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03/2015, IFC SmartLessons
Rahees Mohammed and his wife lived in a rented house in a slum and had one wish - to build a house that will be a permanent home for the whole family. Aadhar... 
CHECKS | COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | PAYMENT | CREDIT | COLLATERAL | BAUSPARKASSEN | CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS | BUSINESS OWNERS | SHARE | HOUSING LOANS | EMPLOYMENT | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | PARTNER | PAYMENTS | BANK | MARKET | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCHES | INTEREST RATES | ACCESS TO FINANCE | LIABILITY | SMALL BUSINESS | LOANS | HOUSING NEEDS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INVESTMENT | CENTRAL BANK | ASSET BASE | MARKETS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LOANS TO INDIVIDUALS | FULL DISCLOSURE | FAMILY | FINANCE | SMALL LOANS | INVESTORS | BANKS | JOINT-LIABILITY | COMPANIES | CREDIT APPRAISAL | PROFITABILITY | LOCAL CURRENCY | REPAYMENTS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | CLIENT | HOME IMPROVEMENT | PREPAYMENT | DISBURSEMENTS | LOAN SIZE | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | LENDER | UNION | HOUSEHOLDS | GOVERNMENTS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | FINANCE COMPANIES | SERVICES | CAPACITY BUILDING | TRANCHES | INTEREST | LAND TITLES | FINANCING | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | MICROFINANCE LOANS | MORTGAGE LOANS | LOAN AMOUNTS | GOOD | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | AFFORDABLE HOUSING | MICROFINANCE | CREDITWORTHINESS | AFFORDABILITY | GROUP-LENDING | LOAN TERMS | ADVISORY SERVICES | MARKET ENTRY | HOUSING FINANCE | LOAN PROCEEDS | INTEREST RATE | LEGAL RIGHT | CREDIT RISKS | LAND | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | LOAN SIZES | DISBURSEMENT | LOAN | MICROFINANCE MARKET | MARKET SEGMENTATION | REPAYMENT | HOUSING | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PORTFOLIO | CURRENCY | DIVERSIFICATION | MANAGEMENT | MICROFINANCE CLIENTS | BANKING SECTOR | MORTGAGE | RISK | COOPERATION | LOAN OFFICERS | LENDING | HOUSING LOAN | PEOPLE | FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT ASSESSMENT | CLIENTS
Book
07/2008
This study examines the constraints on the housing sector in Afghanistan. It evaluates government policy on housing, looks at the state of housing finance, and... 
HOME BUYERS | REGULATORY BARRIERS | CADASTRE | OUTREACH | HOUSING LOANS | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | LOAN PRODUCTS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | CREDIT FOR WOMEN | ILLEGAL SETTLEMENTS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | REGISTRATION PROCESS | CREDIT INFORMATION | CREDIT UNION | PROPERTY OWNERS | BUSINESS LENDING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | CENTRAL BANK | MORTGAGE FINANCING | PROPERTY LAW | URBAN AREAS | FORMS OF COLLATERAL | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BANKING LAW | LEGISLATION | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | INSURANCE COMPANY | REGISTRATION LAW | BANKRUPTCY | HUSBAND | REGISTRY OFFICES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | LOANS TO CUSTOMERS | BACKED SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LIENS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | LIMITED ACCESS | ADB | CASH FLOW | REAL ESTATE | FINANCIAL MARKET | COMMERCIAL BANKING | GOVERNMENT POLICY | FISCAL POLICIES | BRIBES | PRIVATE CAPITAL | FAMILIES | MORTGAGE LOANS | BANKING SECTOR REFORMS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | DISPOSABLE INCOME | FORECLOSURE | AFFORDABLE HOUSING | ACCESS TO BANKING | BUSINESS CENTER | MARKET VALUE | URBAN HOUSING | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | DEEDS | DISABLED | HANDICRAFTS | REGISTRATION SYSTEM | LAND VALUE | PROPERTY MARKET | PENALTIES | TRANSPARENT SYSTEM | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FINANCE COMPANY | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | LIEN | INSURANCE | MONEYLENDERS | MORTGAGE LOAN | INCOME GROUPS | HOME IMPROVEMENTS | BORROWER | LABOR COSTS | MICROFINANCE LENDING | OUTSTANDING LOANS | LOAN PRODUCT | ACCESS TO BANKING SERVICES | INFORMAL FINANCING | REFUGEE | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | MIGRATION | PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS | MORTGAGE | LEGAL RIGHTS | FAMILY INCOMES | LAND REGISTRATION | LOANS TO WOMEN | CIVIL LAW | AUDITING | HOUSING LOAN | SAVINGS | POOR BORROWERS | SECONDARY MORTGAGE MARKET | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | LAND OWNERSHIP | LOAN APPRAISAL | SPECIALIZED BANKS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | RURAL BORROWERS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LOAN AMOUNT | MORTGAGE MARKET | MORTGAGES | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | EMPLOYMENT | BUYBACK | HOMEOWNERSHIP | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | LAWS | BANK FINANCING | REFUGEES | FINANCING NEEDS | ETHNIC GROUP | LONG-TERM FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PROPERTY OWNERSHIP | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DISABLED PERSONS | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | INFORMAL CREDIT | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | WATER SUPPLY | FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS | SECURITIES | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | NONBANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | HOME IMPROVEMENT | EXCESS LIQUIDITY | PROPERTY MARKETS | LONG-TERM LOANS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | GENDER BIAS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | LOW-INCOME BORROWERS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | LEGAL TITLE | MORTGAGE LENDING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES | CAPACITY BUILDING | GROUP LENDING | BANK LOAN | LAND TITLE | WOMAN | MARKET INFORMATION | NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS | INSURANCE COMPANIES | MICROFINANCE LOANS | ACCESS TO FORMAL FINANCE | MICROFINANCE LOAN | ACCOUNTING | HOME LOANS | MICROFINANCE | LAND TITLING | TRADE FINANCING | LARGE CITIES | LONG-TERM FUNDING | LOW- INCOME FAMILIES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | TITLE REGISTRATION | EMERGING MARKETS | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | HOUSING FINANCE | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGES | BANKING NETWORK | LOAN PORTFOLIO | HUMAN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | LOAN SIZES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPORT | FARMERS | GENDER | MUNICIPALITIES | BUSINESS LOANS | COLLATERAL SYSTEM | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | FUNDING SOURCES | LOAN OFFICERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | FINANCING REQUIREMENT | HOMEOWNERS | FINANCING NEED | LONG-TERM LENDING | LAND POLICY
Book
09/2011, Viewpoint: Public Policy for the Private Sector
The 2008 financial crisis and consequent rise in corporate insolvencies highlight the clear need for efficient bankruptcy systems to liquidate unviable firms... 
BANKRUPTCY FILINGS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | ASSET SALES | INCOME GROUP | ACCOUNTANCY | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | REORGANIZATIONS | BORROWER BEHAVIOR | EFFECTIVE INSOLVENCY | IMPACT OF DEBT | LIMITED LIABILITY | CREDIBILITY | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | COST OF BANKRUPTCY | PERSONAL BANKRUPTCY | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | POLITICAL ECONOMY | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS | PUBLIC POLICY | INSOLVENT FIRMS | INTEREST RATES | FAILURE RATES | BANK LOANS | COST OF DEBT | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SUPPLY OF CREDIT | INSOLVENCY FRAMEWORKS | ESTATE | EFFECT OF INSOLVENCY | DEBTOR | ACCOUNTS PAYABLE | BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURES | LEGAL REFORM | CREDITOR PROTECTION | NONPERFORMING LOANS | JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT | BANKRUPTCY COSTS | CREDIT CARD | INCOME | REORGANIZATION | LONG-TERM DEBT | BANKRUPTCY LAW | BANKRUPTCY SYSTEM | DEBT RESTRUCTURING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | BANKRUPTCY | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | BARRIER | INSOLVENCY REGIMES | REPAYMENTS | LIQUIDATION REORGANIZATION | FINANCIAL CRISIS | LENDERS | INDIVIDUAL BANKRUPTCY | CREDITORS | INTEREST EXPENSE | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PERSONAL LIABILITY | BANKRUPTCY INSTITUTE | BANKRUPTCY LAW REFORM | INSOLVENT | DEBT | INSOLVENCY REFORM | INSOLVENCY LAWS | BANKRUPTCY LAWS | CREDIT CARD DEBT | FORECLOSURE | REORGANIZATION PLANS | VIABLE BUSINESSES | BANKRUPTCY SYSTEMS | BUSINESS BANKRUPTCY | LIQUIDATIONS | BANKRUPTCY RATES | ALTERNATIVE TO LIQUIDATION | LIQUIDATION | CREDIT CARDS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | CREDIT DECISIONS | FAILURE RATE | INSURANCE | BORROWER | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | DEBT RECOVERY | LOAN | CORPORATE BANKRUPTCIES | REPAYMENT | PERSONAL BANKRUPTCY LAWS | BANKRUPTCY REGIMES | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | QUALITY OF BANKS | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL CRISES | REPAYMENT RATES | INSOLVENCY REFORMS | BANKRUPTCY CODE | BANKRUPTCY ABUSE | DEBTORS | LEVEL OF CREDIT | SAVINGS | ECONOMICS | REORGANIZATION PROCESS | BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS | BANKRUPTCY REFORM
Book
02/2015
This study starts with a brief analysis of which firms are the main net job creators in Ethiopia and then focuses on the financing constraints of Ethiopian... 
NET LOSS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | OUTREACH | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | CREDIT PROVISION | LENDING PORTFOLIO | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | SMALL BUSINESS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | URBAN AREAS | BANK ASSETS | AUDITS | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | MICRO FINANCE SECTOR | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | LEGISLATION | CREDIT REPORTING | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | REORGANIZATION | BANKING SERVICES | AFFORDABLE PRICE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | LIQUIDITY RISK | LOAN DECISIONS | TURNOVER | GROUP GUARANTEES | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | PUBLIC CREDIT | BANKING SECTOR ASSET | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | DIRECTED CREDIT | DEBT | JOB CREATION | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | LINES OF CREDIT | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | FINANCIAL SERVICE ACCESSIBILITY | LINE OF CREDIT | MICRO-ENTERPRISE | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | LIQUIDATION | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | LACK OF KNOWLEDGE | PAYMENT SERVICES | CREDITOR RIGHTS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DISINTERMEDIATION | ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | BORROWER | COLLATERAL SYSTEMS | OUTSTANDING LOANS | DEBT RECOVERY | UNSECURED CREDIT | LOAN | GROUP LOANS | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FUNDING | INFORMAL FINANCING | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCING | CREDIT CONSTRAINED FIRM | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | RISK PROFILES | CREDIT REGISTRY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | PERSONAL ASSETS | MICRO FINANCING | CREDIT MARKET | FACTORING | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | RETURN ON EQUITY | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | OUTSTANDING DEPOSITS | SAVINGS | SALES GROWTH | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | COLLATERAL | LOAN APPRAISAL | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | LOAN AMOUNT | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT ACCESS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | LACK OF AWARENESS | LAWS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCING NEEDS | LOAN ANALYSIS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL BANKS | TRANSACTION | MICRO ENTERPRISES | CREDIT ANALYSIS | ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | CREDIT FACILITIES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | RETURNS | OVERDRAFT FACILITY | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | CREDIT CONSTRAINT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | IMMOVABLE ASSETS | INCOME LEVELS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | LOAN SIZE | AUCTION | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | CAPACITY BUILDING | OVERDRAFT | COLLATERALS | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | EMPLOYERS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION | BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | MICROENTERPRISES | BANK CUSTOMERS | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | BUSINESS ANALYSIS | COLLATERAL REGIME | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | CREDITOR | MFI | LOAN MATURITY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | FLOW OF FUNDS | DIVERSIFICATION | ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | ASSET PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKETS | BANK BRANCHES | BUSINESS STRATEGY | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | COLLATERAL REGISTRY | LONG TERM FINANCING
Book
02/2018
College students would lose $15 billion in federal student aid over the next decade if House Republicans succeed in turning their higher education bill into... 
Low income groups | Advocacy | Government grants | Higher education | Legislation | Colleges & universities | Student loans | Bills
Web Resource
05/2014, CGAP brief
After decades of growth and experimentation, financial service providers (FSPs) have learned that to achieve financial inclusion and generate benefits for... 
COLLATERAL | INDUSTRY STANDARDS | SOCIAL MISSION | CERTIFICATION STANDARDS | DEPOSIT | OUTREACH | TURNOVER RATE | LAND TITLE | LAND TITLES | NEW PRODUCT | MICROBANKING | PERFORMANCE DATA | MICRO FINANCE | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | NEW PRODUCTS | PHOTOS | BUSINESS CASE | MICROFINANCE | REPUTATION | CUSTOMER SERVICE | INTEREST RATES | MARKET RESEARCH | RETENTION | MFIS | SOCIAL PERFORMANCE | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | DEEDS | WEB SITE | COMPANY | REGULATOR | BUSINESSES | RESPONSIBLE BANKING | WEB | EXPANSION | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FINANCIAL NEEDS | FORMS OF COLLATERAL | INVESTING | LOAN APPLICATIONS | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES | MARKET SHARE | DEPOSIT-TAKING INSTITUTIONS | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | BORROWER | INTERNAL AUDIT | SOCIAL INVESTORS | ACTION PLAN | MFI | RETURN | LOAN | PDF | FINANCIAL RETURNS | ENTRY POINTS | GROUP LOANS | INCOME | MARKET SEGMENTATION | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | DEFAULT RATE | CUSTOMER SEGMENTS | REGULATORS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PORTFOLIO | PRODUCT INFORMATION | RESULTS | PROFITABILITY | HUMAN RESOURCE | MICROLOAN | TURNOVER | PORTFOLIO QUALITY | PRIVACY | PROTOCOLS | INSTITUTION | EMPLOYEE | FEMALE CLIENTS | CUSTOMER BASE | MICROFINANCE INDUSTRY | NETWORKS | USES | WORKING HOURS | GROWTH RATE | NEW BUSINESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | PRODUCTIVITY | RISK MANAGEMENT | SERVICE PROVIDERS | TARGETS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICES | RESULT
Book
01/2015
This review of the Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy Framework (CPFL) in Paraguay was undertaken in response to a request for technical assistance in... 
CHECKS | TRUST FUND | SALARIES | FINANCIAL COSTS | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PENALTY FEES | FINANCIAL REGULATIONS | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONSUMERS | INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS | DISPUTE RESOLUTIONS | EMPOWERMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INSTALLMENTS | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | PURCHASES | AUDITS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PROVIDERS | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | EXISTING DEBT | COURT SETTLEMENT | CREDIT REPORTING | PRICE TRANSPARENCY | BANKS | VALUABLE | SUPERVISORY AGENCIES | CREDITS | PREDATORY LENDING | STAKEHOLDERS | MARKETING | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL COST | ADVERTISEMENTS | USURY LAW | SMALLHOLDERS | COST OF CREDIT | CREDIT BUREAU | ARBITRATION | ATM | FIXED ASSETS | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | MULTIPLE LOANS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | UNION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | FINANCIAL PLAYERS | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAU | MASS MEDIA | SALARY | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ARREARS | MORTGAGE LOANS | DEBT COLLECTION | FINANCIAL COST | LEGAL PROVISIONS | MAINTENANCE CHARGES | CREDIT PROVIDER | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | FINANCIAL TOPICS | LEGAL FRAMEWORKS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | PAYMENT HISTORY | DEPOSITORS | BENEFICIARIES | CREDIT CARDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | MONEYLENDERS | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | LOAN | CONSUMER CREDIT | CREDIT REGISTRY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SYSTEM | CURRENCY | CONSUMER COMPLAINTS | MORTGAGE | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | LIFE INSURANCES | FINANCIAL HEALTH | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | OVERDRAFTS | PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS | ATMS | LATE PAYMENT | DEPOSIT | GUARANTEE FUND | PAWNSHOPS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | PREMIUM RATES | TERMS OF CREDIT | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | MONEY LAUNDERING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | INEQUALITIES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | USURY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | TOTAL COSTS | CONSUMER | FINANCIAL SECTOR | EXCLUSIONS | INSURANCES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRANSACTION | ENTERPRISE FINANCING | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | CREDIT CARD | MICROCREDIT | INCOME | RECEIPT | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | FINANCIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS | UNFAIR BUSINESS PRACTICES | SOLVENCY | CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | REGULAR INCOME | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | MAINTENANCE COSTS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | INSTALLMENT | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PAYMENT SCHEDULE | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | TRANSPARENCY OF INFORMATION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | CREDIT CARD DEBT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CREDIT OFFICERS | LIFE INSURANCE | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANK | FINANCIAL REGULATION | EMPLOYERS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ADVISORY SERVICES | COOPERATIVES | MINIMUM WAGES | DEBIT CARDS | LEGAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUMS | LEVEL OF DEBT | FINANCIAL LITERACY INITIATIVES | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | ATM WITHDRAWALS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | PRICE STABILITY | REGULATORY AUTHORITIES | CREDITOR | PAYMENT SERVICE | INVESTMENT PRODUCTS | ENTRY POINTS | FARMERS | TRANSPARENCY | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUM | FINANCIAL SERVICE | FINANCIAL VIABILITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATES | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT | BORROWING | BANKING SECTOR | BUDGETING SKILLS | LOAN COOPERATIVES | FINANCIAL CONSUMER | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | BUDGETING | CHECKING ACCOUNTS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MARKET TRANSPARENCY | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | ADVERTISEMENT
Book
2013, Directions in development. Finance, ISBN 9780821396285, 254
This edited volume contains eight studies of financial sector challenges in Africa that served as background studies for Financing Africa: Through the Crisis... 
Finance & Accounting | Finance | BUS051000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Infrastructure Economics and Finance | BUS068000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Public Finance | International Economics and Trade | Economic Development | Africa-Financial Sector-Microfinance-Housing finance-Stability-Agricultural finance-Financing Africa-Inclusion-Access to Finance-Long term finance-Capital market development-Mobile financial services, mobile money-Banking supervision-Political Economy-Crisis | Development | Developing Countries | SOC042000 - SOCIAL SCIENCE | Finance and Financial Sector Development | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LOAN REPAYMENT RATES | LOAN REPAYMENTS | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL COSTS | OUTREACH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL ACCESS | PRIVATE INVESTORS | HOUSING LOANS | DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN | COMMERCIAL FINANCE | SMALL INVESTORS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | DOUBLE BOTTOM LINE | PUBLIC POLICY | CUSTOMER SERVICE | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INFORMATION ABOUT CREDIT | SOURCE OF INCOME | FORMAL BANK | MONTHLY PAYMENT | CREDIT INFORMATION | FINANCIAL PENETRATION | CONTRIBUTION | BUSINESS ADVISORY | RURAL FINANCE | PENETRATION RATE | REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS | PENETRATION RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENT | RISK AVERSION | VOLUNTARY DEPOSIT | BANKS | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP | BUYER | BANKING SERVICES | SOCIAL FUND | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | MARKETING | FINANCIAL PROVIDERS | CONTRIBUTIONS | REALITY CHECK | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | CREDIT HISTORY | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOUSEHOLDS | UNION | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GUARANTEE SCHEME | INVESTMENT BANK | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | GOVERNMENT POLICY | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | SAVINGS PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | AFFORDABLE HOUSING | RURAL BANKS | LACK OF CREDIT | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | BUSINESS PEOPLE | MORTGAGE DEBT | HUSBANDS | MICRO ENTERPRISE | SECONDARY MORTGAGE MARKETS | OPERATING COSTS | PAYMENT SERVICES | ADVERSE MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | DEPOSITORS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | LOAN FACILITIES | MORTGAGE LOAN | RURAL CLIENTS | BORROWER | CREDIT REGISTRIES | LOAN | GROUP LOANS | URBAN POPULATION | BANKING SERVICE | BOND | LOAN PROCESSING | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | REPAYMENT PERIOD | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENT | LOANS TO WOMEN | MARKET ANALYSES | SAVINGS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | COLLATERAL | DEPOSIT BALANCE | UNFAIR COMPETITION | ATMS | REMITTANCES | DEPOSIT | PENSION | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | FLEXIBLE REPAYMENT | FINANCIAL REFORM | CREDIT RISK | CREDIT-WORTHINESS | POINT OF SALE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | BANK ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANK LOANS | BANKING CRISES | RURAL BRANCH | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCIAL SECTOR | RETAIL BANKING | NEW MARKETS | TAX INCENTIVES | TRANSACTION | FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRY | FINANCIAL LITERACY | CONSULTING FIRM | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | MICROCREDIT | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES | FORMAL FINANCE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | MEDIUM ENTERPRISE | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DEPOSIT MOBILIZATION | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | LOAN SIZE | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | DEPOSIT BALANCES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMATION SHARING | FEMALE BORROWERS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | MICRO-FINANCE | LOW-INCOME | APPLICATION COSTS | BANK LOAN | SOCIAL NETWORK | AVERAGE BALANCES | COLLATERALS | FUNDING SOURCE | MONEY TRANSFER | MICROFINANCE | BEST PRACTICE | SENIOR | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | FINANCIAL REGULATION | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | BANK ACCOUNTS | ADVISORY SERVICES | BUSINESS ACTIVITY | COOPERATIVES | CREDIT RATINGS | KEY CHALLENGES | DEPOSITOR | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | HOUSING FINANCE | NECESSARY COLLATERAL | INTEREST RATE | MINIMUM BALANCE | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | AGRICULTURAL FINANCE | MFI | FINANCES | REPAYMENT | FINANCIAL SECTORS | GENDER | LOAN DOCUMENTATION | CALCULATIONS | BANK OFFICE | BORROWINGS | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | FEMALE CLIENTS | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | LOAN OFFICERS | LOAN FACILITY | FINANCIAL POLICY | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ACCESS TO LOANS
eBook
2014, Independent Evaluation Group Studies, ISBN 1464802165, 299
This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), or the Bank, International... 
Brazil | World Bank | Economic policy | Economic conditions | 1968 | TRUST FUND | GENDER DIFFERENCES | CADASTRE | INEQUALITY | OUTREACH | TERM CREDIT | FOREIGN CURRENCY | TAXATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PRIVATE CREDIT | ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | DIRECT CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | FISCAL REFORM PROGRAMS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | INTEREST RATES | BUDGET MANAGEMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | PUBLIC GOOD | ACCESS TO EDUCATION | NATIONAL BANK | SAFETY NET | POLLUTION | EARLY CHILDHOOD | BONDS | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | ENVIRONMENTAL | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CLIMATE CHANGE | EQUITY INVESTMENT | FARMER | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANKS | ADVISORY WORK | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC GOODS | DURABLE | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT MARKETS | PREPAYMENT | ACCESS TO MARKETS | CIVIL SERVICE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | BANK LENDING | HOUSEHOLDS | ECONOMIC REFORM | TAX BURDEN | LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | RECESSION | CASH TRANSFER | DIRECTED CREDIT | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | CAPITAL INFLOW | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | FISCAL POLICIES | FAMILIES | LAND REFORM | PENSION REFORM | TRADE CREDIT | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | RESERVE | FISCAL FEDERALISM | MARKET STRUCTURE | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | STATE BANKS | GLOBAL CAPITAL | HIGH INTEREST RATES | INCOME GROUPS | URBANIZATION | BORROWER | LANDHOLDERS | ENROLLMENT | EXTERNALITIES | PUBLIC POLICIES | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | GLOBAL TRADE | SUSTAINABLE USE | EXCHANGE RATE | CADASTRES | GUARANTEE AGENCY | ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES | SHORT-TERM TRADE FINANCE | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | CONSOLIDATION | CAPITAL FLOW | SAVINGS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | NATURAL CAPITAL | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | OPPORTUNITY COST | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | CHILD DEVELOPMENT | EXTREME POVERTY | INEQUALITIES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | TRADEOFFS | DECENTRALIZATION | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | LAWS | TRUST FUNDS | FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE | BANK FINANCING | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | NUTRITION | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | EQUITY LOAN | PUBLIC SPENDING | INCOME INEQUALITY | MASS TRANSIT | LENDING INSTRUMENT | FORESTRY | COLLECTIVE ACTION | INVESTMENT SPENDING | WATER SUPPLY | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | CREDIT PROGRAMS | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DEMONSTRATION EFFECTS | INFLATION | ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT | LOAN SIZE | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | EQUITY FINANCING | POLITICAL RISK | SOCIAL SERVICES | BOND INDEX | DEFORESTATION | FOREIGN INVESTOR | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | TAX | SOCIAL EXCLUSION | POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES | CORPORATE INSOLVENCY | SWAPS | ENVIRONMENTS | PUBLIC SERVICES | SAVINGS RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | EMERGING MARKET BOND | FISCAL REFORM | ADVISORY SERVICES | CREDIT RATINGS | SWAP | LOAN FUND | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | EMERGING MARKETS | TRADE REGIME | RISK OF DEFAULT | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | ADVISORY SERVICE | HUMAN CAPITAL | DISBURSEMENT | TRANSPORT | OUTSTANDING BALANCE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | ACCESS TO FINANCING | GENDER | HOUSING | EQUITABLE ACCESS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | BASIS POINTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | PUBLIC AGENCIES | MONETARY FUND | BORROWING | MUNICIPALITIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | ENABLING ENVIRONMENTS | INSTRUMENT | ACCESS TO CREDIT | POLICY MAKERS | PRODUCTIVITY | RURAL COMMUNITIES | ECONOMICS | MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT | LONG-TERM LOAN
eBook
09/2009
Financial Access 2009 introduces the latest data from a survey of financial regulators in 139 countries. It presents indicators of access to savings, credit,... 
ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | ASSET BUILDING | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | VILLAGES | FINANCIAL ACCESS | INFORMAL SAVINGS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | TERM CREDIT | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | POINT-OF-SALE TERMINALS | CONSUMERS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | LOW INCOME | INTEREST RATES | RECORD KEEPING | INDEBTEDNESS | FORMAL BANK | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CONTRIBUTION | BRIBE | FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS | SOURCES OF CREDIT | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PROVIDERS | SMALL ENTREPRENEURS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BASIC BANKING | POSTAL BANK | SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS | VALUABLE | BANKING SERVICES | MARKETING | USURY CEILINGS | CONTRIBUTIONS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | CREDIT MARKETS | COST OF CREDIT | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT BUREAU | ATM | BANK LENDING | BANK DEPOSITS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | WORTH | POSTAL BANKING | GUARANTEE SCHEME | UNSTABLE INCOMES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | DEBT | COMMERCIAL BANKING | APPROVAL PROCESS | FAMILIES | QUESTIONNAIRE | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | CASH DEPOSIT | CREDIT PROVIDER | INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LOAN TERMS | INITIAL DEPOSITS | PAYMENT SERVICES | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | FORMAL CREDIT | DEPOSITORS | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | BUSINESS FINANCES | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | INSURANCE SCHEME | WAGES | ACCESS TO SAVINGS | MONEYLENDERS | LOW MINIMUM BALANCES | RURAL CLIENTS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | BORROWER | OUTSTANDING LOANS | CREDIT REGISTRIES | LOAN | CONSUMER CREDIT | ACCESS POINT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | BANK DATA | CREDIT REGISTRY | PENSIONS | SAVINGS RATE | GROUPS OF PEOPLE | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | CREDIT MARKET | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | POOR BORROWERS | WAGE | COLLATERAL | POOR CLIENTS | DEBIT CARD | ATMS | PRIVATE SAVINGS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | BANKING ACCOUNTS | MONETARY POLICY | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | MONEY LAUNDERING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | SAVERS | CREDIT PORTFOLIO | FINANCIAL MARKETS | MONTHLY FEE | BANK ACCOUNT | FORMAL LENDING | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | MONTHLY PAYMENTS | TAX ADVANTAGES | USURY | BANK OFFICIALS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | DIRECT DEPOSITS | EXCLUSION | BANK LOANS | SOURCE OF FUNDS | INDICATORS OF ACCESS | CONSUMER | DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS | POSTAL BANKS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | MAINTENANCE FEE | TAX INCENTIVES | DIRECT FINANCING | FINANCIAL LITERACY | LOWER INCOME | COMMERCIAL BANK | CREDIT CARD | MAINTENANCE FEES | MICROCREDIT | ACCESS TO SAVING | INCOME | SMALL LOANS | RURAL BRANCHES | BANK BORROWERS | CONSUMER LENDING | MONEY LENDERS | ENTREPRENEURS | TAX BREAKS | BALANCE SHEETS | DIRECT COSTS | OPERATING COST | BANK BRANCH | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LOAN SIZE | BANK DEPOSIT | CREDITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ACCESS POINTS | INFORMATION SHARING | TAX INCENTIVE | REGULAR PAYMENTS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME | COMPLIANCE COSTS | BANK LOAN | AVERAGE BALANCES | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | INFORMED CHOICES | REGULAR SAVINGS | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | SAVINGS SERVICES | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANKING NETWORKS | POINT-OF-SALE | CASH PAYMENTS | BANK ACCOUNTS | BANK BRANCH NETWORKS | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | COOPERATIVES | DEBIT CARDS | DEPOSITOR | SMART CARDS | SOCIAL SECURITY | CREDIT DECISIONS | SOURCE OF CREDIT | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | ACCOUNT OWNERSHIP | MINIMUM BALANCE | CREDIT BUREAUS | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | LOAN SIZES | CREDITOR | FINANCES | SAVINGS PROGRAMS | FARMERS | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | BIASES | FINANCIAL ACCESS INDICATORS | BANK BRANCHES | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES
Book
09/2013, ISBN 9781464801365
World Bank Group management welcomes Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) review of innovation and entrepreneurship. The global financial crisis required... 
COMPETITIVENESS | KNOWLEDGE FLOWS | GLOBAL MARKETS | PROMOTION ACTIVITIES | EXPORT PROMOTION | NEW TECHNOLOGY | INCOME GROUP | PRACTITIONERS | LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES | IDEAS | DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS | VALUE CHAIN | EMPLOYMENT | EXPERIMENTATION | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | SUPPORT FOR INVESTMENT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INCOME CATEGORIES | CHANGE PROCESS | EXTREME POVERTY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | DISCUSSION | PUBLIC POLICY | PRIVATE SECTOR | START-UPS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | LENDING PORTFOLIO | CAPABILITY | IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES | INCENTIVE PROBLEMS | GROUP PROJECT | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | BANK FINANCING | USERS | ELECTRICITY | DOMAIN | SUPERVISION | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | FRONT-END | THINK TANKS | VENTURE CAPITAL FUNDS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | NATURAL RESOURCE | COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY | PRIVATE SECTORS | INCOME | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES | DECISION MAKING | GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE | FRAMEWORK FOR INNOVATION | KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER | BUSINESS MODEL | ENTREPRENEURS | VENTURE CAPITAL FUND | BEST PRACTICES | CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK | BUSINESS MODELS | LEARNING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | MARKETING | DRIVERS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT | WORKPLACE | USE OF INFORMATION | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | ICT | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | BANK LENDING | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES | INNOVATIONS | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | INNOVATION POLICY | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | GROUP LEARNING | CAPACITY BUILDING | COMMODITY | LEARNING ACTIVITIES | INNOVATION | GROUP LENDING | FINANCING FACILITY | ENTREPRENEUR | MARKET INFORMATION | INNOVATION POLICIES | JOB CREATION | ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATIONS | PRIVATE EQUITY | INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT | INNOVATION STRATEGIES | COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY | DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS | BUSINESS SUCCESS | BANK MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE | BUSINESS SUPPORT | OUTPUTS | PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT | ADVISORY SERVICES | R&D | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | GROUP KNOWLEDGE | MATCHING GRANTS | EQUITY FUNDS | VARIETY | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | EQUITY CAPITAL | NEW TECHNOLOGIES | CAPABILITIES | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | INFORMATION COMMUNICATIONS | SOCIAL WELFARE | BORROWER | DOCUMENTS | ADVISORY SERVICE | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | MANAGEMENT EDUCATION | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | COLLABORATION | KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | RESULTS | DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATION | ENTREPRENEURSHIP AGENDA | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | GUARANTEE AGENCY | INSTITUTION | INVENTION | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | END USERS | BUSINESS INCUBATORS | NETWORKS | COST-EFFICIENCIES | TACIT KNOWLEDGE | USES | VENTURE CAPITAL | FLEXIBLE FINANCING | TELECOM | CAPITAL MARKETS | NEW BUSINESS | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | PRODUCTIVITY | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES | DELIVERY METHODS | MANUFACTURING | BUSINESS PERFORMANCE | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | KNOWLEDGE SHARING | PERFORMANCES | VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INNOVATION STRATEGY | INSIGHTS
Book
12/2011
The main objective of this study is to identify the major impediments to access to financial services in rural areas, and provide practical recommendations to... 
ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | SMALL LOAN | OUTREACH | VILLAGES | FINANCIAL ACCESS | AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES | TERM CREDIT | CREDIT NEEDS | LOAN REQUESTS | EXPORT EARNINGS | BUSINESS PLAN | BANK CREDITS | EIB | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | EXISTING BARRIERS | INVENTORY CREDITS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RURAL FINANCE | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | TRANSACTIONS COSTS | URBAN AREAS | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | FORMAL BANKING | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK | DEPOSIT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | POSTAL BANK | BANKING LAW | FARMER | LEGISLATION | BANKS | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | BANKING SERVICES | CREDITS | TECHNICAL SUPPORT | AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES | AGRICULTURE BANKS | LOAN APPLICATION | BANK CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | CREDIT HISTORIES | DONOR FUNDING | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | LOAN RECOVERY | BANK LENDING | HOUSEHOLDS | UNION | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | CASH FLOW | AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES | NOMINAL INTEREST RATES | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCIAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY | FINANCIAL MARKET | MONEY TRANSFERS | GOVERNMENT POLICY | PENSION FUND | DONOR SUPPORT | INVENTORY | LINES OF CREDIT | FAMILIES | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | LEGAL PROVISIONS | LINE OF CREDIT | MFIS | RURAL CREDIT | VILLAGE | LIQUIDATION | OPERATING COSTS | WAREHOUSE RECEIPT | DEPOSITORS | INSURANCE | RURAL CLIENTS | RURAL FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | BORROWER | CREDIT SUBSIDY | EXTERNALITIES | LOAN | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | WAREHOUSE RECEIPT SYSTEM | MORTGAGE | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIES | LACK OF ACCESS | DONOR SUBSIDIES | MICRO CREDIT | BUSINESS PLANS | SAVINGS | REGISTRATION OF MORTGAGES | INFORMAL LENDERS | UNIONS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL LEASING | LAND OWNERSHIP | FISCAL POLICY | RURAL BORROWERS | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT APPLICATION | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | NATIONAL BANKS | MONEY LAUNDERING | CREDIT RISK | LOAN GUARANTEE | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | USURY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | DECENTRALIZATION | EXCLUSION | BANK LOANS | DONOR SUBSIDY | LAWS | AGRICULTURAL CREDIT | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | AGRICULTURAL TRADE | BANK FINANCING | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FORM OF COLLATERAL | WORKING CAPITAL | RURAL FINANCING | MERCHANT | CAPITAL MARKET | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS | ACCESS TO RURAL FINANCE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | CREDIT APPLICATIONS | REPAYMENTS | RESOURCE MOBILIZATION | BANK BRANCH | RURAL ACCESS | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RURAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | INTEREST RATE CEILINGS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | LAND USE | CAPACITY BUILDING | BANK LOAN | SUPPLY CHAINS | MARKET INFORMATION | CHECKING ACCOUNT | NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS | MICROFINANCE LOANS | AGRICULTURAL SECTORS | MICRO FINANCE | AGRICULTURAL BANK | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | EQUIPMENT LOANS | INVESTMENT PLAN | TRANSACTION COSTS | WAREHOUSE | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | NET WORTH | BANK ACCOUNTS | INTERNAL CONTROLS | OPERATING RATIO | COOPERATIVES | REAL SECTOR | DEBIT CARDS | DEPOSITOR | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES | AGRICULTURAL FINANCE | MFI | CREDIT LIMIT | TRANSPORT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | NATURAL RESOURCES | REPAYMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCING | HOUSING | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | LOANS TO FARMERS | RURAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | INITIAL INVESTMENT | MERCHANTS | BUSINESS LOANS | RATES OF INTEREST | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | NEW COMPANY | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | BANK BRANCHES | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | ACCESS TO LOANS | PRODUCTIVITY | CHECKING ACCOUNTS | LONG TERM FINANCING | RISK OF LOSS
Book
Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, 04/1991, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp. 769 - 780
Theoretical models of credit union (CU) behaviour suggest that CUs may be saver-dominated, borrower-dominated, or neutral. A CU is dominated if it is operated... 
J GY ECONOMICS | Models | Credit unions | Social groups | Management | Cooperatives
Journal Article
National Mortgage News, ISSN 1050-3331, 11/2010, Volume 35, Issue 7, p. 24
  Bob Gnaizda, a longtime consumer activist, has found himself in rare agreement with mortgage industry executives on one part of the sweeping Dodd-Frank Wall... 
Predatory lending | Consumer protection | African American market | Mortgages | Low income groups | Mortgage companies | Wall Street Reform & Consumer Protection Act 2010-US
Journal Article
04/2013, Policy Research Working Paper, Volume 6410
This paper investigates how government interventions into banking systems such as blanket guarantees, liquidity support, recapitalizations, and... 
CHECKS | LARGE BANKS | SUPERVISION OF BANKS | EQUITY PARTICIPATION | BANK CONSOLIDATION | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | TERMS OF LOAN | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | CORPORATE BORROWERS | MARKET CONDITIONS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BAILOUT | BANK DEBT | RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | CREDIT PROVISION | MARKET DISCIPLINE | BALANCE-SHEET | SAFETY NET | POLICY RESPONSES | SMALL BANKS | BANK PROFITABILITY | CENTRAL BANK | LOAN RATES | LOAN VOLUMES | INTANGIBLES | BANK COMPETITION | BANK ASSETS | MARKET SHARE | BALANCE SHEET | LENDER OF LAST RESORT | BANKING SYSTEM ASSETS | CONVERSIONS | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | POSITIVE COEFFICIENT | LOAN RATE | BANKS | BANKING SECTORS | COMMERCIAL LOANS | EQUITY STAKE | MARKET VALUES | BANKING SERVICES | FOREIGN BANK PARTICIPATION | CORE DEPOSITS | BANK CREDIT | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | ASSET MANAGEMENT COMPANIES | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBAL BANKING | FAIR VALUE | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | BANKING CRISIS | EMERGING MARKET COUNTRY | MORAL HAZARD | CRISIS COUNTRIES | MORTGAGE LOANS | FOREIGN CREDITORS | RATE OF RETURN | ACCESS TO BANKING | BANK POLICY | SYSTEMIC BANKING CRISES | EMERGENCY LENDING | NATIONALIZED BANKS | BRANCH DENSITY | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | BANK REGULATION | INTEREST INCOME | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENTS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | MARKET STRUCTURE | TRANSPARENT SYSTEM | DEPOSITORS | BANK LIQUIDITY | MONEY MARKET | ENTRY BARRIERS | RISK TAKING | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | BANK RECAPITALIZATION | SYSTEMIC CRISIS | MATURITY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE COVERAGE | BORROWER | LOAN | MARKET CONCENTRATION | ACCESS TO BANKING SERVICES | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | FOREIGN CURRENCY LOANS | MONEY MARKET RATE | CREDIT MARKET | LARGE BANK | INDIVIDUAL BANKS | LOAN GUARANTEES | FINANCIAL STUDIES | DUMMY VARIABLE | STOCK RETURNS | CONSOLIDATION | RISKY BORROWERS | SAVINGS | BARRIER TO ENTRY | FEDERAL RESERVE | FOREIGN BANKS | FOREIGN BANK | DEPOSIT | MONETARY POLICY | LIMITED LIABILITY | INTANGIBLE | PRINCIPAL-AGENT PROBLEMS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | LOAN MARKET | BANK FAILURES | DUMMY VARIABLES | BANKING MARKETS | INCOME CATEGORIES | TAX POLICIES | POLITICAL ECONOMY | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | DEPENDENT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | BANKING MARKET | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BANKING CRISES | REGULATORY FORBEARANCE | LIQUIDITY SUPPORT | FEDERAL RESERVE BANK | HELD TO MATURITY SECURITIES | INTEREST RATE RISK | NONPERFORMING LOANS | SYSTEMIC CRISES | DOMESTIC CREDIT | RISKY ASSETS | GOVERNMENT AID | CURRENCY CRISIS | GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT | SOLVENCY | BANK SPREADS | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | FOREIGN BANK PENETRATION | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FUNDS | BANK BRANCH | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | CREDITORS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | PORTFOLIOS | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | SYSTEMIC RISK | TAX | LOAN CATEGORIES | CAPITAL INJECTIONS | DOMESTIC BANKS | INCOME CATEGORY | MATURITY MISMATCH | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | LOAN MARKETS | RECAPITALIZATIONS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | CAPITALIZATION | NET WORTH | BANK ACCOUNTS | LIQUIDATIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | DEPOSITOR | COMPETITOR BANKS | BANK CUSTOMERS | DISTRESSED BANKS | NUMBER OF BANK | EMERGING MARKETS | MACROECONOMICS | FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK | LEGAL REQUIREMENTS | MARKET COMPETITION | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | MARKET SHARES | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PORTFOLIO | CURRENCY CRISES | RECAPITALIZATION | BANK BAILOUTS | MONETARY FUND | BANKING PANICS | CREDIT AVAILABILITY | FUTURE BAILOUTS | MONEY MARKET RATES | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL FRAGILITY | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | PROVISION OF CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | BANK BRANCHES | ECONOMICS | MERGERS | NET INTEREST MARGIN
Paper
08/2011
Facilitating the growth of Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) is central to creating jobs for an underutilized and growing labor force in Turkey as... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT PLANS | KEY CHALLENGE | MEDIUM TERM BONDS | COMMODITY EXCHANGES | WOMAN ENTREPRENEUR | BOND MARKET | SMALL LOAN | OUTREACH | INVESTMENT FINANCE | T-BILL | TERM CREDIT | FIXED COSTS | REAL ESTATES |