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Chemical Engineering Science, ISSN 0009-2509, 2010, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp. 12 - 17
With fast increasing demand in liquid transportation fuels, limited and unevenly distributed petroleum resources, and volatile petroleum prices, coal... 
Energy | FTS | Fuel | Catalysis | Reaction engineering | Indirect coal liquefaction | Direct coal liquefaction | PERFORMANCE | MODEL | H-2 | IRON-MANGANESE CATALYST | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | KINETICS | FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS | FE5C2
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2015, Volume 144, pp. 342 - 348
•An interactive effect was testified to exist in the co-pyrolysis of lignite and DLR.•Interactive effect was caused by the organic components and poor fluidity... 
Coal direct liquefaction residue | Lignite | Co-pyrolysis | Interactive effects | Tar | PARTICLES | SHENHUA COAL | ENERGY & FUELS | STEAM | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | VICTORIAN BROWN-COAL | DEVOLATILIZATION | REACTOR | PRODUCTS | ROLES | GASIFICATION | FLUIDIZED-BED | Pyrolysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 02/2018, Volume 213, pp. 144 - 149
•H2 has promotive effects on cracking of carboxylates in DCL.•Transformation of sodium species in DCL is closely related to the atmosphere.•Sodium-containing... 
Sodium species | Chemical transformation | Zhundong coal | CO2 gasification | Direct coal liquefaction | gasification | HIGH-TEMPERATURE GASIFICATION | COMBUSTION | ALKALI | ENERGY & FUELS | DIFFERENT OCCURRENCE MODES | BEHAVIOR | CHAR | RELEASE | VOLATILIZATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | VICTORIAN BROWN-COAL | PYROLYSIS
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 10/2017, Volume 165, pp. 80 - 86
A rapid separation method for the large-scale synthesis (422g) of β-FeOOH nanospindles has been achieved via a facile hydrolysis route, including a simple... 
Large-scale synthesis | Catalysis | β-FeOOH | Direct coal liquefaction | FULVIC-ACID | PARTICLES | MECHANISM | ENERGY & FUELS | PROPERTY | DISPERSED IRON | FORCED HYDROLYSIS | FERRIC-CHLORIDE | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | NANOPARTICLES | EVOLUTION | beta-FeOOH | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | CATALYSTS
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 12/2014, Volume 128, pp. 232 - 237
Liquefaction behaviors of Bulianta raw coal (RBC) and its macerals were investigated in a tubing-bomb micro-reactor. TG/DTG analyses show more weight loss of... 
H2S | Tetralin | Direct liquefaction | Coal macerals | Fe catalyst | ELUCIDATION | ENERGY & FUELS | FIXED-BED REACTOR | MODEL COMPOUNDS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | EXCHANGE REACTION | VITRINITE | TRITIATED GASEOUS-HYDROGEN | PYROLYSIS BEHAVIOR | METHANE DECOMPOSITION | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | CATALYSTS | Hydrogenation | Fine chemicals | Analysis | Solvents | Free radicals | Catalysts | Liquefaction | Weight loss | Coal | Macerals | Iron
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 06/2017, Volume 197, pp. 209 - 216
•Transformation and roles of inherent mineral matter in DCL are briefly overviewed.•Pretreatment methods of low-rank coals to enhance the oil yields are... 
Roles and transformation | Mineral matter | Product distribution | Direct coal liquefaction | ENERGY & FUELS | DIFFERENT OCCURRENCE MODES | CATALYST | ION-EXCHANGED CALCIUM | SOLVENT-EXTRACTION | RANK COALS | LIGNITE | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | VICTORIAN BROWN-COAL | HYDRO-LIQUEFACTION | PYROLYSIS | ZHUNDONG COAL | Coal conversion | Mineral industry | Rankings | Mining industry
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 2014, Volume 123, pp. 82 - 91
In this study, the performance and exhaust emissions of diesel engine fueled with diesel from direct coal liquefaction (DDCL)-biodiesel blends consisting of... 
Diesel engine | Combustion | Exhaust emissions | Diesel from direct coal liquefaction | Biodiesel | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | IMPACT | OIL | ENERGY & FUELS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | DIRECT-INJECTION | Diesel motor | Nitric oxide | Biodiesel fuels | Internal combustion engine industry | Analysis | Blends | Polymer blends | Diesel engines | Fuel consumption | Fuels | Exhaust emission
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering & Technology, ISSN 0930-7516, 04/2019, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 818 - 826
Direct coal liquefaction involves catalyzed interactions between molecular hydrogen and coal‐oil slurries at elevated pressure and temperature, typically in... 
Iron carbonyl powder catalyst | Tetralin | Hydrogenation | Carbonyl iron | Direct coal liquefaction | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | THERMAL DISSOLUTION | Powders | Chemical industry | Asphaltenes | Catalysts | Iron sulfides | Liquefaction | Kerosene | Ultrafines | Precursors | Carbonyl powders | Coal liquefaction | Catalysis | Iron oxides | Slurries
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 01/2020, Volume 260, p. 116319
•MWAE and subsequent SE are effective for enriching condensed aromatics from HODCL.•HODCL mainly consists of tricyclic and tetracyclic CAs along with small... 
Sequential elution | Direct coal liquefaction residue | Microwave-assisted extraction | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | SOLAR-CELLS | PYRENE | ENERGY & FUELS | RESIDUES | Elution | Liquefaction | Alkanes | Gas chromatography | Pyrene | Aromatic compounds | Coal | Coal liquefaction | Chemical composition | Sulfur | Bituminous coal | Bituminous | Organic compounds
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 05/2016, Volume 172, pp. 153 - 159
•Beneficiated coal fractions obtained by column flotation.•Direct coal liquefaction of original and beneficiated fractions in a batch reactor.•Yield and... 
Beneficiated coal | Yield | Product distribution | Direct coal liquefaction | Column flotation | CATALYSIS | MECHANISM | ENERGY & FUELS | PILOT-SCALE | MODEL COMPOUNDS | SULFIDE | VITRINITE-RICH | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | FRACTIONS | HYDROGEN-TRANSFER | CHEMISTRY | Clay | Mineral industry | Montmorillonite | Mining industry
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 04/2015, Volume 145, pp. 143 - 150
•The liquefaction residue can improve the slurryability of low-rank coals.•YM and SM coal have synergistic effect with the residue in slurryability.•Blending... 
Direct coal liquefaction residue | Blending | Slurryability | Low-rank coal | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | STABILITY | IMPROVEMENT | PETROLEUM COKE | WATER SLURRY | RHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 12/2018, Volume 234, pp. 1259 - 1268
•The composition of diesel from direct coal liquefaction (DDCL) was measured.•The temperature-dependent physical properties of DDCL were measured.•A... 
Surrogate fuel | Diesel from direct coal liquefaction | Spray | Atomization | Fuel properties | COMBUSTION | ENERGY & FUELS | FORMULATION | BLENDS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | EVAPORATION | ALTERNATIVE JET FUELS | ENGINE CONDITIONS | GROWTH | GAS | CONSUMPTION | DROPLET
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2018, Volume 215, pp. 438 - 445
•Positive and negative interactions are co-existing during co-pyrolysis of DCLR with lignite.•HS and A in DCLR promote the release of volatiles at low... 
Direct coal liquefaction residue | Lignite | Co-pyrolysis | Interactions | Kinetics | MATTER | MECHANISM | ENERGY & FUELS | LOW-RANK COAL | SUB-BITUMINOUS COAL | REACTIVITY | BLENDS | THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | THERMAL-BEHAVIOR | BIOMASS | GASIFICATION | Coal conversion | Pyrolysis | Activation energy | Analysis
Journal Article