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2005, Procyclicality of Financial Systems in Asia, ISBN 1403943516, xxii, 307
China and India already rank among the world's largest economies, and each is moving rapidly toward the center stage of the global economy. In this process,... 
India Economic conditions | China Economic policy | China Economic conditions | India Economic policy | International Economics | Management science
Book
2010, ISBN 9781589069275, xxi, 306
The book covers a wide range of topics of relevance to policymakers in countries that have sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) and those that receive SWF... 
Book
The Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, 8/2011, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp. 1047 - 1108
Journal Article
2007, Occasional paper, ISBN 1589066146, Volume 258, xii, 135
Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses: these outcomes in Canada owe much to... 
Monetary policy | Canada Economic conditions | Fiscal policy | Canada Economic policy | Pension | Energy | Growth | Banking | Inflation Targeting | Macroeconomics | Economic Growth
Book
2008, ISBN 9781589066755, xi, 397
About one-third of countries covered by the IMF's African Department are members of the CFA franc zone. With most other countries moving away from fixed... 
Book
2008, ISBN 1589066774, viii, 397
Mozambique is an economic success story in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Its remarkable achievements offer valuable lessons to other low-income countries in a... 
Book
2013, ISBN 9781484315347, xiii, 229
China has reached a stage where further financial sector reforms appear essential. As the reform process progresses and macrofinancial linkages deepen, the... 
Banks and banking | Macroeconomics | China Economic policy | Economic development | Finance | Economic stabilization
Book
1999, Issues in transition, ISBN 1557758255, Volume no. 183., vii, 77
This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence... 
Asia, Central Economic conditions | Asia, Central Economic policy
Book
2003, ISBN 9781589062078, vi, 183
Russia Rebounds analyzes Russia's dramatic economic recovery since the country's 1998 financial crisis, emphasizing macroeconomic issues and fiscal and banking... 
Banks and banking | Russia (Federation) Economic policy | Taxation | Russia (Federation) Economic conditions | Debts, Public | Economic Recovery
Book
2002, ISBN 9781589060432, vii, 389
Since the mid-1990s, economic observers have kept a watchful eye on the financial sector because of its potential to spark economic crises. Banks in particular... 
Banks and banking | Monetary policy | Financial institutions | International Monetary Fund | State supervision | Government policy
Book
1995, Occasional paper, ISBN 1557755191, Volume 127, vii, 69
Four papers analyze the process of transition to a market economy in the Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia through early 1995. 
Europe, Eastern Economic conditions | Europe, Eastern Economic policy | Economic stabilization
Book
1994, Occasional paper, ISBN 9781557754110, Volume 113, vii, 117
Poland's economy rebounded dramatically in 1992-93, several years after the nation embarded on a comprehensive program of economic transformation. This paper... 
Poland Economic conditions | Poland Economic policy
Book
2001, World economic and financial surveys, ISBN 9781589060562, x, 232
Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and... 
Banks and banking | Foreign exchange futures | Capital market | International finance
Book
Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, 06/2005, Volume 113, Issue 3, pp. 485 - 517
Journal Article
2011, ISBN 9780821389430, xxii, 294
This volume combines the analyses of leading experts on the various elements affecting economic growth and the policies required to spur that growth. Ascent... 
Global Financial Crisis, 2008-2009 | Economic policy | Recessions | Economic development | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | GLOBAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | CORPORATE TAX | CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE | BUSINESS CYCLE | PRIVATE CONSUMPTION | PRIVATE CREDIT | GOVERNMENT DEBT | ECONOMIC POLICY | ASSETS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | CONSUMER DURABLES | INDEBTEDNESS | TAX REFORM | MONETARY POLICIES | PROTECTIONIST MEASURES | MARKET SEGMENTS | SLOWDOWN | CENTRAL BANK | REGULATORY REFORM | TAX RATE | SECTOR REFORM | LIQUIDITY | DISCOUNT RATE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | OIL EXPORTERS | INTERNATIONAL RESERVE | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | OUTPUT RESPONSE | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | INVESTMENT RATIOS | DEVALUATION | REAL EFFECTIVE EXCHANGE RATES | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | ARBITRAGE | FOOD PRICES | TRADING SYSTEM | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT | CAPITAL FLOWS | BANK CREDIT | TRADE OPENNESS | DEVELOPING ECONOMY | GLOBAL IMBALANCES | RECESSION | GLOBALIZATION | GROWTH RATES | EXCESS SUPPLY | GLOBAL ECONOMY | CLIENT COUNTRIES | COMMON CURRENCY | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | INCOME TAX | MARKET SEGMENT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | IMPORT PROTECTION | EXTERNAL DEMAND | CURRENT ACCOUNT POSITIONS | TRADE DEFICITS | GOVERNMENT BONDS | OUTPUT | CREDITWORTHINESS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE | LABOR MARKET | LEVERAGE | SURPLUS COUNTRIES | UNCERTAINTY | REGIONAL MARKETS | MACROECONOMIC POLICY | CENTRAL BANKS | EXCHANGE RATES | IMPORTS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | STRUCTURAL REFORM | OUTPUT DECLINE | EXPOSURE | EXCHANGE RATE | DEPRESSION | TRADE PATTERNS | EXOGENOUS SHOCKS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | FINANCIAL CRISES | OIL PRICE | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | CONSOLIDATION | CAPITAL FLOW | DEREGULATION | GLOBAL DEMAND | FEDERAL RESERVE | GLOBAL ECONOMIES | TAX REFORMS | COMPETITIVENESS | GLOBAL FINANCE | COLLATERAL | FINANCIAL VULNERABILITY | FISCAL POLICY | RESERVE CURRENCY | DOMESTIC REAL INTEREST RATES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | NATIONAL SAVING | PENSION | CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS | BANK GOVERNORS | MONETARY POLICY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS | MORTGAGES | FINANCIAL REFORM | STEADY STATE | RISK CAPITAL | BANKING SYSTEMS | DEBT CRISIS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | CAPITAL INFLOWS | CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES | EQUILIBRIUM | FINANCIAL SECTOR | CENTRAL BANK POLICY | STOCK MARKET CAPITALIZATION | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | IMPORT | NATURAL RESOURCE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY | REAL DEPRECIATION | IMPORT DEMAND | INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | EXCHANGE RATE FLEXIBILITY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | GROWTH PERFORMANCE | OUTPUT GAPS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | DOMESTIC DEBT | FLOWS OF CAPITAL | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | LIBERALIZATION | COMPETITIVE EXCHANGE RATE | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | FINANCIAL VOLATILITY | SURPLUS | FOREIGN RESERVES | FISCAL IMBALANCES | PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT | MONIES | RECESSIONS | POVERTY REDUCTION | EXCESS CAPACITY | EXTERNAL DEFICITS | OIL-EXPORTING COUNTRIES | STOCK MARKET | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | SECTOR LIBERALIZATION | ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES | INTEREST RATE | OPEN ECONOMIES | MARKET SHARES | SLACK | SHORTFALLS | EMERGING MARKET | IMBALANCE | CURRENT ACCOUNT IMBALANCES | ASSET PRICES | HUMAN CAPITAL | JOINT VENTURE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | AGGREGATE DEMAND | NATURAL RESOURCES | PUBLIC DEBT | PENSION LIABILITIES | INFLATIONARY PRESSURE | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM | BANKING SECTOR | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | EXCHANGE RATE POLICIES | WORLD ECONOMY | EMERGING-MARKET | HARMONIZATION | GLOBAL MARKET | SOVEREIGN DEBT | EXPORT MARKETS | EXPORT PERFORMANCE | SLOW GROWTH | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | DOMESTIC DEMAND | INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
Book
Econometrica, ISSN 0012-9682, 07/2018, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp. 1325 - 1346
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 5/2014, Volume 104, Issue 5, pp. 538 - 543
In this paper we ask whether the US government should replace its current discounting practices with a declining discount rate schedule, as the United Kingdom... 
Consumption | Discounting | Economic models | Discount rates | Economic benefits | Government budgets | Marginal utility | Economic growth rate | Interest rates | Forecasting models | DISCOUNTING FOR THE LONG RUN | DISTANT FUTURE | ECONOMICS | Policy sciences | Forecasts and trends | Economic policy | Analysis | Studies | Economic theory
Journal Article
1929, Stockholm economic series, Volume No. 1, x, 252
Book
Quarterly Journal of Economics, ISSN 0033-5533, 02/2015, Volume 130, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 53
We estimate how households trade off immediate costs and uncertain future benefits that occur in the very long run, 100 or more years away. We exploit a unique... 
RARE DISASTERS | POLICY | PRICES | MARKETS | PUZZLES | ECONOMICS | CRISES | CONSUMPTION | OF-CLIMATE-CHANGE | Rents (Property) | Prices and rates | Economic aspects | Land tenure | Discounts (Sales) | Real property | Studies | Leasehold | Home ownership | Cash flow | Housing | Present value | Benefit cost analysis
Journal Article
2009, ISBN 0821379712, xv, 225
Closing the Coverage Gap discusses how social pensions and other retirement income transfers can be used to close the coverage gap of mandatory pension... 
Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | Government policy | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | INCOME GROUP | NATIONAL POPULATION | HEALTH ECONOMICS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | POLICY ANALYSIS | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | MINIMUM PENSION | PENSION PLAN | PERIODS OF UNEMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY POPULATION | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | SOCIAL PENSION | CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | OLDER WOMEN | TAKE-UP RATE | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | TAX RATE | POOR FAMILIES | CHILD CARE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | ADMINISTRATIVE DATA | PENSION ACCOUNT | MINIMUM PENSIONS | VULNERABILITY | CLIMATE CHANGE | INCOME SECURITY | PUBLIC PENSIONS | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PENSION ISSUES | POLICY GUIDANCE | DISCOUNT RATES | RETIREMENT AGE | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEMES | SOCIAL POLICY | CREDITS | MARGINAL TAX RATES | PENSION REFORM PRIMER | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | ELDERLY PERSONS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | POPULATION AGEING | POVERTY LEVELS | TRADITIONAL FAMILY | WORTH | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | COMMODITY | OLD-AGE | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | WITHDRAWAL RATE | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | HUMAN RIGHTS | PENSION REFORM | COST ESTIMATES | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET TRANSITIONS | LOW-INCOME WORKERS | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | FINANCIAL PLANNER | LOW FERTILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | GLOBAL POPULATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | CITIZEN | MIGRATION | PENSION SYSTEMS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SKILLED WORKERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION PROVIDERS | SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE PENSION | LOW-INCOME INDIVIDUALS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENCIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | FAMILY POLICIES | INDIGENOUS PEOPLE | PENSION SCHEME | NATIONAL PLAN | MINORITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | LIMITED RESOURCES | CHRONIC POVERTY | QUALITY OF SERVICES | DISSEMINATION | NUTRITION | PROBABILITIES | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | POVERTY RATES | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | ORPHANS | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | PENSION TRANSFERS | POVERTY RATE | SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATIONS | IMPORTANT POLICY | BEST PRACTICES | PENSION RIGHTS | GENERAL POPULATION | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CURRENT PROGRAMS | POOR INDIVIDUALS | VOLUNTARY SAVINGS | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | FAMILY SUPPORT | LEGAL STATUS | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOURCES OF INCOME | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | WITHDRAWAL | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | IMPACTS OF POPULATION | AVERAGE EARNINGS | PENSION INCOME | MATERNITY LEAVE | PENSION SCHEMES | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | SENIOR | BABIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY DEVELOPMENT | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ASSET HOLDINGS | INTEREST RATE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | KNOWLEDGE GAP | PUBLIC PENSION | FINANCIAL ASPECTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT DECISION | CALCULATIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | LONG-TERM SAVINGS | FIXED COST | TRADE UNION | FINANCIAL POLICY | POLICY MAKERS | HUMAN RIGHT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BUDGETING | OLDER MEN | SOCIAL AFFAIRS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book