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Book
2008, Directions in development. Finance, ISBN 9780821374948, xviii, 215
Risk-Based Supervision of Pension Funds provides a review of the design and experience of risk-based pension fund supervision in countries that have been... 
Pension trusts | Risk | Management | Cross-cultural studies | ASSET ALLOCATION | SUPERVISION OF BANKS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | SUPERVISION OF PENSION FUNDS | LONG-TERM INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | BUSINESS PLAN | INCOME INSTRUMENTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS | GOVERNMENT BOND YIELDS | SUPERVISION OF PENSION FUND | INTEREST RATES | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | ADVERSE PRICE MOVEMENTS | MARKET DISCIPLINE | CONTRIBUTION | OTHER ASSETS | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | INTEREST RATE SWAPS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | PENSION FUND ADMINISTRATORS | ASSET BASE | REGULATORY STANDARDS | LIQUIDITY | DISCOUNT RATE | INTEREST RATE RISKS | PENSION SECTORS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | INVESTMENT PATTERNS | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | RISK CONTROLS | VALUABLE | MARKET VALUES | SUPERVISORY AGENCIES | PENSION COMPANIES | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | STAKEHOLDERS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | CONTRIBUTIONS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | RISK MANAGEMENT | CAPITAL ALLOCATION | PORTFOLIO VALUATION | MARKET YIELD | FINANCIAL SERVICES | INVESTMENT REGIME | INTERNATIONAL BANK | DOMESTIC EQUITIES | RISK FACTOR | RISK EXPOSURE | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | PENSION FUND | CALL OPTIONS | EURO MARKET | RISK EXPOSURES | MORTGAGE LOANS | FINANCIAL RISKS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | RATE OF RETURN | ASSET CLASSES | LONG-TERM INTEREST | GOVERNMENT BONDS | MARKET ANALYSTS | RETIREMENT | MARKET VALUE | PENSION FUNDS | BOND PORTFOLIO | LABOR MARKET | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EQUITIES | PENSION PROVIDERS | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | INSURANCE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | MATURITY | SOCIAL INSURANCE | ASSET-LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | RETURN | MORTGAGE BONDS | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | PENSIONS | CURRENCY | TRADITIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | TAX LAWS | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | REGULATORY STRUCTURE | RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES | SUPERVISORY AGENCY | PRIVATE PENSION | FIXED INCOME | EQUITY MARKET | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | YIELD CURVE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | RISK SCORES | PENSION | SPECIAL SAVINGS | MORTGAGES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | RISK CAPITAL | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCHES | CREDIT STANDING | DEFINED-BENEFIT PENSION | FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PENSION POLICY | RISK PROFILE | MARKET LIQUIDITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | RISK FACTORS | PENSION ASSETS | INTEREST RATE RISK | RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS | RISK CONTROL | INVESTMENT REGULATION | RISK ASSESSMENT | RETIREMENT INCOME | LEGAL OBLIGATION | SOLVENCY | BALANCE SHEETS | SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEMS | COMPLIANCE · REPORTING | RETURNS | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | PRIVATE PENSION PLANS | PROBABILITY | CONTRIBUTION SYSTEMS | DEPOSITS | EQUITY RETURNS | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | OCCUPATIONAL FUNDS | WITHDRAWAL | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | PORTFOLIOS | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | ASSET PORTFOLIOS | EFFICIENT INVESTMENT | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | LIFE INSURANCE | ACCOUNTING | PRIVATE LOANS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | SWAP CURVE | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | SENIOR | PENSION FUND ASSET | VALUATION | FAIR VALUATION | DERIVATIVE | ASSET CLASS | SWAP | ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | DEFINED-CONTRIBUTION PENSION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | SMALLER FUNDS | CREDIT RISKS | ASSET PRICES | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | INVESTMENT POLICIES | USE OF DERIVATIVES | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENT | TRANSPARENCY | FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | EQUITIES | INTERNAL AUDITS | DOMESTIC BONDS | FINANCIAL RISK | LIQUID ASSETS | PENSION FUND SUPERVISION | MARGIN REQUIREMENTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENT
Book
2009, ISBN 0821379712, xv, 225
Closing the Coverage Gap discusses how social pensions and other retirement income transfers can be used to close the coverage gap of mandatory pension... 
Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | Government policy | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | INCOME GROUP | NATIONAL POPULATION | HEALTH ECONOMICS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | POLICY ANALYSIS | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | MINIMUM PENSION | PENSION PLAN | PERIODS OF UNEMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY POPULATION | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | SOCIAL PENSION | CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | OLDER WOMEN | TAKE-UP RATE | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | TAX RATE | POOR FAMILIES | CHILD CARE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | ADMINISTRATIVE DATA | PENSION ACCOUNT | MINIMUM PENSIONS | VULNERABILITY | CLIMATE CHANGE | INCOME SECURITY | PUBLIC PENSIONS | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PENSION ISSUES | POLICY GUIDANCE | DISCOUNT RATES | RETIREMENT AGE | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEMES | SOCIAL POLICY | CREDITS | MARGINAL TAX RATES | PENSION REFORM PRIMER | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | ELDERLY PERSONS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | POPULATION AGEING | POVERTY LEVELS | TRADITIONAL FAMILY | WORTH | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | COMMODITY | OLD-AGE | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | WITHDRAWAL RATE | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | HUMAN RIGHTS | PENSION REFORM | COST ESTIMATES | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET TRANSITIONS | LOW-INCOME WORKERS | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | FINANCIAL PLANNER | LOW FERTILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | GLOBAL POPULATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | CITIZEN | MIGRATION | PENSION SYSTEMS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SKILLED WORKERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION PROVIDERS | SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE PENSION | LOW-INCOME INDIVIDUALS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENCIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | FAMILY POLICIES | INDIGENOUS PEOPLE | PENSION SCHEME | NATIONAL PLAN | MINORITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | LIMITED RESOURCES | CHRONIC POVERTY | QUALITY OF SERVICES | DISSEMINATION | NUTRITION | PROBABILITIES | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | POVERTY RATES | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | ORPHANS | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | PENSION TRANSFERS | POVERTY RATE | SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATIONS | IMPORTANT POLICY | BEST PRACTICES | PENSION RIGHTS | GENERAL POPULATION | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CURRENT PROGRAMS | POOR INDIVIDUALS | VOLUNTARY SAVINGS | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | FAMILY SUPPORT | LEGAL STATUS | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOURCES OF INCOME | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | WITHDRAWAL | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | IMPACTS OF POPULATION | AVERAGE EARNINGS | PENSION INCOME | MATERNITY LEAVE | PENSION SCHEMES | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | SENIOR | BABIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY DEVELOPMENT | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ASSET HOLDINGS | INTEREST RATE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | KNOWLEDGE GAP | PUBLIC PENSION | FINANCIAL ASPECTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT DECISION | CALCULATIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | LONG-TERM SAVINGS | FIXED COST | TRADE UNION | FINANCIAL POLICY | POLICY MAKERS | HUMAN RIGHT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BUDGETING | OLDER MEN | SOCIAL AFFAIRS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
Book
2004, ISBN 9781589063167, vii, 84
One of the most complex issues in tax policy today is the treatment of the institutions, products, and services that make up the financial sector. It can be... 
Value-added tax | Fiscal policy | Taxation | Financial instruments | Securities | Insurance | Financial Sector
Book
2003, ISBN 158906223X, xiv, 315
Aging populations. Weather shocks. Scarce water. Globalization. Security threats. Policymakers today confront a number of developments that threaten to burden... 
Aging | Economic aspects | Fiscal policy | Climatic changes | Savings | Vacancy Lists | Pensioners | Public Finance | Fiscal Management | Social Safety Nets | Saf Arrangement Texts | Savings Promotion
Book
1998, Occasional paper, ISBN 9781557757388, Volume no. 173., ix, 78
Are the three Baltic countries, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, ready for accession to the European Union? Have their economies overcome the problems of... 
Baltic States Economic policy | Baltic States Economic conditions
Book
2012, ISBN 9780821388495, xvi, 299
"Severance pay, a program that provides compensation to workers on termination of employment, is the most widely used income protection program for the... 
Severance pay | Unemployment insurance | JOB SEPARATION | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | LABOR MARKETS | BUSINESS CYCLE | AVERAGE INTEREST RATE | PROGRAM DESIGN | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION | RIGID LABOR MARKET | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | SOURCE OF INCOME | INVOLUNTARY UNEMPLOYMENT | FORCED SAVINGS | SAFETY NET | CALCULATION | ADDITIONAL INCOME | ADVERSE EFFECTS | PENSION FUND ADMINISTRATORS | INVESTING | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MANDATED BENEFITS | PROPERTY TAX | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | JOB MARKET | LOW INCOMES | BANKS | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | FIRM SIZE | CUSTOMER SERVICES | PRELIMINARY RESULTS | SOCIAL FUND | CREDITS | MARKET TURNOVER | BANKRUPTCY | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | MONTHLY INCOME | MINIMUM PAYMENTS | CONTRACT LABOR | LABOR CONTRACTS | JOBS | RISK MANAGEMENT | JOB TENURE | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | BANK LENDING | PURCHASING POWER | WORTH | FIRING COSTS | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | WAGE INCREASE | PENSION FUND | INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS | AVERAGE BALANCE | JOB CREATION | SALARY | INSURANCE POLICIES | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | TREASURY BONDS | DISABILITY | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PENSION REFORM | RATE OF RETURN | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | RENTS | INCOME SUPPORT SYSTEMS | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | PENSION FUNDS | UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | LABOR MARKET | AFFECTED WORKERS | SOCIAL FUNDS | DISABILITY INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSURANCE SCHEME | JOB SECURITY | RATE OF RETURNS | LABOR SUPPLY | VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | LABOR COSTS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | PENSIONS | AVERAGE INTEREST | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | YOUNG WORKERS | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | ANNUAL SALARY | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | INFORMAL SECTOR | RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | BARGAINING AGREEMENT | CHILD LABOR | LABOR LEGISLATION | RATES OF RETURN | DEPOSIT | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | PENSION | INCOME SUPPORT | RISING UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | INCOME SOURCES | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | ADEQUATE INCOME | TERMINATION | MONITORING COSTS | SEVERANCE PAY SYSTEM | COMPANY PENSION | FINANCIAL MARKETS | LABOR RELATION | WORKERS | MINIMUM BENEFITS | AMOUNT OF CONTRIBUTIONS | JOB SEARCH | LABOR LAWS | DISPLACEMENT | AVERAGE WAGE | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM | WAGE GAP | DOMESTIC WORKERS | MORTGAGE PAYMENTS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR MARKET REGULATION | LABOR CONTRACT | TEMPORARY WORKERS | ANNUAL RETURNS | INDIVIDUAL PENSION | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | INCOME | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DISABILITIES | PUBLIC WORKS | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | LABOR MARKET REFORM | PENSION RIGHTS | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | JOB LOSS | LABOR ECONOMICS | HOME IMPROVEMENT | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | EMPLOYER | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | INFORMAL LABOR MARKETS | SOURCES OF INCOME | WITHDRAWAL | SOCIAL SERVICES | SAFETY NETS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME | SAFETY | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTIONS | FUND MANAGEMENT | WORKER | DISMISSAL | LABOUR ADJUSTMENTS | MAXIMUM CONTRIBUTIONS | PENSION SCHEMES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | FIRING COST | ACCOUNTING | LABOR REGULATIONS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | INSURANCE SCHEMES | LABOR MOBILITY | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | EMPLOYERS | VALUATION | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | MINIMUM WAGES | FAMILY MEMBER | RETIRED | MARKET TRENDS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT | LABOUR MARKET | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES | HUMAN CAPITAL | LUMP SUM | LABOUR CONTRACTS | FINANCES | PUBLIC PENSION | LABOUR MARKETS | LABOR REGULATION | SEVERANCE PAYMENT | MANDATORY SAVINGS | UNEMPLOYMENT | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | JOB TRAINING | POOL OF FUNDS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | RISING UNEMPLOYMENT | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT | PRIME AGE | EARNINGS-RELATED PENSION | LABOUR | DEBTS | MANDATORY SEVERANCE
Book
1994, Occasional paper, ISBN 9781557754110, Volume 113, vii, 117
Poland's economy rebounded dramatically in 1992-93, several years after the nation embarded on a comprehensive program of economic transformation. This paper... 
Poland Economic conditions | Poland Economic policy
Book
02/2014
This note sets out options to develop private pensions in Albania. It has been requested by the authorities to help create a more diversified pension system... 
INVESTMENT FUND | TAX BENEFIT | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | START-UP COSTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | HOME OWNERSHIP | INVESTMENT RISK | MORTALITY TABLES | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | SMALL COUNTRY | ANNUITY MARKET | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | HOME COUNTRY | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | COST REDUCTION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | CUSTOMER ACQUISITION | MORTALITY | JOINT ANNUITY | PENSION SECTORS | TAX RELIEF | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CONVERSIONS | LEGISLATION | VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | FEE INCOME | ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | MANDATORY SAVING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEM | FINANCE CORPORATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | UNION | TAX BURDEN | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | PENSION FUND | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INVESTMENT FUNDS | LIFE ANNUITY | RENEWABLE ENERGY | TRUSTEE | DISABILITY | IDS | PENSION REFORM | ILLIQUIDITY | POOLS OF SAVINGS | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE ANNUITIES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | RETIREMENT | AFFORDABILITY | PENSION FUNDS | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | JOINT ANNUITIES | LABOR MARKET | REPLACEMENT RATES | MARKET STRUCTURE | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | COMPANY LAW | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | FINANCIAL ACCOUNT | INSURANCE | GENDER INEQUALITY | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | JUDGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | LEVEL OF ASSETS | ENROLLMENT | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | EXCESS RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC ECONOMY | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | BEQUESTS | PAY AS YOU GO | PRIVATE PENSION | TAX BENEFITS | HOME | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM STABILITY | ASSET MANAGERS | ENROLLMENTS | RETIREMENT DATE | TRUSTEES | EXTREME POVERTY | COMPANY PENSION | HOMEOWNERSHIP | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | RETIREMENT INCOME SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | PENSION POLICY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL ADVANTAGE | PENSION REFORM PROCESS | TAX INCENTIVES | PENSION ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | EU DIRECTIVES | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | OUTSOURCING | SCANDAL | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | LOCAL CAPITAL MARKET | RETURNS | TERM DEPOSIT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | INFORMAL SECTORS | CONTRIBUTION COLLECTION | FUTURE PENSION | PROPERTY MARKETS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RETIREMENT AGES | WITHDRAWAL | PENSION LAW | BANKING SUPERVISION | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PENSION INCOME | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | SOURCES OF FINANCE | PENSION SAVING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | EMPLOYERS | BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL SECURITY | VOLUNTARY PENSION | KEY CHALLENGES | COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | MICROENTERPRISES | GENDER EQUALITY | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | MARKET TRENDS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | COST STRUCTURE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PENSION PRODUCTS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | GENDER | REGULATORS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EQUITIES | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | CUSTOMER BASE | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PUBLIC SYSTEMS | ACCOUNT HOLDER | SMALL ENTERPRISES | WILL | TRANSFERABLE SECURITIES
Book
06/2014
The recent financial crisis has emphasized the role of national saving for rising economic growth and promoting development. Since the crisis began, global... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | LABOR MARKETS | ADDITIONAL SAVINGS | CORPORATE TAX | BOND MARKET | FINANCIAL BEHAVIOR | OLDER WORKERS | PUBLIC SAVINGS | CONSUMERS | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION | MARKET ECONOMY | WAGE GROWTH | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | BANK FUNDING | TOTAL SAVING | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | STATE PENSIONS | NATIONAL BANK | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | TAX SYSTEM | CALCULATION | MODERN BANKING | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BONDS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | PURCHASES | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MINIMUM PENSIONS | RETIREMENT SAVING | CORPORATE BEHAVIOR | PUBLIC PENSIONS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | YOUNGER COHORTS | BANKS | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | VALUABLE | FINANCIAL LITERACY CAMPAIGNS | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | LOCAL CURRENCY | BANKRUPTCY | PENSION SYSTEM | CONTRIBUTIONS | CAPITAL FLOWS | GROWTH RATE | DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | INDIVIDUAL FIRMS | CORPORATE BOND | BANK LENDING | CASH FLOW | WORTH | HOUSEHOLD SAVING | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | REAL ESTATE | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION SAVINGS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INCOME TAX | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DISPOSABLE INCOME | EXTERNAL FINANCING | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICIT | WAGES | SAVER | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | LOAN | SAVING BEHAVIOR | EXPOSURE | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PRIVATE SAVING | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | SKILLED WORKERS | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | INVESTMENT PROGRAMS | YOUNG PEOPLE | DEREGULATION | INDIVIDUAL SAVING | PRIVATE PENSION | FOREIGN ASSETS | FOREIGN BANKS | WAGE | COLLATERAL | CAPITAL STOCK | FERTILITY RATES | FISCAL POLICY | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PRIVATE SAVINGS | DEPOSIT | WORKING AGE POPULATION | ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | AGING COUNTRY | FINANCIAL POSITIONS | PRIVATIZATION | MORTGAGES | ADEQUATE INCOME | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | PENSION SCHEME | CREDIT RISK | TERMINATION | PROSPERITY | SAVERS | ASSET ACCUMULATION | DEBT CRISIS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | PASSIVE SAVING | GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | CAPITAL INFLOWS | FUND INVESTMENT | DEFERRED ANNUITY | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INTEREST PAYMENTS | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | WORKING LIFE | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | INDIVIDUAL PENSION | CAPITAL MARKET | FINANCIAL LITERACY | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | INCOMES | PENSIONER | MONEY MARKETS | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | CURRENT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DIVIDENDS | MUNICIPAL BONDS | PRIVATE PENSION PLANS | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | INCOME LEVELS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | PENSION SPENDING | MARKET ECONOMIES | RETIREMENT PENSION | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | WITHDRAWAL | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSION | MARKET INFORMATION | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | SENIOR | SAVINGS RATES | INDIVIDUAL PENSIONS | SMALLER FIRMS | RETURN ON SAVING | AUTOMATIC ENROLLMENT | STOCK MARKET | RETIRED | CAPITAL GAINS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | EMERGING MARKETS | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | DEFERRED ANNUITIES | HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS | FINANCES | PUBLIC PENSION | HEALTH SPENDING | PUBLIC SAVING | CALCULATIONS | REGRESSION ANALYSIS | PUBLIC DEBT | LONG-TERM CARE | UNEMPLOYMENT | CURRENT PRICES | BORROWING | JOB TRAINING | LOWER INTEREST RATES | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL POLICY | EXPORT MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRODUCTIVITY | INDIVIDUAL PENSION ACCOUNTS | LOW INTEREST RATES
Book
Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, ISSN 1474-7472, 07/2013, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp. 326 - 350
Pension systems' reforms are often related to a shift towards (fully or partially) defined contribution (DC) systems, in which the pension distribution... 
minimum pension | old-age poverty | pension system | defined contribution | indexation | BUSINESS, FINANCE | ECONOMICS | Social policy | Defined benefit plans | Poverty | Reforms | Defined contribution plans
Journal Article
2010, Directions in development. Human development, ISBN 9780821383988, xiv, 121
This study highlights the interaction between social protection programs and labor markets in the Latin America region. It presents new evidence on the limited... 
Economic assistance, Domestic | Social security | Public welfare | Latin America | LABOR MARKETS | PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | ANTIPOVERTY PROGRAMS | INEQUALITY | POOR | HEALTH PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | PROTECTION SYSTEM | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | TAXATION | DISABILITY BENEFITS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR | BENEFIT SYSTEMS | HEALTH SYSTEMS | SAFETY NET | HEALTH SERVICES | CONTRIBUTION RATE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | HOSPITALS | INCOME SECURITY | TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | SERVANTS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | ACTIVE LABOR | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | PROTECTION POLICIES | BENEFICIARY | DEMOCRACY | TRAINING PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CLINICS | JOBS | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | RISK MANAGEMENT | POVERTY LEVELS | PUBLIC WELFARE | INNOVATIONS | LIMITED ACCESS | MARGINAL TAX RATE | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | PURCHASING POWER | WORKFARE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CONTRIBUTORY PENSION | CASH TRANSFER | PRODUCTION UNITS | WORK REFORMS | RISK POOLING | INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS | MORAL HAZARD | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | RATE OF RETURN | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTORY PENSIONS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | HEALTH SYSTEM | SOCIAL CONTRACT | POWER PARITY | UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | LONGTERM UNEMPLOYMENT | CRISES | BENEFICIARIES | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | PROTECTION SYSTEMS | WAGES | ATTENDANCE RATES | LABOR SUPPLY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | WORK REQUIREMENTS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PROGRAM COVERAGE | PRESENT VALUE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEMS | PENSIONS | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | RISK-POOLING | INSURANCE SYSTEMS | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | HEALTH SERVICE | ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTIONS | PENSION REFORMS | PAYROLL TAX | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | TEMPORARY SHOCKS | INFORMAL SECTOR | CONDITIONAL CASH | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | POVERTY LEVEL | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | INCOME SUPPORT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | INCOME TRANSFERS | PUBLIC RESOURCES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | DISABILITY PENSIONS | TRAINING PROGRAM | POLITICAL ECONOMY | JOB SEARCH | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | NUTRITION | DISPLACEMENT | FORMAL EMPLOYMENT | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR CONTRACT | PUBLIC PROVIDER | DISPLACEMENT EFFECT | TRANSFER SYSTEMS | INCOME | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | EARLY RETIREMENT | INTERVENTION | PAYROLL TAXES | FAMILY ALLOWANCE | PUBLIC WORKS | EMPLOYEE | TARGETED TRANSFERS | SERVICE QUALITY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | FINANCIAL PROTECTION | PRICE SUBSIDIES | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | SOCIAL INCLUSION | HEALTH CENTERS | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | TRANSFER PROGRAMS | SAFETY | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | TOTAL WAGE | MARKET RISK | UNFUNDED LIABILITIES | DISTORTED INCENTIVES | TRANSFER PROGRAM | COVARIATE SHOCKS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | HEALTH FINANCING | MINIMUM INCOME | LABOR MOBILITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | TRAINING PROVIDERS | CHILD BENEFITS | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | OLD AGE | PAID WORKERS | SCHOOL ENROLLMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | NEEDY FAMILIES | PROGRAM CONDITIONAL | HEALTH FACILITIES | INSURANCE ACCESS | UNEMPLOYMENT | INCOME TRANSFER | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS | TARGETING | ABSOLUTE POVERTY | PROGRAM COSTS | SERVICE PROVIDERS
Book
07/2012, ISBN 9781475506716, 81
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member... 
Book
10/2012
This report was prepared by the World Bank at the request of the Government of Timor-Leste, and is used to assist the government with short-term budgeting and... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | PENSION AGE | FERTILITY RATES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | WAGE INDEXING | PENSION | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | DISABILITY PENSIONS | LONG-TERM COST | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SCHEME | WAGE GROWTH | BENEFIT PAYMENT | LOCAL CAPITAL MARKETS | REAL GROWTH RATE | PENSION PLAN | MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES | INDEXED CAREER AVERAGE | FEMALE | DECENTRALIZATION | LAWS | INFLATION RATE | DISABILITY PENSION | DISABILITY RETIREMENT | BENEFIT FORMULA | CONTRIBUTION RATE | CIVIL SERVICE PENSION | MORTALITY | SEX | FERTILITY | LEGISLATION | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT PLANNING | OFFICIAL GAZETTE | DISABILITIES | PENSIONER | RETIREMENT AGE | BENEFICIARY | FINANCIAL STATEMENT | FUNDED BASIS | PAYOUT PERIOD | PENSION SYSTEM | ELDERLY | PENSION PROGRAM | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | GROWTH RATE | INFLATION | CIVIL SERVICE | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION LAW | GROWTH RATES | FEMALES | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION FUND | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | BENEFIT PAYMENTS | DISABILITY | CIVIL SERVANT | INFLATION RATES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | ACCOUNTING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | PUBLIC SERVICES | VALUATION | INVESTMENT INCOME | CIVIL SERVANTS | DIVIDEND | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | FINANCIAL ANALYSIS | RETIREES | ECONOMIC BENEFITS | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | BENEFICIARIES | SOCIAL SECURITY | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | PENSION BENEFIT | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | CONTRIBUTION RATES | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | PENSION EXPENDITURES | DISABILITY RETIREMENTS | FINANCES | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PENSION PAYMENTS | BANK OFFICE | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES | PENSION SYSTEMS | RETIREMENTS | PENSIONERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | BUDGETING | INDEXED CAREER | WILL
Book
01/2013, ISBN 9781475550085, 83
Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future... 
Pension Reform;reform;emerging market economies
Book
International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, 04/2016, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp. 161 - 175
Journal Article