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Medical Physics, ISSN 0094-2405, 11/2013, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp. 117101 - n/a
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2012, Volume 39, Issue 11, pp. 6818 - 6837
Purpose: While Monte Carlo particle transport has proven useful in many areas (treatment head design, dose calculation, shielding design, and imaging studies)... 
Protons | dosimetry | graphical user interfaces | Computer software | simulation | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Monte Carlo methods | Computed tomography | Monte Carlo | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | treatment head | Medical imaging | Applications | Ionization chambers | Dose‐volume analysis | Stereotactic radiosurgery | Interaction techniques for graphical user interfaces, e.g. interaction with windows, icons or menus | computerised tomography | proton therapy | Monte Carlo simulations | Image data processing or generation, in general | radiation therapy | Therapeutics | Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets | X‐ray scattering | human computer interaction | surgery | FIELDS | UNCERTAINTIES | NUCLEAR-MODELS | BEAM | THERAPY | GEANT4 SIMULATION | DOSE CALCULATION | PROMPT GAMMA | RADIOTHERAPY | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | RANGE | Radiotherapy Dosage | Eye Neoplasms - diagnostic imaging | Melanoma - diagnostic imaging | Humans | Melanoma - radiotherapy | Radiosurgery | Tomography, X-Ray Computed | Proton Therapy - instrumentation | Scattering, Radiation | Software | Proton Therapy - methods | Monte Carlo Method | Eye Neoplasms - radiotherapy | Precision Medicine | PHASE SPACE | SURGERY | PATIENTS | SHIELDING | MONTE CARLO METHOD | VALIDATION | RADIATION DOSES | INTERACTIONS | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | PROTONS | ACCURACY | CAT SCANNING | COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION | CONTROL SYSTEMS | RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS | RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE | Radiation Therapy Physics
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2012, Volume 39, Issue 10, pp. 6208 - 6236
The charge of Task Group 186 (TG-186) is to provide guidance for early adopters of model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCAs) for brachytherapy (BT) dose... 
heterogeneities | treatment planning | dose scoring | dose calculation | brachytherapy | radiation transport | commissioning | material assignments | Segmentation | sensitivity analysis | Cell nucleus | Tissues | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Monte Carlo methods | Computed tomography | feature extraction | image segmentation | Dosimetry | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | photoelectricity | Medical imaging | biological tissues | Photons | Radiation therapy | Infrared sources | Dose‐volume analysis | computerised tomography | Image data processing or generation, in general | Therapeutic applications, including brachytherapy | Dosimetry/exposure assessment | LOW-ENERGY BRACHYTHERAPY | IMAGE-GUIDED RADIOTHERAPY | I-125 INTERSTITIAL-BRACHYTHERAPY | BEAM COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY | COLLAPSED CONE SUPERPOSITION | TREATMENT PLANNING SYSTEMS | BOLTZMANN-EQUATION SOLVER | MONTE-CARLO CALCULATIONS | PERMANENT PROSTATE IMPLANTS | EYE PLAQUE BRACHYTHERAPY | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | Radiotherapy Dosage | Uncertainty | Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted - methods | Humans | Iridium Radioisotopes - therapeutic use | Brachytherapy - methods | Radiation Dosage | Ytterbium - therapeutic use | Cone-Beam Computed Tomography | Artifacts | Algorithms | Models, Biological | Research Report | Phantoms, Imaging | Monte Carlo Method | PATIENTS | CALCULATION METHODS | RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY | VALIDATION | RADIATION DOSES | ALGORITHMS | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | ACCURACY | PLANNING | PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT | CROSS SECTIONS | IMAGE PROCESSING | RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS | RECOMMENDATIONS | RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE | ELECTRON DENSITY | ICRP | BRACHYTHERAPY | DOSIMETRY | ENERGY DEPENDENCE | ICRU | WATER
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 07/2015, Volume 42, Issue 7, pp. 4349 - 4366
Purpose: To study the performance of different dual energy computed tomography (DECT) techniques, which are available today, and future multi energy CT (MECT)... 
Medical image noise | Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics | statistical material decomposition | Scintillation detectors | Photons | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | Calibration | X‐ray detectors | maximum likelihood estimation | multi energy CT | virtual non‐contrast imaging | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Image sensors | computerised tomography | Computed tomography | Medical X‐ray imaging | Image data processing or generation, in general | photon counting | photon counting detector | iodine imaging | iodine | dual energy CT | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | virtual non-contrast imaging | PULSE PILEUP | QUALITY | MODEL | SCANNER | RENAL MASSES | X-RAY-DETECTORS | ANGIOGRAPHY | ITERATIVE-RECONSTRUCTION | DIFFERENTIATION | COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC APPARATUS | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | Tomography - methods | Models, Biological | X-Rays | Computer Simulation | Humans | Tomography - instrumentation | Iodine - metabolism | Phantoms, Imaging | BENCHMARKS | X RADIATION | BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY | PERFORMANCE | RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY | DECOMPOSITION | IODINE | SIMULATION | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | X-RAY SPECTRA | IMAGES | MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD FIT
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2015, Volume 42, Issue 12, pp. 6784 - 6797
Purpose: Increasing evidence suggests radiomics features extracted from computed tomography (CT) images may be useful in prognostic models for patients with... 
Medical image quality | cone‐beam CT | phantoms | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | quantitative imaging features | Computed tomography | feature extraction | linear accelerators | Rubber | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | Image scanners | Analysis of texture | texture | reproducibility | Analysis of motion | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | image texture | image motion analysis | lung | computerised tomography | Image analysis | Cone beam computed tomography | Lungs | Image data processing or generation, in general | cancer | cone-beam CT | TEXTURAL FEATURES | SURVIVAL | PREDICTS | VOLUME | PROGNOSTIC VALUE | COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY | TUMOR HETEROGENEITY | RADIATION-THERAPY | CT TEXTURE | MOTION | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | Motion | Reproducibility of Results | Humans | Radiography, Thoracic - instrumentation | Cone-Beam Computed Tomography - instrumentation | Radiography, Thoracic - methods | Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - diagnostic imaging | Retrospective Studies | Cone-Beam Computed Tomography - methods | Phantoms, Imaging | Respiration | Plant Structures | LINEAR ACCELERATORS | PATIENTS | NEOPLASMS | BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY | CLINICAL TRIALS | IMAGES | LUNGS | RADIATION DOSE UNITS | PHANTOMS | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | ENTROPY | Radiation Imaging Physics
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2016, Volume 43, Issue 6Part1, pp. 2821 - 2827
Purpose: Automated detection of solitary pulmonary nodules using positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) images shows good sensitivity;... 
false‐positive reduction | Medical image quality | Scintigraphy | nodule | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Computed tomography | feature extraction | Computer aided diagnosis | Computerised tomographs | medical image processing | Positron emission tomography (PET) | support vector machines | convolutional neural network | Artificial neural networks | Medical image segmentation | Radiologists | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | Inference methods or devices | lung | computer‐aided detection | computerised tomography | Measuring half‐life of a radioactive substance | Lungs | Image data processing or generation, in general | PET/CT | cancer | In which a programme is changed according to experience gained by the computer itself during a complete run; Learning machines | positron emission tomography | false-positive reduction | computer-aided detection | TOMOGRAPHY | GRAPH | CT IMAGES | CANCER | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | LUNG-TUMOR SEGMENTATION | Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods | Humans | Sensitivity and Specificity | Female | Lung Neoplasms - diagnostic imaging | Male | ROC Curve | Lung - diagnostic imaging | Support Vector Machine | Whole Body Imaging - methods | Neural Networks (Computer) | Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography - methods | NEURAL NETWORKS | IMAGES | POSITRON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY | RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY | SENSITIVITY | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | CAT SCANNING
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2014, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp. 40 - 53
Journal Article
Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, 2015, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 1596 - 1605
Purpose: In radiotherapy (RT) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the only modality, the information on electron density must be derived from the MRI... 
biomedical MRI | magnetic resonance imaging | dosimetry | image registration | Scintigraphy | Tissues | Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications | Databases | Computed tomography | Involving electronic [emr] or nuclear [nmr] magnetic resonance, e.g. magnetic resonance imaging | Clinical applications | Registration | pseudo CT | Charge transfer | Computerised tomographs | image sequences | medical image processing | Medical imaging | patches | MRI‐only | bone | Giant magnetoresistance | Photons | Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers | brain | computerised tomography | Image data processing or generation, in general | radiotherapy | MRI-only | PROSTATE | QUALITY | ATTENUATION CORRECTION | TIME | DELINEATION | PET/MRI | SEGMENTATION | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | Brain - diagnostic imaging | Atlases as Topic | Humans | Middle Aged | Magnetic Resonance Imaging - methods | Tomography, X-Ray Computed - methods | Male | Head - pathology | Photons - therapeutic use | Algorithms | Radiotherapy, Image-Guided - methods | Aged, 80 and over | Brain - pathology | Head - diagnostic imaging | Female | Radiometry | Aged | HEAD | PATIENTS | NMR IMAGING | ELECTRON DENSITY | RADIOTHERAPY | COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS | 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES | COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY | BRAIN | ACCURACY | GEOMETRY
Journal Article
Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, 08/1992, Volume 37, Issue 8, pp. 1637 - 1655
Performance characteristics of a new design of positron tomograph with automatically retractable septa for brain imaging have been studied... 
EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY | SCANNER | RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING | RECONSTRUCTION | Brain - diagnostic imaging | Models, Structural | Tomography, Emission-Computed - instrumentation | Image Processing, Computer-Assisted | Humans | Equipment Design | Evaluation Studies as Topic
Journal Article
Journal Article