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The Journal of finance (New York), ISSN 0022-1082, 2002, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp. 1147 - 1170
We present a model of the effects of legal protection of minority shareholders and of cash-flow ownership by a controlling shareholder on the valuation of firms... 
Shareholders | Expropriation | Sales growth | Investors | Voting | Valuation | Civil law | Common law | Business structures | Minority shareholders | BUSINESS, FINANCE | MARKET | LAW | GOVERNANCE | FINANCE | VOTING-RIGHTS | GROWTH | ECONOMICS | OWNERSHIP | WORLD | STOCK | FIRM | Corporations | Models
Journal Article
Journal of financial economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 2000, Volume 58, Issue 1-2, pp. 3 - 27
Recent research has documented large differences among countries in ownership concentration in publicly traded firms, in the breadth and depth of capital... 
Corporate governance | Investor, protection | Law | G28 | G21 | G32 | law | investor, protection | DETERMINANTS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | COSTS | FINANCE | GROWTH | BANKS | JAPAN | corporate governance | ECONOMICS | OWNERSHIP | FIRM | Research | Corporations | Laws, regulations and rules
Journal Article
Journal of corporate finance (Amsterdam, Netherlands), ISSN 0929-1199, 12/2017, Volume 47, pp. 174 - 190
We argue that investor protection changes the relative importance of productivity and scale as drivers of corporate control transfers... 
BUSINESS, FINANCE | LAW | GOVERNANCE | DETERMINANTS | MARKETS | PRODUCTIVITY | GROWTH | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | MERGERS | TAKEOVERS | ACQUISITIONS | Business schools | Investor relations
Journal Article
Journal of financial and quantitative analysis, ISSN 0022-1090, 12/2010, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp. 1391 - 1417
Journal Article
Management science, ISSN 0025-1909, 7/2018, Volume 64, Issue 7, pp. 3108 - 3128
Two competing principal–agent models explain why firms pay dividends. The substitute model proposes that corporate insiders pay dividends to signal and build trust with outside shareholders who lack legal protection... 
expropriations | experiment | agency costs | trust game | dividends | Dividends | Expropriations | Agency costs | Trust game | Experiment | REPURCHASES | MANAGEMENT | GAMES | BEHAVIOR | INFORMATION | EARNINGS | FIRMS | VALUATION | DIVIDEND POLICY | OPERATIONS RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT SCIENCE | INVESTMENT | TRUST | Stockholders | Economic aspects | Investor relations | Analysis | Agency theory
Journal Article
Journal of business finance & accounting, ISSN 1468-5957, 2010, Volume 37, Issue 5-6, pp. 648 - 667
:  We investigate the relationship between corporate governance quality and dividend policy in Canada. Based on the agency theory predictions, we consider the... 
corporate governance | payout policy | agency theory | Corporate governance | Payout policy | Agency theory | DETERMINANTS | PERFORMANCE | INFORMATION | ENTRENCHMENT | FREE CASH FLOW | BUSINESS, FINANCE | FINANCE | INVESTMENT | HYPOTHESIS | FAMILY OWNERSHIP | Stockholders | Dividends | Investor relations | Analysis | Financial disclosure
Journal Article
Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, 11/2019, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp. 1634 - 1640
... for companies with relatively poorer investor protection. By crawling data from online filings and constructing a unique dataset of tax haven investors' shareholding... 
foreign investors | Tax haven | event study | investor protection | ECONOMICS | AVOIDANCE | Crawling | Foreign investment | Tax havens | Taxation | Surveillance
Journal Article
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW, ISSN 0029-3571, 2019, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp. 507 - 537
On June 19, 2019, the SEC released a report examining, in part, the adequacy of the accredited investor definition contained within Regulation D of the... 
RULES 146 | LAW | Laws, regulations and rules | Private equity | Investors | Regulation D | Startups | Small business | SEC 33 | Private placement | Regulation of financial institutions | Equity | Defined benefit plans | Consumer protection | Accreditation | Retirement plans | Wall Street Reform & Consumer Protection Act 2010-US
Journal Article
Asian journal of law and society, ISSN 2052-9015, 11/2017, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp. 349 - 385
The market of a successful financial centre must be efficient, orderly, and fair, which requires that investor protection rules be enforced effectively... 
Law and Economics in East Asia | derivative actions | corporate law | disqualification of directors | securities law | investor protection | unfair prejudice | Jurisdiction | Annual reports | Law enforcement | Investors | Futures | Quality | Debates | Litigation | Regulation of financial institutions | Stockholders | Securities industry | Models
Journal Article
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting, ISSN 0954-1314, 02/2018, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp. 83 - 100
Journal Article
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting, ISSN 0954-1314, 02/2018, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp. 57 - 82
.... Moreover, this positive association is mitigated by stronger investor legal protection because stronger investor legal protection alleviates the earnings management concern from capitalized development costs... 
audit fees | legal protection of investor rights | intangible assets | development cost capitalization | LAW | RESEARCH-AND-DEVELOPMENT | EARNINGS MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | IMPACT | INCOME | VALUE-RELEVANCE | BUSINESS RISK | LITIGATION RISK | Analysis | Investor relations | Audits | Intangible assets | Earnings management | Perceptions | International accounting standards | Earnings | Fees | Associations | Auditors | Discretion
Journal Article
Croatian International Relations Review, ISSN 1848-5782, 10/2018, Volume 24, Issue 83, pp. 52 - 83
The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) in its Part III which regulates standards of protection guaranteed to foreign investors by the ECT States members, together with the Article 24 of the ECT, constitutes a kind of autonomous investment... 
standards of protectio | investment | arbitration | Energy Charter Treaty | Treaties | Awards | Arbitration | Investors | Energy | North American Free Trade Agreement | Foreign investment | National security | Standards
Journal Article
Journal of contemporary accounting & economics, ISSN 1815-5669, 2015, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp. 183 - 198
•Earnings management is affected by investor protection in each country.•Accrual-based earnings management decreases under stronger investor protection... 
Earnings management | Corporation law | Regulation | Investor protection | Securities law
Journal Article