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Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, 3/2009, Volume 149, Issue 3, pp. 1261 - 1276
Chloroplast NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (NTRC) belongs to the thioredoxin systems that control crucial metabolic and regulatory pathways in plants. Here, by... 
Leaves | Chloroplasts | Developmental biology | Genes | Bioenergetics and Photosynthesis | Photoperiod | Biosynthesis | Plants | Thioredoxin | Chlorophylls | Seedlings | CHLOROPHYLL-B | CO2 ASSIMILATION | REGULATED GENE | STOMATAL DEVELOPMENT | REDOX REGULATION | EXTINCTION COEFFICIENTS | GENE-EXPRESSION | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | THYLAKOID PROTEIN COMPLEXES | 2-CYS PEROXIREDOXINS | PLANT SCIENCES | Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase - genetics | Flowers - radiation effects | Gene Expression Profiling | Plant Stomata - metabolism | RNA, Messenger - metabolism | Organ Size - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - metabolism | Pigments, Biological - metabolism | Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase - metabolism | Culture Media | Light | Chloroplasts - radiation effects | Abscisic Acid - metabolism | Plant Leaves - enzymology | Photosynthesis - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - genetics | Plant Leaves - radiation effects | Hypocotyl - radiation effects | Seedlings - drug effects | Mutation - genetics | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - drug effects | Organ Specificity - radiation effects | Phenotype | Plant Leaves - genetics | Photosynthesis - drug effects | Flowers - physiology | Hypocotyl - drug effects | Hypocotyl - anatomy & histology | Organ Specificity - drug effects | Chloroplasts - enzymology | Arabidopsis - enzymology | Arabidopsis - growth & development | Amino Acids - pharmacology | Amino Acids - metabolism | Arabidopsis - radiation effects | Seedlings - embryology | Plant Stomata - drug effects | Plant Leaves - drug effects | Chloroplasts - drug effects | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - radiation effects | Indoleacetic Acids - metabolism | RNA, Messenger - genetics | Arabidopsis - genetics | Organ Size - drug effects | Plant Stomata - radiation effects | Indoleacetic Acids - pharmacology | Flowers - drug effects | Seedlings - radiation effects | Arabidopsis thaliana | Evaluation | Protein biosynthesis | Properties | Observations | Photoperiodism | Photomorphogenesis
Journal Article
The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, 7/2012, Volume 24, Issue 7, pp. 3026 - 3039
Enhanced levels of singlet oxygen ( 1 O 2 ) in chloroplasts trigger programmed cell death. The impact of 1 O 2 production in chloroplasts was monitored first... 
Chloroplasts | Cell death | Protoplasts | Fluorescence | Plants | Plastids | Chlorophylls | Seedlings | Plant cells | Apoptosis | OXIDATIVE STRESS | LIPID-PEROXIDATION | SINGLET OXYGEN PRODUCTION | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | PROTEIN IMPORT | FATTY-ACIDS | PLANT SCIENCES | CELL BIOLOGY | CYTOCHROME-C | STRESS RESPONSES | THALIANA | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | MOLECULAR-BASIS | Darkness | Arabidopsis - physiology | Chloroplast Proteins - genetics | Apoptosis - radiation effects | Oxidative Stress - physiology | Seedlings - genetics | Arabidopsis Proteins - metabolism | Arabidopsis - radiation effects | Singlet Oxygen - metabolism | Light | Chloroplasts - radiation effects | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant | Chloroplasts - physiology | Photosystem II Protein Complex - physiology | Oxidative Stress - radiation effects | Signal Transduction - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - genetics | Seedlings - cytology | Arabidopsis - cytology | Plant Leaves - radiation effects | Plant Leaves - cytology | Arabidopsis - genetics | Vacuoles - radiation effects | Photosystem II Protein Complex - radiation effects | Plant Leaves - genetics | Seedlings - physiology | Vacuoles - metabolism | Signal Transduction - physiology | Apoptosis - physiology | Mutation | Seedlings - radiation effects | Chloroplast Proteins - metabolism | Plant Leaves - physiology | Arabidopsis thaliana | Cell research | Plant defenses | Research | Observations
Journal Article
The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, 8/2013, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp. 2925 - 2943
Compared with small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) in other organisms, those in plants are the most abundant and diverse. However, the molecular mechanisms by... 
Proteins | Heat stress disorders | Chloroplasts | RNA | RESEARCH ARTICLES | Genes | Promoter regions | Plants | Plastids | Seedlings | Plant cells | OXIDATIVE STRESS | ENCODED RNA-POLYMERASE | QUATERNARY DYNAMICS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | CHLOROPHYLL BIOSYNTHESIS | DISULFIDE OXIDOREDUCTASE ACTIVITIES | DNA-BINDING PROTEIN | CHAPERONE FUNCTION | PLANT SCIENCES | CELL BIOLOGY | HIGHER-PLANTS | GENE-EXPRESSION | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | Heat-Shock Response - drug effects | Sequence Deletion | Arabidopsis - physiology | Protein Disulfide-Isomerases - metabolism | Protein Transport - drug effects | Heat-Shock Response - radiation effects | Seedlings - growth & development | Arabidopsis Proteins - metabolism | Arabidopsis - radiation effects | Light | Plants, Genetically Modified | Protein Binding - drug effects | Chloroplasts - radiation effects | Protein Binding - radiation effects | Carrier Proteins - chemistry | Chloroplasts - drug effects | Chloroplasts - genetics | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - radiation effects | Arabidopsis - drug effects | Subcellular Fractions - drug effects | Heat-Shock Proteins - metabolism | Seedlings - drug effects | Mutation - genetics | Subcellular Fractions - metabolism | Chloroplasts - metabolism | Heat-Shock Response - genetics | Arabidopsis - genetics | DNA, Chloroplast - metabolism | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - drug effects | Phenotype | Carrier Proteins - metabolism | Arabidopsis Proteins - chemistry | Genes, Plant - genetics | Protein Transport - radiation effects | Subcellular Fractions - radiation effects | Zinc - pharmacology | Seedlings - radiation effects | Heat-Shock Proteins - chemistry | Seedlings - metabolism | Plant proteins | Arabidopsis thaliana | Physiological aspects | Heat shock proteins | Research | Protein-protein interactions
Journal Article
CELL, ISSN 0092-8674, 08/2002, Volume 110, Issue 3, pp. 361 - 371
During photosynthesis, plants must control the utilization of light energy in order to avoid photoinhibition. We isolated an Arabidopsis mutant, pgr5 (proton... 
CHLOROPHYLL-FLUORESCENCE | PHOTOACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS | TRANSPORT | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | NAD(P)H DEHYDROGENASE | LEAVES | CHLOROPLASTS | ENERGY-STORAGE | NDHB GENE | NADH-DEHYDROGENASE | TOBACCO | CELL BIOLOGY | Chlorophyll - radiation effects | Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins - metabolism | Photosystem II Protein Complex | Electron Transport - radiation effects | Electron Transport - genetics | Oxidation-Reduction - radiation effects | Molecular Sequence Data | Cell Respiration - radiation effects | Amino Acid Sequence - genetics | Chlorophyll - genetics | Oxygen - metabolism | Photic Stimulation - adverse effects | Cell Respiration - genetics | Photosynthesis - genetics | Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins - genetics | Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins - radiation effects | Thylakoids - genetics | Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes | NADP - metabolism | Photosynthesis - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - genetics | Base Sequence - genetics | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - radiation effects | Carbon Dioxide - metabolism | NADP - radiation effects | Mutation - radiation effects | Arabidopsis - cytology | Light - adverse effects | Chlorophyll - metabolism | Mutation - genetics | Thylakoids - radiation effects | Thylakoids - metabolism | Arabidopsis - metabolism | Arabidopsis Proteins - radiation effects | Macromolecular Substances | Photosystem I Protein Complex | Arabidopsis - genetics | Arabidopsis Proteins - isolation & purification | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - physiology | NADP - genetics | Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins - isolation & purification | Cell research | Gene mutations | Arabidopsis | Analysis | Photosynthesis research | Physiological aspects | Genetic aspects | Hydrogen-ion concentration | Cells
Journal Article
Journal of Experimental Botany, ISSN 0022-0957, 1/2013, Volume 64, Issue 16, pp. 4967 - 4980
Breakdown of leaf proteins, particularly chloroplast proteins, is a massive process in senescing leaves. In spite of its importance in internal N recycling,... 
Leaves | Chloroplasts | Incubation | Cellular senescence | Botany | Plants | Plastids | Vacuoles | Chlorophylls | RESEARCH PAPER | Plant cells | Cysteine proteases | Rubisco | Senescence-associated vacuoles | Tobacco | SAG12 | Proteolysis | RIBULOSE-1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE/OXYGENASE | WHEAT TRITICUM-AESTIVUM | ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA | NICOTIANA-TABACUM | senescence-associated vacuoles | STAY-GREEN MUTANTS | NITROGEN REMOBILIZATION | TRANSCRIPTOME ANALYSIS | PLANT SCIENCES | LEAF SENESCENCE | GENE-EXPRESSION | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | tobacco | proteolysis | Darkness | Vacuoles - enzymology | Chloroplasts - enzymology | Cellular Senescence - drug effects | Cysteine Proteases - metabolism | Down-Regulation - radiation effects | Vacuoles - drug effects | Proteolysis - drug effects | Plant Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Cellular Senescence - radiation effects | Chloroplasts - radiation effects | Plant Leaves - drug effects | Plant Proteins - metabolism | Chloroplasts - drug effects | Plant Leaves - enzymology | Proteolysis - radiation effects | Chloroplasts - genetics | Vacuoles - genetics | Tobacco - drug effects | Plant Leaves - radiation effects | Down-Regulation - drug effects | Tobacco - radiation effects | Plant Proteins - genetics | Vacuoles - radiation effects | Cysteine Proteases - genetics | Plant Leaves - genetics | Tobacco - genetics | Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Tobacco - enzymology | Index Medicus
Journal Article
The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, 4/2012, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp. 1398 - 1419
Plants respond to shade-modulated light signals via phytochrome (phy)-induced adaptive changes, termed shade avoidance. To examine the roles of... 
Datasets | Hypocotyls | Phenotypes | Genes | Auxins | Gene expression regulation | Plants | Repression | Seedlings | Plant cells | AVOIDANCE-RESPONSE | SEED-GERMINATION | REGULATED GENE-EXPRESSION | RED-LIGHT | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | CHLOROPHYLL BIOSYNTHESIS | MEDIATED DEGRADATION | NEGATIVE REGULATOR | PLANT SCIENCES | CELL BIOLOGY | SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION | CHLOROPLAST DEVELOPMENT | INTERACTING FACTOR-3 | Transcription, Genetic - drug effects | Arabidopsis - growth & development | Nucleotide Motifs - genetics | Transcription, Genetic - radiation effects | Gene Regulatory Networks - drug effects | Light Signal Transduction - radiation effects | Promoter Regions, Genetic - genetics | Seedlings - growth & development | Arabidopsis Proteins - metabolism | Arabidopsis - radiation effects | Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors - metabolism | Light Signal Transduction - drug effects | Light | Phytochrome - metabolism | Arabidopsis Proteins - genetics | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - radiation effects | Arabidopsis - drug effects | Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors - genetics | Gene Regulatory Networks - genetics | Morphogenesis - radiation effects | Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors - antagonists & inhibitors | Seedlings - drug effects | Mutation - genetics | Arabidopsis - genetics | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - drug effects | Phenotype | Genes, Plant - genetics | Indoleacetic Acids - pharmacology | Gene Regulatory Networks - radiation effects | Morphogenesis - drug effects | Seedlings - radiation effects | Seedlings - metabolism | Arabidopsis | Plant genetics | Phytochrome | Physiological aspects | Genetic aspects | Genetic transcription | Research
Journal Article
Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, 10/2013, Volume 163, Issue 2, pp. 867 - 881
The plastid genome is highly conserved among plant species, suggesting that alterations of its structure would have dramatic impacts on plant fitness.... 
Oxidative stress | Leaves | Reactive oxygen species | Phenotypes | Chloroplasts | Genes | Genomes | SIGNALING AND RESPONSE | Plants | Plastids | Chlorophylls | VARIEGATION MUTANTS | RESPONSES | OXIDATIVE STRESS | GENE | CHLOROPLAST DEVELOPMENT | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | SINGLET OXYGEN | LIGHT STRESS | TOPOISOMERASE-IV | DNA-POLYMERASES | PLANT SCIENCES | Cell Death - radiation effects | Genome, Plastid - genetics | Inheritance Patterns - drug effects | Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism | Cellular Reprogramming - radiation effects | Arabidopsis - growth & development | Adaptation, Physiological - drug effects | Stress, Physiological - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - metabolism | Arabidopsis - radiation effects | Cell Nucleus - metabolism | Photosynthesis - genetics | Adaptation, Physiological - genetics | Cell Nucleus - radiation effects | Light | Plastids - drug effects | Genomic Instability - drug effects | Inheritance Patterns - genetics | Plastids - genetics | Stress, Physiological - drug effects | Cell Death - drug effects | Signal Transduction - radiation effects | Cellular Reprogramming - genetics | DNA, Plant - genetics | Inheritance Patterns - radiation effects | Photosynthesis - radiation effects | Genomic Instability - radiation effects | Arabidopsis Proteins - genetics | Stress, Physiological - genetics | Arabidopsis - ultrastructure | Ciprofloxacin - pharmacology | Signal Transduction - genetics | Adaptation, Physiological - radiation effects | Mutation - genetics | Arabidopsis - genetics | Cellular Reprogramming - drug effects | Phenotype | Signal Transduction - drug effects | Photosynthesis - drug effects | Plastids - ultrastructure | Gene Rearrangement - genetics | Plastids - radiation effects | Cell Nucleus - drug effects | Arabidopsis thaliana | Physiological aspects | Genetic aspects | Cellular signal transduction | Research | Gene expression
Journal Article
Journal Article
Journal Article
The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, 8/2011, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp. 2950 - 2963
The plant-specific calcium binding protein CAS (calcium sensor) has been localized in chloroplast thylakoid membranes of vascular plants and green algae. To... 
Phenotypes | Cell growth | Calcium | Chloroplasts | Cell lines | Thylakoids | Gene expression regulation | Plants | Chlorophylls | Plant cells | ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | MEASURING DETECTION LIMITS | CYTOSOLIC CA2+ TRANSIENTS | BIOENERGETIC PATHWAYS | PLASMA EMISSION-SPECTROMETRY | PLANT SCIENCES | CELL BIOLOGY | ARTIFICIAL MICRORNAS | PHOTOSYSTEM-II | THYLAKOID MEMBRANE | CALMODULIN-BINDING | FLAGELLAR EXCISION | Chlorophyll - radiation effects | Sequence Deletion | Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes - genetics | Calcium - metabolism | Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes - metabolism | Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - genetics | Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - physiology | Light | Chloroplasts - radiation effects | Photosynthesis - physiology | Plant Proteins - metabolism | Signal Transduction - radiation effects | Photosynthesis - radiation effects | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - radiation effects | Calcium - pharmacology | Wasp Venoms - pharmacology | Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology | Adaptation, Physiological - radiation effects | Chlorophyll - metabolism | Sulfonamides - pharmacology | Thylakoids - radiation effects | Chloroplasts - metabolism | Thylakoids - metabolism | Peptides - pharmacology | Photosystem II Protein Complex - metabolism | Down-Regulation - physiology | Plant Proteins - genetics | Phenotype | Photosystem II Protein Complex - radiation effects | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant - physiology | Proteomics | Signal Transduction - physiology | Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - radiation effects | Calmodulin - antagonists & inhibitors | Calcium, Dietary | Photorespiration | Physiological aspects | Acclimatization | Chlamydomonas | Protein binding
Journal Article