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2013, Independent Evaluation Group Studies, ISBN 082139794X, 213
Youth employment issues are a major concern for many countries because they have negative effects on the welfare of young people, and may also adversely affect... 
Politics & government | International finance | World Bank | INFORMAL SECTOR | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | ADOLESCENT GIRLS | BUSINESS CYCLE | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | PROGRAM DESIGN | WAGE LEVELS | YOUTH LABOR | EMPLOYABILITY | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | ETHNIC GROUPS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | CHILD DEVELOPMENT | DIGNITY | PRIVATE SECTOR | JOB SEARCH | TRUST FUNDS | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | ADVERSE EFFECTS | YOUTH POPULATION | YOUNG PERSON | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | ECONOMIC POLICIES | FEMALE LABOR | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | UNEMPLOYED | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | EARNING | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | SOCIAL COHESION | ACCESS TO RESOURCES | EMPLOYMENT EFFECT | LABOR MARKET POLICY | PRIVATE SECTORS | WORKING CONDITIONS | YOUNG WOMEN | ACCOUNTABILITY | AGE GROUP | INCOME | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | ACTIVE LABOR | LABORERS | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | SIGNALING EFFECT | COLLECTIVE ACTION | PUBLIC WORKS | LABOR MARKET REFORM | NON-FARM EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | TRAINING PROGRAMS | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | JOBS | INFLATION | LOW EMPLOYMENT | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES | SMALL BUSINESSES | TEMPORARY SAFETY NET | EMPLOYMENT HISTORY | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT TRENDS | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | IMPERFECT INFORMATION | SAFETY NETS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | SAFETY | BUSINESS CYCLES | NET JOB CREATION | UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM | INNOVATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DISADVANTAGED YOUTH | UNSKILLED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED YOUTH | JOB INFORMATION | ADOLESCENT | PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS | JOB CREATION | TEMPORARY WAGE SUBSIDIES | UNEMPLOYED PERSON | INVENTORY | MARKET WAGES | FAMILIES | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | VOCATIONAL SKILLS | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | CHILDBEARING | DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS | ADULTHOOD | BANK MANAGEMENT | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | JOB SEEKERS | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE | PRIVATE PROVIDERS | WORK EXPERIENCE | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | YOUTH | MACROECONOMICS | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | LABOR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE | ISLAMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOME | LABOR SUPPLY | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | EXTERNALITIES | YOUTH EMPOWERMENT | TRANSPORT | PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | EMPLOYMENT TRAINING | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | EMPLOYMENT INCREASES | AGE GROUPS | LABOR REGULATION | SOCIAL NORMS | PRIVATE-PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS | MIGRATION | FIRM LEVEL | MALE YOUTH | LABOR DEMAND | FINANCIAL RISK | JOB TURNOVER | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | EMPLOYMENT SITUATION | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT | YOUNG WORKERS | VIOLENCE | YOUNG PEOPLE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | POST-PROGRAM EMPLOYMENT | SERVICE PROVIDERS | YOUTH GROUPS | LABOUR
eBook
World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, 03/2019, Volume 115, pp. 17 - 29
This paper investigates if residing in a joint family affects non-farm employment for married women in rural India. Our estimates based on a longitudinal... 
Female autonomy | Non-farm employment | Rural areas | Family structure | LABOR-FORCE PARTICIPATION | HOUSEHOLD STRUCTURE | CASTE | CARE | DEVELOPMENT STUDIES | IMPACT | WORK | ECONOMICS | KINSHIP
Journal Article
World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, 03/2019, Volume 115, pp. 17 - 29
•The study examines the role of co-residing family members in married women’s decision to take up non-farm work.•Living in a joint family lowers women’s... 
Female autonomy | Non-farm employment | Rural areas | Family structure | Participation | Social classes | Decision making | Working women | Norms | Families & family life | Public policy | Social status | Social interactions | Higher education | Family power | Employment | Education | Work
Journal Article
Papers in Regional Science, ISSN 1056-8190, 03/2013, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp. 141 - 161
Journal Article
World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, 07/2019, Volume 119, pp. 81 - 99
Journal Article
Asia Pacific Viewpoint, ISSN 1360-7456, 08/2016, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp. 263 - 279
This paper analyses how rural households engage in different segments of non‐farm wage labour markets using panel data from three Vietnamese provinces that... 
non‐farm economy | Vietnam | pluriactivity | rural labour markets | rural development | non-farm economy | ASSETS | AREA STUDIES | INCOME GENERATION | THAILAND | AFRICA | POVERTY | ASIA | GEOGRAPHY | Rural development | Labor economics | Participation | Labor market | Households | Rural areas | Entrances | Markets | Economic development | Studies | Seasonal variations | Panel data | Public service | Employment | Farms | Government employees | Public participation | Location
Journal Article
European Review of Agricultural Economics, ISSN 0165-1587, 12/2018, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp. 723 - 748
This paper investigates the effects of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) payments on the indirectly generated non-farm jobs in small and medium-sized... 
spillovers | CAP | rural-urban | non-farm employment | SMEs | system GMM | SUBSTITUTION | BUSINESS-CYCLE | DIFFERENCE | RURAL-DEVELOPMENT | AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS & POLICY | GROWTH | FIXED PROPORTIONS | ECONOMICS | IMPACTS
Journal Article
Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, 05/2018, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp. 139 - 157
Purpose The entrepreneurial process is a result of an interaction between an individual entrepreneur and the surrounding entrepreneurial ecosystem. The purpose... 
Socio-economic predictors | Metropolitan areas | Entrepreneurial ecosystems | Non-farm proprietorship employment | Geography | Wages & salaries | Economic development | Variables | Recessions | Employment | Entrepreneurship | Proprietorships | Venture capital | Population | Hispanics | Age
Journal Article
Journal of Asian Economics, ISSN 1049-0078, 02/2015, Volume 36, pp. 47 - 61
•Rural non-farm employment reduces significantly poverty in Vietnam and India.•Households with access to non-farm employment are less vulnerable.•Skilled... 
Vietnam | Vulnerability | Poverty | Non-farm sector | India | ECONOMICS | Agricultural industry | Employment
Journal Article
2009, ISBN 0821377876
The first part of the report presents stylized facts of youth and labor markets in Africa. The second part discusses past youth employment interventions in the... 
legal status | craftsmen | job creation | Gross national income | women entrepreneurs | training programs | sensitive policies | migrant | labor market institutions | worker | training services | diseases | human resources | vulnerability | age groups | child labor | training providers | older workers | young workers | urban workers | peace | disadvantaged position | working population | Sex | household survey | primary school | labor markets | public services | social sector | unemployed | workers | Millennium Development Goal | human capital | job search | jobs | job status | young men | educational levels | Labour Force | employment situation | employment status | progress | school age | citizens | Gross enrollment ratio | Consumer price index | suppliers | access to employment | employment prospects | Government policies | rural productivity | non-farm sector | discrimination | gender equity | Private sector | primary level | early motherhood | labor law | Human development | old tradition | public policy | Purchasing Power Parity | life expectancy | skills assessment | Young women | development strategies | employment probability | Civil Society Organizations | employment policies | productivity growth | informal economy | active labor market | Wage employment | world population | program design | age group | Transportation | labor productivity | Post-conflict settings | job matches | labor intensity | performance indicator | Employment | universal primary education | Journalists | labor market information | first marriage | rural youth | informal sector | job seekers | training centers | active labor market policies | war | urban areas | labor demand | Young male | developing countries | institutional capacity | migrants | migration | bargaining power | Enterprise Training | Labor force participation | training course | post-program outcomes | occupation | disadvantaged youth | Policy response | unemployed workers | poverty eradication | environmental sustainability | water resources | productivity improvements | dissemination | wage sector | food insecurity | labor market outcomes | industrialization | Labour Markets | youth labor | maternal health | Purchasing Power | first birth | Unemployment | access to education | employment opportunities | employability | rural development | individual needs | service sector | labor regulations | older people | employment services | economic growth | demographic change | national development | sanitation | child mortality | employment programs | secondary education | information systems | Labor force | labor market efficiency | lack of information | levels of education | primary education | vocational training | tertiary education | high fertility rate | HIV | skills development | Vocational Education | short term employment | Unpaid family workers | productive employment | rural residents | creating jobs | fertility | Labour | labor supply | job experience | number of children | International trade | smallholders | quality of education | labor market conditions | Working conditions | educational level | rural areas | economic shocks | unemployment rate | household enterprise | citizen | work force | job placement | rural population | job opportunities | unemployed youth | rural poverty | unemployment spells | rural workers | sustainable development | household work | Employment Trends | total employment | unemployed people | employment generation | young populations | training provider | youth employment | formal education | educational attainment | educational opportunities | Incidence of poverty | malaria | poor people | young people | Gross domestic product | labor market | youth participation | youth unemployment | earning | active labor | demographic transition | subsistence farming | public works program | Labor market regulations | Climate change | living standards | public works | poor families | level of education | merchants | employment protection legislation | self employment
Book
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, ISSN 0971-7927, 12/2017, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp. 613 - 624
This paper analyzes the dynamics of the rural non-farm employment in the fifteen major states of India by using panel data analysis for the period 1972–2010.... 
Economics | Panel data | Development Economics | Male | Female | Rural non-farm employment | Labor Economics | Industrial Organization | Convergence
Journal Article
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, ISSN 0971-7927, 3/2017, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp. 57 - 80
This paper examines issues and policies in the roles of agriculture and non-agriculture in raising employment and reduction in poverty. First, it provides... 
Economics | Poverty | Development Economics | Social protection | Service | Gender | Rural non-farm employment | Labor Economics | Industrial Organization | Employment | Agriculture | Manufacturing | Inequality
Journal Article
IDS Bulletin, ISSN 0265-5012, 05/2017, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp. 109 - 126
Journal Article
IDS BULLETIN-INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, ISSN 0265-5012, 05/2017, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp. 109 - 125
Non-farm enterprises have generally been perceived as a silver bullet solution for rural unemployment. This article therefore provides some insights on their... 
non-farm enterprise | AREA STUDIES | rural | Ghana | POVERTY REDUCTION | INCOME DIVERSIFICATION | STRATEGIES | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT | AFRICA | FARM | unemployment | GENDER | coping | policy
Journal Article
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, ISSN 0971-7927, 9/2015, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp. 405 - 432
In the post-liberalisation frame, employment generation in rural non-farm sector has shown a considerable growth at an all-India level but in Maharashtra the... 
Economics | Development Economics | Skills | Gender disparity | Rural non-farm employment | Maharashtra | Labor Economics | Industrial Organization | Caste status
Journal Article
10/2007
This report, which has been prepared by the World Bank in cooperation with the National Statistical Committee, provides an assessment of poverty in the Kyrgyz... 
LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | URBAN WORKERS | FEWER PEOPLE | WAGE LEVELS | OLDER WORKERS | HOUSEHOLD WORK | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | URBAN POVERTY | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | BASIC EDUCATION | PRIVATE SECTOR | POVERTY STATUS | JOB INSECURITY | URBAN AREAS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT | IMPACT OF MIGRATION | POOR FAMILIES | UNEMPLOYED PERSONS | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | RURAL ACTIVITY | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | CHILD CARE | INCOME SECURITY | JOB OPPORTUNITIES | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY | CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT | JOB MARKET | PRIVATE TRANSFERS | UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE | FEMALE PARTICIPATION | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT OFFICE | INCIDENCE OF POVERTY | AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | FOOD PRICES | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | LIVE BIRTHS | HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION | NON-FARM EMPLOYMENT | PRIMARY SOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | POPULATION GROWTH | DRIVERS | FINDING JOBS | RURAL | FEWER HOUSEHOLDS | INDIRECT LABOR COSTS | RURAL POVERTY LEVELS | JOBS | SMALL BUSINESSES | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | POVERTY LEVELS | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | RURAL LABOR MARKET | FIRING COSTS | RURAL WOMEN | MALE COUNTERPARTS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | RURAL POVERTY | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | JOB CREATION | DISCRIMINATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | PRODUCTION UNIT | FAMILY MEMBERS | LAND REFORM | INFANT | JOBLESS GROWTH | POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY | LABOR MARKET SITUATION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | EXTERNAL MIGRATION | RURAL POVERTY RATES | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | URBAN SETTLEMENTS | WORK FORCE | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | JOB SECURITY | INTERNAL MIGRATION | CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES | LABOR SUPPLY | GENDER INEQUALITY | RURAL AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | RURAL INHABITANTS | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | RURAL POPULATION | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | URBAN POPULATION | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | PENSIONS | HUMAN TRAFFICKING | MIGRATION | HIGH EMPLOYMENT | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | RURAL WORK | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKING POPULATION | SERVICE SECTORS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | YOUNG PEOPLE | HEALTH CARE | EMPLOYMENT RATES | RURAL FAMILIES | INCOME GROWTH | INFORMAL SECTOR | PRODUCTION PATTERN | CHILD LABOR | STATUS OF WOMEN | REMITTANCES | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS | LIMITED JOB OPPORTUNITIES | INFANT MORTALITY RATES | INCOME QUINTILE | RURAL LABOR MARKETS | NATIONAL AUTHORITIES | EMPLOYMENT | ETHNIC GROUPS | AGRARIAN ECONOMY | WORKFORCE | TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | REAL WAGES | JOB SEARCH | ERADICATION OF POVERTY | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | LABOR LAWS | NATIONALS | PRODUCTIVITY GAP | YOUNGER WORKERS | FOOD SECURITY | SCHOOL ENROLMENT | UNEMPLOYED | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | FARM ACTIVITIES | NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS | RURAL WORKERS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | WORKING CONDITIONS | INCOME | PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL | MIGRANTS | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | POVERTY ASSESSMENT | RURAL DIMENSION | AGRICULTURAL GROWTH | ELDERLY | SUBSISTENCE FARMING | HOUSEHOLD NEEDS | OCCUPATIONS | TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT | POVERTY HEADCOUNT INDEX | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | ECONOMIC STATUS | UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES | RURAL SECTOR | NET JOB CREATION | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | RESPECT | IMMIGRATION | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | UNIVERSITY EDUCATION | PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS | GENDER GAPS | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | LABOR REGULATIONS | BASIC NEEDS | MALE PARTICIPATION | PUBLIC SERVICES | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | FOOD PROCESSING | POVERTY REDUCTION | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | POOR WOMEN | RURAL LABOR | SECONDARY LEVELS OF EDUCATION | LABOR FORCE | NATIONAL POVERTY | EMPLOYMENT RATE | RURAL POOR | REAL WAGE | HOUSEHOLD BUDGET | LABOR COST | HUMAN CAPITAL | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | FARMERS | UNEMPLOYMENT | AGRICULTURAL POLICY | LABOR DEMAND | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | NON-FARM SECTOR | EMPLOYMENT SITUATION | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | MEAT | INFANT MORTALITY | HIGH WAGE | RURAL MIGRANTS | WOMEN WORKERS | GENDER ISSUES | RURAL RESIDENTS
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