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The Review of Economic Studies, ISSN 0034-6527, 1/2015, Volume 82, Issue 1 (290), pp. 391 - 422
This article analyses contractual situations between many principals and many agents. The agents have private information, and the principals take actions.... 
Contractible contracts | Common agency | LOW-PRICE GUARANTEES | GAMES | COMPETITION | EQUILIBRIUM | MECHANISMS | ECONOMICS | REVELATION PRINCIPLE
Journal Article
1996, Occasional paper, ISBN 155775540X, Volume no. 140., ix, 107
New Zealand's reforms of economic policy and public sector management systems have attracted international attention. Beginning in 1984, the country adopted a... 
Government business enterprises | Government productivity | Organizational change | Executive departments | New Zealand Politics and government | Government corporations | Administrative agencies | Management
Book
Annals of Finance, ISSN 1614-2446, 8/2017, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp. 253 - 271
Journal Article
Journal of Korea Trade, ISSN 1229-828X, 2017, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp. 292 - 308
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of independence principle of refund guarantees (RGs) and how tomake the best of an... 
Abuse of right | Independence principle | Refund guarantee | Shipbuilding industry | Independent guarantee | Fraud rule | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
2008, Directions in development. Infrastructure, ISBN 9780821375259, xxvi, 92
This book takes a look at the past to gain insights for the future. Nearly 30 years ago, when the world urban population was only about half of the 3 billion... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Municipal finance | World Bank | Finance | LOAN REPAYMENT RATES | SMALL BORROWERS | LOAN REPAYMENTS | IPO | BORROWING CAPACITY | IMPLICIT GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | LOAN RECOVERIES | PRIVATE CREDIT | LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE | LOAN PRODUCTS | ECONOMIC POLICY | EIB | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | BLOCK GRANTS | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | BUSINESS CENTERS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | RISK ASSESSMENTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | URBAN AREAS | PROFITABLE BUSINESS | CREDIT LINE | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | INTEREST RATE DECLINE | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE | HOST COUNTRIES | MARKET SHARE | COST OF CAPITAL | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LOCAL CREDIT SYSTEMS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | MUNICIPAL LOANS | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANKS | BANKING SECTORS | BANKING SERVICES | FINANCIAL SHOCKS | SOCIAL FUND | LOAN FINANCING | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL PLANNING | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT MARKETS | PUBLIC FINANCE | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | CREDIT AGENCY | DISBURSEMENTS | LOAN RECOVERY | MUNICIPAL FINANCE | BANK LENDING | UNION | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | DIRECTED CREDIT | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | MUNICIPAL BANKS | INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCE | ACTUAL COST | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | LINES OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | MARKET REFORM | RATE OF RETURN | LINE OF CREDIT | BANK POLICY | CAPITAL BUDGETING | ALTERNATIVE FUNDING | PRIVATE FINANCE | CREDIT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | SOCIAL FUNDS | OPERATING COSTS | INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | FINANCE COMPANY | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | MUNICIPAL LOAN | URBANIZATION | BORROWER | URBAN SERVICES | COMMERCIAL TERMS | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | BOND | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | MARKET FINANCE | GUARANTEE AGENCY | CREDIT MARKET | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFER | REPAYMENT RATES | BOND ISSUES | GRANT PROGRAMS | SAVINGS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | MUNICIPAL BOND | CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL STOCK | COMPETITIVE MARKET | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | FINANCIAL DEREGULATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | CAPITALS | CREDIT RISK | MATURE MARKET | LOC | POLITICAL ECONOMY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BANK ACCESS | CREDIT ACCESS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AUTONOMY | DECENTRALIZATION | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENTS | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | SUBSIDIARY | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | MUNICIPAL BORROWERS | BOND ISSUERS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | MUNICIPAL CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | INVESTMENT LOANS | GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | WATER SUPPLY | RETURNS | REPAYMENTS | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEE | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | INFLATION | MUNICIPAL INVESTMENTS | MARKET ECONOMIES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | POLITICAL RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | TRANCHES | TAX | RATING AGENCIES | MUNICIPAL BOND MARKET | FIXED CAPITAL | PRIVATE EQUITY | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | SWAPS | WAREHOUSE | PUBLIC BANK | PUBLIC BANKS | REPAYMENT RATE | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | URBAN GROWTH | MARKET COMPETITION | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | DIRECTED CREDITS | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | DISBURSEMENT | PRIVATE LENDERS | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | BASIS POINTS | PORTFOLIO | LEVY | GOVERNMENT GRANT | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | MUNICIPALITIES | CITY SIZE | RATES OF INTEREST | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | MARKET ACCESS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | INVESTMENT LOAN | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | BANK PORTFOLIO | PRODUCTIVITY | MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT | MUNICIPAL GRANTS
Book
07/2013, ISBN 9786124647000
Peruvian public policy is currently focused on economic growth with social inclusion. The Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion (MIDIS)-created in... 
SAVINGS PROGRAM | CURRICULUM | DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | POLICY FORMULATION | SALARIES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | ABUSE | CREDIBILITY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | NATIONAL STRATEGY | HEALTH PROMOTION | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | KNOWLEDGE GAPS | WALKING | CASH TRANSFERS | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | EARNINGS | INDEBTEDNESS | PUBLIC REGISTRY | LIFETIME | CONTRIBUTION | CALCULATION | RESPONSIBILITIES | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CREDIT LINE | PURCHASES | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS | PATIENTS | LIQUIDITY | QUALITATIVE RESEARCH | TUBERCULOSIS | LACK OF INFORMATION | DOMESTIC VIOLENCE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MANAGERIAL TOOL | INDIVIDUAL NEEDS | SAVINGS SCHEMES | BANKS | DECISION MAKING | VALUABLE | SCREENING | TRAINING WORKSHOPS | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | SALE | BASIC FINANCIAL LITERACY | LIVELIHOODS | TRAINING PROGRAMS | BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC GOODS | CONTRIBUTIONS | MEDICAL CARE | SAVINGS PLANS | DRUG USE | RISK MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | SOCIALIZATION | HEALTH OUTCOMES | WORTH | INTERNATIONAL BANK | QUALITY IMPROVEMENT | CASH TRANSFER | RURAL WOMEN | MICRO-INSURANCE | PSYCHOLOGISTS | COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS | PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION | PROGRAM IMPACTS | DISCRIMINATION | FAMILIES | FAMILY MEMBERS | SOCIAL SUPPORT | QUESTIONNAIRE | RENTS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT | HEALTH SYSTEM | LABOR MARKET | HUSBANDS | QUALITATIVE APPROACH | PERSONAL INVESTMENT | BENEFICIARIES | SELF-RELIANCE | WAGES | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES | LOCAL ECONOMY | INSURANCE | COMMUNITY LEADERS | GENDER INEQUALITY | ILLNESS | RURAL AREAS | FINANCIAL LITERACY PROGRAMS | MALE HEALTH | RETURN | LOAN | GROUP LOANS | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | PROGRESS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CITIZEN | FINANCIAL LITERACY PROGRAM | INEQUITABLE GENDER NORMS | GENDER STEREOTYPES | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SELF-ESTEEM | ILLITERATE WOMEN | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | INCOME INCREASES | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | MONETARY INCENTIVES | CRIME | CONTROL OVER RESOURCES | DEPOSIT | GUARANTEE FUND | PRACTITIONERS | INTANGIBLE | TERMINATION | PROSPERITY | MEDICAL SERVICES | ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS | BANK ACCOUNT | WORKERS | FUTURE GOALS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | TEENAGE PREGNANCY | DISSEMINATION | CONSUMER | RISK OF DEATH | HEALTH CARE SYSTEM | FORMAL LOANS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | TRANSACTION | TAXIS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | FINANCIAL LITERACY TRAININGS | EQUIPMENT | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | MICROCREDIT | INCOME | POLICY ANALYST | DRUGS | CASH CROPS | INCOMES | INTERVENTION | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | LEARNING | COMMUNITY WORKSHOP | RETURNS | SUBSISTENCE FARMING | VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | SOCIAL INCLUSION | LEGAL STATUS | SOURCES OF INCOME | HEALTH CENTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE | COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDEN | TAX | WOMAN | HOUSEHOLD SPENDING | SOCIAL POLICIES | RESPECT | MICROFINANCE | EQUIPMENT LOANS | GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | TRANSACTION COSTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | BANK ACCOUNTS | POVERTY REDUCTION | INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS | FAMILY MEMBER | MICROENTERPRISES | NGO | GENDER EQUALITY | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SKILLS | INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | BENEFICIARY PARTICIPATION | SOCIAL WELFARE | PSYCHOLOGY | HUMAN CAPITAL | QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | POLICY INITIATIVES | QUANTITATIVE METHODS | CALCULATIONS | EQUITABLE ACCESS | SUICIDE | DIVERSIFICATION | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL RISK | BEQUEST | TARGETING | BOTH SEXES | ACCESS TO CREDIT | POLICY MAKERS | SPOUSES | GENDER ISSUES | RURAL RESIDENTS | DEBTS
Book
The European Journal of Finance, ISSN 1351-847X, 07/2014, Volume 20, Issue 7-9, p. 803
  Using newly available data, we examine the effects of the agency conflicts between ultimate controlling shareholders and minority shareholders in China's... 
Studies | Conflict | Majority stockholders | Public enterprise | Minority stockholders | Guarantees
Journal Article
The International Journal of Human Resource Management, ISSN 0958-5192, 08/2011, Volume 22, Issue 14, pp. 2874 - 2891
In the agency theory literature, output and behavioral controls have been quite thoroughly explored. However, input control (IC) that emphasizes personnel... 
work performance | input control | agency theory | Work performance | Input control | Agency theory | MANAGEMENT | DETERMINANTS | BEHAVIOR | SERVICE GUARANTEE | INNOVATION | MODEL | STRATEGIES | CONTROL-SYSTEMS | UNCERTAINTY | FIRM PERFORMANCE | HUMAN-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | Usage | Growth | Analysis | Management | Business performance management | Regression analysis | Business enterprises
Journal Article
2009, ISBN 9780821376799, xxxiii, 115
This evaluation reviews the World Bank Group's (WBG's) experience with guarantee instruments during 1990-2007. Although these instruments have been an... 
Surety and fidelity insurance | World Bank Group Evaluation | Bank insurance | BOND MARKET | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | MARKETING STRATEGY | OUTREACH | PRIVATE INVESTORS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | ISSUANCE | CREDIBILITY | TRANSFER RISK | COMMERCIAL FINANCE | LOAN PRODUCTS | BANK GUARANTEE | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE BORROWERS | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | PLEDGES | BONDS | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BUSINESS VOLUMES | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | LIQUIDITY | HOST COUNTRIES | TRANCHE | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | MARKET SHARE | RISK PERCEPTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCING | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ACCOUNTABILITY | DEVALUATION | BANK POLICIES | FLOW OF INVESTMENT | POLITICAL RISKS | GUARANTEE PRODUCT | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | LOCAL CURRENCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | UNDERLYING ASSETS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | RISK MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDING | SETTLEMENT | INDEBTED COUNTRIES | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | UNION | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | ADB | BANK GUARANTEES | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBAL PRIVATE SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT MARKETS | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | COMMODITY PRICES | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | MARKET DATA | PRIVATE CAPITAL | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | INSURANCE AGENCY | BANK POLICY | DIRECT LOANS | PRIVATE FINANCE | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDIT GUARANTEES | VILLAGE | MULTINATIONAL | LIABILITY SIDE | EXPORTER | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DERIVATIVE CONTRACT | ADVICE TO GOVERNMENTS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | MATURITY | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | BOND | LIQUID MARKETS | PORTFOLIO RISK | NEW MARKET | GUARANTEE AGENCY | PAYMENT OF INTEREST | BOND ISSUES | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | COUPON | PARTIAL RISK | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | MARKET FAILURES | OUTREACH EFFORTS | COLLATERAL | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | ENTERPRISE ACCESS | MARKET INDEXES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | COUPON RATE | MATURITY MISMATCHES | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT | DUE DILIGENCE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | TIMELY PAYMENT | PRIVATE DEBT | SUBNATIONAL FINANCE | INTEREST PAYMENTS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | RISK PROFILE | ECONOMIC POLICIES | TRANSACTION | PERFORMANCE BOND | MANDATES | CAPITAL MARKET | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | ENTREPRENEURS | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | INVESTMENT FLOWS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | LOAN SYNDICATIONS | GUARANTOR | LENDERS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | COUNTRY RISK | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | ENTREPRENEUR | SOVEREIGN COUNTER-GUARANTEE | GENERAL GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | DOMESTIC BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | DEBT CRISES | FINANCIAL FLOWS | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | DERIVATIVE | ADVISORY SERVICES | EXPLOITATION | SWAP | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | EMERGING MARKETS | EXPROPRIATIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES | MARKET COMPETITION | CREDIT DERIVATIVE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | HOUSING FINANCE | ARBITRAL AWARDS | POOR ACCESS | EQUITY CAPITAL | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | HOUSING | LOCAL BANKS | PUBLIC AGENCIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | PARTIAL CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | DEBTORS | PARTIAL GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821384794, 108
Two years into the deepest global financial crisis in the post-war era, the world economy is still experiencing uneven economic recovery and financial... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT PLANS | INFORMATION CONSTRAINT | CROSS-BORDER CAPITAL | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT FLOWS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FOREIGN CAPITAL FLOWS | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | HUMAN RESOURCES | CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE CREDITORS | GROUP OF INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DISPUTES | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | POLITICAL STABILITY | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INVESTOR INTERESTS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | HOME COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT INSURANCE | FOOD PRICES | POLITICAL RISKS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | COMMODITY | CONFIDENCE INDEX | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | INVENTORY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | ARREARS | REINSURANCE | HUMAN RIGHTS | GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY | OUTPUT | DEBT DEFAULT | LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | AFFILIATES | CREDIT AGENCIES | NET DEBT | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BOND ISSUANCE | MARKET SIZE | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | GLOBAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | BORROWING POLICY | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | CONSOLIDATION | EXPORT CREDIT | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY | MARKET CONFIDENCE | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS | DEBT FINANCING | FOREIGN FIRMS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | INTANGIBLE | CIVIL WARS | DEFICITS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | JOINT VENTURES | AMORTIZATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | LAWS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | SUBSIDIARY | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | INVESTOR PREFERENCE | NEW MARKETS | FOREIGN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | MANDATES | EXPROPRIATION | RED TAPE | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | INVESTOR BEHAVIOR | INCOMES | PROFITABILITY | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | LIBERALIZATION | COMMODITIES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | VIRTUOUS CYCLE | POLITICAL RISK | SOCIAL SERVICES | COUNTRY RISK | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | FINANCIAL FLOWS | PUBLIC UTILITIES | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | SECURITY CONCERNS | INSURERS | INVESTMENT FLOW | MACROECONOMIC DATA | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GLOBAL EXPORTS | LOCAL ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | CIVIL WAR | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | BANKING SYSTEM | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | JOINT VENTURE | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | HOST GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | CURRENT PRICES | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | STATE INTERVENTION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LOCAL ENTERPRISES | WORLD ECONOMY | PRIVATE MARKET | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTOR | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INVESTMENT LOCATION DECISIONS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
2011, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821387812, xii, 61
Examining innovative ways to address Africa?s infrastructure deficit is at the heart of this analysis. Africa?s infrastructure stock and quality is among the... 
INVESTMENT FUND | SECURITY STRUCTURES | REGULATORY BARRIERS | WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS | MATURITIES | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | LIABILITY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PENSION FUND INVESTMENTS | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | STOCK EXCHANGES | INFRASTRUCTURE BOND | BOURSE | LONG-TERM DEBT | POLITICAL RISKS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING LIMIT | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | PENSION FUND INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCH | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | SOVEREIGN LENDING | GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | PENSION FUND | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | LONG-TERM YIELDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RISKS | ILLIQUIDITY | SOVEREIGN RATING | CREDIT LINES | BOND ISSUANCES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PRIVATE FINANCE | RESERVE BANK | MEZZANINE DEBT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LOCAL DEBT | CAPITAL MOVEMENTS | INVESTMENT ASSET | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS | RESERVE | BOND ISSUANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | EQUITY FUNDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MONEY MARKET | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTOR | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | MATURITY | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | PRIVATE FINANCING | LONG-TERM DEBT MARKET | RETURN | DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE PARTIES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | PENSIONS | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | COUPON | FIXED INTEREST RATE | MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS | PARTIAL RISK | FIXED INCOME | FOREIGN BANKS | MARKET FAILURES | YIELD CURVE | MARKET MAKER | IMMOVABLE PROPERTY | DEPOSIT | LONG TERM DEBT | PENSION | DEBT FINANCING | GUARANTEE FUND | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LONG-TERM COST | FIXED INTEREST | CREDIT RISK | BOND RATING | TOTAL DEBT | COUPON RATE | BANK LOANS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | DUE DILIGENCE | RISK SHARING | BOND HOLDERS | RISK PREMIUMS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | RISK PROFILE | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SECONDARY BOND MARKETS | CAPITAL MARKET | TRANSFER RISKS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | GRACE PERIODS | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL CRISIS | GROUP BORROWER | MUNICIPAL BONDS | PUBLIC FUNDS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CORPORATE BONDS | LONG-TERM LOANS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | WITHDRAWAL | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COUNTRY RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INFRASTRUCTURE CONCESSION | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | LIFE INSURANCE | SUBORDINATED DEBT | ACCOUNTING | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENTS | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | CORPORATE BOND MARKET | LOAN EXPOSURE | PENSION FUND ASSET | LONG-TERM RESOURCE | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | RECOURSE FINANCING | CREDIT RATINGS | ASSET CLASS | MARKET CONSTRAINTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | LOCAL BANKS | RISK MEASUREMENT | PORTFOLIO | INSURANCE INDUSTRIES | MONETARY FUND | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | LONG-TERM RESOURCES
Book
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, ISSN 1945-7669, 05/2010, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp. 132 - 190
We introduce new revelation mechanisms for simultaneous common agency games which, although they do not always permit a complete equilibrium characterization,... 
Social choice | Economic theory | Stoles | Tariffs | Mechanism design | Space mechanics | Microeconomics | Auctions | Lotteries | Guarantees | PREFERENCES | THEOREMS | LEAVE | PRINCIPLE | ECONOMICS | NEGOTIATION | COMPETING MECHANISMS | Studies | Economic models | Game theory | Agency theory
Journal Article
10/2009, Crisis Response Note, Volume 8
In the United States and Europe faulty credit ratings and flawed rating processes are widely perceived as being among the key contributors to the global... 
DEBT RATINGS | COLLATERAL | EQUITY SECURITIES | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | ELIGIBLE INVESTMENTS | SALARIES | PRICE VOLATILITY | SHARE PRICE | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | REGULATORY TREATMENT | ISSUANCE | MONEY MANAGERS | MORTGAGES | PRINCIPAL-AGENT PROBLEMS | ASSET MANAGERS | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | MORTGAGE LENDERS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | MARKET PRICES | UNDERWRITER | FINANCIAL MARKETS | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | PUBLIC POLICY | LEGAL AUTHORITY | RECORD KEEPING | LIABILITY | SELF-REGULATION | CAPITAL ADEQUACY REQUIREMENTS | TRADING | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | MARKET DISCIPLINE | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | FUNGIBLE | EXTERNAL CREDIT | HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE | POLICY RESPONSES | BONDS | DUE DILIGENCE | REGULATORY CAPITAL | JURISDICTIONS | SECURITIES INDUSTRY | EQUITY ISSUES | REGULATORY STANDARDS | INVESTING | MARKET LIQUIDITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | CORPORATE DEBT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SOVEREIGN ISSUERS | EXCHANGE COMMISSION | TIME HORIZON | CAPITAL MARKET | SECURITIES REGULATORS | MARKET MANIPULATION | SCANDALS | PROSPECTUS | DEBT INSTRUMENT | GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS | DEFAULTS | COLLECTIVE ACTION | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISM | PROFITABILITY | CREDIT UNDERWRITING | TURNOVER | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | SECURITIES | BANKRUPTCY | DEBT DEFAULTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | AMOUNT OF RISK | FINANCIAL CRISIS | UNDERLYING ASSETS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CORPORATE BONDS | LENDERS | PROFIT MARGINS | FINANCIAL REFORMS | EQUITY MARKETS | CODES OF CONDUCT | EXPOSURES | OLIGOPOLISTIC MARKET | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | FINANCIAL CONTRACTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | S&P | UNION | FINANCIAL ADVICE | OLIGOPOLY | DEBT OFFERINGS | GLOBAL BANKING | CREDIT RATING | REGULATORY REFORMS | DEBT | BANKING CRISIS | DEBT MARKET | REGULATORY POLICIES | GOVERNMENT REGULATION | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | UNDERWRITERS | DEBT CRISES | SECURITIES MARKETS | ASSET CLASSES | REPUTATION | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | CREDITWORTHINESS | FINANCIAL PROBLEMS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | ADVISORY SERVICES | CREDIT RATINGS | EXPLOITATION | ASSET CLASS | ACCESS TO CAPITAL MARKETS | BROKERAGE COMPANIES | GLOBAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | MARKET STRUCTURE | DEBT ISSUE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | CREDIT DECISIONS | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAP | RISK OF DEFAULT | DEBT ISSUES | PROFIT MARGIN | NEGOTIATIONS | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | ADVERSE EFFECT | RISK WEIGHTS | CODE OF CONDUCT | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | DEBT OFFERING | REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS | TRANSPARENCY REQUIREMENTS | DISCLOSURE OBLIGATIONS | TRANSPARENCY | FINANCIAL SECTORS | BROKERAGE | INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION | MARKET ACCEPTANCE | BASIS POINTS | BOND | GROUP CREDIT | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DISCLOSURE | PORTFOLIO | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | SECURITIES COMMISSIONS | PUBLIC DISCLOSURES | GUARANTEE AGENCY | FINANCIAL RISK | MORTGAGE | EMERGING-MARKET | GLOBAL MARKET | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | CAPITAL MARKETS | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | COLLECTIVE ACTION PROBLEMS | PUBLIC INFORMATION | CREDIT DEFAULT | DEBT SECURITIES | CONTRACT PROVISIONS | FEDERAL RESERVE | CREDIT ASSESSMENT | INVESTMENT BANKS | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, 7/2007, Volume 157, Issue 2, pp. 241 - 265
Journal Article
2004, International political risk management, ISBN 0821356496, Volume 2, xi, 238
Part One provides a first look from the "supply side" at the reaction of the political risk insurance market to September 11, 2001, the Argentine economic... 
Investments, Foreign | September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001 | Investment guaranty insurance | Country risk | Economic aspects | Risk management | International business enterprises | Political aspects | Risk (Insurance) | CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK INSURANCE | MDB | CAPITAL MARKETS ADB | DEBT | RATING AGENCIES | BROKER | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | UNDERWRITING | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | POLITICAL RISK ANALYSIS | PROGRAMS | PRIVATIZATION | CROWDING OUT | FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | REINSURANCE | INSURANCE RATES | RISK MITIGATION | PARTNERSHIP | TERRORISM | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENTS | MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS | PUBLIC POLICY | PRIVATE SECTOR | INSURERS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | DECENTRALIZATION | TREATY REINSURANCE | POWER PLANTS | INVESTMENT | ASSURANCE | EMERGING MARKETS | INSURANCE MARKETS | DISASTERS | RISK MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES | SUBSIDIARY | COVERAGE | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | INSURANCE | SOVEREIGN RISK | WATERSHED | LABOR COSTS | ECONOMIC CRISES | REGULATORY AGENCIES | RATES | INVESTORS | INCOME | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | INVESTMENT INSURANCE | INSURANCE COVERAGE | PUBLIC AGENCIES | BROKERS | SOLVENCY | SALVAGE | BALANCE SHEETS | REINSURERS | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | SECURITIES | BANKRUPTCY | POTENTIAL EXPOSURE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CAPITAL MARKETS | CROWDING | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | STOCKS | COMMERCIAL PROPERTY | INSURANCE CONTRACTS
Book
2008, ISBN 9780230201330, xxvii, 306
The need to upgrade public infrastructure, improve the delivery of public services, and explore new options for partnering with the private sector is being... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public investments | Public-private sector cooperation
Book
2010, Wolrd Investment and Political Risk, ISBN 9780821381151, 96
Political risk is a top concern for corporate foreign investors from industrialized but also developing countries when venturing into emerging markets. At the... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | ECONOMIC IMBALANCES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT REGIMES | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | CORPORATE INVESTORS | CDS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | NEW PRODUCTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | HOST COUNTRY | LIABILITY | GOVERNMENT BUDGETS | MONETARY POLICIES | COMMODITY PRICE | EXPROPRIATION RISK | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | POLICY RESPONSES | PRIVATE CREDITORS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENT | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT FLOWS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | CAPITAL ACCOUNT TRANSACTIONS | CONSUMER GOODS | POLITICAL RISKS | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | DURABLE | CAPITAL FLOWS | GROWTH RATE | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | SETTLEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | CREDIT RISK PREMIUMS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBALIZATION | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | GROWTH RATES | COMMODITY | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | OIL PRICES | GLOBAL INVESTORS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | REINSURANCE | INVESTOR DEMAND | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | OUTPUT | RESERVE BANK | EMERGING ECONOMIES | CREDIT AGENCIES | RISK OF EXPROPRIATION | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | RESERVE | NET DEBT | MARKET MECHANISMS | EQUITY FUNDS | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | INSURANCE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | EXCHANGE CONTROLS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | CRITICAL MASS | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXPOSURE | SOCIAL RELATIONS | CURRENCY | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | FINANCIAL CRISES | OUTPUT LOSSES | EXPORT CREDIT | RESERVES | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | SAVINGS | EXPROPRIATION RISKS | FOREIGN ASSETS | PRIVATE CAPITAL INFLOWS | REMITTANCES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | CREDIT RISK | DEBT CRISIS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | REINVESTMENT | GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | JOINT VENTURES | DIVESTMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | CAPITAL ACCOUNTS | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | RISK PREMIUMS | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | NEW MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | ECONOMIC CRISES | EXPROPRIATION | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | HOME MARKETS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | FINANCIAL INSTABILITY | PROPERTY MARKETS | EQUITY MARKETS | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | CREDITORS | DOMESTIC MARKETS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | COMMODITIES | WITHDRAWAL