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2008, Directions in development. Infrastructure, ISBN 9780821375259, xxvi, 92
This book takes a look at the past to gain insights for the future. Nearly 30 years ago, when the world urban population was only about half of the 3 billion... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Municipal finance | World Bank | Finance | LOAN REPAYMENT RATES | SMALL BORROWERS | LOAN REPAYMENTS | IPO | BORROWING CAPACITY | IMPLICIT GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | LOAN RECOVERIES | PRIVATE CREDIT | LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE | LOAN PRODUCTS | ECONOMIC POLICY | EIB | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | BLOCK GRANTS | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | BUSINESS CENTERS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | RISK ASSESSMENTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | URBAN AREAS | PROFITABLE BUSINESS | CREDIT LINE | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | INTEREST RATE DECLINE | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE | HOST COUNTRIES | MARKET SHARE | COST OF CAPITAL | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LOCAL CREDIT SYSTEMS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | MUNICIPAL LOANS | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANKS | BANKING SECTORS | BANKING SERVICES | FINANCIAL SHOCKS | SOCIAL FUND | LOAN FINANCING | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL PLANNING | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT MARKETS | PUBLIC FINANCE | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | CREDIT AGENCY | DISBURSEMENTS | LOAN RECOVERY | MUNICIPAL FINANCE | BANK LENDING | UNION | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | DIRECTED CREDIT | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | MUNICIPAL BANKS | INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCE | ACTUAL COST | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | LINES OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | MARKET REFORM | RATE OF RETURN | LINE OF CREDIT | BANK POLICY | CAPITAL BUDGETING | ALTERNATIVE FUNDING | PRIVATE FINANCE | CREDIT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | SOCIAL FUNDS | OPERATING COSTS | INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | FINANCE COMPANY | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | MUNICIPAL LOAN | URBANIZATION | BORROWER | URBAN SERVICES | COMMERCIAL TERMS | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | BOND | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | MARKET FINANCE | GUARANTEE AGENCY | CREDIT MARKET | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFER | REPAYMENT RATES | BOND ISSUES | GRANT PROGRAMS | SAVINGS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | MUNICIPAL BOND | CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL STOCK | COMPETITIVE MARKET | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | FINANCIAL DEREGULATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | CAPITALS | CREDIT RISK | MATURE MARKET | LOC | POLITICAL ECONOMY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BANK ACCESS | CREDIT ACCESS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AUTONOMY | DECENTRALIZATION | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENTS | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | SUBSIDIARY | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | MUNICIPAL BORROWERS | BOND ISSUERS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | MUNICIPAL CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | INVESTMENT LOANS | GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | WATER SUPPLY | RETURNS | REPAYMENTS | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEE | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | INFLATION | MUNICIPAL INVESTMENTS | MARKET ECONOMIES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | POLITICAL RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | TRANCHES | TAX | RATING AGENCIES | MUNICIPAL BOND MARKET | FIXED CAPITAL | PRIVATE EQUITY | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | SWAPS | WAREHOUSE | PUBLIC BANK | PUBLIC BANKS | REPAYMENT RATE | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | URBAN GROWTH | MARKET COMPETITION | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | DIRECTED CREDITS | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | DISBURSEMENT | PRIVATE LENDERS | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | BASIS POINTS | PORTFOLIO | LEVY | GOVERNMENT GRANT | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | MUNICIPALITIES | CITY SIZE | RATES OF INTEREST | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | MARKET ACCESS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | INVESTMENT LOAN | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | BANK PORTFOLIO | PRODUCTIVITY | MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT | MUNICIPAL GRANTS
Book
2001, World economic and financial surveys, ISBN 9781589060562, x, 232
Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and... 
Banks and banking | Foreign exchange futures | Capital market | International finance
Book
Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, ISSN 0022-2879, 12/2013, Volume 45, Issue s2, pp. 3 - 28
Journal Article
2007, ISBN 9780691120669, xii, 241
The individual risks faced by banks, insurers, and marketers are less well understood than aggregate risks such as market-price changes. But the risks incurred... 
Economics | Econometrics | Risk (Insurance) | Banks and banking | Risk management | Marketing | Risk | Credit | Insurance
Book
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 06/2015, Volume 125, Issue 585, pp. 1072 - 1109
Credit cycles have been a characteristic of advanced economies for over 100 years. On average, a sustained pick‐up in the ratio of credit to GDP has been... 
RISK | FINANCIAL CRISES | ECONOMICS | MORAL HAZARD | EQUILIBRIUM | BOOMS | Gross domestic product
Journal Article
1983, ISBN 9780939934270, xi, 596
Edited by George M. von Furstenberg, this volume presents the rethinking of the functions and purposes served by international monetary arrangements at leading... 
Special drawing rights | International finance | Debts, External | Fund | International Monetary System | Sdrs
Book
1992, PSI report, ISBN 9780853744979, Volume no. 728, vii, 226
Book
1987, ISBN 9780939934935, xi, 336
Written by Margaret Garritsen de Vries, former Historian of the IMF, the book describes the policies and activities the IMF has pursued in helping members... 
International finance | International Monetary Fund | Balance of payments | Adjustment Process
Book
2000, IMF occasional paper, ISBN 9781557758941, Volume no. 195, ix, 65
The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is one of just a few regional central banks in the world and the only one where the member countries have pooled all their... 
Monetary unions | Eastern Caribbean Central Bank History | History | Eastern Caribbean Currency Union History
Book
2009, Directions in development. Private sector development, ISBN 9780821378113, xiv, 126
Nigeria's vision of 2020 is a bold desire to be among the top twenty economies by the year 2020. The economy has posted impressive growth figures since 2003... 
Investments | COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCE | TOTAL COMPENSATION | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | MATURITIES | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | TAXATION | BUSINESS CLIMATE | LARGE FIRMS | INTEREST RATES | EARNINGS | REAL INTEREST RATE | TRANSPORTATION NETWORK | TRADING | CONTRIBUTION | TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SOURCES OF CREDIT | CENTRAL BANK | IMPORT LICENSE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | PURCHASES | TAX RATE | ASSET BASE | POOR INVESTMENT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM FINANCING | ACCESS TO BANKS | ROAD TRANSPORT | BANKS | SALES | CREDITS | HUMAN RESOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN APPLICATION | CONTRIBUTIONS | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | LIMITED ACCESS | CASH FLOW | REAL INTEREST | TRANSIT | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIOS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCES | COMMODITY | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DEBT | FORMAL SOURCES OF CREDIT | OIL PRICES | BRIBES | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | ENTREPRENEURIALISM | JOB CREATION | LINES OF CREDIT | INTERNAL FUNDS | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | INVENTORIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | TRADE CREDIT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | QUESTIONNAIRE | INDIRECT COSTS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | LABOR MARKET | CREDIT CULTURE | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | AVERAGE INTEREST RATES | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | MATURITY | NPL | LABOR COSTS | LOAN | PERSONAL ASSETS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | AVERAGE INTEREST | LARGE FIRM | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | CONSOLIDATION | AUDITING | TAX ADMINISTRATION | APPLICATION PROCESS | CARS | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ROAD | UNACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | LAND OWNERSHIP | BUSINESS OWNERS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | FOREIGN FIRMS | CONSOLIDATION PROCESS | MARGINAL RATE | INDIRECT COST | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | FIRM PERFORMANCE | HEAVY RELIANCE | BUSINESS OWNER | PROBLEMS WITH CREDIT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | BANK LOANS | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | AVERAGE WAGE | SUBSIDIARY | LONG-TERM FINANCE | UNEMPLOYED | LOAN APPLICATIONS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | NONPERFORMING LOANS | DOMESTIC CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | APPLICATION PROCEDURES | INCOME | CAPITAL BASE | INCOMES | RETAINED EARNINGS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | EMPLOYEE | BUSINESS CLIMATES | COLLECTION PROCESS | PUBLIC FINANCES | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | BANKING SUPERVISION | EDUCATION LEVEL | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | CREDIT SOURCE | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | OVERDRAFT | SOURCES OF FINANCE | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | ROADS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | LOAN MARKETS | ECONOMIC REFORMS | SMALLER FIRMS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | INVESTMENT CLIMATES | BOTTLENECKS | CAR | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | ANGEL INVESTORS | LEVEL OF DEBT | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | BANK BORROWING | GENDER | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING | UNEMPLOYMENT | BANK INTEREST RATES | BORROWING | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | LOAN OFFICERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ACCESS TO LOANS | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
2010, Independent Evaluation Group Studies, ISBN 0821383051, xxx, 122
This evaluation examines the relevance and effectiveness of Poverty Reduction Support Credits (PRSCs), introduced by the Bank in early 2001 to support... 
Evaluation | Economic assistance | Poverty | World Bank | Developing countries | COUNTRY CASE STUDIES | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY | AID COORDINATION | DEBT RELIEF | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | SERVICE DELIVERY | EXPENDITURE | SECTORAL OBJECTIVES | GDP | COUNTRY ASSISTANCE STRATEGIES | CREDIBILITY | NATIONAL INCOME | ANNEXES | EMPLOYMENT | CASS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | POLITICAL ECONOMY | MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | LENDING PORTFOLIO | GOVERNMENT REFORM | BANK LOANS | FUNGIBLE | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | LEADERSHIP | SUBSIDIARY | COMPLAINTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRANCHE | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | TRANSACTION | COUNTRY DEBT | CIVIL SOCIETY | ADJUSTMENT OPERATIONS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ACCOUNTABILITY | INCOME | LENDING INSTRUMENT | OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | BENCHMARKS | CREDITS | WATER SUPPLY | ADJUSTMENT LENDING | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | GOVERNANCE ISSUES | RESOURCE MOBILIZATION | COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PROJECT PERFORMANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCE | DOMESTIC DEBT | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | LENDERS | DISBURSEMENTS | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES | HEAVILY INDEBTED POOR COUNTRIES | SOCIAL SERVICES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CAPACITY BUILDING | DEBT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | HIPC | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | LOAN AMOUNTS | ACCOUNTING | BANK POLICY | TRANSACTION COSTS | DEBT MANAGEMENT | DONOR AGENCIES | LABOR MARKET | SECTOR PROJECTS | CAS | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | DEVELOPMENT BANK | ADJUSTMENT LOANS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | PROCUREMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | MISSIONS | DISBURSEMENT | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | LOAN | INITIATIVE | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | TRANSPARENCY | HOST GOVERNMENTS | MACROECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PORTFOLIO | MONETARY FUND | COUNTRY PROGRAM | COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK | LEGAL AGREEMENTS | INSTRUMENT | COUNTRY ASSISTANCE STRATEGY | RESERVES | COUNTRY ASSISTANCE | AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
Book
World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 241 - 265
In the early 1990s the World Bank launched the Regional Program on Enterprise Development (RPED) in several African countries, a key component of which was to... 
Productivity | Manufacturing industries | Trade credit | Observational research | Credit | Investment credit | Corporations | World Bank | Business structures | Financial investments | INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURS | BANKING RELATIONSHIPS | RISK AVERSE | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | FIXED COSTS | CREDIBILITY | RISK PREMIUM | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMIC POLICY | MARKET CONDITIONS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES | INTEREST RATES | CREDIT PROVISION | EARNINGS | MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES | FIRMS | INDEBTEDNESS | HUMAN RESOURCES | TRADING | REGULATORY SYSTEM | SMALL FIRMS | FORMAL BORROWING | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | INVESTING | ENVIRONMENTAL | MANUFACTURERS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | SUPPLIER | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ENTERPRISE GROWTH | INFORMATION ON INVESTMENT | INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE | BANKS | EXPORTERS | FIRM SIZE | ENTERPRISE SIZE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | TURNOVER | PRODUCERS | CORPORATION | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | LOAN APPLICATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | MONOPOLY | STOCK DATA | CREDIT HISTORIES | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LOCAL BUSINESS | CREDIT RATING | BANKING CRISIS | BRIBES | JOB CREATION | INVENTORIES | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | TRADE CREDIT | EFFICIENCY WAGES | MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES | LACK OF CREDIT | CREDITWORTHINESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | FORMAL ANALYSES | CREDIT RELATIONSHIPS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | ECONOMIC PROBLEMS | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | VALUE ADDED | MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES | SUPPLIERS | FORMAL CREDIT | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | ENTRY BARRIERS | ECONOMISTS | WAGES | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | ECONOMIC RENTS | INSURANCE | MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | MARKET FAILURE | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | LABOR COSTS | COUNTRY CREDIT | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDS | EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC MARKET | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | CREDIT MARKET | ENDOWMENTS | LACK OF ACCESS | INCREASING RETURNS | SALES GROWTH | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | COMPETITIVENESS | MARKET FAILURES | ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT | CAPITAL STOCK | COMPETITIVE MARKET | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | EXTERNAL FINANCE | GDP | INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS | LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES | OBSTACLES TO GROWTH | PORTFOLIO CHOICE | CREDIT RISK | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | ETHNIC GROUPS | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | FINANCIAL MARKETS | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | CREDIT ACCESS | COMPANY | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | BANKING CRISES | INVESTMENT RATES | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | TOTAL COSTS | IRREVERSIBILITY | FINANCIAL SECTOR | FORMAL LOANS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | NEW MARKETS | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | TRANSACTION | ENTERPRISE FINANCING | RED TAPE | INVESTMENT ACTIVITY | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SUNK COSTS | FORMAL LOAN | EMPLOYEE | POSITIVE EFFECTS | CREDIT CONSTRAINT | EMPLOYER | FINANCIAL REFORMS | INFLATION | CAPITAL COSTS | MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISE | DOMESTIC MARKETS | ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS | TAX | ENTREPRENEUR | MARGINAL COSTS | FIXED CAPITAL | ECONOMIC RISK | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | SMALL FIRM | PROFIT RATE | CONSTANT RETURNS TO SCALE | FUTURE RESEARCH | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | MINORITY ENTREPRENEURS | CREDIT RATINGS | EXPANSION | LABOUR MARKET | FOREIGN INVESTORS | LABOR FORCE | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | TAX REVENUES | MARGINAL PRODUCT | WEALTH | HUMAN CAPITAL | ELASTICITY | GENDER | EXPORTS | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PORTFOLIO | BORROWING | FIXED COST | BIASES | PROVISION OF CREDIT | RETURNS TO SCALE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ECONOMIC THEORIES | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | ECONOMICS | INVESTMENT RATE | PANEL-DATA | SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA | INVESTMENT | SIZE | GROWTH | EFFICIENCY | DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article
Journal Article