IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, ISSN 1053-587X, 03/2013, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp. 1561 - 1574

Embedded quantization is a mechanism employed by many lossy image codecs to progressively refine the distortion of a (transformed) image...

Wavelet transforms | JPEG 2000 | Image coding | Codecs | Vector quantization | lossy image coding | Encoding | Decoding | General embedded quantization | VECTOR QUANTIZATION | PERFORMANCE | TRELLIS-CODED QUANTIZATION | COMPRESSION | SCALAR QUANTIZATION | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | SUCCESSIVE REFINEMENT | DISTORTION | SPACE-FREQUENCY QUANTIZATION | TRANSFORM | EFFICIENT | Usage | Scalability | Analysis | Innovations | Mathematical optimization

Wavelet transforms | JPEG 2000 | Image coding | Codecs | Vector quantization | lossy image coding | Encoding | Decoding | General embedded quantization | VECTOR QUANTIZATION | PERFORMANCE | TRELLIS-CODED QUANTIZATION | COMPRESSION | SCALAR QUANTIZATION | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | SUCCESSIVE REFINEMENT | DISTORTION | SPACE-FREQUENCY QUANTIZATION | TRANSFORM | EFFICIENT | Usage | Scalability | Analysis | Innovations | Mathematical optimization

Journal Article

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, ISSN 1057-7149, 12/2013, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp. 4678 - 4688

.... Quality progressivity is commonly provided by an embedded quantizer that employs uniform scalar deadzone quantization (USDQ...

Wavelet transforms | bitplane image coding | general embedded quantization | JPEG2000 | Quantization (signal) | Image coding | Transform coding | Encoding | 2-step scalar deadzone quantization | Decoding | VECTOR QUANTIZATION | DESIGN | PERFORMANCE | TRELLIS-CODED QUANTIZATION | COMPRESSION | COMPUTER SCIENCE, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | SPACE-FREQUENCY QUANTIZATION | ARCHITECTURE | TRANSFORM | MEMORYLESS | Measurement | Usage | Innovations | Approximation theory | Mathematical optimization | Methods | Pixels | Optimization techniques | Codec | Coding | Symbols | Quantization | Distortion | Scalars | Density

Wavelet transforms | bitplane image coding | general embedded quantization | JPEG2000 | Quantization (signal) | Image coding | Transform coding | Encoding | 2-step scalar deadzone quantization | Decoding | VECTOR QUANTIZATION | DESIGN | PERFORMANCE | TRELLIS-CODED QUANTIZATION | COMPRESSION | COMPUTER SCIENCE, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | SPACE-FREQUENCY QUANTIZATION | ARCHITECTURE | TRANSFORM | MEMORYLESS | Measurement | Usage | Innovations | Approximation theory | Mathematical optimization | Methods | Pixels | Optimization techniques | Codec | Coding | Symbols | Quantization | Distortion | Scalars | Density

Journal Article

Nuclear Physics, Section B, ISSN 0550-3213, 11/2012, Volume 864, Issue 3, pp. 869 - 883

We consider products of two 2-manifolds such as S2×S2, embedded in Euclidean space and show that the corresponding 4-volume preserving diffeomorphism algebra can be approximated by a tensor product SU(N)⊗SU(N) i.e...

ALGEBRAS | MANIFOLDS | QUANTUM RIEMANN SURFACES | TENSOR SPHERICAL-HARMONICS | QUANTIZATION | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Algebra

ALGEBRAS | MANIFOLDS | QUANTUM RIEMANN SURFACES | TENSOR SPHERICAL-HARMONICS | QUANTIZATION | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Algebra

Journal Article

Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, 11/2011, Volume 706, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 5

Campbellʼs theorem ensures that all vacuum space–times in general relativity can be embedded in five dimensions, with the 4D scalar curvature expressed as an effective cosmological ‘constant’ Λ...

Quantized particles | Cosmological ‘constant’ | Causality | General relativity | Higher dimensions | Cosmological 'constant' | DECAYING DARK ENERGY | GENERAL-RELATIVITY | FIELD | PHYSICS, NUCLEAR | KLEIN | GRAVITY | DIRAC | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

Quantized particles | Cosmological ‘constant’ | Causality | General relativity | Higher dimensions | Cosmological 'constant' | DECAYING DARK ENERGY | GENERAL-RELATIVITY | FIELD | PHYSICS, NUCLEAR | KLEIN | GRAVITY | DIRAC | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

Journal Article

International Journal of Modern Physics D, ISSN 0218-2718, 05/2013, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp. 1350024 - 1350020

We apply the Dirac's square root idea to constraints for embedded four-geometries swept by a three-dimensional membrane...

Dirac equation | mini-superspace models | singularities | ELECTRON | SUPERCONDUCTIVITY | MEMBRANE MODEL | FLATNESS | INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE | GRAVITY | HORIZON | QUANTUM COSMOLOGY | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | DYNAMICS | QUANTIZATION | Membranes | Singularities | Mathematical analysis | Roots | Three dimensional

Dirac equation | mini-superspace models | singularities | ELECTRON | SUPERCONDUCTIVITY | MEMBRANE MODEL | FLATNESS | INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE | GRAVITY | HORIZON | QUANTUM COSMOLOGY | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | DYNAMICS | QUANTIZATION | Membranes | Singularities | Mathematical analysis | Roots | Three dimensional

Journal Article

Journal of Computer Science and Technology, ISSN 1000-9000, 3/2019, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp. 305 - 317

.... With the improvement of performance with deeper layers, DCNNs incur higher computational complexity and larger storage requirement, making it extremely difficult to deploy DCNNs on resource-limited embedded systems...

Information Systems Applications (incl.Internet) | Software Engineering | Artificial Intelligence | convolutional neural network | memory compression | Computer Science | network quantization | Theory of Computation | Computer Science, general | Data Structures and Information Theory | COMPUTER SCIENCE, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING | COMPUTER SCIENCE, HARDWARE & ARCHITECTURE | Computer science | Embedded systems | Mobile devices | Language processing | Machine vision | Neural networks | Memory | Natural language interfaces | Computational linguistics

Information Systems Applications (incl.Internet) | Software Engineering | Artificial Intelligence | convolutional neural network | memory compression | Computer Science | network quantization | Theory of Computation | Computer Science, general | Data Structures and Information Theory | COMPUTER SCIENCE, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING | COMPUTER SCIENCE, HARDWARE & ARCHITECTURE | Computer science | Embedded systems | Mobile devices | Language processing | Machine vision | Neural networks | Memory | Natural language interfaces | Computational linguistics

Journal Article

7.
Full Text
Image compression based on vector quantization using cuckoo search optimization technique

Ain Shams Engineering Journal, ISSN 2090-4479, 12/2018, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp. 1417 - 1431

Most common vector quantization (VQ) is Linde Buzo Gray (LBG), that designs a local optimal codebook for image compression...

Linde-Buzo-Gray (LBG) | Firefly algorithm (FA) | Image compression | Vector quantization | Particle swarm optimization (PSO) | Cuckoo search (CS) | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ALGORITHM | VQ

Linde-Buzo-Gray (LBG) | Firefly algorithm (FA) | Image compression | Vector quantization | Particle swarm optimization (PSO) | Cuckoo search (CS) | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ALGORITHM | VQ

Journal Article

8.
Full Text
Can Dirac quantization of constrained systems be fulfilled within the intrinsic geometry?

Annals of Physics, ISSN 0003-4916, 02/2014, Volume 341, pp. 132 - 141

.... These two facts imply that the three-dimensional Euclidean space in which the curved surface is embedded must be invoked otherwise no proper canonical quantization is attainable...

Constrained systems | Canonical quantization | Quantum fields in curved spacetime | SPACE | MOTION | PARTICLE | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | QUANTUM-MECHANICS | SUBMANIFOLD | Studies | Geometry | Euclidean space | Schrodinger equation | Particle physics | Incompatibility | Constraints | Quantum mechanics | Quantization | Schroedinger equation | Cartesian coordinate system | Curved | Three dimensional | SPACE-TIME | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | EUCLIDEAN SPACE | HAMILTONIANS | POTENTIALS | QUANTIZATION | QUANTUM MECHANICS | THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS | CARTESIAN COORDINATES | GEOMETRY | SURFACES

Constrained systems | Canonical quantization | Quantum fields in curved spacetime | SPACE | MOTION | PARTICLE | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | QUANTUM-MECHANICS | SUBMANIFOLD | Studies | Geometry | Euclidean space | Schrodinger equation | Particle physics | Incompatibility | Constraints | Quantum mechanics | Quantization | Schroedinger equation | Cartesian coordinate system | Curved | Three dimensional | SPACE-TIME | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | EUCLIDEAN SPACE | HAMILTONIANS | POTENTIALS | QUANTIZATION | QUANTUM MECHANICS | THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS | CARTESIAN COORDINATES | GEOMETRY | SURFACES

Journal Article

Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics, ISSN 0740-3224, 2006, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp. 94 - 103

...) have been studied as a function of the phase quantization level and spatial resolution of the phase mask...

OPTICS | NONDIFFRACTING BEAMS | SPATIAL LIGHT-MODULATOR | BESSEL BEAMS | PROPAGATION | LASERS | SPATIAL RESOLUTION | VORTICES | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | BEAM OPTICS | SINGULARITY | CONFINEMENT | ATOMS | QUANTIZATION | RADIATION PRESSURE | TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS | FOCUSING

OPTICS | NONDIFFRACTING BEAMS | SPATIAL LIGHT-MODULATOR | BESSEL BEAMS | PROPAGATION | LASERS | SPATIAL RESOLUTION | VORTICES | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | BEAM OPTICS | SINGULARITY | CONFINEMENT | ATOMS | QUANTIZATION | RADIATION PRESSURE | TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS | FOCUSING

Journal Article

Classical and Quantum Gravity, ISSN 0264-9381, 07/2012, Volume 29, Issue 14, pp. 145018 - 30

We show that the degenerate sector of Spin(4) Plebanski formulation of four-dimensional gravity is exactly solvable and describes covariantly embedded SU(2) BF theory...

LOOP GRAVITY | MODELS | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | INVARIANTS | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | VERTEX | 3-MANIFOLDS | NETWORKS | QUANTUM-GRAVITY | IMMIRZI PARAMETER | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Foams | Gravitation | Amplitudes | Equivalence | Quantization | Mathematical models | Representations | Quantum gravity | Physics - General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

LOOP GRAVITY | MODELS | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | INVARIANTS | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | VERTEX | 3-MANIFOLDS | NETWORKS | QUANTUM-GRAVITY | IMMIRZI PARAMETER | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Foams | Gravitation | Amplitudes | Equivalence | Quantization | Mathematical models | Representations | Quantum gravity | Physics - General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

Journal Article

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, 08/2013, Volume 88, Issue 4

Doubts have been expressed on the universality of holographic/string-inspired quantization rules for the horizon areas of stationary black holes, or the products of their radii, already...

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | ENTROPY | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | ENTROPY | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

Journal Article

Mathematical problems in engineering, ISSN 1024-123X, 9/2017, Volume 2017, pp. 1 - 11

We propose a new clustering method for data in cylindrical coordinates based on the k-means. The goal of the k-means family is to maximize an optimization...

SEGMENTATION | MATHEMATICS, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS | ADAPTIVE COLOR QUANTIZATION | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ALGORITHM | Electronic data processing | Usage | Mathematical research | Coordinates | Mathematical models | Research | Methods | Statistical analysis | Distance learning | Similarity | Color | Market segmentation | Principal components analysis | Probabilistic models | Pattern recognition | Gene expression | Data mining | Clustering | Embedded systems | Algorithms | Azimuth | Neural networks | Signal processing | International conferences | Cylindrical coordinates

SEGMENTATION | MATHEMATICS, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS | ADAPTIVE COLOR QUANTIZATION | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ALGORITHM | Electronic data processing | Usage | Mathematical research | Coordinates | Mathematical models | Research | Methods | Statistical analysis | Distance learning | Similarity | Color | Market segmentation | Principal components analysis | Probabilistic models | Pattern recognition | Gene expression | Data mining | Clustering | Embedded systems | Algorithms | Azimuth | Neural networks | Signal processing | International conferences | Cylindrical coordinates

Journal Article

Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, ISSN 2215-0986, 06/2019, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp. 840 - 853

... the real–time and embedded system applications. Some of such end uses are essentially derived for specific task, however their realization are not described and delineated...

Raspberry Pi | DCT | Vector quantization | Digital camera | BeagleBone Black | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

Raspberry Pi | DCT | Vector quantization | Digital camera | BeagleBone Black | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

Journal Article

Mathematical problems in engineering, ISSN 1024-123X, 5/2014, Volume 2014, pp. 1 - 9

.... Vector quantization (VQ) is suitable for multimedia data applications because of its simple architecture, fast decoding ability, and high compression rate...

IMPROVEMENT | SEARCH ALGORITHM | MATHEMATICS, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Geometry | Hand-held computers | Principal components analysis | Usage | Multimedia technology | Analysis | Algorithms | Wireless networks | Optimization | Heuristic | Multimedia | Trees | Networks | Vector quantization | Searching | Bandwidth | Principal component analysis

IMPROVEMENT | SEARCH ALGORITHM | MATHEMATICS, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS | ENGINEERING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Geometry | Hand-held computers | Principal components analysis | Usage | Multimedia technology | Analysis | Algorithms | Wireless networks | Optimization | Heuristic | Multimedia | Trees | Networks | Vector quantization | Searching | Bandwidth | Principal component analysis

Journal Article

The European Physical Journal B, ISSN 1434-6028, 9/2015, Volume 88, Issue 9, pp. 1 - 23

...) with p-type valence band embedded into the resonators. As the first step in this direction the Landau quantization (LQ...

Condensed Matter Physics | Solid State Physics | Fluid- and Aerodynamics | Solid State and Materials | Physics, general | Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity | Physics | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | ELECTRON | RESONANCE | HOLES | EXCITON-POLARITONS | CYCLOTRON | MAGNETIC-FIELD | Gallium arsenide | Analysis | Electrons | Physics - Quantum Gases

Condensed Matter Physics | Solid State Physics | Fluid- and Aerodynamics | Solid State and Materials | Physics, general | Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity | Physics | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | ELECTRON | RESONANCE | HOLES | EXCITON-POLARITONS | CYCLOTRON | MAGNETIC-FIELD | Gallium arsenide | Analysis | Electrons | Physics - Quantum Gases

Journal Article

2013 Data Compression Conference, ISSN 1068-0314, 03/2013, pp. 271 - 280

Embedded quantization is a mechanism through which image coding systems provide quality progressivity...

Wavelet transforms | general embedded quantization | JPEG2000 | Quantization (signal) | Codecs | Embedded quantization | Transform coding | Encoding | 2-step scalar deadzone quantization | Image reconstruction | Engines

Wavelet transforms | general embedded quantization | JPEG2000 | Quantization (signal) | Codecs | Embedded quantization | Transform coding | Encoding | 2-step scalar deadzone quantization | Image reconstruction | Engines

Conference Proceeding

Journal of Mathematical Physics, ISSN 0022-2488, 05/2007, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp. 052101 - 052101-7

... ( 3 ) ⊃ SO ( 3 ) for the state vectors. A complete canonical quantization of the model has been investigated in the collective coordinate formalism for the fundamental SU(3...

REPRESENTATION | PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL | SOLITONS | SKYRME POTENTIAL | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | SU-3 GROUPS | SO-3 GROUPS | HAMILTONIANS | QUANTIZATION | QUANTUM MECHANICS | LAGRANGIAN FIELD THEORY | LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION

REPRESENTATION | PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL | SOLITONS | SKYRME POTENTIAL | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS | SU-3 GROUPS | SO-3 GROUPS | HAMILTONIANS | QUANTIZATION | QUANTUM MECHANICS | LAGRANGIAN FIELD THEORY | LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION

Journal Article

Selecta Mathematica, ISSN 1022-1824, 9/2018, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp. 3529 - 3617

Let $$\mathsf {k}$$ k be a field of characteristic zero. Etingof and Kazhdan (Sel. Math. (N.S.) 2:1–41, 1996) construct a quantisation...

81R50 | Mathematics, general | Mathematics | 17B62 | 17B37 | MATHEMATICS | MATHEMATICS, APPLIED | LIE BIALGEBRAS

81R50 | Mathematics, general | Mathematics | 17B62 | 17B37 | MATHEMATICS | MATHEMATICS, APPLIED | LIE BIALGEBRAS

Journal Article

Classical and Quantum Gravity, ISSN 0264-9381, 09/2004, Volume 21, Issue 17, pp. L115 - L121

...) The kinematics of canonical loop quantization and embedded spin foam models are compatible. (3) The weights assigned to embedded spin foams are independent of the 2-polyhedron used to regularize the path integral, \J\(x) = \J\(x)'. (4) An area spectrum with edge contributions proportional to l(PL)(2) (j + 1/2) is not compatible with embedded spin foam models and/or canonical loop quantization.

SPACE | RENORMALIZATION-GROUP | AREA | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | SPIN FOAM MODELS | QUANTUM-GRAVITY | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

SPACE | RENORMALIZATION-GROUP | AREA | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | SPIN FOAM MODELS | QUANTUM-GRAVITY | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

Journal Article

Living Reviews in Relativity, ISSN 2367-3613, 12/2010, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 55

We give a comprehensive review of the quantization of midisuperspace models. Though the main focus of the paper is on quantum aspects, we also provide an introduction to several classical points related to the definition of these models...

Astrophysics and Astroparticles | Loop Quantum Gravity | Kill Vector Field | Black Hole | Cosmology | Hamiltonian Constraint | Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory | Physics | Symmetry Reduction | HAMILTONIAN THERMODYNAMICS | FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION | GRAVITATIONAL-WAVES | CYLINDRICAL WAVES | CANONICAL QUANTIZATION | KILLING FIELD REDUCTIONS | QUANTUM GEOMETRY | SPACE-TIMES | SPHERICALLY SYMMETRIC-SYSTEMS | BLACK-HOLES | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Physics - General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology | Review | Quantization | Midisuperspace | Loop quantum gravity | Quantum gravity

Astrophysics and Astroparticles | Loop Quantum Gravity | Kill Vector Field | Black Hole | Cosmology | Hamiltonian Constraint | Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory | Physics | Symmetry Reduction | HAMILTONIAN THERMODYNAMICS | FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION | GRAVITATIONAL-WAVES | CYLINDRICAL WAVES | CANONICAL QUANTIZATION | KILLING FIELD REDUCTIONS | QUANTUM GEOMETRY | SPACE-TIMES | SPHERICALLY SYMMETRIC-SYSTEMS | BLACK-HOLES | PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS | Physics - General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology | Review | Quantization | Midisuperspace | Loop quantum gravity | Quantum gravity

Journal Article