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1997, Occasional paper, ISBN 1452758085, Volume 153, 54
Public pension systems around the world have been criticized in recent years for some serious flaws, including the excessive burden they impose on the public finances and their depressing impact on saving rates... 
Pensions | Old age pensions | Pension trusts | Saving and investment | Defined benefit pension plans
eBook
ISBN 1557756406
Book
2007, Occasional paper, ISBN 1589066146, Volume 258., xii, 135
Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses -- it's a record to be envied. These... 
Monetary policy | Fiscal policy | Economic policy | Economic conditions | Pension | Energy | Growth | Banking | Inflation Targeting | Macroeconomics | Economic Growth
Book
2003, ISBN 158906223X, xiv, 315
Aging populations. Weather shocks. Scarce water. Globalization. Security threats. Policymakers today confront a number of developments that threaten to burden... 
Aging | Economic aspects | Fiscal policy | Climatic changes | Pensions | International economics | Savings | Vacancy Lists | Pensioners | Public Finance | Fiscal Management | Social Safety Nets | Saf Arrangement Texts | Savings Promotion | Social policy | Fiscal management | Population | Economic policy | Savings promotion | Public finance | Climatic chages
Book
1996, ISBN 9781452725796, 50
eBook
ISBN 1557756201
Book
2013, ISBN 9781616354138, 86
Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies... 
Pensions | Pension Reform;reform;emerging market economies | Developed countries | Developing countries
eBook
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the European Union and Croatia... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
Book
2005, ISBN 1589064208, xiv, 117
Following some historical background, this paper describes how corruption is manifested in Paraguay. The paper distinguishes between factors that explain the... 
Foreign exchange rates | Paraguay Economic conditions | Financial crises | Monetary economics | Pensions | Financial Systems | Economic Reforms
Book
05/2014
Today, the Kyrgyz pension system plays a major role in poverty alleviation of the elderly but this role is diminishing fast due to low coverage of working age population... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | MIGRANT | FERTILITY RATES | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | MARKET DISTORTIONS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | BENEFIT LEVELS | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | INITIAL RETIREMENT AGE | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | DATA AVAILABILITY | SOCIAL PENSIONS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PENSION FINANCING | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | PENSION SCHEME | DEFICITS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ELDERLY POPULATION | SOCIAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATE | ANNUITY FACTORS | DISABILITY PENSION | BASIC PENSION | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | ACCRUAL RATE | PENSION POLICY | EQUITY ISSUES | MORTALITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | CASH FLOWS | INCOME LEVEL | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PUBLIC SPENDING | FERTILITY | LEGISLATION | OLDER PERSONS | NET WAGES | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | SOCIAL IMPACT | MIGRANTS | ANNUITY | FUNDED SCHEME | PENSION COSTS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | PENSIONER | RETIREMENT AGE | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | SOCIAL POLICY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | SOCIAL FUND | BENEFICIARY | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION RIGHTS | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENTS | EMPLOYEE | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS | FUNDED COMPONENTS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | PENSION SYSTEM | ELDERLY | HEALTH INSURANCE | SUBSISTENCE FARMING | INVESTMENT RETURNS | MIGRANT WORKERS | GROWTH RATE | ASSET MANAGEMENT | FUNDED COMPONENT | INFLATION | PENSION SPENDING | STOCKS | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | LIFE EXPECTANCY ESTIMATES | PENSION EXPENDITURE | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | NOTIONAL ACCOUNTS | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | GROWTH RATES | OLD-AGE | SURVIVOR PENSION | PENSION FUND | BENEFIT PAYMENTS | RESPECT | INCOME TAX | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | INSURANCE PENSION | FAMILIES | IMMIGRATION | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | INFLATION RATES | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCY | FINANCIAL FLOWS | LONG TERM PROJECTIONS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | FUND DATA | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | NOTIONAL ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | INVESTMENT INCOME | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | OUTPUTS | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | GENDERS | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH | VOLUNTARY PENSION | POPULATION DATA | PENSION AT RETIREMENT | RETIREES | LABOR FORCE | BENEFICIARIES | BANKING SYSTEM | DEFICIT FINANCING | INTEREST RATE | BENEFIT INDEXATION | PENSION BENEFIT | INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | LOW-INCOME ECONOMY | NATIONAL PENSION | INCOME GROUPS | OLD AGE | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | PENSION EXPENDITURES | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | FINANCES | GOVERNMENT PENSION | PUBLIC PENSION | INSURANCE PENSIONS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | GENDER | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PAY-AS-YOU-GO SYSTEM | PENSIONS | PENSION PAYMENTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | MIGRATION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | COMPENSATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | CONSTANT SHARE | PENSIONERS | WORKING POPULATION | FINANCIAL HEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM PARAMETERS | PAYROLL TAX | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | NOTIONAL CAPITAL | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | WILL | MULTI-PILLAR SYSTEM | CASH INCOME | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
06/2012
This paper presents and explains cross country data for mandatory publicly and privately managed pension systems around the world... 
PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | NEWBORN | PENSION COVERAGE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | RETIREMENT BEHAVIOR | INCOME GROUP | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION | COUNTRY OF ORIGIN | PENSION REGIMES | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | CITIZENSHIP | SOCIAL PENSIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | ELDERLY POPULATION | SOCIAL PENSION | GENDER GAP | BASIC PENSION | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | NATIONAL LEVEL | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | SEX | CENTER FOR HEALTH | PILLAR SYSTEMS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | POPULATION CENSUSES | SERVANTS | PUBLIC PILLAR | NUMBER OF DEATHS | RETIREMENT INCOME SCHEMES | RETIREMENT AGE | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | LIVE BIRTHS | MANDATORY SAVING | PUBLIC SCHEME | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION PROGRAM | GROWTH RATE | POPULATION AGEING | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEME | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | OLD-AGE | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | INSURANCE POLICIES | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | INFANT | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | POPULATION CENSUS | CHILD REARING | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | STATE GOVERNMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | LABOR SUPPLY | BENEFIT INDEXATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | RURAL POPULATION | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | AGE DISTRIBUTION | PRESENT VALUE | PROGRESS | URBAN POPULATION | MANDATORY SCHEME | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | MIGRATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSIONS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | NOMINAL WAGE | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR | ACCRUAL RATES | ELDERLY PEOPLE | FERTILITY RATES | PENSION | CITIZENS | BENEFIT LEVELS | GROSS WAGES | FAMILY POLICIES | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | MIDDLE-INCOME ECONOMIES | PROVIDENT FUND | WORKFORCE | AGING POPULATION | MANDATORY SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | PENSION POLICY | REFUGEES | NATIONALS | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | BENEFIT FORMULAE | MANDATES | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | RETIREMENT INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME PROVISION | MIGRANTS | ANNUITY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED BASIS | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | DEATH RATES | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | MUTUAL FUNDS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | HIV | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | MARKET ECONOMIES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | CHANGE IN POPULATION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSION | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | PENSION LIABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS | WOMAN | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | ECONOMIC TRANSITION | LIFE INSURANCE | UNFUNDED PENSION | ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | BANK ACCOUNTS | FORMAL PENSION SYSTEM | POPULATION DATA | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | ASYLUM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | OLD AGE | PUBLIC PENSION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | POPULATION FORECASTS | LONG-TERM CARE | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | RETIREMENT-INCOME PROVISION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | POPULATION DIVISION | NUMBER OF WORKERS | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | PENSIONABLE AGE | TAX FINANCING | INFANT MORTALITY | FORMAL PENSION
Book
ISBN 9780939934683
Book
2009, ISBN 0821379712, xv, 225
.... The main justifications are the limited coverage of the mandatory pension systems (chapter two) and the risk of poverty during old age... 
Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | Government policy | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | INCOME GROUP | NATIONAL POPULATION | HEALTH ECONOMICS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | POLICY ANALYSIS | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | MINIMUM PENSION | PENSION PLAN | PERIODS OF UNEMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY POPULATION | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | SOCIAL PENSION | CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | OLDER WOMEN | TAKE-UP RATE | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | TAX RATE | POOR FAMILIES | CHILD CARE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | ADMINISTRATIVE DATA | PENSION ACCOUNT | MINIMUM PENSIONS | VULNERABILITY | CLIMATE CHANGE | INCOME SECURITY | PUBLIC PENSIONS | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PENSION ISSUES | POLICY GUIDANCE | DISCOUNT RATES | RETIREMENT AGE | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEMES | SOCIAL POLICY | CREDITS | MARGINAL TAX RATES | PENSION REFORM PRIMER | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | ELDERLY PERSONS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | POPULATION AGEING | POVERTY LEVELS | TRADITIONAL FAMILY | WORTH | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | COMMODITY | OLD-AGE | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | WITHDRAWAL RATE | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | HUMAN RIGHTS | PENSION REFORM | COST ESTIMATES | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET TRANSITIONS | LOW-INCOME WORKERS | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | FINANCIAL PLANNER | LOW FERTILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | GLOBAL POPULATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | CITIZEN | MIGRATION | PENSION SYSTEMS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SKILLED WORKERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION PROVIDERS | SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE PENSION | LOW-INCOME INDIVIDUALS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENCIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | FAMILY POLICIES | INDIGENOUS PEOPLE | PENSION SCHEME | NATIONAL PLAN | MINORITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | LIMITED RESOURCES | CHRONIC POVERTY | QUALITY OF SERVICES | DISSEMINATION | NUTRITION | PROBABILITIES | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | POVERTY RATES | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | ORPHANS | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | PENSION TRANSFERS | POVERTY RATE | SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATIONS | IMPORTANT POLICY | BEST PRACTICES | PENSION RIGHTS | GENERAL POPULATION | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CURRENT PROGRAMS | POOR INDIVIDUALS | VOLUNTARY SAVINGS | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | FAMILY SUPPORT | LEGAL STATUS | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOURCES OF INCOME | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | WITHDRAWAL | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | IMPACTS OF POPULATION | AVERAGE EARNINGS | PENSION INCOME | MATERNITY LEAVE | PENSION SCHEMES | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | SENIOR | BABIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY DEVELOPMENT | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ASSET HOLDINGS | INTEREST RATE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | KNOWLEDGE GAP | PUBLIC PENSION | FINANCIAL ASPECTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT DECISION | CALCULATIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | LONG-TERM SAVINGS | FIXED COST | TRADE UNION | FINANCIAL POLICY | POLICY MAKERS | HUMAN RIGHT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BUDGETING | OLDER MEN | SOCIAL AFFAIRS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
07/2011
.... A central element of the program is comprehensive overhaul of the pension insurance system to ensure long-term fiscal and social sustainability as the population ages... 
INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | NET WAGE | ANNUITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | DEPOSITORY COMPANY | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | FRONT-END FEE | GROSS WAGES | CONSTITUTIONAL COURT | GOVERNMENT DEFICIT | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | DEFICITS | EMPLOYMENT | ANNUITIES | CONTRIBUTION BASE | JUDGES | FIXED RATE | FEMALE | REPLACEMENT RATE | LAWS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | INFLATION RATE | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS | TAX TREATMENT | BASIC PENSION | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PENSION SYSTEM ISSUES | STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | PENSION POLICY | REGISTRATION PROCESSES | OLD-AGE INCOME | MARKETS DEVELOPMENTS | MANDATORY PENSION FUNDS | EARLY RETIREMENT PENSION | FERTILITY | CAPITAL MARKET | LEGISLATION | VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS | PERSONAL INCOME | INCOME | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | MANDATORY PILLARS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | INSURANCE COMPANY | MONTHLY CONTRIBUTION | ANNUITY | INCOMES | PENSION COSTS | GROSS WAGE | PAYROLL TAXES | PENSIONER | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | EQUALIZATION | OUTSOURCING | PRIVACY | INFLATION INDEXATION | EMPLOYEE | PENSION SYSTEM | ELDERLY | PENSION PROGRAM | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | FUTURE PENSION | PUBLIC FINANCES | CENTRAL DEPOSITORY | INFLATION | PENSION BASE | POPULATION AGEING | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | PENSION FORMULA | HOLDING | PENSION BENEFITS | POLITICAL RISK | PURCHASING POWER | TAX COLLECTION | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | FEMALES | COMPLIANCE COSTS | IMPLICIT DEBT | INITIAL REPLACEMENT RATES | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | COMMERCIAL BANKING | CLEARING HOUSE | PENSION FUND | PENSION SCHEMES | PRISONERS | FISCAL EFFORTS | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PRICE INDEXING | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | REVENUE SHORTFALL | RATE OF RETURN | INITIAL REPLACEMENT RATE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | FISCAL BURDEN | FINANCIAL FLOWS | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | RETIREMENT | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | RETIREMENT PERIOD | PENSION FUNDS | PUBLIC CALLS | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | GENDERS | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | VOLUNTARY PENSION | POLITICAL CYCLE | DEPOSITORY | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | OPERATING COSTS | RETIREES | PENALTIES | LABOR FORCE | ASSET VALUE | RATE OF RETURNS | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | LABOR COSTS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | REVENUE SHORTFALLS | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | PRESENT VALUE | PRICE INDEXATION | GENDER | PENSION SIMULATION MODEL | PUBLIC DEBT | PENSION LIABILITIES | PENSION PAYMENTS | RETIREMENT INCENTIVES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | PENSION SYSTEM REFORM | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | FACTORING | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | PENSION INSURANCE | FINANCING REQUIREMENT | PENSION SYSTEM PARAMETERS | RETURN ON EQUITY | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION OBLIGATIONS | PENSION BENEFICIARIES | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | WILL | AVERAGE BENEFITS | CONTRIBUTION PAYMENT | MULTI-PILLAR SYSTEM
Book
1986, ISBN 9781452787336, 87
Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining... 
Public finance | Pensions
eBook
03/2010
This report aims to provide additional insights to existing analyses of public pension and social security schemes in the Caribbean... 
PENSION AGE | REGULATORY SYSTEMS | LABOR MARKETS | PUBLIC SCHEMES | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | INVESTMENT RISK | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | CREDIBILITY | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | SOCIAL PENSIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MARKET ECONOMY | WAGE GROWTH | GOOD GOVERNANCE | INTEREST RATES | INCOME SMOOTHING | AGE SUPPORT | SOCIAL PENSION | FULL-CAREER WORKERS | REPLACEMENT RATE | TAX SYSTEM | POLICY RESPONSES | BASIC PENSION | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | ACCRUAL RATE | ADVERSE EFFECTS | CIVIL SERVICE PENSION | REGULATORY STANDARDS | LIQUIDITY | RETIREMENT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | CONVERSIONS | FERTILITY | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGIES | GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | RETIREMENT AGE | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENTS | PENSION WEALTH | MANDATORY SCHEMES | PENSION SYSTEM | GROWTH RATE | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CODES OF CONDUCT | MINIMUM BENEFIT | STOCKS | GLOBALIZATION | GROWTH RATES | COMMODITY | FINANCIAL MARKET | PENSION FUND | BENEFIT PAYMENTS | GOVERNANCE STANDARDS | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | CONTRIBUTION PERIOD | PENSION FUNDS | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | SECURITY AGREEMENTS | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | RESERVE | LIQUIDATION | SECURITY AGREEMENT | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEMES | VOLATILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FINANCIAL ASSETS | BENEFIT INDEXATION | DEFINED BENEFITS | INFORMATION DISCLOSURE | INSURANCE | PENSION PROGRAMS | INCOME GROUPS | MATURITY | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEME | PENSION EXPENDITURES | REVENUE SHORTFALLS | GUARANTEED BENEFIT | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | CURRENCY | PENSION SYSTEMS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | PRIVATE PENSION | FINANCIAL MARKETS DEVELOPMENT | BENEFIT LEVEL | EARNINGS REPLACEMENT | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | ACCRUAL RATES | MARKET EFFICIENCY | FERTILITY RATES | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | CORRUPTION | PENSION | SINGLE MARKET | INVESTMENT RISKS | MARKET DISTORTIONS | BENEFIT LEVELS | DEBT BURDEN | PENSION SCHEME | DEFICITS | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | PENSION PROVISIONS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | DISABILITY PENSION | FINANCIAL SECTOR | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | PENSION POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | DEBT BURDENS | OLD-AGE INCOME | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | PUBLIC SPENDING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ECONOMIC VOLATILITY | PENSION RESERVES | PENSIONER | PENSION RIGHTS | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | RETURNS | ELDERLY | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | INFLATION | PRICE GROWTH | RETIREMENT PENSION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | INFORMATION SHARING | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MINIMUM INCOME | FORMAL PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION INVESTMENTS | WAGE TAXES | WORKER CONTRIBUTIONS | RETIREE | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | ASSET PRICES | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | INVESTMENT POLICIES | GOVERNMENT PENSION | PUBLIC PENSION | TRANSPARENCY | ASSET VALUES | PENSION FUND MANAGERS | FULL-CAREER WORKER | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE | PUBLIC DEBT | COMMODITY EXPORTS | PENSION LIABILITIES | FINANCIAL WEAKNESSES | MONETARY FUND | DEBT LEVELS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | HARMONIZATION | PENSIONABLE AGE | PENSIONABLE EARNINGS | FORMAL PENSION | LEVEL OF RISK | MULTI-PILLAR SYSTEM
Book
2009, Directions in Development, ISBN 9780821377819
All of the former transition economies in Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe (CESE) inherited from the era of central planning traditional defined-benefit pension systems financed on a pay-as-you-go basis... 
PUBLIC SCHEMES | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | INCOME TAX BASE | SOCIAL PENSIONS | DISABILITY BENEFITS | MINIMUM WAGE | MARKET ECONOMY | WAGE GROWTH | MARKET CONDITIONS | ANNUITIES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | RESERVE FUND | SOCIAL PENSION | FULL-CAREER WORKERS | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | CONTRIBUTION RATE | TAX RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | JOINT ANNUITY | PRICE-INDEXED ANNUITIES | INVESTING | TAX RELIEF | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MINIMUM PENSIONS | PRIVATE LIFE INSURANCE | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | BENEFIT RATE | MANDATORY PILLARS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | TAX PROVISIONS | ARBITRAGE | BENEFICIARY | MINIMUM OLD-AGE PENSION | STAKEHOLDERS | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | FUNDED COMPONENT | FUNDED PENSION | FINANCIAL SERVICES | WORTH | INTERNATIONAL BANK | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | GOVERNMENT POLICY | INCOME TAX | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WORKING AGE | PERSONAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | PENSION PROVIDERS | CONTRIBUTION RECORD | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEMES | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | BENEFICIARIES | FUND ASSETS | WAGES | BENEFIT INDEXATION | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | INCOME GROUPS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEME | GUARANTEED BENEFIT | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | PENSIONS | LEVEL OF PENSION EXPENDITURES | CURRENCY | DOMESTIC MARKET | STATE ENTERPRISES | BASIC BENEFIT | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION SYSTEM PARAMETERS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | NOMINAL WAGE | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | TAX BENEFITS | AVERAGE BENEFITS | BENEFIT LEVEL | WAGE | MINIMUM PERIOD | PRICE-INDEXED ANNUITY | FERTILITY RATES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRIBUTION PAYMENTS | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | TAXABLE INCOME | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENT | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | TAX ADVANTAGES | DEFINED-BENEFIT PENSION | DISABILITY PENSION | LIFETIME EARNINGS | CONSUMER | PAY-AS-YOU-GO PENSION SYSTEMS | AVERAGE WAGE | PENSION POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | LUMP-SUM DISTRIBUTIONS | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT SAVINGS | WORKING LIFE | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | PILLAR BENEFITS | INCOME LEVEL | BENEFIT FORMULAS | TAX REGIMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | ANNUITY | DISABILITIES | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED SCHEMES | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | CONTRIBUTION SCHEMES | ELDERLY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | PENSION SPENDING | TAX PURPOSES | RETIREMENT AGES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | PENSION BENEFITS | INCOME REPLACEMENT | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME | AVERAGE EARNINGS | INCOME TAXES | CONTRIBUTION SYSTEM | PENSION INCOME | ACCUMULATION PERIOD | PENSION SCHEMES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | ANNUAL RATE OF RETURN | LIFE INSURANCE | NOMINAL WAGES | LIFE EXPECTANCY | SECURITIES MARKETS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MINIMUM INCOME | INSURANCE SCHEMES | MULTIPILLAR SYSTEMS | CASH PAYMENTS | VOLUNTARY PENSION | TAX DEDUCTIBLE | FAMILY MEMBER | CAPITAL GAINS | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | PRICE INDEX | RETIREES | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONTRIBUTION SCHEME | CONTRIBUTION RATES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | LUMP SUM | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | PUBLIC PENSION | SAVINGS PROGRAMS | STATE PENSION | FINANCIAL SECTORS | CALCULATIONS | LONG-TERM CARE | UNEMPLOYMENT | DIVERSIFICATION | DIVORCE | PENSIONABLE AGE | PENSION TAXATION | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEME | SMALL ENTERPRISES | NOTIONAL CAPITAL | EARNINGS-RELATED PENSION | SURVIVOR PENSIONS
Book
02/2014
This note sets out options to develop private pensions in Albania. It has been requested by the authorities to help create a more diversified pension system that can deliver improved outcomes for Albania in decades to come... 
INVESTMENT FUND | TAX BENEFIT | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | START-UP COSTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | HOME OWNERSHIP | INVESTMENT RISK | MORTALITY TABLES | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | SMALL COUNTRY | ANNUITY MARKET | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | HOME COUNTRY | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | COST REDUCTION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | CUSTOMER ACQUISITION | MORTALITY | JOINT ANNUITY | PENSION SECTORS | TAX RELIEF | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CONVERSIONS | LEGISLATION | VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | FEE INCOME | ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | MANDATORY SAVING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEM | FINANCE CORPORATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | UNION | TAX BURDEN | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | PENSION FUND | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INVESTMENT FUNDS | LIFE ANNUITY | RENEWABLE ENERGY | TRUSTEE | DISABILITY | IDS | PENSION REFORM | ILLIQUIDITY | POOLS OF SAVINGS | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE ANNUITIES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | RETIREMENT | AFFORDABILITY | PENSION FUNDS | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | JOINT ANNUITIES | LABOR MARKET | REPLACEMENT RATES | MARKET STRUCTURE | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | COMPANY LAW | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | FINANCIAL ACCOUNT | INSURANCE | GENDER INEQUALITY | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | JUDGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | LEVEL OF ASSETS | ENROLLMENT | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | EXCESS RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC ECONOMY | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | BEQUESTS | PAY AS YOU GO | PRIVATE PENSION | TAX BENEFITS | HOME | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM STABILITY | ASSET MANAGERS | ENROLLMENTS | RETIREMENT DATE | TRUSTEES | EXTREME POVERTY | COMPANY PENSION | HOMEOWNERSHIP | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | RETIREMENT INCOME SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | PENSION POLICY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL ADVANTAGE | PENSION REFORM PROCESS | TAX INCENTIVES | PENSION ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | EU DIRECTIVES | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | OUTSOURCING | SCANDAL | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | LOCAL CAPITAL MARKET | RETURNS | TERM DEPOSIT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | INFORMAL SECTORS | CONTRIBUTION COLLECTION | FUTURE PENSION | PROPERTY MARKETS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RETIREMENT AGES | WITHDRAWAL | PENSION LAW | BANKING SUPERVISION | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PENSION INCOME | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | SOURCES OF FINANCE | PENSION SAVING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | EMPLOYERS | BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL SECURITY | VOLUNTARY PENSION | KEY CHALLENGES | COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | MICROENTERPRISES | GENDER EQUALITY | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | MARKET TRENDS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | COST STRUCTURE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PENSION PRODUCTS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | GENDER | REGULATORS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EQUITIES | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | CUSTOMER BASE | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PUBLIC SYSTEMS | ACCOUNT HOLDER | SMALL ENTERPRISES | WILL | TRANSFERABLE SECURITIES
Book
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