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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1660-4601, 05/2009, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp. 1691 - 1705
Discarded cigarette butts are a form of non-biodegradable litter. Carried as runoff from streets to drains, to rivers, and ultimately to the ocean and its... 
Butts | Environment | Filters | Cigarette litter | Waste | Smoking | waste | LUNG-CANCER | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | environment | PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH | smoking | cigarette litter | butts | filters | TOBACCO | Tobacco | Tobacco Industry | Humans | Litter | Cigarettes | Environmental policy | Environmental impact | Index Medicus | Communication
Journal Article
Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, 11/2017, Volume 175, pp. 273 - 281
We report the isolation of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) produced from discarded cigarette filters (DCF). The DCF were processed into cellulose ethanolic... 
Hydrolysis | Nanocrystalline cellulose | Cellulose acetate | Deacetylation | Cellulose | Sulfuric acid | NANOCELLULOSE | CATALYSIS | POLYMER SCIENCE | ACID | CHEMISTRY, ORGANIC | COMPOSITES | FIBERS | NANOMATERIAL | EXTRACTION | WASTE | ALGAE | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | ACETATE | Cigarettes
Journal Article
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, 04/2018, Volume 94, pp. 152 - 162
A total of 38 hazardous constituents in mainstream cigarette smoke of low-yield cigarettes sold in Korea were selected and analyzed using established methods.... 
Mainstream smoke chemistry | Low-yield cigarette | Mixture risk assessment | NICOTINE | MEDICINE, LEGAL | LUNG-CANCER | FILTER-CIGARETTES | CHEMICAL-CONSTITUENTS | CARBON-MONOXIDE | IN-VIVO | TOBACCO-SMOKE | PUFFING TOPOGRAPHY | LOW-TAR CIGARETTES | PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY | TOXICOLOGY | EXPOSURE | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, 12/2013, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp. 372 - 381
Searches identified 14 studies investigating effects of reducing cigarette consumption on lung cancer, CVD, COPD or FEV decline. Three were case-control... 
Circulatory disease | Tobacco | FEV1 | Respiratory disease | Cancer | FEV | CHRONIC-BRONCHITIS | FILTER CIGARETTES | MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION | CHANGING HABITS | MEDICINE, LEGAL | FOLLOW-UP | ISCHEMIC-HEART-DISEASE | QUITTING SMOKING | EPIDEMIOLOGIC EVIDENCE | PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY | TOXICOLOGY | NONSPECIFIC RESPIRATORY-DISEASE | SMOKING REDUCTION
Journal Article
Chemical Research in Toxicology, ISSN 0893-228X, 12/2018, Volume 31, Issue 12, pp. 1339 - 1347
Previous literature has shown that adding charcoal to cigarette filters can have varying effects on the delivery of toxic carbonyls depending on filter design,... 
PUFF | CHEMISTRY, MEDICINAL | PRODUCT | FILTERS | SMOKING TOPOGRAPHY | TOXICOLOGY | CHEMISTRY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | EXPOSURE | VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS | TOBACCO
Journal Article
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 8, pp. 3558 - 3562
Discarded cigarette filters mainly composed of cellulose acetate (CA) are non-biodegradable and can cause a severe environmental pollution hazard. In an effort... 
CATHODE | IN-SITU FORMATION | ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES | POLYHEDRA | ENERGY & FUELS | PERFORMANCE | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | NANOTUBES | ARCHITECTURES
Journal Article
Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, 2009, Volume 163, Issue 1, pp. 302 - 307
Journal Article
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, 10/2014, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp. 430 - 437
Differences in length and circumference of cigarettes may influence smoker behaviour and exposure to smoke constituents. Superslim king-size (KSSS) cigarettes... 
Cigarette smoke constituents | Smokers | Tar | Cigarettes | Smokers mouth-level exposure | Nicotine | DESIGN | MEDICINE, LEGAL | YIELD | PUFFING BEHAVIOR | FILTER ANALYSIS | PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY | TOXICOLOGY | Humans | Middle Aged | Mouth - metabolism | Male | Tobacco Products - analysis | Tars - analysis | Nicotine - analysis | Russia | Young Adult | Smoking - metabolism | Smoke - analysis | Adult | Female | Index Medicus
Journal Article
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1660-4601, 06/2012, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp. 2189 - 2203
Journal Article