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SAE technical paper series, Volume 872061.
The world has large reserves of crude oil and gas; but they are concentrated mainly in the Middle East. Eventually, economic and political factors will force... 
Gasoline | On-board energy sources | Coal liquefaction
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 872038.
A series of coal-derived test fuels for compression ignition engines was prepared from Exxon Donor Solvent middle distillate, a representative alternative... 
Coal | Coal liquefaction | Diesel fuels | Alternative fuels
eJournal
Fuel (Guildford), ISSN 0016-2361, 07/2020, Volume 271, p. 117627
Journal Article
SAE technical paper series, Volume 892132.
The performance, combustion, and emissions of three coal-derived, test fuels were compared to a Phillips D-2 control fuel in a single cylinder,... 
Diesel exhaust emissions | Synthetic fuels | Vehicle performance | Coal liquefaction | Emissions
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 872094.
The present reserves of liquid petroleum fuels indicate that it may not last for longer period. It has become necessary to search for an alternative fuel which... 
Diesel / Compression Ignition engines | Coal | Coal liquefaction | Alternative fuels
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 892131.
A contemporary coal liquefaction product from the Wilsonville pilot plant was processed to make two diesel test fuels for engine research. A naphtha fraction... 
Diesel / Compression Ignition engines | Coal liquefaction | Diesel fuels | Emissions | Alternative fuels
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 861542.
Seven test fuels were provided to research projects in the Department of Energy Alternative Fuels Utilization Program. Currrent refining technology was applied... 
Gasoline | On-board energy sources | Synthetic fuels | Coal liquefaction | Hydrogen fuel | Diesel fuels | Alternative fuels
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 872039.
Tests were conducted using an ASTM Aviation Supercharge CFR engine to determine whether high levels of fuel-bound nitrogen lead to increased nitric oxide... 
Exhaust emissions | Nitrogen oxides | Coal liquefaction | Spark ignition engines | Emissions | Alternative fuels
eJournal
SAE technical paper series, Volume 872037.
Three synthetic fuels, derived from coal, were compared to a Phillips DF-2 control fuel. These fuels were tested in a single-cylinder, direct-injected, Diesel... 
Diesel / Compression Ignition engines | Particulate matter (PM) | Oscilloscopes | Coal liquefaction | Alternative fuels
eJournal
2016, 2nd edition., Applied geotechnics series, ISBN 1482213680, xxi, 690
"Soil Liquefaction has become widely cited. It is built on the principle that liquefaction can, and must, be understood from mechanics. This second edition is... 
Soil liquefaction | Soil mechanics
Book
Bioresource technology, ISSN 0960-8524, 08/2016, Volume 213, pp. 327 - 332
•No clear winner in HTL of biomass can be identified so far.•Process intensification can help HTL to win.•Fast heating combined with short residence time helps... 
HTL | Direct liquefaction | Hydrothermal liquefaction | Biomass liquefaction | Biotechnology - methods | Biomass | Hot Temperature | Biofuels | Equipment Design | Biotechnology - instrumentation | Biomass energy | Index Medicus
Journal Article
SAE technical paper series, Volume 861538.
A heavy duty (150 kW) diesel engine was tested to determine operational problems while running on minimally processed synthetic fuels. A reference No. 2 diesel... 
Diesel exhaust emissions | Diesel / Compression Ignition engines | Particulate matter (PM) | Synthetic fuels | Vehicle performance | Coal liquefaction | Engine cooling systems
eJournal
Applied energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 03/2016, Volume 165, Issue C, pp. 943 - 951
[Display omitted] •Hydrothermal extraction and liquefaction of wet algae at 180–330°C.•Optimum HTL temperature for maximum energy recovery for different algal... 
Wet algae | Energy recovery | Nutrients | Sequential extraction and liquefaction | Hydrothermal liquefaction | By-products | Engineering | Engineering, Chemical | Technology | Energy & Fuels | Science & Technology | Lipids | Amino acids | Biomass energy | Analysis | Carbohydrates | Chlorella | Temperature effects | Liquefaction | Biomass | Strain
Journal Article
Bioresource technology, ISSN 0960-8524, 07/2017, Volume 236, Issue C, pp. 129 - 137
Abundance contour plots of biocrude oils obtained at 300°C. [Display omitted] •Co-liquefaction of micro-algae has alleviated the biocrude oil yield at similar... 
Co-liquefaction | Microalgae | Synergistic effect | FT-ICR MS | Hydrothermal liquefaction | Agricultural Engineering | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Technology | Agriculture | Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology | Energy & Fuels | Science & Technology | Water | Temperature | Biomass | Oils | Index Medicus
Journal Article
2014, Advanced series on ocean engineering, ISBN 9789814329316, Volume 39., xv, 453 pages
Book
Fuel (Guildford), ISSN 0016-2361, 05/2012, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp. 63 - 70
[Display omitted] ► Method uses temperature gradient for sequential extraction of desired products. ► This method successively produce polysaccharides and... 
Polysaccharides | Hydrothermal liquefaction | Chlorella sorokiniana | Bio-oil | Sequential subcritical hydrothermal liquefaction | Engineering | Engineering, Chemical | Technology | Energy & Fuels | Science & Technology | Economics | Chlorella | Liquefaction | Ethyl alcohol | Extraction | Biomass | Carbon
Journal Article
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