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Journal of Theoretical Biology, ISSN 0022-5193, 2007, Volume 244, Issue 1, pp. 59 - 67
Journal Article
Ethology, ISSN 0179-1613, 07/2019, Volume 125, Issue 7, pp. 430 - 438
There are many anti‐predatory escape strategies in animals. A well‐established method to assess escape behavior is the flight initiation distance (FID), which... 
antipredator behavior | escape strategies | black redstart | dichromatism | age | flight initiation distance | Animal behavior | Flight | Group size | Birds | Males | Prey | Flight behavior | Predators | Body mass | Escape behavior | Body size | Urbanization | Sexual dimorphism | Predation | Females | Aposematism | Species
Journal Article
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, 01/2014, Volume 281, Issue 1777, p. 20133019
Journal Article
Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, 02/2018, Volume 136, pp. 75 - 86
Rapid human population growth and increasing habitat fragmentation lead to more frequent direct encounters between humans and animals. Consequently, numerous... 
distance fled | antipredator behaviour | flight initiation distance | body size | birds | urbanization | escape behaviour | starting distance | BODY-SIZE | BEHAVIOR | PERFORMANCE | PREDATOR | FEAR | RESPONSES | HUMAN DISTURBANCE | ZOOLOGY | HUMAN-POPULATION | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | RISK-ASSESSMENT | Birds | Analysis
Journal Article
Ethology, ISSN 0179-1613, 07/2019, Volume 125, Issue 7, pp. 415 - 420
More often than not, animals forage under predation risk. Foragers, therefore, face a challenge to balance between two conflicting tasks, namely energy intake... 
visual obstruction | habitat structure | predation risk | optimal escape theory | flush distance | rodent | Energy intake | Grasslands | Flight | Pest control | Squirrels | Prey | Ecological effects | Ground squirrels | Predators | Vegetation cover | Rodents | Vegetation | Predation | Wildlife management
Journal Article
The Journal of Wildlife Management, ISSN 0022-541X, 10/2003, Volume 67, Issue 4, pp. 852 - 857
Journal Article
PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 07/2019, Volume 14, Issue 7, pp. e0219845 - e0219845
Journal Article
Behavioral Ecology, ISSN 1045-2249, 2015, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp. 861 - 865
Animals respond to approaching predators by taking flight at a distance that optimizes the costs and benefits of such flight. Previous studies have shown that... 
Urbanization | Birds | Feeders | Flight initiation distance | PREDATION | RISK-TAKING | BEHAVIOR | birds | urbanization | DISTURBANCE | FEAR | RESPONSES | ZOOLOGY | flight initiation distance | LIFE-HISTORY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | ECOLOGY | feeders
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 2018, Volume 13, Issue 11, p. e0208210
Flight initiation distance (FID)-the distance at which an individual leaves in response to the approach of a perceived threat-provides a measurement of... 
DEFENSE | RISK-TAKING | CONCEALMENT | TREE CAVITIES | BEHAVIOR | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | LIFE-HISTORY | RUN | PREDATION RISK | DISTURBANCE | STRATEGIES | Parenting | Decision-making | Ethology | Parent and child | Analysis | Research | Methods | Nesting | Costs | Theory | Breeding | Flight | Decisions | Risk | Birds | Risk taking | Foraging behavior | Optimization | Prey | Flight behavior | Offspring | Animal behavior | Decision theory | Influence | Predation | Females | Fitness
Journal Article