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PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 03/2013, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp. e59443 - e59443
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are circulating nutrient signals for protein accretion, however, they increase in obesity and elevations appear to be... 
ACID DEHYDROGENASE KINASE | SKELETAL-MUSCLE | HYDROXYPROLINE EXCRETION | PLASMA | INSULIN-RESISTANCE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | FATTY RATS | TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS | BRANCHED-CHAIN AMINO | GLUCOSE-PRODUCTION | ADIPOSE-TISSUE | Biomarkers - metabolism | Leucine - metabolism | Adipose Tissue - physiology | Body Weight | Organ Size | Rats | Male | Muscle, Skeletal - physiology | Creatinine - urine | Metabolomics - methods | Obesity - metabolism | Rats, Zucker | Tandem Mass Spectrometry | Animals | Proteins - metabolism | Carnitine - urine | Chromatography, Liquid | Liver - physiology | Carbon Radioisotopes - metabolism | Carnitine - analogs & derivatives | 3-Methyl-2-Oxobutanoate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide) - blood | Amino Acids, Branched-Chain - blood | Type 2 diabetes | Obesity | Branched chain amino acids | Proteolysis | Body weight | Physiological aspects | Protein biosynthesis | Heart | Plasma | Metabolomics | Liver | Hydroxyproline | Chain branching | Amino acids | Chains | Lipids | Leucine | Glucose | Kinases | Protein turnover | Proteins | Metabolites | Rodents | Animal tissues | Physiology | Oxidation | Carbon 14 | Deposition | Enzymes | Protein metabolism | Accretion | Kidneys | Diabetes mellitus | Muscles | Dietary intake | Metabolism | Gene expression | Substrates | Medicine | Nutrition research | Musculoskeletal system | Diet | Protein synthesis | Insulin resistance | Catabolism | Diabetes | Endocrinology | Index Medicus
Journal Article
JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, ISSN 0022-3751, 06/2013, Volume 591, Issue 11, pp. 2911 - 2923
Key points center dot The branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) leucine acts as both a trigger' for the initiation of protein synthesis, and as a substrate for... 
NEONATAL PIGS | SUPPLEMENTATION | BETA-METHYLBUTYRATE | SIGNALING PATHWAYS | PHYSIOLOGY | ALPHA-KETOISOCAPROATE | AMINO-ACID INFUSION | TRANSFER-RNA | POSTABSORPTIVE RATS | NEUROSCIENCES | TRANSLATIONAL CONTROL | RESISTANCE-EXERCISE | Physiological aspects | Muscles | Amino acids | Metabolites | Analysis | Proteins | Musculoskeletal system | Protein synthesis | Breakdowns
Journal Article
American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0193-1849, 07/2016, Volume 311, Issue 1, pp. E224 - E235
Increased availability of lipids may conserve muscle protein during catabolic stress. Our study was designed to define 1) intracellular mechanisms leading to... 
Human | Protein breakdown | Obesity | Fasting | Subcutaneous adipose tissue | Lipolysis | Skeletal muscle | ADIPOSE TRIGLYCERIDE LIPASE | PHYSIOLOGY | HORMONE-SENSITIVE LIPASE | MUSCLE | fasting | sub-cutaneous adipose tissue | AMINO-ACID | protein breakdown | GROWTH-HORMONE | FAT-CELLS | ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM | WHOLE-BODY | LEUCINE TURNOVER | lipolysis | skeletal muscle | human | obesity | DECREASED EXPRESSION | 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase - genetics | Phosphorylation | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | Humans | Sterol Esterase - metabolism | Male | Muscle, Skeletal - metabolism | Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog - metabolism | Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - metabolism | RNA, Messenger - metabolism | Obesity - genetics | Case-Control Studies | Lipolysis - genetics | Young Adult | Adipose Tissue - metabolism | 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase - metabolism | Forearm | Time Factors | Muscle Proteins - metabolism | Adult | Lipid Metabolism - genetics | Urea - metabolism | Fasting - metabolism | Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - genetics | Cell Cycle Proteins - metabolism | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases - metabolism | Lipase - metabolism | Obesity - metabolism | Cross-Over Studies | Tripartite Motif Proteins - metabolism | Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog - genetics | Lipase - genetics | Protein metabolism | Physiological aspects | Physiological research | Lipid metabolism | Research | Biological control systems | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Nutrition, ISSN 0899-9007, 2016, Volume 36, pp. 8 - 16
Abstract Objectives Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), including leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), and valine (Val), are key regulators of protein synthesis in... 
Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Branched-chain amino acid ratio | Protein metabolism | Proliferation and differentiation | mTORC1 | Myocyte | ADIPOCYTES | TRANSPORTER EXPRESSION | ATROPHY | UBIQUITIN LIGASES | TOR SIGNALING NETWORK | SUPPLEMENTATION | NUTRITION & DIETETICS | SKELETAL-MUSCLE CELLS | MTORC1 ACTIVATION | GROWTH | L-LEUCINE AVAILABILITY | Up-Regulation | Protein Biosynthesis | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases - genetics | Uncoupling Protein 3 - genetics | Muscle Cells - drug effects | Multiprotein Complexes - genetics | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - drug effects | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - metabolism | RNA, Messenger - metabolism | Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 | Multiprotein Complexes - metabolism | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases - genetics | Muscle Proteins - metabolism | Cell Survival - drug effects | Uncoupling Protein 3 - metabolism | Down-Regulation | RNA, Messenger - genetics | Muscle Cells - metabolism | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases - metabolism | Tripartite Motif Proteins - genetics | SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases - metabolism | Muscle Proteins - genetics | Animals | Cell Differentiation - drug effects | Amino Acids, Branched-Chain - pharmacology | Cell Line, Tumor | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - cytology | Cell Proliferation - drug effects | Mice | Tripartite Motif Proteins - metabolism | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases - genetics | Physiological aspects | Protein biosynthesis | Livestock | Branched chain amino acids | Sensors | Ubiquitin | Energy metabolism | Regulators | Interleukin | Chain branching | Amino acids | Chains | Myocytes | Leucine | Kinases | Protein turnover | Proteins | Atrophy | Ratios | Cell growth | Medical laboratories | Cell cycle | Ubiquitin-protein ligase | Food | G1 phase | Isoleucine | Animal nutrition | Myotubes | Myogenin | Nutrition | Ribosomal protein S6 | Gene expression | Metabolism | Interleukin 15 | Ribosomal protein S6 kinase | Musculoskeletal system | Protein synthesis | Valine | S phase | Differentiation | Viability | Transporter | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal Article
Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, 4/2010, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp. 757 - 767
Journal Article
Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 1743-7075, 2011, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp. 68 - 68
Age-related muscle wasting (sarcopenia) is accompanied by a loss of strength which can compromise the functional abilities of the elderly. Muscle proteins are... 
NUTRITION & DIETETICS | DOSE-RESPONSE | AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES | YOUNG MEN | OLDER-ADULTS | LEUCINE SUPPLEMENTATION | CARBOHYDRATE INGESTION | WHEY-PROTEIN | POLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS | ESSENTIAL AMINO-ACIDS | INSULIN SENSITIVITY | Sarcopenia | Physiological aspects | Aged | Research | Muscle proteins | Health aspects | Risk factors | Proteins | Frailty | Muscular system | Older people
Journal Article
American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, ISSN 0363-6143, 06/2009, Volume 296, Issue 6, pp. 1258 - 1270
Myostatin is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle size, previously shown to inhibit muscle cell differentiation. Myostatin requires both Smad2 and Smad3... 
MAFbx | Mammalian target of rapamycin complex signaling | MuRF1 | S6 kinase | Smad signaling | Human skeletal muscle cells | Transducer of regulated Ca | responsive element-binding protein activity | MuRF-1 | Atrogin | Transforming growth factor-β-like molecules | IGF-I | PHYSIOLOGY | ATROPHY | RAPID DISUSE | human skeletal muscle cells | transforming growth factor-beta-like molecules | SKELETAL-MUSCLE HYPERTROPHY | FOXO TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS | UBIQUITIN LIGASES | transducer of regulated Ca2+-responsive element-binding protein activity | CELL BIOLOGY | atrogin | PATHWAY | GROWTH | GENE-EXPRESSION | mammalian target of rapamycin complex signaling | CONDITIONAL ACTIVATION | Activin Receptors, Type I - antagonists & inhibitors | Protein Kinases - metabolism | Phosphorylation | Protein Kinases - genetics | Humans | Smad3 Protein - metabolism | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - drug effects | Tripartite Motif Proteins | Smad3 Protein - genetics | Transfection | RNA Interference | Myoblasts, Skeletal - pathology | Smad2 Protein - genetics | Muscle Proteins - metabolism | Dioxoles - pharmacology | Regulatory-Associated Protein of mTOR | Benzamides - pharmacology | Myostatin - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt - metabolism | Rapamycin-Insensitive Companion of mTOR Protein | Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa - metabolism | Signal Transduction | Cell Size - drug effects | Cells, Cultured | Smad2 Protein - metabolism | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases - metabolism | Organ Size | Activin Receptors, Type I - metabolism | Myoblasts, Skeletal - enzymology | SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases - metabolism | Mice, SCID | Myostatin - antagonists & inhibitors | Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing | Animals | Carrier Proteins - metabolism | Proteins - metabolism | Cell Differentiation - drug effects | Follistatin - pharmacology | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - pathology | Creatine Kinase - metabolism | Mice | Protein Kinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases | Myoblasts, Skeletal - drug effects | Insulin-Like Growth Factor I - metabolism | Muscle Fibers, Skeletal - enzymology | RNA, Small Interfering - metabolism | Abdominal surgery | Musculoskeletal system | Signal transduction | Cell growth | Kinases | Gene expression | Cells | Index Medicus
Journal Article