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Mitochondrial DNA, ISSN 1940-1736, 2008
Journal
Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology, ISSN 1943-0264, 2012, Volume 4, Issue 9, pp. a011403 - a011403
.... Yet mitochondrial genome evolution has taken radically different pathways in diverse eukaryotic lineages, and the organelle itself is increasingly viewed as a genetic and functional mosaic... 
CYTOCHROME-C-OXIDASE | OXIDOREDUCTASE COMPLEX-I | CHLAMYDOMONAS-REINHARDTII | PYRUVATE METABOLISM | PARASITE ENTAMOEBA-HISTOLYTICA | SUBCELLULAR-LOCALIZATION | SUBUNIT RIBOSOMAL-RNA | ORGANELLE GENOMES | GENE CONTENT | SCENEDESMUS-OBLIQUUS | CELL BIOLOGY | Biological Evolution | Symbiosis | Mitochondria - genetics | Models, Biological | Proteome | Genome, Mitochondrial | Phylogeny | Evolution, Molecular | 073
Journal Article
Annual review of genetics, ISSN 1545-2948, 2005, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp. 359 - 407
...) as a toxic by-product hypothesize that mitochondrial dysfunction plays a central role in a wide range of age-related disorders and various forms of cancer... 
Aging | Mitochondria | Reactive oxygen species | Diabetes | Neurodegenerative diseases | Human origins | TRANSCRIPTIONAL COACTIVATOR PGC-1-ALPHA | TISSUE-CULTURE CELLS | mitochondria | AMYOTROPHIC-LATERAL-SCLEROSIS | RENAL-CELL CARCINOMA | LIFE-SPAN EXTENSION | neurodegenerative diseases | CYTOCHROME-C-OXIDASE | RECEPTOR-GAMMA COACTIVATOR-1 | MANGANESE SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE | reactive oxygen species | GENETICS & HEREDITY | human origins | aging | HEREDITARY OPTIC NEUROPATHY | GENE-EXPRESSION PROFILE | diabetes | Neoplasms - metabolism | Metabolic Diseases - pathology | Energy Metabolism | Metabolic Diseases - metabolism | Mitochondria - genetics | Humans | Metabolic Diseases - genetics | Mitochondria - metabolism | Longevity - genetics | Mitochondria - pathology | Neoplasms - pathology | Aging - metabolism | Degeneration (Pathology) | Mitochondrial DNA | Genetic aspects | Research | Diet | Nutrition | Disease | Evolutionary biology | Genetics | Age | Risk factors | TCA: mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle | SDH: succinate dehydrogenase | LHON: Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy | ROS: reactive oxygen species, oxygen radicals | CPEO | ANT: adenine nucleotide translocator | OXPHOS: oxidative phosphorylation | Mitochondrial medicine: the new medical discipline that pertains to all clinical problems that involve the mitochondria, Evolutionary medicine: a clinical perspective that posits that many of the common clinical problems of today are rooted in adaptive genetic programs that permitted our human ancestors to survive in the environments which they confronted in the past | NARP: neurogenic muscle weaknes, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa | MELAS: mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes | MERRF: myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fiber disease | ETC: mitochondrial electron transport chain, a part of the OXPHOS system | CR: mtDNA control region | COX: cytochrome c oxidase, complex IV | Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS): the process by which the mitochondrion generates energy through oxidation of organic acids and fats with oxygen to create a capacitor [electron chemical gradient (ΔP = ΔΨ + ΔpH)] across the mitochondrial inner membrane. This ΔP is used as a source of potential energy to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP), transport substrates or ions, or produce heat. OXPHOS encompasses five multipolypepetide complexes I, II, III, IV and V. Complex I is NADH dehydrogenase or NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, complex II is succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) of succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, complex III is the bc1 complex or ubiquinole: cytochrome c oxidoreductase,complex IV is cytochrome c oxidase (COX) or reduced cytochrome c: oxygen oxidoreductase, and complex V is the ATP synthase or proton-translocating ATP synthase. Complexes I, III, IV, and V encompass both nDNA- and mtDNA-encoded subunits | ZnSOD (Sod1): mitochondrial inner membrane space and cytosolic superoxide dismutase | mtPTP: mitochondrial permeability transition pore | FOXO: mammalian forkhead transcription factor | Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA): the portion of the mitochondrial genome that currently resides in the matrix of the mitochondrion, as a circular DNA molecule containing the mitochondrial rRNA genes, tRNA genes, and 13 subunits of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) enzyme complexes | MnSOD (Sod2): mitochondrial matrix superoxide dismutase | Reactive oxygen species (ROS): primarily superoxide anion (O2• −), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radical (• OH), commonly referred to as oxygen radicals; generated as a toxic by-product of oxidative energy production by OXPHOS damage the mitochondrial and cellular DNA, proteins, lipids, and other molecules causing oxidative stress | PGC-1: PPARγ (peroxisome-proliferating-activated receptor γ) coactivator 1 | Mitochondrion (s), mitochondria (pl): cellular organelle of endosymbiotic origin that resides in the cytosol of most nucleated (eukaryotic) cells and which produces energy by oxidizing organic acids and fats with oxygen by the process oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and generates oxygen radicals (reactive oxygen species, ROS) as a toxic by-product | KSS: chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Kearn-Sayre syndrome | Apoptosis: a process of programmed cell death resulting in the activation of caspase enzymes and intracellular nucleases that degrade the cellular proteins and nDNA. Apoptosis can be initiated via the mitochondrion through the activation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP) in response to energy deficiency, increased oxidative stress, excessive Ca2+, and, or other factors | mtDNA: mitochondrial DNA | APP: amyloid precursor protein | Unc 1,2,3: uncoupling proteins 1,2,3
Journal Article
Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, 01/2005, Volume 33, Issue Database issue, pp. D611 - D613
MITOMAP (http://www.MITOMAP.org), a database for the human mitochondrial genome, has grown rapidly in data content over the past several years as interest in the role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA... 
MTDNA CONTROL-REGION | REPLICATION | MUTATIONS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | Genetic Variation | User-Computer Interface | Genetic Predisposition to Disease | Mitochondria - genetics | Database Management Systems | Genomics | Humans | Systems Integration | Mutation | Genome, Human | Databases, Nucleic Acid | DNA, Mitochondrial - chemistry
Journal Article
IUBMB life, ISSN 1521-6543, 2018, Volume 70, Issue 12, pp. 1188 - 1196
The origin of eukaryotes stands as a major open question in biology. Central to this question is the nature and timing of the origin of the mitochondrion, an... 
eukaryotic evolution | mitochondria | evolution | ORIGIN | ROOT | PEROXISOMES | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | BIOLOGY | TREE | HOST | LIFE | CELL BIOLOGY | Evolution | Analysis | Mitochondria | Eukaryotic evolution | Critical Review | Critical Reviews
Journal Article
Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology, ISSN 1943-0264, 2013, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp. a012641 - a012641
Journal Article