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Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 11/2019
Journal Article
Energy Economics, ISSN 0140-9883, 05/2019, Volume 80, pp. 1 - 11
Electricity market reforms have pursued two goals, both aimed at increasing economic efficiency. The first is to ensure that suppliers minimize costs. The... 
Competition | Shareholder-owned utilities | Cross-subsidization | Electricity market reform | Retail prices | Government-owned utilities | PRICES | ECONOMICS | Political aspects | Pricing | Prices | Costs | Utilities | Electricity | Reforms | Electricity pricing | Markets
Journal Article
Journal of Marketing Research, ISSN 0022-2437, 12/2018, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp. 884 - 899
Nonprofit health care organizations in low- and middle-income countries often pursue a cross-subsidization business model wherein services are offered to poor... 
FOR-PROFIT | spatial effects | SERVICES | cross-subsidization | not-for-profit | developing economies | BUSINESS | BOTTOM | health care | Services | Nonprofit organizations | Hospitals | Analysis | India | Marketing | Externalities (Economics)
Journal Article
2011, ISBN 0821378635, xvi, 178
What transforms a desirable project on a government wish list to an attractive investment opportunity in the eyes of a potential private sector partner? This... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public works | Finance | Public-private sector cooperation | ELECTRICITY SERVICES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | BIDS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT | COSTS OF SERVICE | PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE | PENSION | CONCESSION AGREEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | CREDIBILITY | PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT | PRIVATIZATION | PUBLIC RESOURCES | COST-BENEFIT | PRIVATE PARTNER | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | USER CHARGES | MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES | TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE | PUBLIC POLICY | PPPS | PROJECT SPONSORS | PRIVATE SECTOR | FIRMS | CONTRACT DISPUTES | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE | AUTONOMY | COMPANY | REALISM | LAWS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | DUE DILIGENCE | WATER BUSINESS | PUBLIC | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS | ELECTRICITY | SUBSIDIARY | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | PUBLIC SECTOR OFFICIALS | DISCOUNT RATE | INVESTING | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LEGAL REFORM | CAPITAL VALUE | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | OPERATIONAL RISKS | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERS | TRANSACTION | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PUBLIC SERVICE | LEGISLATION | PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT | EQUIPMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | COMPUTER SYSTEMS | DECISION-MAKING | ACCOUNTABILITY | INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR | DECISION MAKING | CONTRACT MONITORING | PRIVATE SECTOR COOPERATION | CROSS-SUBSIDIES | PUBLIC WORKS | HUMAN RESOURCE | LONG-TERM CONCESSIONS | TURNOVER | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | MODEL CONTRACT | TRAINING PROGRAMS | LEGAL TRADITIONS | RETURNS | UNDERLYING ASSET | CORPORATION | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | POTENTIAL INVESTORS | PUBLIC FINANCE | LENDERS | CAPITAL COSTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | PERFORMANCE RISK | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT | URBAN WATER | DOMESTIC MARKETS | INNOVATIONS | LENDER | PORTS | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | PUBLIC SECTOR | INVESTMENT BANK | EQUITY INVESTORS | STRUCTURE OF GOVERNMENT | TAX | CONTRACT PERIOD | DEBT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | PENSION FUND | BIDDING | CONTRACTUAL FRAMEWORK | SHARES OF INVESTMENT | WITHHOLDING TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | PROGRAMS | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | ROADS | STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS | ACCOUNTING | MODEL CONTRACTS | PRICE OF WATER | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | LEASING | PRIVATE FINANCE | BOT | CROSS-SUBSIDIZATION | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | TARIFF STRUCTURE | VALUE ADDED TAXES | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | PROVISION OF SERVICES | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS | EXPANSION | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | EMERGING MARKETS | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | CONTRACTORS | PENALTIES | SERVICE PROVISION | SUPPLIERS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | INDEPENDENT REGULATOR | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | INTERNATIONAL CREDIT | TARIFF REFORM | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | PROVISIONS | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | CORPORATE FINANCE | MATURITY | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | BORROWER | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY | PRIVATE FINANCING | RETURN | TRANSPORT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | TRANSPARENCY | COLLABORATION | PRIVATE PARTIES | INVESTMENT DECISION | TREASURY | BID | WATER SECTOR | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | CREDIT AVAILABILITY | UTILITY COMPANY | WATER SERVICES | PRIVATE PARTY | PROVISION OF WATER | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | CREDIT FLOWS | DELIVERY OF SERVICES | ELECTRIFICATION | UTILITIES | BUDGETING | HEALTH CARE | PRODUCTIVITY | URBAN WATER UTILITIES | PRIVATE SECTOR RESOURCES | SERVICE PROVIDERS | LEGAL SYSTEM | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
Journal of Economic Theory, ISSN 0022-0531, 09/2019, Volume 183, pp. 568 - 593
This paper studies constrained efficiency in model of adverse selection and directed search. Buyers post contracts, and sellers with private information about... 
Adverse selection | Cross-subsidization | Optimal taxation | Directed search | Constrained efficiency | LEMONS | TRADING DYNAMICS | LIQUIDITY | PERFORMANCE | COMPETITIVE INSURANCE MARKETS | EQUILIBRIA | ASSIGNMENT | RAT RACE | ECONOMICS | INTERVENTION
Journal Article
Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, 09/2017, Volume 108, pp. 606 - 616
In order to identify the kinds of impacts that Japanese regulatory reforms in the electric power industry have had on the efficiency levels of the electrical... 
Cross-subsidization | Japanese electrical distribution sector | Metafrontier technique | Regulatory reform | Efficiency analysis | COUNTRIES | INDUSTRY | BENCHMARKING | ENERGY & FUELS | PERFORMANCE | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | STOCHASTIC FRONTIER MODELS | PRODUCTIVITY | GENERATION | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | TECHNOLOGY | Usage | Energy efficiency | Technology | Electric power | Analysis
Journal Article
ENERGY JOURNAL, ISSN 0195-6574, 03/2019, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp. 161 - 194
Retail electric deregulation has been identified in the literature to have favorable price impacts to businesses and households because of the introduction of... 
Deregulation | MARKET | Divestiture | ENERGY & FUELS | Electricity markets | COMPETITION | Cross-subsidization | POWER | ECONOMICS | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | Public utilities | Evaluation | Energy trading | Laws, regulations and rules | Electric power | Prices and rates | Influence | Ohio | Electric utilities | Customer relations | Households | Subsidies | Regression analysis | Riders
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 1995, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp. 39 - 65
We estimate diversification's effect on firm value by imputing stand-alone values for individual business segments. Comparing the sum of these stand-alone... 
Cross-subsidization | Overinvestment | Organizational structure | Diversification | Focus | BUSINESS, FINANCE | DIVERSIFICATION | CROSS-SUBSIDIZATION | FOCUS | ECONOMICS | OVERINVESTMENT | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE | TAKEOVERS | POLICIES | Economic aspects | Diversification in industry
Journal Article
2005, Directions in development (Washington, D.C.), ISBN 9780821363423, cm.
“This book is an extremely thorough and readable review of how effective utility subsidies are in reaching the poor. It makes sobering reading for policy... 
Subsidies | Rates | Public utilities | Developing countries | CAPITAL SUBSIDIES | COLLATERAL | HOUSEHOLD CONNECTIONS | ACCESS TO WATER SUPPLY | INCOME GROUP | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DISPOSABLE INCOMES | ECONOMICS LITERATURE | LOWER LEVEL OF SERVICE | GDP | FIXED COSTS | CONSUMER SUBSIDIES | CONSUMERS | DEMAND FOR POWER | KILOWATT-HOURS | CASH TRANSFERS | ACCESS TO SAFE WATER | CONNECTION CHARGES | FINANCIAL STABILITY | BALANCE | CUBIC METERS | ADEQUATE FINANCING | CONTRIBUTION | ELECTRICITY UTILITIES | CALCULATION | ELECTRICITY SUPPLY | INFORMATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS | CONSUMER | INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND | HOUSEHOLD USE | COST INCREASES | ELECTRICITY | KILOWATT-HOUR | FIXED CHARGES | ALTERNATIVE FUELS | ELECTRIC UTILITY | INCOME LEVEL | ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES | CASH PAYMENT | CONSUMPTION LEVELS | INCOME | LITERACY | COSTS OF ELECTRICITY | CROSS-SUBSIDIES | BENEFICIARY | ECONOMIC COST | LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS | COST RECOVERY | INCOME LEVELS | FIXED CHARGE | ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY | HOUSEHOLDS | CASH FLOW | LATIN AMERICAN | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDEN | DEBT | ELECTRICITY TARIFFS | CONNECTION FEE | FUEL | DISTRIBUTION OF COSTS | DRINKING WATER | GINI COEFFICIENT | COST ESTIMATES | CUBIC METER | CROSS-SUBSIDIZATION | LARGE CITIES | ELECTRIC UTILITIES | INCENTIVE COSTS | COST SAVINGS | GENERAL PUBLIC | CENTRAL AMERICA | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | BENEFICIARIES | COST OF WATER | DEVELOPMENT BANK | FINANCIAL LOSSES | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL LOSS | INEFFICIENCY | DELIVERY OF WATER SUPPLY | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | INCOME GROUPS | CONNECTED HOUSEHOLDS | ELASTICITY | LOAN | CONNECTION FEES | CONNECTION SUBSIDY | ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY | GROUPS OF CONSUMERS | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY | LOW-INCOME CONSUMERS | APPROACH | CUSTOMER BASE | ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION | ELECTRICITY GENERATION | ELECTRIFICATION | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | CONSUMPTION BLOCKS | ENERGY USE
Book
Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, 12/2011, Volume 32, Issue 13, pp. 1465 - 1483
Journal Article
International Economic Review, ISSN 0020-6598, 5/2014, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp. 399 - 422
We construct an extensive form game that captures competitive markets with adverse selection. It allows firms to offer any finite set of contracts, so that... 
Risk aversion | Economic theory | Extensive form games | Adverse selection | Cross subsidization | Nash equilibrium | Insurance markets | Market equilibrium | Game theory | Profitable firms | ROTHSCHILD-STIGLITZ | LARGE NUMBERS | LAW | PARETO OPTIMA | MORAL HAZARD | INFORMATION | ECONOMIES | ECONOMICS | INSURANCE MARKETS | RENEGOTIATION
Journal Article
The RAND Journal of Economics, ISSN 0741-6261, 7/2014, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp. 248 - 272
A key feature of online markets for advertising (e.g., sponsored links) is that clicking rates depend on the searchers' expectations that the platform selects... 
Advertising rates | Local advertising | Search engines | Cross subsidization | Hyperlinks | Information relevance | Auctions | Economic rent | Auction markets | Sponsored search | INFORMATION | ECONOMICS | Marketing industry | Technology application | Internet/Web search services | Internet/Web advertising | Analysis | Economic aspects | Advertising
Journal Article
International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, 3/2018, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp. 234 - 246
Accompanying the diminishing voice of the client in cross-subsidized social work, the author makes an attempt to reveal the ambivalence and ambiguity of... 
reflective practice | subvented services | Cross-subsidization | layered account | neoliberalism | state-sponsored social work | youth work | SUBSIDY | SERVICES | SOCIAL WORK | CHILDREN | Social aspects | Political aspects | Social workers | Work values | Social work | Ideology | Social values | Markets | Neoliberalism | Decolonization | Youth work | Ambiguity | Commodification
Journal Article
Journal Article
2000, IMF occasional paper, ISBN 9781557758941, Volume no. 195, ix, 65
The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is one of just a few regional central banks in the world and the only one where the member countries have pooled all their... 
Monetary unions | Eastern Caribbean Central Bank History | History | Eastern Caribbean Currency Union History
Book
Environmental and Resource Economics, ISSN 0924-6460, 8/2019, Volume 73, Issue 4, pp. 995 - 1022
Journal Article