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10/2014
During the last decade, a body of common practices has emerged among developing countries on the legal, institutional and procedural foundations to support... 
CASH RESERVES | DEBT SERVICING | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | EQUITY PARTICIPATION | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | ACCOUNTING FRAMEWORK | TRUST FUND | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | MARKETING STRATEGY | EXTERNAL DEBT | REVENUE COLLECTION | ELECTRONIC BANKING | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL REGULATIONS | GOVERNMENT DEBT | CASH FLOW PLANNING | PRIVATE FINANCIAL SECTOR | CASH FLOW ANALYSIS | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET MANAGEMENT | LIABILITY | PAYMENT ORDER | NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | FINANCIAL APPLICATION | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | DOMESTIC BORROWING | MINISTRIES OF FINANCE | INVESTING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FINANCING | DEBT INSTRUMENT | SURPLUS FUNDS | BANKING SERVICES | ANNUAL BORROWING PLAN | SPECIAL FUNDS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | TECHNICAL SUPPORT | SHORT-TERM LIQUIDITY | INFORMATION SYSTEM | PUBLIC FINANCE | GOVERNMENT BANK | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | GOVERNMENT ACCOUNT | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | SETTLEMENT | GROSS SETTLEMENT SYSTEM | UNION | BUDGET PROCESS | FISCAL BALANCE | CASH FLOW | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | DEBT POLICY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | STRUCTURE OF GOVERNMENT | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | BORROWING STRATEGIES | COMMERCIAL BANKING | LICENSES | ARREARS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | STATE LIABILITIES | STATUTORY LIQUIDITY | DEBT MANAGEMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | ECONOMIC ASSUMPTIONS | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | SECURITIES ISSUANCE | MARKET INSTRUMENTS | FINANCIAL INCENTIVES | BENEFICIARIES | MONEY MARKET | CASH OUTFLOWS | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | CASH BALANCES | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | DEBT ISSUANCE | CURRENCY | STOCK EXCHANGE | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SAVINGS | FUND MANAGER | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | BORROWING STRATEGY | TAX COLLECTIONS | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | DEBT FINANCING | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | PRIVATIZATION | PUBLIC RESOURCES | SLR | CREDIT RISK | ELECTRONIC FUND | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | BANK ACCOUNT | BORROWING COSTS | FINANCING COSTS | AMORTIZATION | DECENTRALIZATION | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | CASH MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | CASH ACCOUNTS | PUBLIC | TIMELY PAYMENT | BUDGET EXECUTION | LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | REVENUE SHARING | CASH ACCOUNT | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | DOMESTIC BOND MARKET | RECEIPTS | TRANSACTION | PUBLIC SERVICE | SHORT-TERM LENDING | GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTS | COMMERCIAL BANK | RECEIPT | ISSUANCE OF TREASURY BILLS | MONEY MARKETS | EMPLOYEE | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL CRISIS | EXTRABUDGETARY FUNDS | CASH INFLOWS | EXCESS LIQUIDITY | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | HOLDING | INFORMATION SHARING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC SECTOR | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | DEBT MARKET | ACCOUNTANT | FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION | CASH BALANCE | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | DOMESTIC BOND | TRANSACTION COSTS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | BANK ACCOUNTS | DEBT SOURCES | APPROPRIATIONS | FINANCIAL ANALYSIS | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | INTEREST COSTS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | DEFICIT FINANCING | INTEREST RATE | TAX REVENUES | PROVISIONS | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | DISBURSEMENT | TAX REVENUE | TREASURY | BUDGET DEFICIT | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | BANK OFFICE | DEBT LEVEL | MONETARY FUND | DEBT LEVELS | BUDGET SURPLUS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | GEOGRAPHICAL SPREAD | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | REMITTANCE | BUDGETING | DEBTS
Book
2014, World Bank Sudy, ISBN 9781464802393, xv, 89 pages
This report, consisting of a study prepared by global project finance specialists Hunton and Williams LLP and comments from six internationally reputed... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Developing countries | Finance | DEBT SERVICING | CONTRACT RIGHTS | GLOBAL MARKETS | CURRENCY MISMATCH | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | RENEGOTIATION | MARKET RISKS | ISSUANCE | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | INITIAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE DELIVERY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INVESTMENT POLICY | BANK DEBT | VEHICLE | PUBLIC POLICY | PRIVATE SECTOR | SOVEREIGN DEBTS | PLEDGES | EQUITY INVESTOR | NEW BUSINESSES | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | PORT FACILITIES | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | HOST COUNTRIES | BALANCE SHEET | OPERATIONAL RISKS | GRACE PERIOD | CASH FLOWS | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANKS | PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP | CREDITS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | BANKRUPTCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BORROWING COST | DISBURSEMENTS | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | LENDER | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | EQUITY INVESTORS | RAILWAYS | DEBT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | COMMODITY PRICES | BRIBES | PRIVATE CAPITAL | TRUSTEE | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | NONPAYMENT | LEGAL CONSTRAINTS | RATE OF RETURN | LOAN AGREEMENTS | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFRASTRUCTURE LOANS | BOARDS OF DIRECTORS | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INVESTOR INTEREST | DIVIDENDS PAYABLE | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | GOVERNMENT CREDIT | LOAN | PRESENT VALUE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | BID | NEGATIVE PLEDGE CLAUSES | EXCHANGE RATE | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | CURRENCY | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | CREDIT MARKET | INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS | PUBLIC INFORMATION | UTILITIES | OWNERSHIP INTEREST | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE | PARTIAL RISK | GLOBAL FINANCE | COLLATERAL | AIRPORT | FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT LAW | PRIVATE INVESTOR | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | EQUITY HOLDING | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | EQUITY RETURN | LAWS | REVENUE MANAGEMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | PUBLIC | EQUITY CONTRIBUTION | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | ELECTRICITY | MARKET DESIGN | NATIONAL BUDGET | LONG-TERM FINANCE | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | RECEIPTS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | EQUIPMENT | RETAINED EARNINGS | WATER SUPPLY | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | HOST GOVERNMENT | RETURNS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | NATIONAL TREASURY | COLLATERALIZATION | BARTER | LENDERS | CAPITAL COSTS | O&M | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | POLITICAL RISK | CONVENTIONAL BANK | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | MDB | TAX | INCOME TAXES | COMPETITIVE TENDER | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | SOURCES OF FINANCE | RETURN ON INVESTMENT | SWAPS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ROADS | DEVELOPMENT COMPANY | PUBLIC SERVICES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | VALUATION | CREDIT FACILITY | RAIL LINES | RAIL | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | FOREIGN INVESTORS | INTEREST RATE | TAX REVENUES | LOAN AGREEMENT | FINANCIAL SKILLS | PROVISIONS | EMERGING MARKET | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | WEALTH | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | BANK BORROWING | HOST GOVERNMENTS | MONETARY FUND | BORROWINGS | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | INITIAL INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | FUNDING SOURCES | LOAN FACILITY | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | DOWN PAYMENT | LEVEL OF RISK | FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE
Book
2009, Directions in development. Private sector development, ISBN 9780821378113, xiv, 126
Nigeria's vision of 2020 is a bold desire to be among the top twenty economies by the year 2020. The economy has posted impressive growth figures since 2003... 
Investments | COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCE | TOTAL COMPENSATION | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | MATURITIES | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | TAXATION | BUSINESS CLIMATE | LARGE FIRMS | INTEREST RATES | EARNINGS | REAL INTEREST RATE | TRANSPORTATION NETWORK | TRADING | CONTRIBUTION | TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SOURCES OF CREDIT | CENTRAL BANK | IMPORT LICENSE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | PURCHASES | TAX RATE | ASSET BASE | POOR INVESTMENT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM FINANCING | ACCESS TO BANKS | ROAD TRANSPORT | BANKS | SALES | CREDITS | HUMAN RESOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN APPLICATION | CONTRIBUTIONS | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | LIMITED ACCESS | CASH FLOW | REAL INTEREST | TRANSIT | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIOS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCES | COMMODITY | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DEBT | FORMAL SOURCES OF CREDIT | OIL PRICES | BRIBES | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | ENTREPRENEURIALISM | JOB CREATION | LINES OF CREDIT | INTERNAL FUNDS | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | INVENTORIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | TRADE CREDIT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | QUESTIONNAIRE | INDIRECT COSTS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | LABOR MARKET | CREDIT CULTURE | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | AVERAGE INTEREST RATES | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | MATURITY | NPL | LABOR COSTS | LOAN | PERSONAL ASSETS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | AVERAGE INTEREST | LARGE FIRM | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | CONSOLIDATION | AUDITING | TAX ADMINISTRATION | APPLICATION PROCESS | CARS | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ROAD | UNACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | LAND OWNERSHIP | BUSINESS OWNERS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | FOREIGN FIRMS | CONSOLIDATION PROCESS | MARGINAL RATE | INDIRECT COST | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | FIRM PERFORMANCE | HEAVY RELIANCE | BUSINESS OWNER | PROBLEMS WITH CREDIT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | BANK LOANS | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | AVERAGE WAGE | SUBSIDIARY | LONG-TERM FINANCE | UNEMPLOYED | LOAN APPLICATIONS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | NONPERFORMING LOANS | DOMESTIC CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | APPLICATION PROCEDURES | INCOME | CAPITAL BASE | INCOMES | RETAINED EARNINGS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | EMPLOYEE | BUSINESS CLIMATES | COLLECTION PROCESS | PUBLIC FINANCES | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | BANKING SUPERVISION | EDUCATION LEVEL | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | CREDIT SOURCE | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | OVERDRAFT | SOURCES OF FINANCE | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | ROADS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | LOAN MARKETS | ECONOMIC REFORMS | SMALLER FIRMS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | INVESTMENT CLIMATES | BOTTLENECKS | CAR | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | ANGEL INVESTORS | LEVEL OF DEBT | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | BANK BORROWING | GENDER | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING | UNEMPLOYMENT | BANK INTEREST RATES | BORROWING | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | LOAN OFFICERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ACCESS TO LOANS | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
2007, Directions in development. Private sector development, ISBN 0821372629, xvii, 140
While Tanzania has been at the forefront of creating a positive legal framework and political context for gender equality, certain legal, regulatory, and... 
Women | Businesswomen | Economic conditions | Women in development | Government policy | Social conditions | Tanzania | LACK OF FINANCE | KEY CHALLENGE | LAND OWNERSHIP | LOCAL AUTHORITIES | LABOUR FORCE SURVEY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | WOMEN IN BUSINESS | VILLAGES | PRIVATE INVESTORS | INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS | RELATION TO INHERITANCE | OBSTACLES TO GROWTH | GENDER EQUITY | PROVISION OF FUNDS | NATIONAL STRATEGY | TAX CONSTRAINTS | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INEQUALITIES | START-UP | MOTHER | ACCESSIBILITY | PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCE | NUMBER OF WOMEN | ACCESS TO EDUCATION | LACK OF AWARENESS | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | GENDER GAP | PREJUDICES | WOMEN BUSINESS OWNERS | PROPERTY LAWS | REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS | PUBLIC HEALTH | LAND TENURE | INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION | LACK OF INFORMATION | SEX | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | GENDER ROLES | RIGHT OF WOMEN | GIRLS IN SCHOOL | BANKING SERVICES | OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN | SECURITIES | HUSBAND | INFORMAL ECONOMY | POPULATION GROWTH | ADVISORY WORK | SUCCESSFUL WOMEN | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | ADMINISTRATIVE BARRIERS | LEGAL STATUS | MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS | SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES | RULE OF LAW | GENDER INEQUALITIES | HOUSEHOLDS | LIMITED ACCESS | UNION | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN | IMMEDIATE ACCESS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES | INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS | PROPERTY RIGHT | SOCIAL CONDITIONS | NEW COMPANIES | WOMAN | GOVERNMENT POLICY | MATERNITY LEAVE | REPOSSESSION | WOMEN LEADERS | LINES OF CREDIT | SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISE | HUMAN RIGHTS | MORTGAGE LOANS | GENDER MAINSTREAMING | TRADITIONAL PRACTICES | GENDER GAPS | START-UP CAPITAL | MICROFINANCE | PREVAILING ATTITUDES | RURAL DEVELOPMENT | POVERTY REDUCTION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | LEGAL ACCESS | VILLAGE | HUSBANDS | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | GENDER EQUALITY | LEGAL REQUIREMENTS | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | SPOUSE | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | HOUSEHOLD ACCESS | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | JOB SECURITY | AFFIRMATIVE ACTION | WOMAN ENTREPRENEURS | GENDER INEQUALITY | ADVISORY SERVICE | HUMAN CAPITAL | TRADE FACILITATION | MFI | SECONDARY SCHOOLING | NATIONAL SECURITY | PROPERTY RIGHTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | PROGRESS | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE OF WOMEN | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP | UNEQUAL ACCESS | INTERNATIONAL COVENANT | MORTGAGE | LEGAL RIGHTS | LABOR FORCE SURVEY | PUBLIC AWARENESS | POLITICAL PARTICIPATION | ACCESS TO CREDIT | LABOUR FORCE | SPOUSES | GENDER ISSUES | SAVINGS | SPECIAL FINANCING | GOVERNMENT POLICIES
Book
09/2004, ISBN 5961400859
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices;... 
CHECKS | MODEL CODE | VALUE OF ASSETS | GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | SHARE PRICE | INDIVIDUALS | ISSUANCE | FINANCIAL REPORTS | CREDIBILITY | SUBSIDIARIES | EQUAL TREATMENT | COMPANY OFFICIALS | BOOK VALUE | LIABILITY | LIMITED | CHARTER | BONDS | JURISDICTIONS | MARKET PRICE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CODE | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | COST OF CAPITAL | BALANCE SHEET | FULL DISCLOSURE | CORPORATE BEHAVIOR | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | SHAREHOLDER AGREEMENTS | STOCK EXCHANGES | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | FIDUCIARY DUTIES | REORGANIZATION | FUTURE PROSPECTS | LEGAL ENTITIES | TRADING SYSTEM | BANKRUPTCY | STAKEHOLDERS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | CORPORATION | FINANCE CORPORATION | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | COLLECTIVE | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | SETTLEMENT | STAKEHOLDER | FIXED ASSETS | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | WARRANTS | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | CONVERTIBLE BONDS | SHAREHOLDERS | FAIR VALUE | BUSINESS ETHICS | FINANCIAL MARKET | GLOBAL ECONOMY | POTENTIAL INVESTMENTS | CHARTERS | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATION | INVENTORY | MARKET VALUATION | INVENTORIES | SHARE OWNERSHIP | FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE | MODEL CONTRACTS | PARTNERSHIP | DEGREE OF RISK | MARKET VALUE | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | BENEFICIAL OWNERS | REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES | RESERVE | LIQUIDATION | ACCESS TO CAPITAL MARKETS | NATIONAL ASSOCIATION | LEGAL ENTITY | MARKET MECHANISMS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | TAKEOVER BIDS | COMPANY LAW | SHAREHOLDER RIGHTS | INFORMATION DISCLOSURE | INSURANCE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | BENEFICIAL OWNER | REGULATORY AGENCIES | RETURN | MARKET REGULATION | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CODES | SECURITIES MARKET | SECURITIES LAW | BID | RIGHTS OF SHAREHOLDERS | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | CURRENCY | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDERS | EQUITY SECURITY | LEGAL RIGHTS | MANDATORY DISCLOSURES | CONSOLIDATION | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES | MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS | SMALLER COMPANIES | INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARD | BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS | BIDS | INTERESTED PARTIES | INSIDER DEALING | FINANCIAL TRANSPARENCY | CORPORATE SECURITIES | GOVERNANCE SYSTEM | SHAREHOLDER INTERESTS | TRUSTS | INTANGIBLE | INTERESTS OF SHAREHOLDERS | PRIVATE COMPANIES | DERIVATIVES | BUYBACK | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS | JOINT VENTURES | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ACCRUAL | COMPANY | CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION | PUBLIC RELATIONS | RELATED COMPANIES | DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION | SUBSIDIARY | BOARD MEMBERS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | RISK FACTORS | ACQUISITION | CONTRACTUAL ARRANGEMENTS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | INCOME | CORPORATE INSIDERS | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | SUPERVISORY BOARDS | SECURITIES | TAKEOVER BID | MANDATORY DISCLOSURE | POTENTIAL INVESTORS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | CREDITORS | CHAMBER OF COMMERCE | OPEN JOINT STOCK COMPANIES | HOLDING | COMMON SHARES | CIVIL CODE | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REFORM | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | TAX | STOCK OPTION | ACCOUNTANT | ACCOUNTING STANDARD | MANAGERS | ACQUISITIONS | STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS | ACCOUNTING | SHAREHOLDER | TAKEOVER | SECURITIES MARKETS | REPUTATION | DEBENTURES | INSIDER TRADING | CORPORATE CONFLICTS | VALUATION | HOLDING COMPANIES | STOCK MARKET | EXCHANGE ACT | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | EMERGING MARKETS | CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS | NUMBER OF SHAREHOLDERS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS | PERSONS | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | GOVERNANCE PRACTICES | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | REGULATORY AUTHORITIES | SECURITY HOLDER | REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS | CHIEF ACCOUNTANT | DISCLOSURE OBLIGATIONS | TRANSPARENCY | INVESTMENT DECISION | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | REGULATORS | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | SUPERVISORY BOARD | MARKET TRANSACTIONS | BOARD MEMBER | CORPORATE CONDUCT | GLOBAL CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | TRADE UNION | CAPITAL MARKETS | DEBTORS | MEMBER STATES | STOCK MARKETS | ACTIVE SECURITIES | CONFIDENTIALITY | DEBTS | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST | INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
Book
09/2004, ISBN 5961400859
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices;... 
REMEDIES | CHARTER AMENDMENTS | IPO | GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | INSOLVENCY LAW | INDIVIDUALS | MARKET REGULATOR | FINANCIAL REPORTS | CORRECTIVE ACTIONS | LEGAL OBLIGATIONS | SUBSIDIARIES | LEGAL REQUIREMENT | BANK CREDITS | ANTIMONOPOLY LAWS | BANKRUPT | BAILIFFS | HUMAN RESOURCES | TRADING | POWER OF ATTORNEY | LIMITED | CHARTER | MINORITY SHAREHOLDER PROTECTION | PLEDGES | JURISDICTIONS | PARTIAL SATISFACTION | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CODE | PARTY | DEBTOR | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | DIRECT OWNERSHIP | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | STOCK EXCHANGES | FORM OF SHARE | REORGANIZATION | LEGAL ENTITIES | REORGANIZATION PROPOSAL | FINANCIAL REPORTING | JURISDICTION | BANKRUPTCY | REORGANIZATION OF COMPANIES | STAKEHOLDERS | CORPORATION | FINANCE CORPORATION | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURES | MERGER | LISTED COMPANIES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | MONOPOLY | COLLECTIVE | COMMERCIAL PARTNERSHIP | ARBITRATION | SHAREHOLDERS | BUSINESS STRUCTURES | REGISTRATION FEE | HOLDING COMPANY | INSOLVENT | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | CHARTERS | COMPANY LAW DIRECTIVE | CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDER | LISTED COMPANY | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | SHARE OWNERSHIP | PARTNERSHIP | LEGAL PROVISIONS | DEGREE OF RISK | REPAYMENT OF DEBTS | CONVERSION RATIO | EX ANTE | BOARD MEETING | LEGAL ENTITY | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | COMPANY LAW | LLC | NEGOTIATIONS | COURT RULING | COMPANY REORGANIZATION | SHAREHOLDER RIGHTS | REGULATORY AGENCIES | SECURITIES MARKET | LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY | RIGHTS OF SHAREHOLDERS | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | ANTIMONOPOLY LAW | CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDERS | MAJORITY VOTE OF SHAREHOLDERS | MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS | JOINT STOCK COMPANY | FINANCIAL CORPORATION | BRANCHES | CONSOLIDATION | LEGAL SYSTEMS | REORGANIZATION PROCESS | LEGAL PERSONALITIES | BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS | CONSOLIDATIONS | CORPORATE REORGANIZATION | GROUP OF COMPANIES | TAX CODE | GOOD FAITH | REORGANIZATION AGREEMENT | SUBSIDIARY COMPANY | NEGOTIATION | REORGANIZATIONS | EXISTING BUSINESSES | REORGANIZATION PROCEDURES | FINANCIAL TRANSPARENCY | SHARES OF COMPANY | LIMITED LIABILITY | STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS | MAJORITY VOTE | BOARD MEMBERSHIP | PRIVATIZATION | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | INTANGIBLE | DEFICITS | EMPLOYMENT | DISCLOSURE OBLIGATION | LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES | LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS | NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS | TYPES OF CONTRACTS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | PARENT COMPANIES | DEPENDENT | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS | CHAPTER 13 | JOINT VENTURES | EQUITABLE TREATMENT | COMPANY | SHAREHOLDER ACTIVISM | ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES | DUE DILIGENCE | CRIMINAL LIABILITY | REMEDY | SUBSIDIARY | BOARD MEMBERS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | ACQUISITION | CREDITOR PROTECTION | TRANSACTION | JOINT STOCK COMPANIES | LEGAL PERSONALITY | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | CREDITOR ACTIONS | SUPERVISORY BOARDS | CREDITOR INTERESTS | SOLVENCY | TAX REGIME | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | COMMERCIAL PARTNERSHIPS | GOVERNANCE ISSUES | PARENT COMPANY | MERGER AGREEMENT | LENDERS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | CREDITORS | CHAMBER OF COMMERCE | OPEN JOINT STOCK COMPANIES | HOLDING | CIVIL CODE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REFORM | TAX | INSOLVENCY | MANDATORY REORGANIZATION | JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES | INSOLVENCIES | MANAGERS | PROTECTING MINORITY SHAREHOLDERS | ACCOUNTING | SHAREHOLDER | FINANCIAL FLOWS | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | LEGAL RELATIONSHIP | SECURITIES MARKETS | CAPITALIZATION | CORPORATE CONFLICTS | HOLDING COMPANIES | COOPERATIVES | CREDIT RATINGS | DIVIDEND | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT | LEGAL PERSONS | LEGAL REQUIREMENTS | PERSONS | MINORITY SHAREHOLDER | CLAIM | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CREDITOR | REPAYMENT | TREASURY | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | CO-OPERATIVE | SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES | HOLDINGS | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | SUPERVISORY BOARD | CORPORATE CONDUCT | GLOBAL CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | MINORITY SHAREHOLDER RIGHTS | MAJORITY SHAREHOLDER | CAPITAL MARKETS | SHAREHOLDER APPROVAL | MINORITY SHAREHOLDERS | CHAPTER 7 | REPAYMENT OF DEBT | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | MERGERS | DEBTS | INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
Book
2011, ISBN 0821378635, xvi, 178
What transforms a desirable project on a government wish list to an attractive investment opportunity in the eyes of a potential private sector partner? This... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public works | Finance | Public-private sector cooperation | ELECTRICITY SERVICES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | BIDS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT | COSTS OF SERVICE | PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE | PENSION | CONCESSION AGREEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | CREDIBILITY | PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT | PRIVATIZATION | PUBLIC RESOURCES | COST-BENEFIT | PRIVATE PARTNER | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | USER CHARGES | MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES | TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE | PUBLIC POLICY | PPPS | PROJECT SPONSORS | PRIVATE SECTOR | FIRMS | CONTRACT DISPUTES | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE | AUTONOMY | COMPANY | REALISM | LAWS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | DUE DILIGENCE | WATER BUSINESS | PUBLIC | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS | ELECTRICITY | SUBSIDIARY | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | PUBLIC SECTOR OFFICIALS | DISCOUNT RATE | INVESTING | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LEGAL REFORM | CAPITAL VALUE | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | OPERATIONAL RISKS | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERS | TRANSACTION | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PUBLIC SERVICE | LEGISLATION | PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT | EQUIPMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | COMPUTER SYSTEMS | DECISION-MAKING | ACCOUNTABILITY | INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR | DECISION MAKING | CONTRACT MONITORING | PRIVATE SECTOR COOPERATION | CROSS-SUBSIDIES | PUBLIC WORKS | HUMAN RESOURCE | LONG-TERM CONCESSIONS | TURNOVER | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | MODEL CONTRACT | TRAINING PROGRAMS | LEGAL TRADITIONS | RETURNS | UNDERLYING ASSET | CORPORATION | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | POTENTIAL INVESTORS | PUBLIC FINANCE | LENDERS | CAPITAL COSTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | PERFORMANCE RISK | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT | URBAN WATER | DOMESTIC MARKETS | INNOVATIONS | LENDER | PORTS | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | PUBLIC SECTOR | INVESTMENT BANK | EQUITY INVESTORS | STRUCTURE OF GOVERNMENT | TAX | CONTRACT PERIOD | DEBT | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | PENSION FUND | BIDDING | CONTRACTUAL FRAMEWORK | SHARES OF INVESTMENT | WITHHOLDING TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | PROGRAMS | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | ROADS | STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS | ACCOUNTING | MODEL CONTRACTS | PRICE OF WATER | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | LEASING | PRIVATE FINANCE | BOT | CROSS-SUBSIDIZATION | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | TARIFF STRUCTURE | VALUE ADDED TAXES | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | PROVISION OF SERVICES | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS | EXPANSION | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | EMERGING MARKETS | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | CONTRACTORS | PENALTIES | SERVICE PROVISION | SUPPLIERS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | INDEPENDENT REGULATOR | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | INTERNATIONAL CREDIT | TARIFF REFORM | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | PROVISIONS | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | CORPORATE FINANCE | MATURITY | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | BORROWER | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY | PRIVATE FINANCING | RETURN | TRANSPORT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | TRANSPARENCY | COLLABORATION | PRIVATE PARTIES | INVESTMENT DECISION | TREASURY | BID | WATER SECTOR | PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION | CREDIT AVAILABILITY | UTILITY COMPANY | WATER SERVICES | PRIVATE PARTY | PROVISION OF WATER | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | CREDIT FLOWS | DELIVERY OF SERVICES | ELECTRIFICATION | UTILITIES | BUDGETING | HEALTH CARE | PRODUCTIVITY | URBAN WATER UTILITIES | PRIVATE SECTOR RESOURCES | SERVICE PROVIDERS | LEGAL SYSTEM | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
06/2011, ISBN 9780821387481
The bursting of the subprime mortgage market in the United States in 2008 and the ensuing global financial crisis were associated with a rapid decline in... 
CASH RESERVES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LACK OF FINANCE | SECONDARY MARKET | SOVEREIGN DEBT PROBLEMS | TRUST FUND | CREDIT SQUEEZE | CREDIT PRODUCTS | LIQUIDITY PROBLEM | INVESTMENT FINANCE | EXTERNAL DEBT | COMMERCIAL LENDING | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PRIVATE CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | SUPPLY CHAIN | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BAILOUT | INTEREST RATES | CREDIT PROVISION | TRADING | MONETARY POLICIES | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SMALL BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | CREDIT LINE | LIQUIDITY | CREDIT PROVIDERS | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM FINANCING | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | BANKS | EXPORTERS | TRADING SYSTEM | CREDITS | BANKRUPTCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PROVISION OF FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | BANK CREDIT | CREDIT MARKETS | CREDIT BUYER | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | RULE OF LAW | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT | LENDER | UNION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT BANK | RECESSION | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | BANKING CRISIS | CAPITAL FINANCE | COMMODITY PRICES | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | LINES OF CREDIT | PRIME LENDING RATE | HUMAN RIGHTS | IDS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL MEANS | TRADE CREDIT | NONPAYMENT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | CREDIT LINES | LINE OF CREDIT | RESERVE BANK | CREDITWORTHINESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | CREDIT GUARANTEES | EMERGING ECONOMIES | CREDIT AGENCIES | MULTINATIONAL | RESERVE | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES | LIQUIDATION | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | CUSTOMER RELATIONS | EXPORTER | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | ASSET VALUE | CORPORATE FINANCE | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | BORROWER | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | EXCHANGE RATE | NEW MARKET | CREDIT MARKET | CROSS-BORDER BANKING | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL CRISES | CREDIT FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL HEALTH | GLOBAL ECONOMIES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTION | FORMS OF CREDIT | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PRICE VOLATILITY | MARKET DISTORTIONS | INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS | MORTGAGE MARKET | DURABLES | PRINCIPAL-AGENT PROBLEMS | ACCESS TO BANK | CREDIT RISK | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | CUSTOMER DEMAND | LETTER OF CREDIT | LOC | TRADE FINANCE | FINANCIAL MARKETS | SUBSTITUTE FOR BANK FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | CREDIT CRUNCH | BANKING CRISES | SOURCE OF FUNDS | SUPPLY OF CREDIT | BANKING REGULATIONS | CREDIT EXTENSION | BANK FINANCING | CREDIT LIMITS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCE CONSTRAINTS | DIRECT FINANCING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARD | RECEIPTS | WORKING CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SHORT-TERM LENDING | COMMERCIAL BANK | CAPITAL BASE | DEFAULTS | AFFORDABLE COST | COLLECTIVE ACTION | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | MISSING MARKETS | FINANCIAL BURDEN | BORROWER RELATIONS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | BARTER | LENDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | CREDITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | CHAMBER OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | SUPPLY CHAINS | DEBT MARKET | INFORMATION GAP | FINANCE INITIATIVE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | TRADE FINANCING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT | CASH PAYMENTS | EMERGING MARKETS | MARKET CONSTRAINTS | HOUSING FINANCE | BANKING SYSTEM | EQUITY CAPITAL | MARKET SHARES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | TRADE FACILITATION | CREDITOR | SECURITY INTEREST | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIPS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MONETARY FUND | BORROWING | FISCAL CAPACITY | DIVERSIFICATION | BANKING SECTOR | SOVEREIGN DEBT | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | AFFORDABLE PRICES | EXTENSION OF CREDIT
Book
05/2012
The Tunisia agricultural finance study was carried out in response to a request made in December 2009 by the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) for support... 
EQUITY PARTICIPATION | LOAN REPAYMENT RATES | LOAN REPAYMENTS | UNIVERSAL BANKING | OUTREACH | ISSUANCE | CREDIT NEEDS | EXPORT EARNINGS | LOAN PRODUCTS | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | INDEBTEDNESS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FORMAL BORROWING | RURAL FINANCE | CENTRAL BANK | MARKET INTEREST RATES | LOAN VOLUMES | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | INVESTING | PENETRATION RATES | TAX EXEMPTIONS | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | GOVERNMENT INVESTMENTS | FARMER | OPERATIONAL COST | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | CREDITS | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | LOCAL CURRENCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | BANK CREDIT | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | SMALLHOLDERS | PUBLIC CREDIT | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | LOAN RECOVERY | BANK LENDING | BANKING INDUSTRY | FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | LIMITED ACCESS | GUARANTEE SCHEME | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | DEBT | CONSUMER DEBT | DONOR SUPPORT | ALTERNATIVE FINANCING | INCOME TAX | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ARREARS | LOAN AMOUNTS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | RATE OF RETURN | TAX DEDUCTIONS | CREDIT LINES | DIRECT LOANS | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | CREDIT SYSTEMS | VILLAGE | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCE | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | CREDIT CULTURE | LOAN CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | TRANSPARENT SYSTEMS | EQUITY FUNDS | BENEFICIARIES | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | INSURANCE | MONEYLENDERS | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | SMALL FARMERS | DEBT RECOVERY | PRIVATE BANK | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | AGRICULTURAL LOAN | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | CURRENCY | NEW MARKET | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | LIMITED ACCESS TO BANK | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | RESERVES | MICRO-CREDIT | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE | RETURN ON ASSETS | UNIONS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | LACK OF CAPITAL | COLLATERAL | FARM FINANCE | LOAN APPRAISAL | LOANABLE FUNDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | GUARANTEE FUND | DEBT BURDEN | LOAN AMOUNT | TRANSACTION COST | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | NATIONAL GUARANTEE | REPAYMENT SCHEDULES | LOAN FUNDS | MICRO-FINANCE SECTOR | ACCESS TO FINANCE | LOAN PROGRAMS | TOTAL DEBT | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANK LOANS | AGRICULTURAL CREDIT | AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION | INFLATION RATE | SOURCE OF FUNDS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | BANKING REGULATIONS | BANK FINANCING | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | NEW MARKETS | TRANSACTION | EQUIPMENT | ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | SMALL LOANS | CREDIT FACILITIES | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | INFORMAL CREDIT | CONSUMER LENDING | MONEY LENDERS | PROFITABILITY | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | AGRICULTURAL LOANS | DEPOSIT MOBILIZATION | BANK BRANCH | INCOME LEVELS | COOPS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | PROFIT MARGINS | INFLATION | LOAN SIZE | LACK OF COMPETITION | SMALLHOLDER | SOURCES OF INCOME | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | HOLDING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | MICRO-FINANCE | CAPACITY BUILDING | DEFAULT RATES | BANK LOAN | SUPPLY CHAINS | LAND TITLES | REPOSSESSION | SOURCES OF FINANCE | RETURN ON INVESTMENT | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | AGRICULTURAL BANK | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK MANAGEMENT | CAPITALIZATION | REPAYMENT RATE | INFORMAL FINANCE | IMPORT DUTIES | COOPERATIVES | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | INSTITUTIONAL REFORM | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | AGRICULTURAL FINANCE | CREDITOR | LEASE AGREEMENTS | MFI | FINANCES | CREDIT MANAGEMENT | LENDING INTEREST RATE | FARMERS | MONEYLENDER | UNIVERSAL BANKS | REPAYMENT | MICRO-FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | TREASURY | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | INSURANCE PREMIUM | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MICRO-FINANCE INSTITUTION | SMALL ENTERPRISE | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY | HOLDINGS | LOAN REPAYMENT | SMALLHOLDER FARMERS | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | TAX EXEMPTION | BANK BRANCHES | DEBTORS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | OVERDUE LOANS | INSURANCE PROTECTION | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | DEBTS | NON-PERFORMING LOAN
Book
2008, illustrated edition, Policy Research Reports, ISBN 0821372912, 272
The report develops indicators to measure access to financial services, synthesizes research that evaluates the impact of access on growth and poverty... 
Finance & Accounting | Financial services industry | Developing countries | Banks and banking | LACK OF FINANCE | LABOR MARKETS | SMALL BORROWERS | INEQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | OUTREACH | VILLAGES | FINANCIAL ACCESS | ALLOCATION OF FUNDS | MAINSTREAM BANKS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PRIVATE CREDIT | PERSONAL BANKRUPTCY | MARKET ECONOMY | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | ACCESS TO SERVICES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | EARNINGS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | FORMAL ECONOMY | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | TRANSACTIONS COSTS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ENTERPRISE GROWTH | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICIES | BANKS | ACCESS BARRIERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | BANKRUPTCY | LOAN APPLICATION | PROVISION OF FINANCE | FINANCING OBSTACLES | CREDIT MARKETS | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCE COST | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | LIMITED ACCESS | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | SUBSIDY COST | FINANCIAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | BROAD ACCESS | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | SAVINGS PRODUCTS | ATM PENETRATION | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | BENEFITS OF ACCESS | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | LABOR MARKET | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | DEPOSITORS | HOUSEHOLD ACCESS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCIAL ASSETS | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | HIGH INTEREST RATES | BORROWER | OUTSTANDING LOANS | CREDIT REGISTRIES | FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGY | LOAN | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDS | PERSONAL ASSETS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS | ENDOWMENTS | REPAYMENT RATES | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | ACCESS INDICATORS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | COLLATERAL | POOR CLIENTS | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTION | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | OPEN FINANCIAL MARKETS | PREJUDICE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | PRIVATIZATION | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | BANK FAILURES | CREDIT SCORING | INEQUALITIES | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BANK ACCOUNT | CREDIT RATIONING | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | LACK OF AWARENESS | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | EXCLUSION | BANKING CRISES | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | INFORMAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | SOCIAL JUSTICE | INDICATORS OF ACCESS | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | RECEIPTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRY | CAPITAL MARKET | HIDDEN SUBSIDIES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | MICROCREDIT | CREDIT SCHEME | SMALL LOANS | GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | SELF-EXCLUSION | PUBLIC FUNDS | BANK BRANCH | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES | BANK CHARGES | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | SELF-FINANCING | CREDITORS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMATION SHARING | CREDIT POLICIES | FINANCIAL DEPTH | GROUP LENDING | OVERDRAFT | SOCIAL NETWORK | CHECKING ACCOUNT | PRIVATE EQUITY | RISK MITIGATION | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICY | MICROFINANCE | SAVINGS SERVICES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK ACCOUNTS | INFORMAL FINANCE | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | STOCK MARKET | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | INSTITUTIONAL REFORM | SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | ACCESS TO EXTERNAL FINANCE | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | LOAN SIZES | CREDITOR | MFI | PROPERTY RIGHTS | ABUSIVE LENDING | REPAYMENT | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | GENDER | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BORROWING | GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | RATES OF INTEREST | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PARTIAL CREDIT | LOAN OFFICERS | PROVISION OF CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | REMITTANCE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | CHECKING ACCOUNTS
eBook
04/2013, Mexico policy note, Volume 10
Mexico's intergovernmental transfer system needs to reduce vertical imbalances and discretionary federal transfers. This note assesses Mexico's pending... 
TAX COLLECTIONS | FEDERAL DEBT | TAX RULES | TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | EXPENDITURE REPORTING | EXPENDITURE | COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | SUBNATIONAL EXPENDITURES | BORROWING CAPACITY | PUBLIC FINANCE STATISTICS | STATE EXPENDITURES | CREDIT RISK | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | TAX BASE | POLITICAL ECONOMY | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | BASIC EDUCATION | BORROWING COSTS | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT RISK PREMIUM | LOCAL REVENUE | BANK LOANS | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT | LOCAL TAXES | TAX EVASION | DUE DILIGENCE | BANKING REGULATIONS | PUBLIC | SUBNATIONAL DEBT | ELECTRICITY | TAX AUTHORITY | TAX RATE | MUNICIPAL LEVEL | TAX EFFORT | LEGAL REFORM | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES | POLICY REFORM | PROPERTY TAX | INCOME | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT | EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | EXPENDITURE EFFICIENCY | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | LOCAL EXPENDITURES | BUDGET CONSTRAINT | CURRENT EXPENDITURES | FEDERAL EXPENDITURE | DEBT DATA | DEBT SERVICE | FEDERAL COUNTRY | SHORT-TERM DEBT | SUBNATIONAL | FEDERAL REVENUES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCES | EFFICIENCY OF EXPENDITURES | FEDERAL TAX | STATE EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC CREDIT | DISCRETIONARY FEDERAL TRANSFERS | RISK MANAGEMENT | SUBNATIONAL EXPENDITURE | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | TAX COLLECTION | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC SECTOR | TAX | PROPERTY TAX COLLECTION | TAX EFFORTS | OIL PRICES | INCOME TAX | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | FISCAL TRANSPARENCY | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | ACCOUNTING | PAYROLL COSTS | BUDGET CONSTRAINTS | PUBLIC REVENUE | FISCAL BURDEN | FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION | FEDERAL DISTRICT | AMOUNT OF DEBT | REVENUE RATIO | PUBLIC SERVICES | EXPENDITURE DECENTRALIZATION | FEDERAL ASSISTANCE | BUDGETARY EXPENDITURES | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | CREDIT RATINGS | KEY CHALLENGES | RESERVE | FEDERAL TRANSFER SYSTEM | FISCAL FEDERALISM | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | MARKET MECHANISMS | FEDERAL TRANSFER | POLITICAL ECONOMY FACTORS | STATE GOVERNMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING REGULATION | FEDERAL GRANTS | REVENUE MOBILIZATION | TAX REVENUES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | MISREPORTING | MATURITY | INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK | PRIVATE LENDERS | TAX REVENUE | LOAN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | SUBNATIONAL FISCAL REFORM | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | TRANSPARENCY | EXPENDITURE RESPONSIBILITIES | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | REVENUE SOURCE | LEVY | PROPERTY TAXES | BORROWING | DEBT LEVELS | EXPENDITURE NEEDS | MUNICIPALITIES | ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFER | VOTERS | RESERVES | TAX POOL | TAX ADMINISTRATION
Book
2007, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821371558, Volume no. 115, xx, 48
This paper reviews progress made in the development of public management systems capable of meeting European standards in the new member states of the European... 
Public administration | European Union countries | Europe, Eastern | History | COMPETITIVENESS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | LABOR MARKETS | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | INTEROPERABILITY | POLICY FORMULATION | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | EXPENDITURE | CITIZENS | HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | E-READINESS | COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE | INTERFACE | TAXATION | FISCAL PERFORMANCE | PROGRAMMING | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | SEARCH | HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY | PUBLIC SECTOR WAGES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET MANAGEMENT | INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE | GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS | CAPABILITY | IT INFRASTRUCTURE | HUMAN RESOURCES | STATE ADMINISTRATION | AUTHORITY | BUSINESSES | DELIVERY SYSTEM | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | PUBLIC | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | BACKBONE | INSTITUTIONALIZATION | BUSINESS REGISTRATION | NATIONS | MINISTRIES OF FINANCE | ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEMS | IMPACT ASSESSMENT | E-SERVICES | COORDINATION MECHANISM | PUBLIC SERVICE | LEGISLATION | GOVERNMENT OFFICE | DECISION-MAKING | ACCOUNTABILITY | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | MATERIAL | BEST PRACTICES | E-MAIL | HUMAN RESOURCE | NECESSARY SKILLS | DEMOCRACY | VOTING | GOVERNMENT OFFICES | MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | E-READINESS RANKINGS | PUBLIC FINANCE | EXTERNAL CONSULTANTS | INFORMATION PROVISION | COMPETITIVENESS AGENDA | PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE | BUSINESS SERVICES | INFORMATION EXCHANGE | COPYRIGHT | INNOVATIONS | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | FISCAL PROBLEMS | PUBLIC SECTOR | E-GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS | POLITICAL INTERFERENCE | INNOVATION | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS | COPYING | DEBT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | QUERIES | CONTROL SYSTEMS | GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS | DISCLOSURE | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | LICENSES | POLITICIANS | PUBLIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC SECTOR PAY | PHOTO | BEST PRACTICE | GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES | PUBLIC MANAGEMENT | POLITICAL COMMITMENT | PUBLIC SERVICES | DEBT MANAGEMENT | POLITICAL APPOINTMENTS | COMMUNITIES | PUBLIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | APPROPRIATIONS | LABOR MARKET | FORMAL INSTITUTIONS | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | FISCAL CRISIS | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | BUDGET ALLOCATION | LEGAL FRAMEWORKS | ACTION PLANS | FISCAL DEFICIT | INSTITUTIONAL REFORM | RELIABILITY | QUALITY OF SERVICE | INTERNAL AUDIT | BASIC | E- GOVERNANCE | ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY | ANTI-CORRUPTION | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | E-GOVERNMENT | TREASURY | ADMINISTRATIVE TRADITIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE PERFORMANCE | GOVERNMENT AGENCIES | MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | RESULTS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | INSTITUTION | PUBLIC SECTOR REFORM | ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM | PUBLIC OFFICIALS | E-GOVERNANCE | REPRESENTATIVES | MEMBER STATES | POLITICAL ELITE | SAVINGS | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | TARGETS | DAY-TO-DAY MANAGEMENT | RESULT | TAX ADMINISTRATION | PERFORMANCES
Book
11/2010
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a major role in economic development, particularly in emerging countries, but access to finance remains a key... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | KEY CHALLENGE | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | FINANCIAL ACCESS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | EARNINGS | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT GAP | BRIBE | BUSINESS LENDING | CAPITAL FORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DEPOSIT RELATIONSHIPS | EQUITY FINANCE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | EQUITY INVESTMENT | SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CREDIT REPORTING | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | ENTREPRENEURSHIP FINANCING | BANKRUPTCY | LOAN APPLICATION | INFORMATION SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | PUBLIC FINANCE | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | FIXED ASSETS | BANK LENDING | INTERNAL FINANCE | LENDER | UNION | FINANCING FACILITIES | CASH FLOW | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT BANK | RECESSION | EQUITY INVESTORS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | DEBT | TERM CREDITS | CAPITAL FINANCE | FISCAL POLICIES | SHADOW ECONOMY | BRIBES | ALTERNATIVE FINANCING | JOB CREATION | MORAL HAZARD | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | CREDIT CRUNCHES | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | TRADE CREDIT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | MULTINATIONAL | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES | OPERATING COSTS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | INTERNAL FINANCING | PAYMENT DEFAULT | EQUITY FUNDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | BORROWER | CREDIT REGISTRIES | MANAGEMENT EDUCATION | INFORMAL FINANCING | RATES OF RETURNS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | INVESTMENT VEHICLES | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | VENTURE CAPITAL | BUSINESS EXPERIENCE | LACK OF ACCESS | RISKY BORROWERS | BUSINESS PLANS | SAVINGS | SPECIAL FINANCING | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS INDICATORS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ACCESS TO BANK LOANS | FORMS OF CREDIT | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | LOAN AMOUNT | OBSTACLES TO GROWTH | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | CREDIT CRUNCH | BANK LOANS | FIXED CAPITAL INVESTMENT | CASH MANAGEMENT | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCING NEEDS | BUSINESS PLANNING | CREDIT REPORTS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BANK | COMMUNITY BANKS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | SMALL LOANS | CREDIT FACILITIES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | INFORMAL ECONOMY | PUBLIC FUNDS | EMPLOYER | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | EQUITY FINANCING | INTEREST RATE CEILINGS | FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | CAPACITY BUILDING | COMPLIANCE COSTS | BANK LOAN | OVERDRAFT | ENTREPRENEUR | REPOSSESSION | FIXED CAPITAL | PRIVATE EQUITY | SOURCES OF FINANCE | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | MICROFINANCE | TRADE FINANCING | FINANCIAL REGULATION | PROPRIETORSHIPS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMAL FINANCE | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | ANGEL INVESTORS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT BUREAUS | BUSINESS ANGEL | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | OVERHEAD COSTS | COMPLIANCE COST | HUMAN CAPITAL | CREDITOR | MFI | FINANCES | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | ACCESS TO FINANCING | GENDER | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | BUSINESS LOANS | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PARTIAL CREDIT | CREDIT RELATIONSHIP | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | DEBT SECURITIES | POLICY DESIGN
Book
The World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 240
This article reviews the evidence on the importance of finance for economic well-being. It provides data on the use of basic financial services by households... 
Bank accounts | Observational research | Credit | World Bank | Bank loans | Microfinance | Finance | Banking services | Financial institutions | Financial services | SMALL BORROWERS | START-UP COSTS | INEQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOME OWNERSHIP | OUTREACH | ELECTRONIC DEPOSITS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ACCESS TO INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | USURY LAWS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | FORMAL BANK | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT UNION | INSTALLMENTS | EQUITY FINANCE | URBAN AREAS | PROVISION OF ACCESS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FEDERAL BENEFITS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LITERACY REQUIREMENTS | POSTAL BANK | BAD CREDIT | BANKS | BANKING SERVICES | ACCESS BARRIERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT BUREAU | MULTINATIONALS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | E-BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICE | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BARRIERS TO GROWTH | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | PROXIMITY BANKS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | BENEFITS OF ACCESS | POSTAL SAVINGS | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | PAYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | DEPOSITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | UNIVERSAL ACCESS | ACCOUNT OWNERS | CROP INSURANCE | E-FINANCE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | MONEYLENDERS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS | CONSUMER CREDIT | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | FACILITATION | PROFITABLE BANKING | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | SAVINGS BANKS | FEDERAL RESERVE | POOR BORROWERS | COLLATERAL | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | FORMS OF CREDIT | PRIVATE SAVINGS | DEPOSIT | PAWNSHOPS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CONSUMER FINANCE | PRIVATIZATION | FINANCIAL REFORM | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | BANK ACCESS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT INFORMATION BUREAUS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | USURY | CREDIT ACCESS | CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANKING CRISES | CREDIT EXTENSION | POSTAL BANKS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | VOLATILE INCOME | MINIMUM BALANCES | WORKING CAPITAL | ABSENCE OF CREDIT | CREDIT ANALYSIS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | LENDING REQUIREMENTS | BANK BRANCH | MUTUAL FUNDS | BARTER | CREDIT REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNTS | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL DEPTH | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SOCIAL EXCLUSION | SAVINGS PRODUCT | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | AGRICULTURAL BANK | MICROFINANCE | SAVINGS SERVICES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | SMALL BANK | SOCIAL COMMITMENT | EMPLOYERS | NET WORTH | INFORMAL FINANCE | SAVINGS BANK | COOPERATIVES | STOCK MARKET | ILLITERACY | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | BANK SERVICES | SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION | SMART CARDS | HOUSING FINANCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | CREDIT BUREAUS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER | ACCESS TO PAYMENTS | OVERHEAD COSTS | FINANCES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | RETAIL BANKS | REPAYMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCING | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES | COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | STOCK MARKETS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MATTER | ECONOMICS | GROWTH | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article