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09/2012
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are free-living soil-borne bacteria that colonize the rhizosphere and have great importance in governing the... 
Gnotobiotic assay | Phytohormones | Maize | Wheat
Web Resource
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, 4/2009, Volume 106, Issue 14, pp. 5859 - 5864
The adult human distal gut microbial community is typically dominated by 2 bacterial phyla (divisions), the Firmicutes and the Bacteroidetes. Little is known... 
Polysaccharides | Microbiota | Germ free animals | Gnotobiotics | Butyrates | Diet | Humans | Genomes | Bacteroidetes | Acetates | Carbohydrate metabolism gnotobiotic mice | Nutrient sharing | Human gut Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes | Gut microbiome | human gut Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes | carbohydrate metabolism | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | nutrient sharing | gnotobiotic mice | HUMAN INTESTINE | BUTYRATE-PRODUCING BACTERIA | SYMBIONT | OBESITY | gut microbiome | EVOLUTION | SODIUM-BUTYRATE | BACTEROIDES-THETAIOTAOMICRON | DIVERSITY | EXPRESSION | COLONIC EPITHELIAL-CELLS | Symbiosis | Eubacterium - metabolism | Genome, Bacterial | Eubacterium - cytology | Molecular Sequence Data | Gene Expression Profiling | Polysaccharides - metabolism | Metabolic Networks and Pathways - genetics | Animals | Bacteroidetes - cytology | Intestines - microbiology | Bacteroidetes - metabolism | Models, Biological | Ecosystem | Mice | Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Research | Genomics | Proteomics | Bacteria | Amino acids | Models | Comparative analysis | Gene expression | Enzymes | Transcription | proteomics | Mucosa | Epithelium | Signal transduction | Specialization | glycoside hydrolase | NADH | Glycolysis | Nutrients | Acetic acid | Digestive tract | Niches | Sugar | Ecosystem stability | Index Medicus | GLYCOSIDES | HYDROLASES | SACCHAROSE | BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES | STABILITY | ADULTS | IN VIVO | REDUNDANCY | GLYCOLYSIS | EPITHELIUM | AMINO ACIDS | ENZYMES | NUTRIENTS | POLYSACCHARIDES | MICE | ECOSYSTEMS | CLOSTRIDIUM | FUNCTIONALS | Biological Sciences
Journal Article
Laboratory Animals, ISSN 0023-6772, 6/2019, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp. 232 - 243
Gnotobiotics or gnotobiology is a research field exploring organisms with a known microbiological state. In animal research, the development of gnotobiotics... 
germ-free | microbiota | gnotobiology | isolators | gnotobiotics | gnotobiotic | short-term housing | microbiome
Journal Article
Neurogastroenterology & Motility, ISSN 1350-1925, 03/2011, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp. 255 - e119
Background  There is increasing interest in the gut‐brain axis and the role intestinal microbiota may play in communication between these two systems.... 
gnotobiotic | gut‐brain axis | anxiety‐like behavior | elevated plus maze | hippocampus | Anxiety-like behavior | Gnotobiotic | Elevated plus maze | Gut-brain axis | Hippocampus | NEUROTROPHIC-FACTOR | RECEPTOR MESSENGER-RNA | anxiety-like behavior | GUT MICROBIOTA | ELEVATED PLUS-MAZE | FUNCTIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS | NEUROSCIENCES | CLINICAL NEUROLOGY | MOOD DISORDERS | CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM | RAT-BRAIN | GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY | IRRITABLE-BOWEL-SYNDROME | LACTOBACILLUS-REUTERI | gut-brain axis | Motor Activity - physiology | Gene Expression | Brain - anatomy & histology | Humans | Neurotransmitter Agents - metabolism | Gastrointestinal Tract - microbiology | Behavior, Animal - physiology | Receptors, Neurotransmitter - genetics | Brain - physiology | Neurotransmitter Agents - genetics | Animals | Germ-Free Life | Stress, Psychological | Female | Anxiety | Brain Chemistry | Mice | Receptors, Neurotransmitter - metabolism | Corticosterone - blood | Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System - physiology | Metagenome | Pituitary-Adrenal System - physiology | Methyl aspartate | Antianxiety agents | Messenger RNA | Index Medicus | Gnotobiotics | Amygdala | Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis | N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid receptors | Glutamic acid receptors | Gene expression | Anxiolytics | Brain-derived neurotrophic factor | Specific pathogen free | Serotonin receptors | Granules | Intestinal microflora | Digestive tract | Communication
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 01/2018, Volume 359, Issue 6371, pp. 97 - 103
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 01/2018, Volume 359, Issue 6371, pp. 91 - 97
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 axis induce sustained clinical responses in a sizable minority of cancer patients. We found that... 
CELL LUNG-CANCER | MELANOMA | MICROENVIRONMENT | INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA | CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE | PD-1 BLOCKADE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | GENES | RESISTANCE | ANTITUMOR IMMUNITY | NIVOLUMAB | CD4 Antigens - immunology | Immunotherapy - methods | Humans | Antibodies, Monoclonal - therapeutic use | Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor - antagonists & inhibitors | Gastrointestinal Microbiome - genetics | Fecal Microbiota Transplantation | Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use | Feces - microbiology | Metagenome - genetics | Neoplasms - therapy | Animals | Receptors, CCR - immunology | Interleukin-12 - immunology | Receptors, CXCR3 - immunology | T-Lymphocytes - immunology | Mice | Gastrointestinal Microbiome - immunology | Verrucomicrobia - genetics | Verrucomicrobia - immunology | Care and treatment | Cell receptors | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Immunotherapy | Epithelial tumors | Physiological aspects | Health aspects | Methods | Apoptosis | PD-1 protein | Lung | Interleukin | Microbiomes | Transplantation | Lymphocytes T | Anticancer properties | Microbiota | Lymphocytes | Bacteria | Feces | Supplementation | Gnotobiotics | Kidneys | Melanoma | Dietary supplements | Interleukin 12 | Abundance | CXCR3 protein | Patients | CD4 antigen | Immune checkpoint | Antibiotics | Flora | PD-L1 protein | Relative abundance | Antitumor activity | CCR9 protein | Tumors | Kidney transplantation | Cancer | Index Medicus | Life Sciences
Journal Article
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 01/2018, Volume 359, Issue 6371, pp. 104 - 108
Anti-PD-1-based immunotherapy has had a major impact on cancer treatment but has only benefited a subset of patients. Among the variables that could contribute... 
MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | Immunotherapy - methods | Enterococcus faecium - immunology | Skin Neoplasms - immunology | Skin Neoplasms - therapy | Humans | Antibodies, Monoclonal - therapeutic use | Bifidobacterium longum - immunology | Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor - antagonists & inhibitors | Enterococcus faecium - genetics | Gastrointestinal Microbiome - genetics | Enterococcus faecium - isolation & purification | Bifidobacterium longum - genetics | Enterococcus faecium - classification | Feces - microbiology | Bifidobacterium longum - isolation & purification | Animals | Melanoma - immunology | Bifidobacterium longum - classification | RNA, Ribosomal, 16S - genetics | T-Lymphocytes - immunology | Mice | Gastrointestinal Microbiome - immunology | Melanoma - therapy | Care and treatment | Cell receptors | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Immunotherapy | Melanoma | Physiological aspects | Metastasis | Health aspects | Methods | Apoptosis | Animal models | rRNA 16S | PD-1 protein | Lung | Microbiomes | Lymphocytes T | Immunity | Metastases | Gene sequencing | Anticancer properties | Microorganisms | Bacteria | Supplementation | Gnotobiotics | Effectiveness | Kidneys | Dietary supplements | Ribonucleic acid--RNA | Patients | Polymerase chain reaction | Antibiotics | Flora | PD-L1 protein | Antitumor activity | Cancer | Kidney transplantation | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal Article
Cell, ISSN 0092-8674, 08/2012, Volume 150, Issue 3, pp. 470 - 480
Journal Article