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Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN 0304-3932, 09/2015, Volume 74, pp. 89 - 101
The ability to issue debt that pays in units of the domestic good leads a country to accumulate a large and negative net foreign asset position while... 
Incomplete markets | Bond market | International portfolio choice | Global imbalances | INTERNATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION PUZZLE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | EQUILIBRIA | ECONOMIES | ECONOMICS | Credit market
Journal Article
2011, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821387812, xii, 61
Examining innovative ways to address Africa?s infrastructure deficit is at the heart of this analysis. Africa?s infrastructure stock and quality is among the... 
INVESTMENT FUND | SECURITY STRUCTURES | REGULATORY BARRIERS | WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS | MATURITIES | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | LIABILITY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PENSION FUND INVESTMENTS | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | STOCK EXCHANGES | INFRASTRUCTURE BOND | BOURSE | LONG-TERM DEBT | POLITICAL RISKS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING LIMIT | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | PENSION FUND INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCH | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | SOVEREIGN LENDING | GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | PENSION FUND | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | LONG-TERM YIELDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RISKS | ILLIQUIDITY | SOVEREIGN RATING | CREDIT LINES | BOND ISSUANCES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PRIVATE FINANCE | RESERVE BANK | MEZZANINE DEBT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LOCAL DEBT | CAPITAL MOVEMENTS | INVESTMENT ASSET | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS | RESERVE | BOND ISSUANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | EQUITY FUNDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MONEY MARKET | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTOR | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | MATURITY | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | PRIVATE FINANCING | LONG-TERM DEBT MARKET | RETURN | DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE PARTIES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | PENSIONS | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | COUPON | FIXED INTEREST RATE | MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS | PARTIAL RISK | FIXED INCOME | FOREIGN BANKS | MARKET FAILURES | YIELD CURVE | MARKET MAKER | IMMOVABLE PROPERTY | DEPOSIT | LONG TERM DEBT | PENSION | DEBT FINANCING | GUARANTEE FUND | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LONG-TERM COST | FIXED INTEREST | CREDIT RISK | BOND RATING | TOTAL DEBT | COUPON RATE | BANK LOANS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | DUE DILIGENCE | RISK SHARING | BOND HOLDERS | RISK PREMIUMS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | RISK PROFILE | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SECONDARY BOND MARKETS | CAPITAL MARKET | TRANSFER RISKS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | GRACE PERIODS | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL CRISIS | GROUP BORROWER | MUNICIPAL BONDS | PUBLIC FUNDS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CORPORATE BONDS | LONG-TERM LOANS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | WITHDRAWAL | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COUNTRY RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INFRASTRUCTURE CONCESSION | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | LIFE INSURANCE | SUBORDINATED DEBT | ACCOUNTING | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENTS | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | CORPORATE BOND MARKET | LOAN EXPOSURE | PENSION FUND ASSET | LONG-TERM RESOURCE | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | RECOURSE FINANCING | CREDIT RATINGS | ASSET CLASS | MARKET CONSTRAINTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | LOCAL BANKS | RISK MEASUREMENT | PORTFOLIO | INSURANCE INDUSTRIES | MONETARY FUND | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | LONG-TERM RESOURCES
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821387030, xiv, 124
This study aims to help governments design sustainable Public-Private Partnership (PPP) strategies and projects in the context of the changed circumstances... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public-private sector cooperation | CHECKS | DEBT SERVICING | TOLL ROAD | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | SOVEREIGN BONDS | TRUST FUND | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | CONTRACT DESIGN | BOND MARKET | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | MATURITIES | PRIVATE INVESTORS | MARKET RISKS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | CURRENCY DEPRECIATION | MARKET CONDITIONS | EIB | BASIS POINT | VEHICLE | GOVERNMENT BOND YIELDS | INTEREST RATES | CURRENCY DEVALUATION | PUBLIC BORROWING | BONDS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PASSENGERS | LONG-TERM INVESTORS | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS | TUNNEL | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | HIGHWAYS | TRAFFIC DEMAND | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SANITATION | LEGISLATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ACCOUNTABILITY | LOCAL DEBT MARKET | CAPITAL GRANT | EXPORTERS | LONG-TERM DEBT | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT SECTOR | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | TRANSPORT PROJECTS | ROAD PROJECTS | PUBLIC FINANCE | VEHICLES | RISK MANAGEMENT | ADB | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | RAILWAYS | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | OIL PRICES | SHARES OF INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICITS | INVESTMENT FUNDS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | TREASURY BONDS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | RATES OF INFLATION | MARKET BORROWING | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT RESEARCH | LOCAL DEBT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | PSP | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | HIGHWAY | LIGHT RAIL | FISCAL DEFICIT | TOLLS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | DEFAULT RISK | MATURITY | BRIDGE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | PRESENT VALUE | BID | INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING | URBAN TRANSPORT | DRIVING | CREDIT MARKET | INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS | RAIL LINKS | GOVERNMENT BOND | TRAFFIC | TAX SYSTEMS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | AIRPORT | ROAD | FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | EXPENDITURE | SHORT-TERM BORROWING | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | ROAD SECTOR | PRIVATIZATION | PRIVATE INVESTOR | DEFICITS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | TOLL | MOTORWAYS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | HIGHWAY PROJECT | RAILWAY | LAWS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | RISK PREMIUMS | CAPITAL GRANTS | SUBSIDIARY | INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS | BALANCE­SHEET | MARKET LIQUIDITY | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | AIRPORTS | TRANSACTION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM | HIGHWAY REHABILITATION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | INVESTMENT SPENDING | AIRPORT EXPANSION | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | ROAD TUNNEL | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | SHORT-TERM DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FUNDS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM LOANS | LENDERS | DEBT RATIOS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | BOND INDEX | COUNTRY RISK | SAFETY NETS | UNDERGROUND | MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | SAFETY | STATE GUARANTEES | TAX | BOND ISSUE | RAIL PROJECTS | MARKET RISK | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | DEBT EXCHANGE | ROADS | ACCOUNTING | PRIVATE LOANS | PUBLIC BANKS | LANES | EMERGING MARKET BOND | HIGH-SPEED RAIL | TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS | CREDIT RATINGS | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | TRANSPORT INVESTMENT | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | HIGHWAY PROJECTS | TREASURY | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | HIGHWAY PROGRAM | BUDGET DEFICIT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | LOCAL BANKS | BASIS POINTS | PUBLIC DEBT | MONETARY FUND | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | PUBLIC SECTOR INVESTMENT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | INSTRUMENT | NATIONAL HIGHWAYS | BUDGETING | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES
Book
The Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, 10/2013, Volume 68, Issue 5, pp. 2117 - 2141
This paper examines debt structure using a new and comprehensive database on types of debt employed by public U.S. firms. We find that 85% of the sample firms... 
Debt | Public debt | Long term debt | Lines of credit | Term loans | Capital leases | Sufism | Capital structure | Debt market | Financial bonds | EMPIRICAL-ANALYSIS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRY | CREDIT | BUSINESS, FINANCE | PRIORITY STRUCTURE | BANK LOANS | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CORPORATE-FINANCE | DETERMINANTS | LARGE SHAREHOLDERS | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
2004, Evaluation report (International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office), ISBN 9781589063808, viii, 122
This report evaluates the role of the IMF in Argentina during 1991-2001, focusing particularly on the period of crisis management from 2000 until early 2002.... 
Argentina Economic policy | Crisis management | International Monetary Fund | Financial crises | Fund Role | Ieo | Relationships With Fund
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821384794, 108
Two years into the deepest global financial crisis in the post-war era, the world economy is still experiencing uneven economic recovery and financial... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT PLANS | INFORMATION CONSTRAINT | CROSS-BORDER CAPITAL | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT FLOWS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FOREIGN CAPITAL FLOWS | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | HUMAN RESOURCES | CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE CREDITORS | GROUP OF INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DISPUTES | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | POLITICAL STABILITY | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INVESTOR INTERESTS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | HOME COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT INSURANCE | FOOD PRICES | POLITICAL RISKS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | COMMODITY | CONFIDENCE INDEX | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | INVENTORY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | ARREARS | REINSURANCE | HUMAN RIGHTS | GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY | OUTPUT | DEBT DEFAULT | LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | AFFILIATES | CREDIT AGENCIES | NET DEBT | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BOND ISSUANCE | MARKET SIZE | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | GLOBAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | BORROWING POLICY | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | CONSOLIDATION | EXPORT CREDIT | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY | MARKET CONFIDENCE | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS | DEBT FINANCING | FOREIGN FIRMS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | INTANGIBLE | CIVIL WARS | DEFICITS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | JOINT VENTURES | AMORTIZATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | LAWS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | SUBSIDIARY | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | INVESTOR PREFERENCE | NEW MARKETS | FOREIGN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | MANDATES | EXPROPRIATION | RED TAPE | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | INVESTOR BEHAVIOR | INCOMES | PROFITABILITY | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | LIBERALIZATION | COMMODITIES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | VIRTUOUS CYCLE | POLITICAL RISK | SOCIAL SERVICES | COUNTRY RISK | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | FINANCIAL FLOWS | PUBLIC UTILITIES | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | SECURITY CONCERNS | INSURERS | INVESTMENT FLOW | MACROECONOMIC DATA | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GLOBAL EXPORTS | LOCAL ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | CIVIL WAR | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | BANKING SYSTEM | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | JOINT VENTURE | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | HOST GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | CURRENT PRICES | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | STATE INTERVENTION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LOCAL ENTERPRISES | WORLD ECONOMY | PRIVATE MARKET | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTOR | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INVESTMENT LOCATION DECISIONS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
2010, Wolrd Investment and Political Risk, ISBN 9780821381151, 96
Political risk is a top concern for corporate foreign investors from industrialized but also developing countries when venturing into emerging markets. At the... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | ECONOMIC IMBALANCES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT REGIMES | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | CORPORATE INVESTORS | CDS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | NEW PRODUCTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | HOST COUNTRY | LIABILITY | GOVERNMENT BUDGETS | MONETARY POLICIES | COMMODITY PRICE | EXPROPRIATION RISK | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | POLICY RESPONSES | PRIVATE CREDITORS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | EQUITY INVESTMENT | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT FLOWS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | CAPITAL ACCOUNT TRANSACTIONS | CONSUMER GOODS | POLITICAL RISKS | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | DURABLE | CAPITAL FLOWS | GROWTH RATE | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | SETTLEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | CREDIT RISK PREMIUMS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBALIZATION | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | GROWTH RATES | COMMODITY | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | OIL PRICES | GLOBAL INVESTORS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | REINSURANCE | INVESTOR DEMAND | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | OUTPUT | RESERVE BANK | EMERGING ECONOMIES | CREDIT AGENCIES | RISK OF EXPROPRIATION | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | RESERVE | NET DEBT | MARKET MECHANISMS | EQUITY FUNDS | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | INSURANCE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | EXCHANGE CONTROLS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | CRITICAL MASS | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXPOSURE | SOCIAL RELATIONS | CURRENCY | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | FINANCIAL CRISES | OUTPUT LOSSES | EXPORT CREDIT | RESERVES | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | SAVINGS | EXPROPRIATION RISKS | FOREIGN ASSETS | PRIVATE CAPITAL INFLOWS | REMITTANCES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | CREDIT RISK | DEBT CRISIS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | REINVESTMENT | GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | JOINT VENTURES | DIVESTMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | CAPITAL ACCOUNTS | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | RISK PREMIUMS | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | NEW MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | ECONOMIC CRISES | EXPROPRIATION | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | HOME MARKETS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | FINANCIAL INSTABILITY | PROPERTY MARKETS | EQUITY MARKETS | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | CREDITORS | DOMESTIC MARKETS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | COMMODITIES | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | EMERGING MARKET ASSETS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | TAX | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | PRIVATE EQUITY | INVESTMENT HORIZONS | DOMESTIC BANKS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | INSURERS | MACROECONOMIC DATA | FOREIGN FUNDS | FIXED INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | EMERGING MARKETS | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | FLOATING EXCHANGE RATE | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS | CREDIT GUARANTEE | WEALTH EFFECTS | EMERGING MARKET | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | PROPERTY RIGHTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS | ACCESS TO FINANCING | HOST GOVERNMENTS | INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION | MARKET INVESTORS | PORTFOLIO | MONETARY FUND | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | OUTPUT GAP | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | WORLD ECONOMY | EMERGING-MARKET | PRIVATE MARKET | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS CRISES | INVESTOR AWARENESS | CAPITAL MARKETS | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | STOCK MARKETS | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES
Book
2009, ISBN 9780821376799, xxxiii, 115
This evaluation reviews the World Bank Group's (WBG's) experience with guarantee instruments during 1990-2007. Although these instruments have been an... 
Surety and fidelity insurance | World Bank Group Evaluation | Bank insurance | BOND MARKET | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | MARKETING STRATEGY | OUTREACH | PRIVATE INVESTORS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | ISSUANCE | CREDIBILITY | TRANSFER RISK | COMMERCIAL FINANCE | LOAN PRODUCTS | BANK GUARANTEE | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE BORROWERS | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | PLEDGES | BONDS | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BUSINESS VOLUMES | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | LIQUIDITY | HOST COUNTRIES | TRANCHE | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | MARKET SHARE | RISK PERCEPTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCING | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ACCOUNTABILITY | DEVALUATION | BANK POLICIES | FLOW OF INVESTMENT | POLITICAL RISKS | GUARANTEE PRODUCT | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | LOCAL CURRENCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | UNDERLYING ASSETS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | RISK MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDING | SETTLEMENT | INDEBTED COUNTRIES | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | UNION | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | ADB | BANK GUARANTEES | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBAL PRIVATE SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT MARKETS | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | COMMODITY PRICES | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | MARKET DATA | PRIVATE CAPITAL | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | INSURANCE AGENCY | BANK POLICY | DIRECT LOANS | PRIVATE FINANCE | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDIT GUARANTEES | VILLAGE | MULTINATIONAL | LIABILITY SIDE | EXPORTER | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DERIVATIVE CONTRACT | ADVICE TO GOVERNMENTS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | MATURITY | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | BOND | LIQUID MARKETS | PORTFOLIO RISK | NEW MARKET | GUARANTEE AGENCY | PAYMENT OF INTEREST | BOND ISSUES | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | COUPON | PARTIAL RISK | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | MARKET FAILURES | OUTREACH EFFORTS | COLLATERAL | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | ENTERPRISE ACCESS | MARKET INDEXES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | COUPON RATE | MATURITY MISMATCHES | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT | DUE DILIGENCE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | TIMELY PAYMENT | PRIVATE DEBT | SUBNATIONAL FINANCE | INTEREST PAYMENTS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | RISK PROFILE | ECONOMIC POLICIES | TRANSACTION | PERFORMANCE BOND | MANDATES | CAPITAL MARKET | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | ENTREPRENEURS | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | INVESTMENT FLOWS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | LOAN SYNDICATIONS | GUARANTOR | LENDERS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | COUNTRY RISK | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | ENTREPRENEUR | SOVEREIGN COUNTER-GUARANTEE | GENERAL GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | DOMESTIC BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | DEBT CRISES | FINANCIAL FLOWS | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | DERIVATIVE | ADVISORY SERVICES | EXPLOITATION | SWAP | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | EMERGING MARKETS | EXPROPRIATIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES | MARKET COMPETITION | CREDIT DERIVATIVE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | HOUSING FINANCE | ARBITRAL AWARDS | POOR ACCESS | EQUITY CAPITAL | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | HOUSING | LOCAL BANKS | PUBLIC AGENCIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | PARTIAL CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | DEBTORS | PARTIAL GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
Financial Management, ISSN 0046-3892, 4/2009, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp. 1 - 37
This paper examines the relative importance of many factors in the capital structure decisions of publicly traded American firms from 1950 to 2003. The most... 
Industrial market | Debt | Long term debt | Anticipated inflation | Financial leverage | Pecking order theory | Equity | Business structures | Capital structure | Debt market | LEVERAGE RATIOS | EQUITY ISSUES | STOCK RETURNS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | MARKET | CORPORATE-FINANCE | MANAGERIAL DISCRETION | FIRMS | STRUCTURE CHOICE | AGENCY COSTS | DEBT | Financial management | Leverage (Finance) | Financial analysis | Analysis | Methods
Journal Article
02/2014
Government debt continues to expand, reaching over all 872 billion, approximately 62 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), as of end-September 2013.... 
SECONDARY MARKET | INVESTMENT FUND | BOND INVESTORS | MATURITIES | VALUATION FRAMEWORK | EXTERNAL DEBT | MARKET RISKS | T-BILL | FLOATING RATE | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | GOVERNMENT PAPER | MARKET CONDITIONS | MONETARY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | INTEREST RATE PAYMENTS | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | FLOATING INTEREST RATE | CENTRAL SECURITIES DEPOSITORY | PRIVATE CREDITORS | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | DOMESTIC BORROWING | MARKET ENVIRONMENT | LONG-TERM INVESTORS | BOND AUCTIONS | LIQUIDITY | DEPOSITORY SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE RISKS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | RETAIL INVESTORS | INVESTOR BASE | PRICE TRANSPARENCY | UNIFORM PRICES | COMMERCIAL LOANS | PRIMARY DEALER | CASH RESERVE | LIQUIDITY RISK | SECURITIES MARKET DEVELOPMENT | TURNOVER | ANNUAL BORROWING PLAN | LOCAL CURRENCY | SECONDARY MARKET ACTIVITY | BORROWING REQUIREMENT | INDIVIDUAL BONDS | SETTLEMENT SYSTEMS | T-BILLS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | BENCHMARK BONDS | CAPITAL FLOWS | TREASURY NOTES | EXIT MECHANISM | SETTLEMENT | PORTFOLIO VALUATION | MARKET YIELD | SECONDARY MARKETS | BANK DEPOSITS | BOND STOCK | PUBLIC DEBT STOCK | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | REPO RATE | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | REGISTRY SYSTEM | FINANCIAL MARKET | TREASURY BOND AUCTIONS | BORROWING STRATEGIES | CLEARING HOUSE | FISCAL POLICIES | INTERPOLATION | TREASURY BONDS | ARREARS | CREDIT GROWTH | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | FIXED COUPON | VARIABLE RATES | MARK-TO-MARKET | TREASURY BILL AUCTION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | MARKETABLE DEBT | ILLIQUID MARKET | MARKET TRADES | FISCAL DEFICIT | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES MARKET | MARKET STRUCTURE | PUBLIC DEBT MANAGEMENT | DEPOSITORS | MONEY MARKET | SECONDARY MARKET TRADING | CASH BALANCES | MATURITY | BOOK ENTRY | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | BROKERAGE | LONG-TERM INSTRUMENTS | BID | DEBT ISSUANCE | EXCHANGE RATE | RETAIL INVESTOR | DOMESTIC MARKET | TREASURY BILL | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT | LOAN GUARANTEES | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS | FIXED RATE BONDS | YIELD CURVE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | MARKET MAKING | MONETARY POLICY | VARIABLE COUPON | OUTSTANDING DEBT | FIXED INTEREST | DERIVATIVES | SECONDARY MARKET TRANSACTIONS | TIME DEPOSITS | AUCTIONS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BORROWING COSTS | LIQUID MARKET | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | T-BONDS | TOTAL DEBT | CASH MANAGEMENT | LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | RISK PROFILE | PRIMARY MARKET | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INTEREST RATE RISK | TRANSACTION | TREASURY BILLS | RISK CONTROL | COMMERCIAL BANK | FOREIGN DEBT | REPO | DOMESTIC DEBT MARKET | ISSUANCE OF TREASURY BILLS | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | POST OFFICES | SHORT-TERM DEBT | T-BOND | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | DOMESTIC DEBT | INFLATION | SUB-NATIONAL BORROWINGS | DEBT OPERATIONS | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | SHORT-TERM BONDS | CREDITORS | AUCTION | LIQUIDITY POSITIONS | HOLDING | PRICE DISCOVERY | TREASURY BILL AUCTIONS | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | HOLD TO MATURITY | PORTFOLIOS | TAX | INVESTMENT HORIZONS | AUCTION MECHANISM | CASH BALANCE | ACCOUNTING | MARKET FOR GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | TREASURY BOND | BOOK ENTRY SYSTEM | GOVERNMENT DEBT SECURITIES | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES AUCTIONS | VALUATION | BOND AUCTION | COUPON BONDS | INDIVIDUAL INVESTORS | EXTERNAL BORROWING | INTERNATIONAL SECURITIES | PAYMENT SYSTEM | EUROBOND | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | BUYBACKS | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | FOREIGN INVESTORS | MATURITY DATE | SETTLEMENT SYSTEM | DOMESTIC DEBT SECURITIES | INTEREST RATE | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | CREDIT RISKS | DEBT STOCK | SECONDARY MARKET PRICE | MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE | PRIMARY DEALER SYSTEM | REPAYMENT | BUY-BACKS | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | TREASURY | BASIS POINTS | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | DEBT LEVEL | MONETARY FUND | HOLDINGS | BANKING SECTOR | SECONDARY MARKET LIQUIDITY | MARKET TRANSACTIONS | LIQUID ASSETS | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | CUSTODY | SECONDARY MARKET DEVELOPMENT
Book
The Social Science Journal, ISSN 0362-3319, 09/2018, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp. 359 - 368
Because it focuses on the moderating role of political institutions – which emphasize equilibrium policy outcomes under different institutional arrangements... 
Fiscal institutions | Political institutions | Political market framework | Interactive effects | State long-term debt | DIVIDED GOVERNMENT | GROWTH MANAGEMENT | LOCAL DEBT | TAX | EXPENDITURE | POLICY | IMPACT | DIFFUSION | SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY | INNOVATIONS | State government
Journal Article