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Nutrition reviews, ISSN 1753-4887, 2009, Volume 67, Issue 11, pp. 615 - 623
Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary... 
homocysteine | choline | eggs | memory | methyl group | methylation | phosphatidylcholine | pregnancy | neural tube defects | Pregnancy | Choline | Memory | Methyl group | Neural tube defects | Phosphatidylcholine | Homocysteine | Methylation | Eggs | PLASMA TOTAL HOMOCYSTEINE | GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS | RISK FACTOR | BETAINE | DEFICIENCY | SUPPLEMENTATION | HIPPOCAMPAL PLASTICITY | NUTRITION & DIETETICS | DIETARY REQUIREMENTS | SENSORY INHIBITION | FOLATE | Choline - metabolism | Memory - drug effects | Public Health | Choline Deficiency - epidemiology | Humans | Middle Aged | Breast Neoplasms - etiology | Child, Preschool | Choline Deficiency - complications | Heart Diseases - prevention & control | Infant | Male | Nutrition Policy | Young Adult | Lipotropic Agents - metabolism | Health Promotion | Adult | Choline Deficiency - genetics | Female | Child | Infant, Newborn | Disease Models, Animal | Nutritional Requirements | Neural Tube Defects - etiology | Neural Tube Defects - prevention & control | Inflammation - etiology | Breast Neoplasms - prevention & control | Polymorphism, Genetic | Heart Diseases - etiology | Lipotropic Agents - administration & dosage | Animals | Choline - administration & dosage | Adolescent | Aged | Inflammation - prevention & control | Choline - genetics | Physiological aspects | Public health | Atherosclerosis
Journal Article
Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, ISSN 0815-9319, 11/2008, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp. 1635 - 1648
Non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of referral to liver clinics, and its progressive form, non‐alcoholic steatohepatitis... 
metabolic syndrome | high‐fat diet | non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease | hepatic steatosis | overnutrition | Hepatic steatosis | Metabolic syndrome | Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease | High-fat diet | Overnutrition | OXIDATIVE STRESS | non-alcoholic fatty liver disease | FATTY LIVER-DISEASE | NONALCOHOLIC STEATOHEPATITIS | METHIONINE ADENOSYLTRANSFERASE 1A | DIABETES-MELLITUS | ACTIVATED-RECEPTOR-ALPHA | MITOCHONDRIAL ABNORMALITIES | INSULIN-RESISTANCE | high-fat diet | CHOLINE-DEFICIENT DIET | GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY | Genetic Predisposition to Disease | Liver - pathology | Reproducibility of Results | Fatty Liver - metabolism | Fatty Liver - pathology | Liver - metabolism | Choline Deficiency - complications | Overnutrition - metabolism | Choline Deficiency - pathology | Hyperphagia - complications | Overnutrition - complications | Disease Progression | Hyperphagia - genetics | Diet, Atherogenic | Phenotype | Animals | Choline Deficiency - metabolism | Intubation, Gastrointestinal | Overnutrition - pathology | Dietary Fats - administration & dosage | Disease Models, Animal | Fatty Liver - etiology | Methionine - deficiency | Methionine, deficiency | Hyperphagia, complications | Hyperphagia, genetics | Choline Deficiency, complications | Overnutrition, metabolism | Liver, pathology | Fatty Liver, pathology | Dietary Fats, administration and dosage | Overnutrition, pathology | Liver, metabolism | Choline Deficiency, metabolism | Fatty Liver, metabolism | Overnutrition, complications | Fatty Liver, etiology | Choline Deficiency, pathology | Insulin resistance | Models | Liver diseases | Analysis | Risk factors
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS, ISSN 1091-6490, 2012, Volume 109, Issue 52, pp. 21307 - 21312
Choline and trimethylamine (TMA) are small molecules that play central roles in biological processes throughout all kingdoms of life. These ubiquitous... 
Enzymes | Microorganisms | Desulfovibrio | Multigene family | Metabolic diseases | Biochemistry | Genomes | Chemical bonding | Catalysis | Bioinformatics | Choline trimethylamine-lyase | Trimethylaminuria | Gastrointestinal tract | Metabolism | Fragmentation | PYRUVATE FORMATE-LYASE | ANAEROBIC DEGRADATION | gastrointestinal tract | trimethylaminuria | MECHANISM | GLYCINE BETAINE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | INVOLVEMENT | DESULFOVIBRIO-DESULFURICANS | choline trimethylamine-lyase | fragmentation | METHANOSARCINA-BARKERI | VIBRIO-CHOLINICUS | BACTERIUM | metabolism | Choline - metabolism | Multigene Family - genetics | Glycine - metabolism | Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy | Genes, Bacterial - genetics | Genetic Association Studies | Anaerobiosis - drug effects | Humans | Computational Biology | Choline - chemistry | Lyases - metabolism | Mutation - genetics | Desulfovibrio desulfuricans - growth & development | Desulfovibrio desulfuricans - enzymology | Choline - pharmacology | Free Radicals - metabolism | Desulfovibrio desulfuricans - metabolism | Methylamines - chemistry | Desulfovibrio desulfuricans - genetics | Methylamines - metabolism | Amines | Choline | Escherichia coli | Microbiological synthesis | Physiological aspects | Genetic aspects | Chemical properties | Decomposition (Chemistry) | Biological Sciences | Physical Sciences
Journal Article