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Knowledge and information systems, ISSN 0219-3116, 2013, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp. 181 - 213
Journal Article
IEEE transactions on medical imaging, ISSN 0278-0062, 2004, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp. 903 - 921
Journal Article
Journal of philosophical logic, ISSN 0022-3611, 04/2018, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp. 193 - 226
.... In this part of the paper, we extend the base theory of the first part of the paper with hierarchically typed truth-predicates and principles about the interaction of partial ground and truth... 
Positive truth | Axiomatic theories of truth | Predicational theories of ground | Metaphysical grounding | Logic | Philosophy | SELF-REFERENCE | PHILOSOPHY | Analysis
Journal Article
PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2012, Volume 7, Issue 2, p. e30546
Journal Article
Pattern recognition, ISSN 0031-3203, 05/2017, Volume 65, pp. 58 - 70
External cluster validity indices (CVIs) are used to quantify the quality of a clustering by comparing the similarity between the clustering and a ground truth partition... 
Ground truth bias | External cluster validity indices | Rand index | Quadratic entropy | CRITERIA | DISTANCE | CLASSIFICATION | COMPUTER SCIENCE, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE | DISSIMILARITY COEFFICIENTS | CHANCE AGREEMENT | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | SIMILARITY INDEXES | PARTITIONS | ASSOCIATION | 2 HIERARCHICAL CLUSTERINGS | PROGRAM
Journal Article
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS), ISSN 2160-6455, 07/2018, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp. 1 - 20
.... We have proposed the CrowdTruth method for collecting ground truth through crowdsourcing, which reconsiders the role of people in machine learning based on the observation that disagreement... 
inter-annotator disagreement | clinical natural language processing | crowd truth | natural language ambiguity | crowdtruth | Ground truth | relation extraction | Relation extraction | Inter-annotator disagreement | Artificial Intelligence | Natural language ambiguity | CrowdTruth | Crowd Truth | Human-Computer Interaction | Clinical natural language processing | UMLS | COMPUTER SCIENCE, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Journal Article
Pattern recognition, ISSN 0031-3203, 2018, Volume 84, pp. 68 - 81
•A novel W2F framework for weakly-supervised object detection is proposed.•The PGE algorithm is designed to mine the accurate pseudo ground truths... 
Deep learning | Weakly-supervised learning | Pseudo ground truth | Iterative learning | Object detection | LOCALIZATION | COMPUTER SCIENCE, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | Electrical engineering | Mineral industry | Algorithms | Mining industry | Detectors
Journal Article
Computers & security, ISSN 0167-4048, 11/2015, Volume 55, pp. 142 - 158
.... These methods require accurate ground truth of both malicious and benign DNS traffic for model training as well as for the performance evaluation... 
DNS | Whitelists | Blacklists | Ground truth | Data labeling | Traffic analysis | COMPUTER SCIENCE, INFORMATION SYSTEMS | Domain names | Machine learning
Journal Article