTECTION SYSTEMS | BANK OPERATIONS | PENSION PROGRAMS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | POCKET SPENDING | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | RETIREMENT INCENTIVES | INSURANCE SYSTEMS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | OLD AGE PENSIONS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION OBLIGATIONS | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION | BENEFIT LEVEL | INFORMAL SECTOR | SOCIAL SPENDING | PENSION | INCOME SUPPORT | RETIREMENT PRODUCTS | BENEFIT LEVELS | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | PENSION PROVISIONS | POLITICAL ECONOMY | AGING POPULATION | INFLATION RISK | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | EARMARKED PAYROLL TAXES | PILLAR PROGRAMS | PUBLIC SUBSIDIES | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PENSION POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | PENSION ASSETS | EMPLOYMENT PROJECT | PUBLIC SERVICE | INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSFERS | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME | ANNUITY | PENSION TRANSFERS | PENSION RESERVES | PAYROLL TAXES | SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEMS | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED SCHEMES | LONGEVITY RISK | ELDERLY | HOUSING PROGRAMS | RETIREMENT-INCOME | HOUSEHOLD POVERTY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INFORMAL SECTORS | INFORMAL SUPPORT | PROVIDENT FUNDS | FAMILY SUPPORT | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | PENSION SPENDING | MARKET ECONOMIES | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RETIREMENT AGES | ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY | HOUSING SUBSIDIES | PENSION SECTOR | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | SAFETY NETS | ANNUITY PROVISION | PENSION INCOMES | PENSION INCOME | PENSION SCHEMES | LIFE INSURANCE | INCOME RISKS | UNFUNDED PENSION | TAX RATES | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCY | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | INSURANCE SCHEMES | TRANSACTION COSTS | BASIC BENEFITS | PUBLIC SERVICES | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | VOLUNTARY PENSION | UNIVERSAL HEALTH | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONFLICT | PENSION WORK | SCHOOL FEEDING | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | PENSION REFORM EFFORTS | OLD AGE | PROTECTION POLICY | PUBLIC PENSION | HEALTH SPENDING | PENSION PRODUCTS | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | PUBLIC TRANSFERS | LONG TERM LIABILITIES | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | TARGETING | OLD AGE CRISIS | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | BENEFIT SCHEMES | PENSIONABLE EARNINGS | AGING POPULATIONS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLANS | SERVICE PROVIDERS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Paper
Population and Development Review, ISSN 0098-7921, 12/2019, Volume 45, Issue S1, pp. 23 - 45
Journal Article
Economic Inquiry, ISSN 0095-2583, 04/2019, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp. 931 - 952
This paper examines the effects of noncontributory pension programs at the federal and state levels on Mexican households' saving patterns using micro data... 
POLICY | ECONOMICS | CONTRIBUTORY | SOCIAL-SECURITY | Surveys | Households | Pensions | Economic aspects | Forecasts and trends | Gross domestic product | Statistics
Journal Article
World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, 2007, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp. 24 - 51
The governments of New Zealand, Mauritius, Namibia, Botswana, Bolivia, Nepal, Samoa, Brunei, Kosovo, and Mexico City provide a basic pension to the elderly... 
social pension | social security | Chile | World Bank | citizen’s pension | non-contributory pension | citizen's pension | SOUTH-AFRICA | POVERTY | OLD-AGE | ECONOMICS | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT | Developing countries | Economic aspects | Evaluation | Models | Pensions | Studies | Manycountries | Older people | Developing countries--LDCs
Journal Article
2010, Directions in development. Human development, ISBN 9780821383988, xiv, 121
Slow progress in improving the coverage of Latin America and the Caribbean's (LAC's) traditional social protection (SP) programs, combined with the deepening... 
Economic assistance, Domestic | Social security | Public welfare | LABOR MARKETS | PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | ANTIPOVERTY PROGRAMS | INEQUALITY | POOR | HEALTH PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | PROTECTION SYSTEM | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | TAXATION | DISABILITY BENEFITS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR | BENEFIT SYSTEMS | HEALTH SYSTEMS | SAFETY NET | HEALTH SERVICES | CONTRIBUTION RATE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | HOSPITALS | INCOME SECURITY | TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | SERVANTS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | ACTIVE LABOR | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | PROTECTION POLICIES | BENEFICIARY | DEMOCRACY | TRAINING PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CLINICS | JOBS | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | RISK MANAGEMENT | POVERTY LEVELS | PUBLIC WELFARE | INNOVATIONS | LIMITED ACCESS | MARGINAL TAX RATE | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | PURCHASING POWER | WORKFARE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CONTRIBUTORY PENSION | CASH TRANSFER | PRODUCTION UNITS | WORK REFORMS | RISK POOLING | INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS | MORAL HAZARD | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | RATE OF RETURN | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTORY PENSIONS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | HEALTH SYSTEM | SOCIAL CONTRACT | POWER PARITY | UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | LONGTERM UNEMPLOYMENT | CRISES | BENEFICIARIES | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | PROTECTION SYSTEMS | WAGES | ATTENDANCE RATES | LABOR SUPPLY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | WORK REQUIREMENTS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PROGRAM COVERAGE | PRESENT VALUE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEMS | PENSIONS | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | RISK-POOLING | INSURANCE SYSTEMS | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | HEALTH SERVICE | ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTIONS | PENSION REFORMS | PAYROLL TAX | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | TEMPORARY SHOCKS | INFORMAL SECTOR | CONDITIONAL CASH | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | POVERTY LEVEL | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | INCOME SUPPORT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | INCOME TRANSFERS | PUBLIC RESOURCES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | DISABILITY PENSIONS | TRAINING PROGRAM | POLITICAL ECONOMY | JOB SEARCH | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | NUTRITION | DISPLACEMENT | FORMAL EMPLOYMENT | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR CONTRACT | PUBLIC PROVIDER | DISPLACEMENT EFFECT | TRANSFER SYSTEMS | INCOME | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | EARLY RETIREMENT | INTERVENTION | PAYROLL TAXES | FAMILY ALLOWANCE | PUBLIC WORKS | EMPLOYEE | TARGETED TRANSFERS | SERVICE QUALITY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | FINANCIAL PROTECTION | PRICE SUBSIDIES | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | SOCIAL INCLUSION | HEALTH CENTERS | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | TRANSFER PROGRAMS | SAFETY | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | TOTAL WAGE | MARKET RISK | UNFUNDED LIABILITIES | DISTORTED INCENTIVES | TRANSFER PROGRAM | COVARIATE SHOCKS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | HEALTH FINANCING | MINIMUM INCOME | LABOR MOBILITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | TRAINING PROVIDERS | CHILD BENEFITS | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | OLD AGE | PAID WORKERS | SCHOOL ENROLLMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | NEEDY FAMILIES | PROGRAM CONDITIONAL | HEALTH FACILITIES | INSURANCE ACCESS | UNEMPLOYMENT | INCOME TRANSFER | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS | TARGETING | ABSOLUTE POVERTY | PROGRAM COSTS | SERVICE PROVIDERS
Book
Ageing and Society, ISSN 0144-686X, 2015, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp. 1055 - 1074
South Korea's old-age poverty rate is among the highest in the developed world. Confronted with the increasing demand for a social safety net for older people,... 
Old-age poverty | South Korea | Financial wellbeing | Non-contributory pension | GERONTOLOGY | old-age poverty | INCOME | non-contributory pension | financial wellbeing | Surveys | Aged | Pensions | Quality of life | Old age benefits | Gerontology | Personal finance | Older people
Journal Article
10/2007, ISBN 1451912633, 15
The projected rise in age-related government spending as a share of GDP in Ireland over the next forty years is among the highest in the euro area. In the... 
Tax Bases | General Equilibrium | Public Debt | Pension Regulations | Simulation | Aging | Taxation | Economic Models | Government Expenditures
Book
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