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2012, Africa Development Forum, ISBN 9780821395349, xxiv, 206
The importance of property rights in providing the incentive to invest, work hard, and innovate has been recognized for centuries. Yet, many women in Africa do... 
Women | Women's rights | Economic conditions | Social conditions | Sex discrimination against women | Politics & government | LAW074000 - LAW | Women?s economic empowerment-Entrepreneurship-Rights | Property rights-Law | BUS020000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Gender | Law and Development | Private Sector Development | BUS060000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | BUS068000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Economic Development | Development | Legal pluralism-Africa-Opportunities-Legal | Business Development | Small Business | legal reform-Access to justice-Gender-Empowerment | Property | Africa | GLOBAL CONDITIONS | LOW INFLATION | BUSINESS CYCLE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | FISCAL PRESSURES | HIGH INFLATION | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | MONETARY POLICY | TRADE VOLUMES | GDP | WTO | EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT | GROWTH PROSPECTS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | OPEC | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | CONSUMERS | MARKET PRICES | REAL INTEREST RATES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | URUGUAY ROUND | INTEREST RATES | INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE | PRIVATE SECTOR | PURCHASING POWER PARITY | PRIMARY PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | CAPITAL GOODS | MONETARY POLICIES | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | INVESTMENT RATES | CAPITAL INFLOWS | BONDS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | POTENTIAL OUTPUT | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | GNP | OIL EXPORTERS | TREASURY BILLS | NON-OECD COUNTRIES | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INCOME | PRODUCTION PROCESSES | EXPORT GROWTH | OUTPUT GROWTH | PRODUCTION COSTS | INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES | FINANCIAL INTEGRATION | LOCAL CURRENCY | PRODUCERS | GROWTH PERFORMANCE | ANNUAL GROWTH | CAPITAL FLOWS | DIVIDENDS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | PER CAPITA INCOMES | INFLATION | HIGH PREMIUM | STRUCTURAL UNEMPLOYMENT | CPI | PURCHASING POWER | WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION | REAL INTEREST | RECESSION | BUSINESS CYCLES | GROWTH RATES | PRODUCT MARKETS | DEVELOPING WORLD | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | OIL PRICES | DEVELOPING REGIONS | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES | INVENTORIES | INFLATION RATES | POLICY REFORMS | TRADE POLICIES | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | AGRICULTURAL PROTECTION | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | RECESSIONS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKET | FREE TRADE | EXTERNAL FACTORS | OIL | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | LABOR FORCE | OPEN ECONOMIES | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | REAL GDP | FORECASTS | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | PRIMARY COMMODITIES | LABOR COSTS | EXCHANGE RATES | IMPORTS | EXPORTS | NATIONAL ACCOUNTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | DIVERSIFICATION | WORLD ECONOMY | SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES | CAPITAL MARKETS | INFLATION PERFORMANCE | ECONOMIC INTEGRATION | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | LOW INTEREST RATES | ECONOMIC INSTABILITY | GROSS DEBT | INCOME GROWTH | TRADE BARRIERS
Book
Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, 2018, pp. 1 - 28
This paper examines the relationship between the compositions of government expenditure and economic growth. It develops an endogenous growth framework drawing... 
Government expenditure | Economic growth | Low- to middle-income countries | High-income countries | Economic models | Expenditures | High income | Government spending
Journal Article
World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, 02/2015, Volume 66, pp. 457 - 467
In the early stages of economic development, the migration of unskilled workers contributes to labor-intensive manufacturing production. In middle-income... 
labor skills | middle-income countries | Vietnam | Southeast Asia | education | labor migration | Labor skills | Education | Labor migration | Middle-income countries | SPILLOVERS | DEVELOPMENT STUDIES | IMPACT | INEQUALITY | ECONOMICS | Studies | Migrant workers | Decision making | Economic development | Migration | Agricultural production
Journal Article
HEALTH & PLACE, ISSN 1353-8292, 05/2016, Volume 39, pp. 204 - 211
The growing prevalence of NCDs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is now recognized as one of the major global health policy issues of the early 21st... 
MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | OBESITY | INTERVENTIONS | PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH | HEALTH RESPONSIBILITY | NUTRITION TRANSITION | PUBLIC-HEALTH | INVESTMENT | PREVENTION | FOOD | TOBACCO
Journal Article
Cambridge Journal of Economics, ISSN 0309-166X, 7/2011, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp. 663 - 683
Capital inflows to emerging economies have a significant exogenous component, they are very large when scaled to the size of the domestic financial sectors of... 
Investors | Economic crises | Emerging markets | Capital account | Capital inflows | Capital mobility | Gross domestic product | Federal budget deficit | Banking crises | Contagion | F30 | F32 | Capital flows | MARKETS | Sudden stops | Capital surges | Financial crises | Middle-income developing countries | F39 | MODELS | ECONOMICS | CRISES | Capital movements | Models | Analysis
Journal Article
Journal of Comparative Economics, ISSN 0147-5967, 12/2014, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 907 - 923
This paper studies the incidence and determinants of episodes of drastic unemployment reduction, defined as swift, substantial, and sustained declines in... 
Labor markets | Unemployment | Regulation | NATURAL RATE | GROWTH | LABOR-MARKETS | ECONOMICS | MODEL | EUROPEAN UNEMPLOYMENT | SHOCKS | DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES | RISE | Economic aspects | Economic conditions | Transition economy | Analysis | Middle income | Transition economies | Wealth
Journal Article
Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, ISSN 1354-7860, 01/2017, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp. 47 - 70
This paper revisits the role of the manufacturing sector during the middle-income stage of development. By exploiting a large dataset that covers different... 
L16 | O14 | O47 | economic growth | middle-income trap | Manufacturing | services | ANATOMY | DEINDUSTRIALIZATION | PANEL DATA | INVESTMENT | CONVERGENCE | ECONOMICS | EMPLOYMENT
Journal Article
Energy Economics, ISSN 0140-9883, 02/2017, Volume 62, pp. 338 - 346
Journal Article
2008, ISBN 0821374923, xiii, 180
Why have only 13 developing world economies achieved sustained, high growth since World War II? Why is engagement with the global economy necessary to achieve... 
Economic development | Developing countries Economic policy | Politics & government | Developing countries | Economic policy | POLITICAL PARTIES | GLOBAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKETS | TETANUS | EXPORT PROMOTION | DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES | AVERAGE INCOME LEVEL | EDUCATED WORKERS | ECONOMIC STRUCTURE | HIGH INFLATION | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | LONG-TERM GROWTH | NATIONAL INCOME | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | CONSUMERS | MARKET ECONOMY | POLICY ANALYSIS | ECONOMIC POLICY | MONETARY AUTHORITY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER | PUBLIC POLICY | LAISSEZ FAIRE | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PURCHASING POWER PARITY | PRIMARY PRODUCTS | HIGH GROWTH | MONETARY POLICIES | LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES | LONG RUN | MATERIAL RESOURCES | POLLUTION | TRADE NEGOTIATIONS | CENTRAL BANK | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | URBAN AREAS | POOR FAMILIES | POTENTIAL OUTPUT | HOST COUNTRIES | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | CLIMATE CHANGE | RICH COUNTRIES | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | REGIONAL POLICY | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | DECISION MAKING | REAL EXCHANGE RATES | RAPID GROWTH | GROWTH MODEL | DEMOCRACY | CAPITAL FLOWS | SAVING RATE | DEMOCRACIES | POLITICAL PROCESS | INDUSTRIAL POLICY | MULTILATERAL TRADE | PURCHASING POWER | POPULAR SUPPORT | GLOBALIZATION | ECONOMIC HISTORY | GROWTH RATES | PRODUCT MARKETS | ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION | JOB CREATION | EDUCATION OF GIRLS | POOR COUNTRIES | WORLD TRADE | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | DEVELOPMENT REPORT | CAPITAL CONTROLS | LABOR MARKET | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | RELATIVE PRICES | LOW FERTILITY | OPEN ECONOMY | VOLATILITY | MACROECONOMIC POLICY | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | WAR | URBANIZATION | CENTRAL BANKS | EXTERNALITIES | POOR PEOPLE | ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES | EXCHANGE RATES | PROGRESS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | MIGRATION | ECONOMIC AFFAIRS | BUDGET DEFICITS | TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE | POLICY RESEARCH | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | CARBON DIOXIDE | SOCIAL CONCERNS | UNIONS | COMPETITIVENESS | MARKET FAILURES | PRIVATIZATIONS | STRUCTURAL CHANGE | FERTILITY RATES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | GDP | WTO | GROWTH PROSPECTS | MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL | GREENHOUSE GASES | PER CAPITA INCOME LEVELS | GREENHOUSE GAS | POLITICAL LEADERSHIP | MATURE MARKET | WORKFORCE | EXTREME POVERTY | AGRICULTURE | INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY | MOTHER | WORLD MARKET | COUNTRY CASE | DEVELOPMENT GOALS | LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE | SCARCITY VALUE | CAPITAL INFLOWS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC HEALTH | DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | EQUAL DISTRIBUTION | POVERTY RATES | FOREIGN CAPITAL | GLOBAL LEVEL | POLICY AREAS | INCOME INEQUALITY | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | SOCIAL SCIENCES | POWER PARITIES | GROWTH PERFORMANCE | PROTECTIONISM | ECOLOGICAL STRESS | ANNUAL GROWTH | DISEASES | NATIONAL ECONOMY | LEGAL STATUS | EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES | MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS | PER CAPITA INCOME | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION | SAFETY NETS | PUBLIC SECTOR | RICHER COUNTRIES | POLITICAL UPHEAVALS | DEVELOPING WORLD | SUPPLY CHAINS | RESPECT | EDUCATED WOMEN | GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS | INFLATION RATES | GOVERNMENT REGULATION | EMERGENCIES | AVERAGE INCOME | FOREIGN COMPETITION | ECONOMIC REFORMS | DEVELOPED WORLD | PUBLIC SERVICES | AVERAGE INCOMES | POVERTY REDUCTION | ECONOMIC STAGNATION | TEMPORARY MIGRATION | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | ANNUAL GROWTH RATE | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | OUTREACH ACTIVITIES | FORECASTS | INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS | PRICE STABILITY | WEALTH | HUMAN CAPITAL | PROPERTY RIGHTS | GROWTH MODELS | INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | PUBLIC SAVING | TREASURY | EXPORTS | PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION | QUALITY OF LIFE | UNEMPLOYMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS | WORLD ECONOMY | ABSOLUTE POVERTY | CAPITAL MARKETS | POINT OF DEPARTURE | WORLD POPULATION | POLICY MAKERS | CYCLE OF POVERTY | ECONOMICS | ENERGY USE | GROWTH POTENTIAL
Book
Revista Galega de Economia, ISSN 1132-2799, 2018, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp. 145 - 162
Journal Article
Energy economics, ISSN 0140-9883, 02/2017, Volume 62, pp. 338 - 346
This work aims at developing a further understanding of the transition dynamics of energy productivity for a sample of 33 countries -- including 23 low to... 
Studies | Middle income | Industrialized nations
Journal Article
Journal Article
Asian Development Review, ISSN 0116-1105, 09/2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp. 167 - 181
Journal Article
Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, 03/2019, Volume 11, Issue 6, p. 1557
Globally, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a key role in driving sustainable economic growth in both developed and developing countries. The... 
firm | characteristics | development | performance | sustainable growth | SME growth | middle-income economy | entrepreneur | Côte d’Ivoire
Journal Article
Post - Communist Economies, ISSN 1463-1377, 09/2015, Volume 27, Issue 3, p. 354
  This article addresses sustainable institutional arrangements to support economy-wide improvements in the investment climate in the context of a... 
Studies | Deregulation | Middle income | Industrial policy | Economic development | Regulatory reform | Economic crisis
Journal Article
Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, ISSN 1751-8202, 04/2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp. 47 - 58
With regard to the trade sector, information and communication technology (ICT) is seen as a tool that not only helps to promote productivity, but also improve... 
Digital divide | ICT | Developing economies | Low income groups | Economic models | Information technology | Middle income | Developing countries--LDCs | Communication
Journal Article
Economic Modelling, ISSN 0264-9993, 02/2016, Volume 53, pp. 436 - 444
This paper presents a model of the conditions that may lead a small open economy towards a middle income trap. This situation has shown to be pervasive in... 
Small open economy | Middle income trap | External conditions | Steady state | Stages of development | GROWTH | ECONOMICS
Journal Article