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excessive gingival display (39) 39
dentistry (22) 22
humans (21) 21
gummy smile (20) 20
index medicus (17) 17
smiling (17) 17
surgery (16) 16
dentistry, oral surgery & medicine (15) 15
female (13) 13
diagnosis (12) 12
adult (11) 11
esthetics, dental (11) 11
male (11) 11
lip repositioning (10) 10
esthetics (8) 8
gingiva (8) 8
stomatognathic diseases (7) 7
toxin type-a (7) 7
adolescent (6) 6
lip (6) 6
vertical maxillary excess (6) 6
aesthetics (5) 5
analysis (5) 5
botulinum toxin (5) 5
case report (5) 5
case studies (5) 5
gingiva - anatomy & histology (5) 5
lip - surgery (5) 5
patient satisfaction (5) 5
smile (5) 5
young adult (5) 5
care and treatment (4) 4
cephalometry (4) 4
gingiva - pathology (4) 4
perception (4) 4
surgery, plastic (4) 4
teeth (4) 4
treatment outcome (4) 4
abridged index medicus (3) 3
cosmetic techniques (3) 3
crown lengthening (3) 3
etiology (3) 3
face - anatomy & histology (3) 3
gingival exposure (3) 3
gingivectomy (3) 3
health aspects (3) 3
incisor - anatomy & histology (3) 3
lip - anatomy & histology (3) 3
lips (3) 3
maxilla (3) 3
medicine (3) 3
muscles (3) 3
oral surgery (3) 3
orthodontics (3) 3
osteotomy (3) 3
patient care planning (3) 3
research (3) 3
age (2) 2
altered passive eruption (2) 2
article (2) 2
attractiveness (2) 2
botox (2) 2
botulinum toxins - administration & dosage (2) 2
botulinum toxins, type a - administration & dosage (2) 2
botulinum-toxin (2) 2
display (2) 2
exposure (2) 2
facial expression (2) 2
facial muscles - anatomy & histology (2) 2
facial muscles - drug effects (2) 2
facial muscles - surgery (2) 2
follow-up studies (2) 2
gums (2) 2
injections, intramuscular (2) 2
lip - pathology (2) 2
management (2) 2
maxilla - anatomy & histology (2) 2
maxillary protrusion (2) 2
methods (2) 2
middle aged (2) 2
minimally invasive surgical procedures - methods (2) 2
mouth mucosa - surgery (2) 2
mucosa (2) 2
neuromuscular agents - administration & dosage (2) 2
osteotomy, le fort (2) 2
patients (2) 2
photography (2) 2
physiological aspects (2) 2
plastic surgery (2) 2
quality of life (2) 2
sex factors (2) 2
stomatognathic system (2) 2
tissue (2) 2
tooth eruption - physiology (2) 2
tooth wear (2) 2
two-piece segmental le fort i osteotomy (2) 2
usage (2) 2
2 commercial preparations (1) 1
abnormalities (1) 1
adult education (1) 1
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Journal of the American Dental Association, ISSN 0002-8177, 01/2019, Volume 150, Issue 1, pp. 58 - 68
Background: The demand for orthognathic surgery has increased worldwide. Women with jaw deformity tend to have a worse quality of life than men owing to the... 
Excessive gingival display | maxillary protrusion | two-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy | Humans | Quality of Life | Adult | Female | Male | Cephalometry | Facial Bones | Gingiva | Maxilla | Osteotomy, Le Fort | Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus | Osteotomy | Orthodontics | Patient outcomes | Abnormalities | Gums
Journal Article
The Journal of the American Dental Association, ISSN 0002-8177, 01/2019, Volume 150, Issue 1, pp. 58 - 68
The demand for orthognathic surgery has increased worldwide. Women with jaw deformity tend to have a worse quality of life than men owing to the deformity’s... 
Excessive gingival display | maxillary protrusion | two-piece segmental Le Fort I osteotomy | RIGID INTERNAL-FIXATION | DIVISION 2 | OPEN-BITE | STABILITY | GUMMY SMILE | ADVANCEMENT | ANGLE | ADULT | PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE
Journal Article
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, ISSN 0972-124X, 01/2016, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp. 82 - 87
Excessive gingival display during smile can result in compromised esthetics. This study aims to report a case of excessive gingival display with multiple... 
Crown lengthening | excessive gingival display | lip repositioning | Case studies | Care and treatment | Gum diseases | Diagnosis | Research | Gingivitis | Case Report
Journal Article
by Polo, M
AESTHETIC SURGERY JOURNAL, ISSN 1090-820X, 08/2018, Volume 38, Issue 9, pp. 938 - 940
Journal Article
JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, ISSN 1049-2275, 05/2019, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp. 876 - 878
The objective of this article is to present 3 various types of gummy smile treated with botulinum toxin-A injection per site at Yonsei points. The patients,... 
gingival exposure | SURGERY | DIAGNOSIS | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | Botox | cosmetic dentistry | dental esthetics | onabotulinum toxin A
Journal Article
Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery, ISSN 0974-2077, 2019, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp. 240 - 243
This clinical report describes the successful use of aesthetic crown lengthening, lip-repositioning technique as well as gingival depigmentation for the... 
excessive gingival display | gingival depigmentation | lip repositioning | periodontal plastic surgery | gummy smile
Journal Article
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS & RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY, ISSN 0198-7569, 07/2019, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp. E167 - E173
The objective of this article is to review ideal injection point and ideal dose of botulinum toxin-A injections to treat different types of gummy smile, and to... 
DIAGNOSIS | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | EXPOSURE
Journal Article
Journal of Periodontology, ISSN 0022-3492, 03/2019, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp. 256 - 262
Background Excessive gingival display (EGD), or a gummy smile (GS), is a mucogingival deformity that can be of concern to patients. The prevalence of GS... 
esthetics, dental | lip | smiling | gingiva | DIAGNOSIS | ETIOLOGY | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | MANAGEMENT | ALTERED PASSIVE ERUPTION | CALCIUM-CHANNEL BLOCKERS | DENTITION | AESTHETICS | OVERGROWTH | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | CYCLOSPORINE
Journal Article
Journal of Periodontology, ISSN 0022-3492, 07/2018, Volume 89, Issue 7, pp. 815 - 823
Background Lip repositioning is a conservative surgical method for the correction of excess gingival display (EGD) by limiting the upward retraction of the... 
esthetics, dental | lip | smiling | gingiva | Esthetics | Lip | Smiling | Gingiva | Dental | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | GUMMY SMILE | LAYPERSONS | PERCEPTION | AESTHETICS | PAIN | dental | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | CASE SERIES | esthetics
Journal Article
Aesthetic Surgery Journal, ISSN 1090-820X, 08/2018, Volume 38, Issue 9, pp. 925 - 937
Abstract Background A gummy smile is treated using many techniques, including botulinum toxin injection and various surgical interventions. Micro-autologous... 
SURGERY | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | VERTICAL MAXILLARY EXCESS | VIABILITY | GRAFT | OSTEOTOMY | BOTULINUM-TOXIN | Facial Surgery
Journal Article
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, ISSN 0901-5027, 02/2018, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp. 184 - 187
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of isolated V–Y plasty on lip lengthening and the treatment of gummy smile. An isolated V–Y plasty was performed... 
gingival display | upper lip length | isolated V–Y plasty | SURGERY | AESTHETICS | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | isolated V-Y plasty | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | CLOSURE | RELIABILITY | OSTEOTOMY | Esthetics | Lip - surgery | Humans | Male | Treatment Outcome | Photography | Adolescent | Adult | Female | Smiling | Gingivoplasty - methods | Osteotomy, Le Fort | Anatomic Landmarks
Journal Article
Siriraj Medical Journal, 03/2019, Volume 71, Issue 2, pp. 168 - 174
Excessive gingival display, as known as Gummy Smile, is a clinical condition which is attracting a great attention and focus recently. Having knowledge and... 
Siriraj Med J 2019;71: 168-174 | vertical maxillary excess | Excessive gingival display | gummy smile
Journal Article
10/2016, Volume 221, Issue 8, 10
Some of the most challenging patients to produce a pleasing smile for are those who present with inadequate tooth display (either due to tooth position, the... 
REST | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | DIMENSION | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | TISSUE | TOXIN TYPE-A | FACE | AGE | Esthetics, Dental | Tooth Attrition | Tooth Eruption | Humans | Tooth Wear | Smiling | Incisor | Tooth
Magazine Article
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, ISSN 2210-2612, 2018, Volume 42, pp. 169 - 174
A gummy smile (GS) affects the esthetic and the psychological status as it usually decreases the self-confidence leading to hidden or controlling the smile. A... 
Gummy smile treatment | Botulinum toxin injection | Gingivectomy | Excessive gingival display | Botox
Journal Article
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, ISSN 0032-1052, 06/2013, Volume 131, Issue 6, pp. 934e - 935e
Journal Article
Periodontology 2000, ISSN 0906-6713, 06/2018, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp. 65 - 83
Altered passive eruption is described as a condition in which the relationship between teeth, alveolar bone and soft tissues creates an excessive display of... 
DIMENSIONS | DIAGNOSIS | EXCESSIVE GINGIVAL DISPLAY | DENTOGINGIVAL UNIT | DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE | ATTACHED GINGIVA | TEETH | SMILE | ATTRACTIVENESS | MORPHOLOGY | PERCEPTIONS | Esthetics, Dental | Tooth Eruption - physiology | Cosmetic Techniques | Humans | Risk Factors | Gingiva - anatomy & histology | Smiling | Oral Surgical Procedures
Journal Article
The Saudi Dental Journal, ISSN 1013-9052, 2019, Volume 31, Issue Suppl, pp. S89 - S95
This case report explains an effective multidisciplinary approach used to improve the function, biology, and esthetic of a patient presented with an excessive... 
Crown lengthening | High smile line | Esthetic dentistry | Multidisciplinary dentistry | Excessive gingival display | Dental implant
Journal Article
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