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Journal of Economic Literature, ISSN 0022-0515, 12/2003, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp. 1095 - 1136
We propose a clarification of the notion of a soft budget constraint, a concept widely used in the analysis of socialist, transitional, and market economies.... 
Economic models | Transitional economies | Bank loans | Economic transitions | Socialism | Banks | Budget constraints | Bank liquidity | Central banks | Banking crises | RATCHET | MARKET | COMMITMENT | PERFORMANCE | STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES | INVESTMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | ECONOMICS | INCENTIVES | DEBT | SHORT-TERM | Economics | Economic aspects | Research | State budgets | Analysis | Studies | Economic theory | Transition economies | Capitalism
Journal Article
JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, ISSN 0022-3808, 08/2019, Volume 127, Issue 4, pp. 1926 - 1991
During the Great Recession, US regions that experienced large declines in household debt also experienced large drops in consumption, employment, and wages. We... 
CYCLICAL BEHAVIOR | LIQUIDITY | MOBILITY | EARNINGS | BUSINESS | ECONOMICS | MODEL | EQUILIBRIUM UNEMPLOYMENT | WAGES RISE | LABOR-MARKET | WORKER FLOWS | Economic models | Employment
Journal Article
The Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, 2/2015, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp. 289 - 328
Managers often claim that target firms are financially constrained prior to being acquired and that these constraints are eased following the acquisition.... 
CASH FLOW | BUSINESS, FINANCE | INTERNAL CAPITAL-MARKETS | LIQUIDITY | DETERMINANTS | COMPETITION | INVESTMENT | CORPORATE DIVERSIFICATION | MERGERS | ECONOMICS | DARK SIDE
Journal Article
European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, 11/2012, Volume 56, Issue 8, pp. 1512 - 1529
Information problems and lack of collateral value should make R&D more susceptible to financing frictions than other investments, yet existing evidence on... 
Financing innovation | Stock market development | Value of liquidity | R&D financing constraints | Finance and growth | DETERMINANTS | FIRMS | INNOVATION | RESTRICTIONS | CASH FLOW SENSITIVITIES | INVESTMENT | GROWTH | ECONOMICS | PANEL-DATA MODELS | CORPORATE LIQUIDITY | EQUITY | Stock markets
Journal Article
The Review of Financial Studies, ISSN 0893-9454, 9/2007, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp. 1429 - 1460
Pledgeable assets support more borrowing, which allows for further investment in pledgeable assets. We use this credit multiplier to identify the impact of... 
Corporate investments | Credit | Investment credit | Capital investments | Cash flow | Business structures | Coefficients | Proxy reporting | Proxy statements | Financial investments | CASH FLOW | CAPITAL-MARKET IMPERFECTIONS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | SUNK COSTS | LIQUIDITY | PANEL-DATA | SENSITIVITY | FIRMS | INTERNAL FINANCE | FUNDS | EMPLOYMENT | Studies | Commercial credit | Corporate finance | Assets
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 08/2012, Volume 105, Issue 2, pp. 311 - 331
We examine how the financial constraints of repurchasing firms affect their post-buyback performance. By every constraint measure we use, a set of constrained... 
Corporate liquidity | Financial constraint | Managerial hubris | Share repurchase | RISK-MANAGEMENT | OPERATING PERFORMANCE | ABNORMAL STOCK RETURNS | CEO OVERCONFIDENCE | EARNINGS MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE-INVESTMENT | OPEN-MARKET REPURCHASES | BUSINESS, FINANCE | CASH FLOW SENSITIVITIES | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | ECONOMICS | PRICE PERFORMANCE | Stock redemption
Journal Article
Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN 0304-3932, 10/2017, Volume 90, pp. 28 - 49
Full information methods are used to estimate a nonlinear general equilibrium model where occasionally binding collateral constraints on housing wealth drive... 
Nonlinear estimation of DSGE models | Housing | Occasionally binding constraints | Great Recession | Collateral constraints | MONETARY-POLICY | RISK | SHOCKS | LEVERAGE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | HOUSE PRICES | MODELS | CYCLES | LIQUIDITY TRAP | ECONOMICS | CONSUMPTION | Federal Reserve banks | Analysis | Consumption (Economics) | Dwellings
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 2010, Volume 97, Issue 3, pp. 470 - 487
We survey 1,050 Chief Financial Officers (CFOs) in the U.S., Europe, and Asia to directly assess whether their firms are credit constrained during the global... 
Liquidity management | Matching estimators | Investment spending | Financing constraints | Financial crisis | CASH FLOW | BUSINESS, FINANCE | PROPENSITY SCORE | INVESTMENT | CAUSAL | ECONOMICS | Financial crisis Financing constraints Investment spending Liquidity management Matching estimators
Journal Article
Journal of Banking and Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, 09/2008, Volume 32, Issue 9, pp. 1795 - 1809
This paper uses a panel of 24,184 UK firms over the period 1993–2003 to study the extent to which the sensitivity of investment to cash flow differs at firms... 
Cash flow | Financial constraints | Error–correction models | Investment | Error-correction models | CAPITAL-MARKET IMPERFECTIONS | LIQUIDITY | INVENTORY INVESTMENT | ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION | investment | financial constraints | DIVIDEND POLICY | PRESSURE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | CASH FLOW SENSITIVITIES | UNCERTAINTY | DYNAMICS | ECONOMICS | cash flow | error-correction models | EMPLOYMENT
Journal Article
The Review of Financial Studies, ISSN 0893-9454, 1/2010, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp. 247 - 269
Previous studies report that cash holdings are more valuable for financially constrained firms than for unconstrained firms. We examine (i) why this is so and... 
Net investment | Capital expenditures | Financial services industries | Financial leverage | Cash flow | Hedging | Cash | Business structures | Financial investments | Investment value | FIRM VALUE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | DECISIONS | LIQUIDITY | MARKET | RESERVES | DETERMINANTS | G32 | G35 | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | DEBT | FLOW
Journal Article
The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, 06/2005, Volume 95, Issue 3, pp. 739 - 764
Journal Article
European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, 08/2016, Volume 87, pp. 176 - 193
In this paper we shed some light on how restrictions in financial markets, the so-called liquidity constraints, might act in affecting labour supply decisions... 
Labor supply | Life cycle | Panel data | Liquidity constraints | ECONOMICS | Households | Financial markets
Journal Article