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2008, ISBN 0821376705, lvi, 181
The purpose of this evaluation is threefold. First, it seeks to assess how, and how well, the World Bank Group has supported its public and private sector... 
Environmental aspects | Economic assistance | Sustainable development | World Bank Evaluation | MINISTER | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | DEBT RELIEF | ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES | LOGGING | SUSTAINABLE GROWTH | ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY | GENDER EQUITY | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | SUPPLY CHAIN | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY | MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | COMPANY | LIMITED | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | POLLUTION | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | DUE DILIGENCE | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE | LEADERSHIP | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | NUTRITION | CREDIT LINE | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | COMPLAINTS | PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS | ENVIRONMENTAL | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CLIMATE CHANGE | ENERGY EFFICIENCY | MANDATES | CIVIL SOCIETY | WATER POLLUTION | LEGISLATION | AIR QUALITY | FORESTRY | SPONSOR | ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES | CREDITS | WATER SUPPLY | CARBON | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | POPULATION GROWTH | STAKEHOLDERS | CORPORATION | PUBLIC GOODS | WASTE MANAGEMENT | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT | SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS | BANK LENDING | UNION | DEFORESTATION | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | METROPOLITAN AREAS | EMISSIONS | CLEAN TECHNOLOGY | COAL | CAPACITY BUILDING | MDB | REGULATORY REFORMS | DEBT | ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS | ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY | DONOR SUPPORT | DUE DILIGENCE REQUIREMENTS | LINES OF CREDIT | MAINSTREAM INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS | MANAGERS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CREDIT LINES | PUBLIC UTILITIES | ABATEMENT | FOREST MANAGEMENT | BANK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION | SOCIAL FUNDS | ADVISORY SERVICES | GENDER POLICY | KEY CHALLENGES | OIL | REAL SECTOR | REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | INCORPORATED | INSTITUTIONAL REFORM | DEVELOPMENT BANK | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | ECONOMISTS | ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | ADVISORY SERVICE | EXTERNALITIES | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION | INITIATIVE | NATURAL RESOURCES | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | TRANSPARENCY | GENDER | RECYCLING | BORROWING | GUARANTEE AGENCY | POLLUTION CONTROL | ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE | BUSINESS PLANS | PRODUCTIVITY | ECONOMICS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | GOVERNMENT POLICIES
Book
2008, 1, MIT Press Books, ISBN 9780262140980, Volume 1, vi, 271
Theoretical and empirical perspectives on how fiscal policies in Europe and the United States can avoid government bankruptcy.. 
Budget deficits | Debts, Public | Finance, Public | public debt; United States; Italy; Netherlands; Austria; Denmark; United Kingdom; Switzerland
Book
2012, Critical issues in environmental taxation, ISBN 1781952183, Volume 12, xviii, 283
Book
2008, ISBN 9780521877404, xvi, 282
There is widespread acceptance that much of the developed world faces a potential pensions and welfare crisis as a result of declining birth rates and an... 
Fiscal policy | Europe PopulationMathematical models | Population forecasting | Demography | Methodology | Finance | Statistical methods | Mathematical models | Econometric models | Forecasting | Human services | Economics | Human services - Finance - Forecasting | Population
Book
1996, Princeton studies in international finance, ISBN 0881652539, Volume no. 81, 78
Book
1991, IMF working paper, Volume WP-91-5, 27
Book
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 09/2017, Volume 127, Issue 604, pp. 2093 - 2126
We study Markov‐perfect optimal fiscal policy in an economy with financial frictions and sovereign default in the form endogenously determined haircuts on... 
SOVEREIGN DEFAULT | COMMITMENT | EQUILIBRIUM-MODEL | MONETARY-POLICY | POSITIVE THEORY | STATE | RISK | ECONOMICS | GOVERNMENT DEBT | PUBLIC DEBT | PRIVATE | Fiscal policy | Financial markets | Sustainable development | Bonds | Government bonds | Economic models | Sustainability | Liquidity | Markov analysis | Default
Journal Article
05/2019, ISBN 9781464813849
Petroleum discovery in a country presents its policy makers with a challenging and complex task: formulating and agreeing on policies that will shape the... 
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT | PETROLEUM | REVENUE | FRAGILE | FISCAL POLICY | ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT | FEDERATION | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | POLICY | OIL | CONFLICT-AFFECTED STATES | TRANSPARENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | SOCIAL IMPACT | GAS | RESOURCE-RICH | VALUE CHAIN | OWNERSHIP
Book
2008, IMF working paper, Volume WP/08/97, 23
This paper applies a simple probabilistic approach to debt sustainability analysis to the case of Lebanon. The paper derives "fan charts" to depict the... 
Fiscal policy | Econometric models | Debts, Public | Lebanon Economic conditionsEconometric models
Book
European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, 11/2019, Volume 120, p. 103305
By constructing a two-country endogenous growth model with a debt-financing government, this paper studies the relationship between the sustainability of... 
Tax competition | Fiscal sustainability
Journal Article
2014, ISBN 0191749109
A comprehensive survey of a new generation of independent fiscal institutions, established to promote transparency in public finances. The chapters, written by... 
Fiscal policy | Financial services industry | Independent regulatory commissions | State supervision
Web Resource
The Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, 2/2013, Volume 123, Issue 566, pp. F4 - F30
How high can public debt rise without compromising fiscal solvency? We answer this question using a stochastic model of sovereign default in which risk-neutral... 
Interest | FEATURE: SOVEREIGN DEBT AND FISCAL POLICY IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE FINANCIAL CRISIS | Public debt | Debt limits | Loan defaults | Financial economics | Sovereign debt | Sustainable economies | Gross domestic product | Interest rates | POLICY | ECONOMICS | Economic aspects | Sustainable development | Analysis
Journal Article
Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, ISSN 0022-2879, 08/2015, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp. 975 - 1005
We examine whether the U.S. and German state governments pursue sustainable fiscal policies taking into account fiscal transfers. Using panel data techniques... 
institutions | H72 | H74 | C23 | panel data | fiscal transfers | H77 | public debt | fiscal sustainability | Fiscal transfers | Panel data | Public debt | Institutions | Fiscal sustainability | UNITED-STATES | EURO AREA | US STATES | LOCAL-GOVERNMENTS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | PANEL-DATA | TIME-SERIES | ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC-GROWTH | DEFICITS | BUDGET CONSTRAINT
Journal Article
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
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