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2013, ISBN 1475512198, xii, 456
The first two decades of the twenty-first century have witnessed an influx of innovations and reforms in public financial management. The current wave of... 
Public administration | Finance, Public
Book
2012, ISBN 0691155801, cm.
In the past three decades, developing countries have made significant economic and social progress, from improved infant mortality rates to higher life... 
Economics | Capital investments | Business & Economics | Development | KCM | Economic Development | Economic development | Public welfare | Business
Book
2012, ISBN 9781616353766, xxi, 226
Despite its vast oil wealth, central Africa still struggles to sustain strong, inclusive economic growth or to generate sufficient employment opportunities,... 
resource Curse | economic Development | natural Resources | Oil | trade | inclusive Growth | economic Policy | petroleum Industry | Central Africa
Book
2003, MENA development report, ISBN 9780821356357, xxii, 281
This is a book about the state of governance in the Middle East and North Africa, and how it affects growth and development in the region. Using an analytical... 
Arab countries Social conditions | Arab countries Economic policy | Arab countries Politics and government | Public administration | REMEDIES | CORRUPTION | SERVICE DELIVERY | CITIZENS | NATIONAL INCOME | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | EXECUTIVE POWER | PUBLIC GOVERNANCE | EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | BUREAUCRACY | GOOD GOVERNANCE | PUBLIC POLICY | CONSTITUTIONS | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | NEPOTISM | PURCHASING POWER PARITY | PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY | AUTHORITY | BRIBERY | LAWS | INVESTMENT RATES | FREEDOM OF CHOICE | PARLIAMENT | PUBLIC SECTOR PERFORMANCE | AMBITION | CONSTITUENCIES | NATIONS | PUBLIC HEALTH | SUBSIDIARY | BAD GOVERNANCE | ECONOMIC POLICIES | EXTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY | PUBLIC AGENCY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | GOVERNANCE PROCESSES | LABOR UNION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CONSENSUS | SCHOOLS | INCOME LEVEL | CIVIL SOCIETY | INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS | PUBLIC SERVICE | INCOME | ACCOUNTABILITY | INTEGRITY | LIBERATION | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS | RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS | MEASURING GOVERNANCE | POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT | REPRESENTATION IN PROJECT ACCOUNTABILITY | ACHIEVEMENTS | GOVERNANCE | GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS | LIVELIHOODS | GOVERNANCE INDICATORS | GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS | IMPROVING GOVERNANCE | VOTING | ELECTED OFFICIALS | GOVERNANCE ISSUES | PUBLIC GOODS | GOVERNANCE REFORMS | PER CAPITA INCOMES | PUBLIC SERVICE ACCOUNTABILITY | CODES OF CONDUCT | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | RULE OF LAW | GOVERNMENT | POLITICAL RISK | PURCHASING POWER | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY | PUBLIC SECTOR | ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS | REGULATORY QUALITY | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | GOVERNANCE QUALITY | NATIONAL ELECTIONS | MUNICIPAL SERVICES | DISCLOSURE | DISCRIMINATION | CONSTITUENCY | POLITICIANS | DRINKING WATER | LEGAL PROVISIONS | RESOURCE CURSE | PUBLIC SERVICES | ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS | CONSTITUTION | SOCIAL EQUITY | JUSTICE | CIVIL SERVANTS | CLEAN WATER | OIL | YOUTH | DIRECT INVESTMENT | CONSTITUTIONALITY | INTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY | POLITICAL POWER | JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE | POLITICAL LEADERS | ACCOUNTABILITY IN GOVERNANCE | LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY | URBANIZATION | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | EQUALITY OF TREATMENT | PROPERTY RIGHTS | GOVERNMENT ACTION | POOR GOVERNANCE | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | GOVERNMENT INFORMATION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CITIZEN | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | POLICY MAKING PROCESSES | PUBLIC OFFICIALS | INFANT MORTALITY | VIOLENCE | LEGISLATURE | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICIES
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821374511, Volume no. 134, xvii, 99
The countries of Southeast Europe have undergone a significant transition over the past decade. Helped by macroeconomic stabilization and efforts in advancing... 
Finance, Public | Balkan Peninsula Social policy | Social policy | Balkan Peninsula | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | SALARIES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE DELIVERY | WAGE EXPENDITURES | ALLOCATION | PUBLIC PROVISION | EXTERNAL DEBT | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | ROAD NETWORK | HEALTH SECTOR | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | DATA AVAILABILITY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | CIVIL SERVICE SALARY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE SECTOR | AVERAGE GROWTH | COMPETITIVE BIDS | NATIONAL BANK | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | RESPONSIBILITIES | HEALTH SERVICES | PUBLIC REVENUES | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | TAX RATE | PENSIONS SYSTEMS | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | PUBLIC PENSIONS | COUNTRY ECONOMISTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | FISCAL REFORMS | ACCOUNTABILITY | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | BANKS | VALUABLE | FISCAL SYSTEM | SALES | PRIVATE SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGE | CURRENT EXPENDITURES | CREDITS | MARKETING | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | CIVIL SERVICE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | REFORM EFFORTS | PURCHASING POWER | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE POLICY | RECESSION | LIVING STANDARDS | OLD-AGE | DEBT | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | INCOME TAX | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCE USE | RETIREMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL IMBALANCES | REFORM AGENDA | DIRECT INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICIT | REFORM PROCESS | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | CIVIL SERVICE PAY | EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS | WELFARE BENEFITS | TREASURY SYSTEMS | BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | LOAN | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES | SECONDARY EDUCATION | BUDGETARY FUND | FISCAL ENVELOPE | SUPPORT PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | CURRENCY | RAPID DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | CAPITAL SPENDING | WAGE | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | FISCAL PRESSURES | TAXPAYERS | FOREIGN BORROWING | NATIONAL AUTHORITIES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | ETHNIC GROUPS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | POLICY COMMITMENTS | DECENTRALIZATION | INTEREST PAYMENTS | EQUITY ISSUES | PUBLIC HEALTH | ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION | ETHNIC GROUP | CURRICULA | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | FISCAL COST | PUBLIC SERVICE | PERSONAL INCOME | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE CUTS | INCOME | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | EARLY RETIREMENT | INCOMES | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTION | COST-EFFECTIVENESS | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | COST RECOVERY | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | CURRENT ACCOUNT | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | INCOME LEVELS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | FOREIGN GRANTS | RETIREMENT AGES | CURRENT EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR | SALES TAXES | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | INCOME TAXES | SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | HEALTH FINANCING | BEST PRACTICE | GOVERNMENT FINANCE STATISTICS | SENIOR | INSURANCE SCHEMES | PUBLIC SERVICES | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | RETIREMENT PERIOD | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE POLICIES | POVERTY REDUCTION | GENERAL PUBLIC | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONTRIBUTION SCHEME | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | PERSONAL INCOME TAXES | TAX REVENUES | FISCAL POSITIONS | CONTRIBUTION RATES | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | PUBLIC PENSION | HEALTH SPENDING | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | EXPENDITURE ADJUSTMENTS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | HEALTH INSURANCE FUNDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | EDUCATION POLICY | PERVERSE INCENTIVES | SIZE OF GOVERNMENT
Book
2006, OUP Catalogue, ISBN 9780195179972, xix, 664
The world's agenda of international cooperation has changed. The conventional concerns of foreign affairs, international trade, and development assistance, are... 
International cooperation | Finance, Public | Public-private sector cooperation | international economics | Finance, Public-International cooperation
Book
2005, A World Bank country study, ISBN 0821363662, cm.
Effective, efficient and transparent management of public resources is particularly important in a poor country like Niger. This study shows how difficult it... 
Accounting | Expenditures, Public | Finance, Public | Niger | JUDICIAL OVERSIGHT | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY | DEBT RELIEF | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ECONOMIC STRUCTURE | EXPENDITURE DATA | SOCIAL GROUPS | CIVIL SERVICE REFORM | EXTERNAL DEBT | HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | CURRENCY UNIT | PUBLIC RESOURCES | CONCESSIONAL TERMS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | INSTITUTIONAL PERFORMANCE | INFORMAL ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | TAX BASE | FISCAL PERFORMANCE | BUDGET SUPPORT | EXOGENOUS FACTORS | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BASIC EDUCATION | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET MANAGEMENT | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ADJUSTMENT | DEVELOPMENT GOALS | AUTONOMY | RESEARCH INSTITUTE | LAWS | CASH MANAGEMENT | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK | CENTRAL BANK | HEALTH SERVICES | DECONCENTRATION | PUBLIC | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | URBAN AREAS | DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS | BUDGET EXECUTION | ELECTRICITY | HEALTH SURVEY | AUDITS | NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS | PUBLIC HEALTH | SUBSIDIARY | SECTORAL ALLOCATIONS | SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA | PUBLIC ACCOUNTS | BUDGET REVIEW | CIVIL SOCIETY | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT | GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTS | FINANCE MINISTRIES | INCOME | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | EXPENDITURE CATEGORY | PUBLIC WORKS | SAHARA | DEBT SERVICE | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | TECHNICAL SUPPORT | RECURRENT COSTS | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | CASH RATIONING | INFORMAL SECTORS | GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES | BUDGET OUTCOMES | EXTERNAL AUDITS | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCES | INFLATION | CIVIL SERVICE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | SECTOR POLICY | BUDGET PROCESS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | SOCIAL SERVICES | FISCAL BALANCE | PAYMENTS ARREARS | DONOR ASSISTANCE | DOMESTIC REVENUE | TAX COLLECTION | BUDGET TRANSACTIONS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE TRACKING SURVEY | PUBLIC SECTOR | BUDGET PROCESSES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE TRACKING | BANQUE CENTRALE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST | TAX | DEBT | EXPENDITURE ALLOCATIONS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PLANNING | FISCAL DEFICITS | POVERTY IMPACT | INVENTORY | LONG TERM | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | ROADS | POLICY STATEMENT | ACCOUNTING | BUDGET PREPARATION | LIVING CONDITIONS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | POOR COUNTRIES | POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY | DEBT MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | DONOR COMMUNITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | POVERTY LINE | EXPENDITURE CONTROLS | BUDGET DISCIPLINE | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BUDGET ALLOCATION | BUDGET CHOICES | PRIMARY SCHOOL | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | ISLAMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | WAGES | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | FINANCIAL ASSETS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEWS | FINANCIAL CONTROLS | PROVISIONS | RURAL AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | INTERNAL AUDIT | ANALYTICAL WORK | ACCOUNTING PRACTICES | TRANSPORT | FLOW OF EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | PRESENT VALUE | TREASURY | BUDGET PREPARATION PROCESS | EXTERNAL AUDIT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | FINANCE COMMITTEE | EXCHANGE RATE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION | TREASURY OPERATIONS | BORROWING | FINANCIAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS | BUDGET CLASSIFICATION | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | BUDGET PROPOSALS | BUDGET LAW | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH CENTER | DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | DEVELOPMENT AID | FINANCIAL CONTROL | BUDGET DIRECTORATE | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | FINANCIAL CONTROLLERS | TAX ADMINISTRATION
Book
2012, World Bank study, ISBN 9780821394816, ix, 76
The Government of Liberia is in the process of developing a new Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) that is intended to determine its path toward middle-income... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Concessions | Liberia Economic policy | Public-private sector cooperation | FIXED FEE | DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM | CONCESSION AGREEMENTS | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | USER CHARGES | CONCESSION AREAS | RAIL TRANSPORT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PIERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PRIVATE SECTOR | CAPACITY-BUILDING | TRANSPORTATION NETWORK | BUSINESSES | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | GENERATION | FREIGHT TRAFFIC | INFRASTRUCTURE CAPACITY | MINES | COLLECTION EFFICIENCY | PORT FACILITIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | FUEL OIL | SANITATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | CARGO | FISHING | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT | FINANCIAL TERMS | TERMINAL OPERATORS | TRANSPORT SECTOR | E-MAIL | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | TRANSPORTATION | PERFORMANCE TARGETS | POWER | DRIVERS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | ROAD PROJECTS | PUBLIC SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE | TRANSMISSION | NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE | CAPITAL CONSTRAINTS | PUBLIC SERVICE PROVIDER | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | CONCESSION PROCESS | INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANTS | CASH FLOW | MANAGEMENT FEE | RAILWAYS | COMMODITY | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | DEBT | EXCESS POWER | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | DIVESTITURE | PORT CHARGES | QUERIES | TRAINS | BULK WATER SUPPLY | LICENSES | ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE | LICENSE | LEASE CONTRACT | VALUE CHAINS | INDEXATION FORMULAS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | COMMERCIAL RISKS | CREDITWORTHINESS | PORT AUTHORITY | FOOD PRODUCTION | ECONOMIC BENEFITS | CORRIDOR INVESTMENT | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | PRIVATE OPERATORS | PORT CONCESSIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE POLICY | BRIDGE | INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES | PDF | EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL SERVICE | CONCESSION CONTRACTS | CONTRACT PERFORMANCE | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | INSTITUTION | MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS | CONCESSIONAIRES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | TELECOM | PORT OPERATIONS | NATIONAL ACCOUNTING | LICENSE FEE | POWER SECTOR | RAILROADS | SAVINGS | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | COMPETITIVENESS | INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICE | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CUSTOMS | WATER DISTRIBUTION | ROAD | SANITATION SERVICES | GOVERNMENT ENTITY | FOREIGN FIRMS | INVESTMENT RISKS | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS | BULK WATER | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | INTERFACE | CONCESSION MODEL | TOLL | CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS | GENERATORS | TELEPHONE | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WATER TARIFFS | INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | CAPABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY | RAILWAY | RURAL ROADS | DUE DILIGENCE | PUBLIC | ELECTRICITY | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | AIRPORTS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES | PUBLIC SERVICE | NATURAL RESOURCE | FORESTRY | PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITY | MATERIAL | RISK ALLOCATION | PUBLIC WORKS | BEST PRACTICES | COMPETITIVE BIDDING PROCESS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION | CONCESSION | FREIGHT COSTS | EXTERNAL CONSULTANTS | LEASE FEE | CAPITAL COSTS | O&M | COPYRIGHT | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FEEDER ROADS | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR | HUMAN CAPACITY | PUBLIC PROPERTY | TIMBER | CAPACITY BUILDING | SOLID WASTE COLLECTION | TAX | MOBILE TELEPHONY | TRANSMISSION LINES | MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS | INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR | PROCUREMENT PROCESS | FUNCTIONALITY | FUEL | ROADS | TAX RATES | TECHNICAL EXPERTS | ENVIRONMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE REHABILITATION | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC MANAGEMENT | RAIL FREIGHT | PUBLIC SERVICES | CONTAINER PORT | EXCESS CAPACITY | RAIL | FINANCIAL ANALYSIS | RIGHTS OF ACCESS | CONCESSIONS | PROVISIONS | PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURE | ROAD DAMAGE | RAILWAY LINE | INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK | HUMAN CAPITAL | RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE | TRANSPORT | POWER DISTRIBUTION | NATURAL RESOURCES | SERVICE CONTRACTS | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | FINANCIAL VIABILITY | PUBLIC DEBT | ROAD NETWORKS | RESULTS | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | CHEAPER POWER | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | CUSTOMER BASE | ENTRY POINT | USES | USER | PERVERSE INCENTIVES | ENABLING ENVIRONMENTS | ECONOMIC RISKS | FREIGHT | PRODUCTIVITY | CONCESSION CONTRACT | GOVERNMENT APPROVAL | RESULT
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821387030, xiv, 124
This study aims to help governments design sustainable Public-Private Partnership (PPP) strategies and projects in the context of the changed circumstances... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public-private sector cooperation | CHECKS | DEBT SERVICING | TOLL ROAD | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | SOVEREIGN BONDS | TRUST FUND | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | CONTRACT DESIGN | BOND MARKET | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | MATURITIES | PRIVATE INVESTORS | MARKET RISKS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | CURRENCY DEPRECIATION | MARKET CONDITIONS | EIB | BASIS POINT | VEHICLE | GOVERNMENT BOND YIELDS | INTEREST RATES | CURRENCY DEVALUATION | PUBLIC BORROWING | BONDS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PASSENGERS | LONG-TERM INVESTORS | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS | TUNNEL | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | HIGHWAYS | TRAFFIC DEMAND | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SANITATION | LEGISLATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ACCOUNTABILITY | LOCAL DEBT MARKET | CAPITAL GRANT | EXPORTERS | LONG-TERM DEBT | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT SECTOR | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | TRANSPORT PROJECTS | ROAD PROJECTS | PUBLIC FINANCE | VEHICLES | RISK MANAGEMENT | ADB | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | RAILWAYS | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | OIL PRICES | SHARES OF INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICITS | INVESTMENT FUNDS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | TREASURY BONDS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | RATES OF INFLATION | MARKET BORROWING | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT RESEARCH | LOCAL DEBT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | PSP | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | HIGHWAY | LIGHT RAIL | FISCAL DEFICIT | TOLLS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | DEFAULT RISK | MATURITY | BRIDGE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | PRESENT VALUE | BID | INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING | URBAN TRANSPORT | DRIVING | CREDIT MARKET | INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS | RAIL LINKS | GOVERNMENT BOND | TRAFFIC | TAX SYSTEMS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | AIRPORT | ROAD | FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | EXPENDITURE | SHORT-TERM BORROWING | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | ROAD SECTOR | PRIVATIZATION | PRIVATE INVESTOR | DEFICITS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | TOLL | MOTORWAYS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | HIGHWAY PROJECT | RAILWAY | LAWS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | RISK PREMIUMS | CAPITAL GRANTS | SUBSIDIARY | INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS | BALANCE­SHEET | MARKET LIQUIDITY | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | AIRPORTS | TRANSACTION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM | HIGHWAY REHABILITATION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | INVESTMENT SPENDING | AIRPORT EXPANSION | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | ROAD TUNNEL | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | SHORT-TERM DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FUNDS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM LOANS | LENDERS | DEBT RATIOS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | BOND INDEX | COUNTRY RISK | SAFETY NETS | UNDERGROUND | MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | SAFETY | STATE GUARANTEES | TAX | BOND ISSUE | RAIL PROJECTS | MARKET RISK | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | DEBT EXCHANGE | ROADS | ACCOUNTING | PRIVATE LOANS | PUBLIC BANKS | LANES | EMERGING MARKET BOND | HIGH-SPEED RAIL | TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS | CREDIT RATINGS | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | TRANSPORT INVESTMENT | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | HIGHWAY PROJECTS | TREASURY | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | HIGHWAY PROGRAM | BUDGET DEFICIT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | LOCAL BANKS | BASIS POINTS | PUBLIC DEBT | MONETARY FUND | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | PUBLIC SECTOR INVESTMENT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | INSTRUMENT | NATIONAL HIGHWAYS | BUDGETING | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES
Book
2008, 1, MIT Press Books, ISBN 9780262042505, Volume 1, xiii, 332
The marginal cost of public funds (MCF) measures the loss incurred by society in raising additional revenues to finance government spending. The MCF has... 
Cost effectiveness | Expenditures, Public | Finance & Accounting | public funds; taxes; public sector borrowing
Book