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The Journal of immunology (1950), ISSN 1550-6606, 2009, Volume 183, Issue 9, pp. 5879 - 5885
Shigella, a Gram-negative invasive enteropathogenic bacterium responsible for bacillary dysentery, causes the rupture, invasion, and inflammatory destruction... 
BACTERIA | IMMUNOGLOBULIN-A | DENDRITIC CELLS | INTERCELLULAR SPREAD | IMMUNE-RESPONSES | IN-VIVO | RECEPTOR | COMPONENT | M-CELLS | IMMUNOLOGY | MUCOSAL SURFACES | Antibody Specificity | Dysentery, Bacillary - immunology | Immunoglobulin A, Secretory - physiology | Rabbits | Ileum - pathology | Shigella flexneri - growth & development | Humans | Intestinal Mucosa - secretion | Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology | Lipopolysaccharides - antagonists & inhibitors | Ileum - immunology | Ileum - secretion | Dysentery, Bacillary - prevention & control | Cell Membrane Permeability - immunology | Animals | Shigella flexneri - immunology | Down-Regulation - immunology | Intestinal Mucosa - immunology | Dysentery, Bacillary - pathology | Inflammation Mediators - antagonists & inhibitors | Ileum - microbiology | Disease Models, Animal | Intestinal Mucosa - pathology | Lipopolysaccharides / antagonists & inhibitors | Dysentery, Bacillary / immunology | Dysentery, Bacillary / prevention & control | Ileum / pathology | Cell Membrane Permeability / immunology | Shigella flexneri / growth & development | Dysentery, Bacillary / pathology | Intestinal Mucosa / pathology | Inflammation Mediators / antagonists & inhibitors | Life Sciences | Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism | animals | Immunoglobulin A, Secretory / physiology | Ileum / immunology | Down-Regulation / immunology | Shigella flexneri / immunology | Intestinal Mucosa / immunology | Ileum / metabolism | Bacteriology | Microbiology and Parasitology | Intestinal Mucosa / microbiology | Ileum / microbiology
Journal Article
PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2012, Volume 7, Issue 11, p. e49138
Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease of complex etiology, although dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been implicated in chronic... 
PROTEIN IDENTIFICATIONS | PROFILES | INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE | TWINS | DATABASE | PORPHYROMONAS-GINGIVALIS | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | ULCERATIVE-COLITIS | RAG LOCUS | DIVERSITY | GUT MICROBIOTA | Metagenomics | Bacteria - metabolism | Ileum - pathology | Intestinal Mucosa - metabolism | Humans | Crohn Disease - metabolism | Gastrointestinal Tract - microbiology | Ileum - metabolism | Male | Proteome | Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology | Twins, Monozygotic | Bacteria - genetics | Gastrointestinal Tract - metabolism | Metabolic Networks and Pathways | Proteomics | Crohn Disease - microbiology | Female | Ileum - microbiology | Metagenome | Cluster Analysis | Intestinal Mucosa - pathology | Proteins | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Gastrointestinal diseases | Development and progression | Carbohydrate metabolism | Inflammation | Shotguns | Bioengineering | Dysbacteriosis | Inflammatory bowel diseases | Target recognition | Laboratories | Genomes | Biology | Microbiota | Alterations | Databases | Acquired immune deficiency syndrome--AIDS | Etiology | Intestine | Gastroenterology | Bacteria | Bioindicators | Colon | Signatures | Bioinformatics | Carbohydrates | Internal medicine | Earth science | Metabolism | Ileum | Crohns disease | Medicine | Studies | Inflammatory bowel disease | Crohn's Disease | Acids | Biomarkers | Scientific imaging | Diagnostic systems | Mass spectrometry | Acquired immune deficiency syndrome | AIDS
Journal Article
PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2013, Volume 8, Issue 4, p. e59838
Background and Aims: The clinical onset and severity of intestinal disorders in humans and animals can be profoundly impacted by early life stress. Here we... 
MATERNAL SEPARATION | DIARRHEAL DISEASE | INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE | ION-TRANSPORT | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | ESCHERICHIA-COLI | BARRIER FUNCTION | INFECTION | MICE | SEPSIS | INTERLEUKIN-6 | Ileum - pathology | Weaning | Immunity, Mucosal | Ileum - metabolism | Ileum - immunology | Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli - pathogenicity | Intestinal Mucosa - immunology | Swine | Inflammation Mediators - metabolism | Escherichia coli Infections - veterinary | Cytokines - immunology | Neutrophils - pathology | Animals, Newborn | Dextrans - metabolism | Inflammation Mediators - immunology | Mast Cells - immunology | Cytokines - metabolism | Neutrophils - immunology | Swine Diseases - immunology | Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology | Permeability | Immunity, Innate | Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli - immunology | Animals | Mast Cells - pathology | Ileum - microbiology | Stress, Physiological - immunology | Intestinal Mucosa - pathology | Control | Immune response | Escherichia coli | Causes of | Stress (Physiology) | Infants | Research | Veterinary colleges | Mucosal immunity | Gastrointestinal tract diseases | Disorders | Animal diseases | Recruitment | Interleukin 6 | Cell activation | E coli | Intestine | Rodents | Physiology | Age | Interleukin 8 | Immune system | Stresses | Pigs | Diarrhea | Inflammation | Ileum | Stress | Studies | Hogs | Injury prevention | Tumor necrosis factor | Weight reduction
Journal Article
Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), ISSN 1095-9203, 2001, Volume 291, Issue 5505, pp. 881 - 884
Human beings contain complex societies of indigenous microbes, yet little is known about how resident bacteria shape our physiology. We colonized germfree mice... 
Acinar cells | Cell culture techniques | Microorganisms | Messenger RNA | Commensals | RNA | Colipases | Cell lines | Germ free state | Reports | Epithelium | Intestinal Mucosa - metabolism | Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis | Humans | Ileum - metabolism | Male | Gene Expression Profiling | Colony Count, Microbial | Ileum - immunology | Bifidobacterium - growth & development | Intestinal Mucosa - cytology | Intestinal Mucosa - immunology | Matched-Pair Analysis | Cornified Envelope Proline-Rich Proteins | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | Xenobiotics - metabolism | Escherichia coli - growth & development | Ileum - cytology | Bifidobacterium - physiology | Escherichia coli - physiology | Protein Precursors - genetics | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Neovascularization, Physiologic - genetics | Bacteroides - physiology | Gene Expression Regulation | Gastrointestinal Motility - genetics | Bacteroides - growth & development | Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology | Mice, Inbred Strains | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Protein Precursors - metabolism | Bacteroides - genetics | Animals | Intestinal Absorption - genetics | Germ-Free Life | Mice | Mutation | Ileum - microbiology | Physiological aspects | Microbiological research | Bacteria | Intestine, Small | Ileum | Analysis | Molecular biology | Large intestine | Rodents
Journal Article
British journal of pharmacology, ISSN 0007-1188, 2012, Volume 166, Issue 4, pp. 1444 - 1460
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabichromene (CBC) is a major non‐psychotropic phytocannabinoid that inhibits endocannabinoid inactivation and activates the... 
ileum | TRPA1 | 2‐arachydonoylglycerol | intestinal motility | cannabinoids | cannabichromene | cannabinoid receptors | anandamide | transient receptor potential (TRP) channels | gastrointestinal transit | 2-arachydonoylglycerol | TRP CHANNELS | PIG SMALL-INTESTINE | BOWEL-DISEASE | MOUSE INTESTINE | DELTA-OPIOID-RECEPTOR | EXPERIMENTAL COLITIS | NITRIC-OXIDE | PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY | GASTROINTESTINAL MOTILITY | POTENTIAL ANKYRIN 1 | CB1 RECEPTORS | Transient Receptor Potential Channels - antagonists & inhibitors | Gastrointestinal Motility - drug effects | Ileum - metabolism | Male | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 - antagonists & inhibitors | Ileum - immunology | RNA, Messenger - metabolism | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 - genetics | Jejunum - metabolism | Jejunum - drug effects | Arachidonic Acids - metabolism | Cannabis - chemistry | Ileum - drug effects | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 - agonists | Jejunum - physiopathology | Duodenum - metabolism | Ileitis - physiopathology | Duodenum - physiopathology | Ileitis - metabolism | Transient Receptor Potential Channels - metabolism | Endocannabinoids | Duodenum - immunology | Ileitis - drug therapy | Jejunum - immunology | Ethanolamines | Polyunsaturated Alkamides - metabolism | Transient Receptor Potential Channels - agonists | Mice, Inbred ICR | Gene Expression Regulation - drug effects | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 - metabolism | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 - metabolism | Cannabinoids - therapeutic use | Gastrointestinal Agents - pharmacology | Animals | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 - genetics | Ileitis - immunology | Muscle Contraction - drug effects | Transient Receptor Potential Channels - genetics | TRPA1 Cation Channel | Ileum - physiopathology | Mice | Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 - antagonists & inhibitors | In Vitro Techniques | Palmitic Acids - metabolism | Duodenum - drug effects | Glycerol | Rodents | Motility | Research Papers
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS, ISSN 1091-6490, 2009, Volume 106, Issue 40, pp. 17187 - 17192
Small bowel transplants provide an exceptional opportunity for long-term study of the microbial ecology of the human small bowel. The ileostomy created at time... 
Ileostomy | Anaerobic bacteria | Metabolomics | Microbiota | Metabolites | Humans | Microbial ecology | Small intestine | Ileum | Graft rejection | Intestinal allograft | Human microbiota | 16S ribosomal RNA | Lactobacilli | Alternative stable state | intestinal allograft | INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA | ILEAL | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | lactobacilli | CALPROTECTIN | MUCOSA | TRACT | BACTERIAL DIVERSITY | alternative stable state | human microbiota | INNATE IMMUNITY | ILEOSTOMY | Anaerobiosis | Lactobacillus - growth & development | Middle Aged | Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein - genetics | Intestine, Small - transplantation | Polymerase Chain Reaction - methods | Bacteria - growth & development | Ecosystem | Adult | Enterobacteriaceae - growth & development | Bacteria - metabolism | Intestinal Diseases - surgery | Intestine, Small - microbiology | Clostridium - growth & development | Intestinal Diseases - genetics | Genotype | Bacteroides - growth & development | Bacteria - genetics | DNA, Bacterial - genetics | Intestine, Small - surgery | Ileum - surgery | Intestinal Diseases - microbiology | RNA, Ribosomal, 16S - genetics | Mutation | Ileum - microbiology | Ileum - transplantation | Metagenome | Population Dynamics | Transplantation of organs, tissues, etc | Research | Microbiota (Symbiotic organisms) | Intestine, Small | Biological Sciences
Journal Article
Endocrinology, ISSN 0013-7227, 01/2016, Volume 157, Issue 1, pp. 176 - 194
The 2 gut hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) are well known to be coexpressed, costored, and released together to coact in the... 
PANCREATIC ENDOCRINE RESPONSES | GUT HORMONES | IN-VITRO | GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1 | FOOD-INTAKE | ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM | BRAIN-STEM | GASTRIC-ACID SECRETION | DEPENDENT INSULINOTROPIC POLYPEPTIDE | MESOLIMBIC DOPAMINE SYSTEM | BINDING-SITES | Intestinal Mucosa - metabolism | Peptide YY - metabolism | Rats, Wistar | Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled - metabolism | Enteroendocrine Cells - ultrastructure | Humans | Intestinal Mucosa - secretion | Neurotensin - secretion | Secretory Vesicles - metabolism | Ileum - metabolism | Male | Peptide Fragments - pharmacology | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - metabolism | Enteroendocrine Cells - secretion | Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 - genetics | Intestinal Mucosa - drug effects | Neurotensin - metabolism | Ileum - drug effects | Bombesin - pharmacology | Ileum - ultrastructure | Female | Enteroendocrine Cells - metabolism | Peptide YY - genetics | Genes, Reporter | Biomarkers - metabolism | Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 - metabolism | Intestinal Mucosa - ultrastructure | Secretory Vesicles - ultrastructure | Tissue Culture Techniques | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Transgenic | Ileum - secretion | Gene Expression Regulation - drug effects | Neurotensin - genetics | Secretory Vesicles - secretion | Animals | Secretory Vesicles - drug effects | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - genetics | Luminescent Proteins - genetics | Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled - genetics | Enteroendocrine Cells - drug effects | Luminescent Proteins - metabolism | PROXIMAL SMALL-INTESTINE | ENERGY-BALANCE | Endokrinologi och diabetes | GASTRIC-ACID | CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM | SECRETION | CELL-DIFFERENTIATION | Endocrinology and Diabetes
Journal Article
Gastroenterology (New York, N.Y. 1943), ISSN 0016-5085, 2010, Volume 139, Issue 6, pp. 1844 - 1854.e1
Journal Article