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Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0022-4669, 2019, p. 2246691983902
Journal Article
PARTY POLITICS, ISSN 1354-0688, 03/2019, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp. 203 - 207
The Sainte-Lague index (SLI) has a strong claim to be the index that should be adopted as the standard measure of disproportionality in electoral studies. Its... 
proportionality | inequality | POLITICAL SCIENCE | disproportionality indices | elections
Journal Article
Children and Youth Services Review, ISSN 0190-7409, 2011, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp. 1630 - 1637
Understanding the source of disparities found at decision-making points along the child welfare pathway is essential to understanding and addressing the... 
Disproportionality | Decision-making | African Americans | Child welfare | Substantiation | Disparities | PROTECTIVE SERVICES | NEGLECT | ETHNICITY | POVERTY | ABUSE | SOCIAL WORK | FAMILY STUDIES | MALTREATMENT | Disproportionality Disparities African Americans Child welfare Substantiation Decision-making
Journal Article
Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, 3/2019, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp. 203 - 207
The Sainte-Laguë index (SLI) has a strong claim to be the index that should be adopted as the standard measure of disproportionality in electoral studies. Its... 
disproportionality indices | inequality | proportionality | elections | Elections | Voters | Representation | Voting | Property | Accords
Journal Article
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, ISSN 0002-9602, 07/2019, Volume 125, Issue 1, pp. 184 - 260
The authors propose and test the concept of categorical manipulation, a process in which subordinate group demands for greater access to high-status categories... 
DISPROPORTIONALITY | SPECIAL-EDUCATION | EXPERTISE | WORKPLACE | HIERARCHIES | SEX-DIFFERENCES | RECONCEPTUALIZATION | IDENTIFICATION | BEHAVIORS | STUDENTS | SOCIOLOGY
Journal Article
Children and Youth Services Review, ISSN 0190-7409, 2011, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp. 1538 - 1542
The overrepresentation of minority children in the child welfare system has long been a troubling issue. Strategies to reduce this racial imbalance have... 
Disproportionality | Child welfare | African Americans | Overrepresentation | Disparity | BIAS | NEGLECT | RACIAL DISPROPORTIONALITY | ABUSE | RACE | SOCIAL WORK | FAMILY STUDIES | DECISION POINTS | Child welfare African Americans Overrepresentation Disproportionality Disparity | Analysis | Methods
Journal Article
The Journal of Pediatrics, ISSN 0022-3476, 02/2019, Volume 205, pp. 230 - 235.e2
To determine if child physical abuse hospitalization rates vary across urban-rural regions overall and after accounting for race/ethnicity and poverty... 
maltreatment | race | ethnicity | Hispanic Paradox | disparity | epidemiologic paradox | poverty | disproportionality | DIAGNOSIS | POVERTY | DISPARITIES | AVAILABILITY | RACE | PEDIATRICS | MALTREATMENT
Journal Article
Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0145-2134, 07/2019, Volume 93, pp. 182 - 196
Given fathers’ potential role in bringing about desired child welfare case outcomes, researchers have begun to identify factors that impact agency efforts to... 
Child welfare systems | Race-ethnicity | Nonresident fathers | Gender | Father involvement | Racial disproportionality
Journal Article
CHILDREN AND YOUTH SERVICES REVIEW, ISSN 0190-7409, 11/2016, Volume 70, pp. 383 - 393
Objective: This paper builds upon the analyses presented in three companion papers using data from the 2003 and 2008 cycles of the Canadian Incidence Study of... 
SERVICES | BIAS | INVOLVEMENT | Child welfare | AMERICANS | BARRIERS | NEGLECT | Families | Asian | RACIAL DISPROPORTIONALITY | Disproportionality | ABUSE | Physical abuse | SOCIAL WORK | FAMILY STUDIES | Racial disparity | Child maltreatment | MALTREATMENT
Journal Article
Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, 09/2019, Volume 182, pp. 109 - 113
Electoral systems struggle to combine proportionality (fair representation) and direct accountability (local representation). Economic optimization tools can... 
Elections | Binary integer programming | Proportional representation | Electoral systems | DISPROPORTIONALITY | ECONOMICS | Economic aspects | Business schools
Journal Article
Therapie, ISSN 0040-5957, 04/2019, Volume 74, Issue 2, pp. 225 - 232
Journal Article
Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, 11/2016, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp. 1216 - 1235
"Party hegemony" is a macro-level characteristic of party systems, which is a product of persistent and overwhelming electoral victories that leads to... 
pork barrel politics | political institutions | Turkey | local politics | electoral disproportionality | economic voting | ideology | hegemonic party | Justice and Development Party (AKP) | ISLAM | POLITICS | DISPROPORTIONALITY | POLITICAL SCIENCE | SYSTEMS | DEMOCRATIZATION | Elections | Justice | Voting | Logrolling | Hegemony | Ideology | Dominance | Political institutions | Political parties
Journal Article
Urban Education, ISSN 0042-0859, 2/2017, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 235
Racial/ethnic stereotypes are deep rooted in our history; among these, the dangerous Black male stereotype is especially relevant to issues of differential... 
racial/ethnic disparities | effective disciplinary practices | suspension and expulsion | stereotypes | discipline | disproportionality
Journal Article
Exceptional Children, ISSN 0014-4029, 7/2019, Volume 85, Issue 4, pp. 395 - 412
Disproportionality research has been subject to multiple reviews, but there has been less critical examination of the policy dimension of this enduring... 
disproportionate representation | law | disproportionality | special education | policy | Law | Education policy | Exceptional children | Special education
Journal Article
American Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0092-5853, 01/2010, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp. 90 - 106
Although the literature examining the relationship between ideological congruence and electoral rules is quite large, relatively little attention has been paid... 
Comparative literature | Plurality voting | Electoral rules | Voting | Conceptualization | Democracy | Political representation | Political parties | Electoral systems | Cross cultural studies | DISPROPORTIONALITY | CITIZENS | MAKERS | DEMOCRACY | POLITICAL SCIENCE | REPRESENTATION | ELECTION LAWS | SYSTEMS | TIME | POLICY POSITIONS | 2 VISIONS | Election districts | Political theory | Political science | Ideology
Journal Article
Children and Youth Services Review, ISSN 0190-7409, 02/2014, Volume 37, pp. 15 - 27
The disproportional representation and disparity experienced by African American children and families in the child welfare system have received increasing... 
Disproportionality | Child welfare | Conceptual framework | Disparity | Theory | African American | SERVICES | INVOLVEMENT | WHITE-CHILDREN | RACIAL DISPROPORTIONALITY | TANF APPLICANT FAMILIES | ETHNIC DISPARITIES | POVERTY | KINSHIP FOSTER-CARE | RACE | SOCIAL WORK | FAMILY STUDIES | MALTREATMENT
Journal Article
Annals of Operations Research, ISSN 0254-5330, 2018, pp. 1 - 17
Disproportionality indices aim at measuring to what extent the composition of a parliament differs from the distribution of the votes among parties.... 
Disproportionality index | Lijphart | Loosemore–Hanby | Duncan and Duncan | Malapportionment | Proportional representation | Parliaments | Indexes | Political parties | Seats
Journal Article
2009, ISBN 0195324935, ix, 284
From the ancient origins of Just War doctrine to contemporary theories of punishment, concepts of proportionality have long been an instrumental part of the... 
Politics & government | Proportionality in law | constitutional and administrative law | Disproportionality | Punishment | Proportionality | Bibliographic information | Individual rights | Excessiveness | Unconstitutional | Judicial review
Book