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Free Radical Biology and Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, 08/2016, Volume 97, pp. 1 - 13
Low molecular mass thiols and antioxidant enzymes have essential functions to detoxify reactive oxygen and nitrogen species maintaining cellular redox balance.... 
Peroxiredoxin | Redox metabolism | Thioredoxin reductase | Leptospira | DTNB 5,5′-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) | L-TrxR low molecular mass thioredoxin reductase | CDNB 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene | MBQ 2-methyl-benzoquinone | t-BuOOH tert-butyl hydroperoxide | GSSG glutathione disulfide | Trx thioredoxin | DTT dithiothreitol | H-TrxR high molecular mass thioredoxin reductase | Abbreviations AhpC bacterial 2-Cys peroxiredoxin | bis-γ-GC bis-γ-glutamylcysteine | TrxR thioredoxin reductase | SYSTEM | METHYLENE-BLUE | OXIDATIVE STRESS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | ENTAMOEBA-HISTOLYTICA | IN-VITRO SUSCEPTIBILITIES | INTRACELLULAR REDOX | TREPONEMA-PALLIDUM | METABOLISM | GLUTATHIONE | ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM | PARASITE PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM | Recombinant Proteins - metabolism | Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism | Oxidation-Reduction | Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase - genetics | Reactive Nitrogen Species - metabolism | Antioxidants - metabolism | Humans | Peroxiredoxins - metabolism | Oxidative Stress - genetics | Leptospira interrogans - pathogenicity | Glutathione Disulfide - metabolism | Recombinant Proteins - genetics | Leptospirosis - metabolism | Thioredoxins - genetics | Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase - metabolism | Escherichia coli - genetics | Leptospira interrogans - metabolism | Sulfhydryl Compounds - chemistry | Thioredoxins - metabolism | Kinetics | Leptospirosis - microbiology | Thioredoxins - chemistry | Dithionitrobenzoic Acid - metabolism | Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase - chemistry | Antioxidants | Enzymes | Cysteine | Thiols | Analysis | Escherichia coli | Thioredoxin | Cystine | Physiological aspects
Journal Article
Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology, ISSN 0070-217X, 2015, Volume 387, pp. 21 - 41
Members of the family Leptospiraceae are thin, spiral, highly motile bacteria that are best visualized by darkfield microscopy. These characteristics are... 
PERIPLASMIC FLAGELLA | PATHOGENIC LEPTOSPIRA | SPIROCHETE LEPTOSPIRA | GROWTH | LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE | MICROBIOLOGY | FATTY ACIDS | INTERROGANS | IMMUNOLOGY | SAPROPHYTIC LEPTOSPIRES | VIRULENCE | MOTILITY | Leptospira - cytology | Leptospira - physiology | Movement | Periplasm - ultrastructure | Culture Media
Journal Article
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0022-1899, 3/2012, Volume 205, Issue 6, pp. 995 - 1004
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 07/2014, Volume 9, Issue 7, p. e102860
Leptospirosis is a global zoonosis caused by pathogenic Leptospira, which can colonize the proximal renal tubules and persist for long periods in the kidneys... 
COMPLEMENT | T-CELL IMMUNITY | NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | IN-VIVO | GENE-EXPRESSION | MICE | INTERROGANS | CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE | MEMBRANE-PROTEINS | AUTOIMMUNE-DISEASE | Kidney Diseases - microbiology | Inflammation - microbiology | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Transforming Growth Factor beta1 - metabolism | Actins - metabolism | Galectin 3 - metabolism | Fibrosis - microbiology | Interferon-gamma - metabolism | Fibrosis - metabolism | Interleukins - metabolism | Leptospirosis - metabolism | Inflammation - metabolism | Animals | Kidney Tubules, Proximal - metabolism | CD55 Antigens - metabolism | Nephritis - metabolism | Leptospira interrogans | Mice | Leptospirosis - microbiology | Kidney Tubules, Proximal - microbiology | Nephritis - mortality | Kidney Diseases - metabolism | Infection | Nephritis | Fibrosis | Bone morphogenetic proteins | Transforming growth factors | Muscle proteins | Health aspects | Zoonoses | Leptospirosis | Disease | Smooth muscle | Infections | Galectin-3 | Renal tubules | Developing countries--LDCs | Interleukin 4 | Actin | Rodents | Extracellular matrix | Tumor necrosis factor-TNF | Kidneys | Cytokines | Mortality | Pancreatitis | Muscles | Interleukin 12 | Inflammation | Interleukin 13 | Gene expression | Interleukin 17 | Decay-accelerating factor | γ-Interferon | Interleukin 10 | Developing countries | LDCs
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 08/2012, Volume 7, Issue 8, p. e42266
Background: Infection with pathogenic Leptospira species causes serious systemic inflammation in patients. Although a few leptospiral proinflammatory molecules... 
LISTERIA-MONOCYTOGENES | TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR | CELL ACTIVATION | ALPHA-HEMOLYSIN | ESCHERICHIA-COLI | GAMMA-INTERFERON | BIOLOGY | INTERROGANS SEROVAR ICTEROHAEMORRHAGIAE | GENE-EXPRESSION | SEELIGERIOLYSIN-O | INNATE IMMUNITY | Hemolysin Proteins - immunology | Toll-Like Receptor 2 - genetics | Hemolysin Proteins - genetics | Humans | JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - immunology | NF-kappa B - immunology | Hemolysin Proteins - secretion | JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - metabolism | Male | NF-kappa B - metabolism | MAP Kinase Signaling System - immunology | Macrophages - secretion | MAP Kinase Signaling System - genetics | Leptospira interrogans - metabolism | Inflammation Mediators - metabolism | Adult | Female | JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - genetics | Cytokines - genetics | Leptospirosis - immunology | Macrophages - immunology | Cytokines - immunology | Inflammation Mediators - immunology | Cell Line | Cytokines - metabolism | Toll-Like Receptor 4 - genetics | Toll-Like Receptor 4 - immunology | Toll-Like Receptor 2 - metabolism | Toll-Like Receptor 4 - metabolism | Leptospira interrogans - immunology | Leptospirosis - genetics | Mice, Knockout | Leptospirosis - metabolism | Macrophages - metabolism | Animals | Leptospira interrogans - genetics | NF-kappa B - genetics | Toll-Like Receptor 2 - immunology | Mice | Leptospirosis | Laboratories | Genes | Antibodies | Infections | Genomes | Kinases | Macrophages | Medical diagnosis | Streptococcus infections | Interleukin 6 | Proteins | Stimulators | Signal transduction | Pathways | Listeria | Toll-like receptors | Tumor necrosis factor-TNF | Inducers | Immune system | Urine | Pathogens | NF-κB protein | Parasitology | Hemolysins | Cytokines | JNK protein | Inflammation | TLR4 protein | Tumor necrosis factor-α | Patients | Medicine | Signaling | Protein arrays | Infectious diseases | TLR2 protein
Journal Article
Journal Article
Free Radical Biology and Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, 11/2019, Volume 143, pp. 366 - 374
Glutathione (GSH) plays a role as a main antioxidant metabolite in all eukaryotes and many prokaryotes. Most of the organisms synthesize GSH by a pathway... 
Pathogenic Leptospira | Thiol | Redox metabolism | Glutathione synthesis
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 01/2014, Volume 9, Issue 1, p. e84625
Pathogenic spirochetes cause clinically relevant diseases in humans and animals, such as Lyme disease and leptospirosis. The causative agent of Lyme disease,... 
LEPTOSPIRA-INTERROGANS | BORRELIA-BURGDORFERI | A DISULFIDE REDUCTASE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | NITRIC-OXIDE | HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE | BLOOD PYRUVATE | ANAEROBIC METABOLISM | NF-KAPPA-B | SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE | EXPERIMENTAL LYME ARTHRITIS | Hydrogen Peroxide - toxicity | DNA Repair - drug effects | Glucose Oxidase - metabolism | Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism | MutS DNA Mismatch-Binding Protein - metabolism | Acetates - metabolism | Humans | Bacterial Proteins - genetics | Spirochaetales - drug effects | Borrelia burgdorferi - genetics | Gene Deletion | Pyruvic Acid - metabolism | Bacterial Proteins - metabolism | MutS DNA Mismatch-Binding Protein - genetics | Neutrophils - microbiology | Oxidative Stress - drug effects | Spirochaetales - genetics | Spirochaetales - metabolism | Neutrophils - metabolism | Borrelia burgdorferi - metabolism | Pyruvic Acid - pharmacology | Borrelia burgdorferi - drug effects | Spirochetes | Leptospirosis | Lyme disease | Glucose oxidase | Reactive oxygen species | Hydrogen peroxide | Pyruvic acid | Iron | Arthritis | Infections | Dosage | Tissues | DNA repair | Immunology | Clonal deletion | Catalase | Metabolites | Mismatch repair | Rodents | Toll-like receptors | Deletion | Repair | Deoxyribonucleic acid--DNA | Arachnids | Vector-borne diseases | Killing | Neutrophils | Nucleotide excision repair | Leukocytes (neutrophilic) | Metabolism | Mammals | Gene expression | Carbon | Zoonoses | Medicine | Pathology | Signaling | TLR2 protein | Nitric oxide | Sensitivity enhancement | Human behavior | Deoxyribonucleic acid | DNA
Journal Article
FEBS Letters, ISSN 0014-5793, 04/2016, Volume 590, Issue 7, pp. 1002 - 1016
Journal Article