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Neurobiology of learning and memory, ISSN 1074-7427, 09/2020, Volume 173, p. 107270
Midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons are involved in the processing of rewards and reward-predicting stimuli, possibly analogous to reinforcement learning reward prediction errors... 
Discriminative stimulus | Temporal difference algorithm | Dopamine | Reward | Ventral tegmental area | Reinforcement learning
Journal Article
Neuropharmacology, ISSN 0028-3908, 09/2020, Volume 175, p. 108176
.... The Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA)-Nucleus Accumbens (NAc) circuit has been shown to encode rewarding stimuli and drive individual alcohol drinking behavior... 
Stimulation patterns | Dopamine release | Fast scan cyclic voltammetry | Individual alcohol drinking | NAc core | NAc shell
Journal Article
Chemicals & chemistry, ISSN 1944-1517, 07/2020, p. 1065
.... Dopaminergic neurons are traditionally thought to signal positive or negative prediction errors (PEs) when reward expectations are, respectively, exceeded or not matched... 
Neurosciences | Dopamine | Biology | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5099, 06/2020, Volume 13
..., 2018). Its typical clinical features are motor symptoms, which result from accumulated Lewy bodies and the remarkable death of dopaminergic neurons... 
Plasma | Metabolomics | Oxidative stress | Parkinson's disease | Disease | Pathogenesis | Values | Lipids | Sphingolipids | Research | Proteins | Metabolites | Lipid metabolism | Bioinformatics | Movement disorders | Dopamine | Neurodegenerative diseases | Metabolism | Gene expression | Apolipoproteins | Chromatography | Researchers | Proteomics | Scientific imaging | Mutation | Mass spectrometry
Journal Article
by Xu, Le and Nan, Jun and Lan, Yan
Frontiers in neural circuits, ISSN 1662-5110, 06/2020, Volume 14
The comorbidity of depression and addiction has become a serious public health issue, and the relationship between these two disorders and their potential... 
Drug abuse | Dopamine | Comorbidity | Neurons | Pathogenesis | Hypothalamus | Mental depression | Addictions | Nucleus accumbens | Signal transduction | Molecular modelling | Addiction | Neural networks | Addictive behaviors | Reinforcement | Behavior | Public health
Journal Article
Chemicals & chemistry, ISSN 1944-1517, 06/2020, p. 3793
.... According to news reporting originating from Princeton, United States, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "Dopamine (DA) neurons are known to encode... 
Neurosciences | Researchers | Dopamine | Life sciences | Research | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
CE Noticias Financieras, 06/2020
... astrocytes, brain support cells, into neurons that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine. As a result, symptoms of Parkinson's disease in mice go away, as published... 
Medicine | Proteins | Medical research | Dopamine | Researchers | Neurodegeneration | Neurons | Genes | Parkinsons disease | Fibroblasts | Clinical trials | Deoxyribonucleic acid--DNA
Newspaper Article
Mental health weekly digest, ISSN 1543-6608, 06/2020, p. 365
... School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, "The Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA)-Nucleus Accumbens (NAc) circuit has been shown to encode rewarding stimuli and drive individual... 
Medicine | Dopamine | Mental health | Alcohol | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
Chemicals & chemistry, ISSN 1944-1517, 06/2020, p. 4352
... the topographic organization of long-term value signals are observed upon activity of presumed DA neurons and presumed striatal projection neurons (phasically active neurons... 
Medicine | Dopamine | Topography | Science | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
Chemicals & chemistry, ISSN 1944-1517, 06/2020, p. 509
... behavior. “However, how the brain encodes the reinforcing properties of social interactions remains elusive. “Here using in vivo recording in freely moving mice... 
Neurosciences | Dopamine | Neurons | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
Chemicals & chemistry, ISSN 1944-1517, 06/2020, p. 2213
.... This heterogeneity is at odds with typical modeling approaches in which these neurons are assumed to encode a global, scalar error signal. “How is dopamine dependent plasticity... 
Neurosciences | Dopamine | Organic chemicals
Newspaper Article
Frontiers in neuroscience, ISSN 1662-453X, 06/2020, Volume 14
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, characterized by prominent degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and aggregation of the protein alpha-synuclein within... 
Brain | Phenotypes | Phosphorylation | Dopamine | Parkinson's disease | Neurodegenerative diseases | Substantia nigra | Kinases | Synuclein | Lewy bodies | Proteins | Pathology | Neurotoxicity | Mitochondria | Neurodegeneration | Autopsy | Transgenic animals | Coding | Quality control | Mutation | LRRK2 protein | Movement disorders | Apoptosis | Dopamine receptors | neurodegeneration | autophagy | LRRK2 | mitochondria | Parkinson’s disease | α-synuclein
Journal Article
Journal of Neuroscience Research, ISSN 0360-4012, 06/2020, Volume 98, Issue 6, pp. 1046 - 1069
.... Given the prominent role dopamine plays in a variety of adaptive behavioral states, as well as diseases like addiction, it is essential to understand the full complexity of dopamine neurons... 
reward | accumbens | substantia nigra | striatum | ventral tegmental area | acetylcholine | dopamine | PREDICTION ERRORS | TONICALLY ACTIVE NEURONS | AXONAL BRANCHING PATTERNS | BASAL GANGLIA | VESICULAR GLUTAMATE | SUBSTANTIA-NIGRA | NEUROSCIENCES | NUCLEUS-ACCUMBENS CORE | MIDBRAIN DOPAMINE | NEOSTRIATAL CHOLINERGIC INTERNEURONS | Subpopulations | Heterogeneity | Dopamine | Motivation | Addiction | Decision making | Neostriatum | Reinforcement
Journal Article