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1997, Occasional paper, ISBN 1452758085, Volume 153, 54
Public pension systems around the world have been criticized in recent years for some serious flaws, including the excessive burden they impose on the public finances and their depressing impact on saving rates... 
Pensions | Old age pensions | Pension trusts | Saving and investment | Defined benefit pension plans
eBook
ISBN 1557756406
Book
ISBN 1451939299
Book
1996, ISBN 9781452725796, 50
eBook
ISBN 1557756201
Book
2013, ISBN 9781616354138, 86
Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies... 
Pensions | Pension Reform;reform;emerging market economies | Developed countries | Developing countries
eBook
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the European Union and Croatia... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
Book
2013, Directions in development (Washington, D.C.), ISBN 0821395408, 264
Comprehensive reform of China’s pension and social security system is an essential element of achieving its objectives of a harmonious society and sustainable development... 
Pensions | Macroeconomics and Economic Growth | China-Pension-Social Security-Social Insurance-Notional Defined Contribution-Social Pension-Rural Pension-Urban Pension-Matching Defined Contribution-Aging-Social Pooling-Individual Account-Funded Defined Contribution-Legacy Costs | POL019000 - POLITICAL SCIENCE | Public Policy | BUS038000 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Social Services & Welfare | Labor | Finance and Financial Sector Development | Social Protections and Labor | Social security | Government policy | China | LABOR MARKETS | ACCOUNTING FRAMEWORK | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | CREDIBILITY | SOCIAL PENSIONS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | WAGE GROWTH | ANNUITIES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | PENSION PLAN | AGE SUPPORT | HUMAN RESOURCES | SOCIAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATE | BENEFIT FORMULA | CONTRIBUTION RATE | OLDER PEOPLE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | INCOME SECURITY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | SERVANTS | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FINANCING | RAPID GROWTH | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | BENEFICIARY | BANKRUPTCY | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENTS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | TERM DEPOSITS | INSTITUTIONAL ARCHITECTURE | FUNDED PENSION | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | MINIMUM BENEFIT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | ECONOMIC REFORM | CASH FLOW | TAX COLLECTION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | NOTIONAL ACCOUNTS | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | GLOBALIZATION | FINANCIAL MARKET | RISK POOLING | PENSION SAVINGS | EMPLOYEE BENEFITS | PENSION ASSET | JOB CREATION | TRUSTEE | OLD-AGE PENSION | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | MARKET REFORM | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | FISCAL BURDEN | RATES OF INFLATION | PENSION POLICY REFORM | REFORM PROGRAM | RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | RESERVE FUNDS | LABOR MARKET | PERSONAL PENSION | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | MARKET RETURNS | RESERVE | PENSION FRAMEWORK | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | IMPLICIT TAX | BENEFICIARIES | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | PENSION ADMINISTRATION | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | LABOR SUPPLY | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | INCOME GROUPS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | MANDATORY SCHEME | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | RETIREMENT INCENTIVES | LOCAL FISCAL CAPACITY | FERTILITY RATE | BASIC BENEFIT | DEPENDENCY RATIO | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | INSTITUTIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | RESERVES | BENEFIT LEVEL | INFORMAL SECTOR | RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | SUPPLEMENTAL BENEFIT | ACTUARIES | MARKET EFFICIENCY | DEBT RELIEF | PERSONAL PENSIONS | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | INVESTMENT RISKS | MARKET DISTORTIONS | BENEFIT LEVELS | PENSION FINANCING | PENSION SCHEME | DEFICITS | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | EMPLOYMENT | RETIREMENT SAVINGS ACCOUNT | BUYBACK | PENSION PROVISIONS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENT | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | LOCAL FINANCES | INFLATION RATE | TAX TREATMENT | PENSION POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | OLD-AGE INCOME | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | INCOME INEQUALITY | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | RETIREMENT INCOME | ANNUITY | INCOMES | PENSION COSTS | PENSION RIGHTS | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | BARRIER | RETURNS | ELDERLY | INFORMAL SECTORS | LABOR ECONOMICS | FUTURE PENSION | INFORMATION FLOWS | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | FAMILY SUPPORT | LABOR INCOME | PERFORMANCE RISK | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | SOCIAL SERVICES | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | TAX | PENSION INCOME | RETIREMENT BENEFIT | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | ACCOUNTING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | FINANCIAL FLOWS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MINIMUM INCOME | LABOR MOBILITY | SAVINGS RATES | NOTIONAL ACCOUNT | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | VOLUNTARY PENSION | RETIREE | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | RETIREES | DEFINED-CONTRIBUTION PENSION | SOCIAL PROTECTION | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | LABOR FORCE | PRIVATE EMPLOYER | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | MARKET INTERMEDIARIES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS | HUMAN CAPITAL | DISBURSEMENT | FINANCIAL ASSET | TRANSPARENCY | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE | PENSION LIABILITIES | MONETARY FUND | FISCAL CAPACITY | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | INSTRUMENT | MINIMUM BENEFIT GUARANTEE | REMITTANCE | SMALL ENTERPRISES | ECONOMICS | LABOUR | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
eBook
06/2012
This paper presents and explains cross country data for mandatory publicly and privately managed pension systems around the world... 
PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | NEWBORN | PENSION COVERAGE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | RETIREMENT BEHAVIOR | INCOME GROUP | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION | COUNTRY OF ORIGIN | PENSION REGIMES | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | CITIZENSHIP | SOCIAL PENSIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | ELDERLY POPULATION | SOCIAL PENSION | GENDER GAP | BASIC PENSION | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | NATIONAL LEVEL | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | SEX | CENTER FOR HEALTH | PILLAR SYSTEMS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | POPULATION CENSUSES | SERVANTS | PUBLIC PILLAR | NUMBER OF DEATHS | RETIREMENT INCOME SCHEMES | RETIREMENT AGE | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | LIVE BIRTHS | MANDATORY SAVING | PUBLIC SCHEME | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION PROGRAM | GROWTH RATE | POPULATION AGEING | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEME | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | OLD-AGE | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | INSURANCE POLICIES | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | INFANT | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | POPULATION CENSUS | CHILD REARING | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | STATE GOVERNMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | LABOR SUPPLY | BENEFIT INDEXATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | RURAL POPULATION | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | AGE DISTRIBUTION | PRESENT VALUE | PROGRESS | URBAN POPULATION | MANDATORY SCHEME | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | MIGRATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSIONS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | NOMINAL WAGE | HEALTH CARE | PRIVATE PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR | ACCRUAL RATES | ELDERLY PEOPLE | FERTILITY RATES | PENSION | CITIZENS | BENEFIT LEVELS | GROSS WAGES | FAMILY POLICIES | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | MIDDLE-INCOME ECONOMIES | PROVIDENT FUND | WORKFORCE | AGING POPULATION | MANDATORY SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | PENSION POLICY | REFUGEES | NATIONALS | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | BENEFIT FORMULAE | MANDATES | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM | RETIREMENT INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME PROVISION | MIGRANTS | ANNUITY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED BASIS | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | DEATH RATES | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | MUTUAL FUNDS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | HIV | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | MARKET ECONOMIES | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | CHANGE IN POPULATION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSION | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | PENSION LIABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS | WOMAN | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | ECONOMIC TRANSITION | LIFE INSURANCE | UNFUNDED PENSION | ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | BANK ACCOUNTS | FORMAL PENSION SYSTEM | POPULATION DATA | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | ASYLUM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | OLD AGE | PUBLIC PENSION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | POPULATION FORECASTS | LONG-TERM CARE | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | RETIREMENT-INCOME PROVISION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | POPULATION DIVISION | NUMBER OF WORKERS | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | PENSIONABLE AGE | TAX FINANCING | INFANT MORTALITY | FORMAL PENSION
Book
ISBN 9780939934683
Book
08/2000, ISBN 9781451901191, 56
...)-a clamorous debate has grown about pension reform in general, and the necessity/desirability/urgency or otherwise of a move towards private, funded pensions, in particular. 
Book
1986, ISBN 9781452787336, 87
Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining... 
Public finance | Pensions
eBook
03/2010
This report aims to provide additional insights to existing analyses of public pension and social security schemes in the Caribbean... 
PENSION AGE | REGULATORY SYSTEMS | LABOR MARKETS | PUBLIC SCHEMES | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | INVESTMENT RISK | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | CREDIBILITY | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | SOCIAL PENSIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MARKET ECONOMY | WAGE GROWTH | GOOD GOVERNANCE | INTEREST RATES | INCOME SMOOTHING | AGE SUPPORT | SOCIAL PENSION | FULL-CAREER WORKERS | REPLACEMENT RATE | TAX SYSTEM | POLICY RESPONSES | BASIC PENSION | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | ACCRUAL RATE | ADVERSE EFFECTS | CIVIL SERVICE PENSION | REGULATORY STANDARDS | LIQUIDITY | RETIREMENT SYSTEMS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | CONVERSIONS | FERTILITY | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGIES | GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | RETIREMENT AGE | BENEFIT ADJUSTMENTS | PENSION WEALTH | MANDATORY SCHEMES | PENSION SYSTEM | GROWTH RATE | DISBURSEMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CODES OF CONDUCT | MINIMUM BENEFIT | STOCKS | GLOBALIZATION | GROWTH RATES | COMMODITY | FINANCIAL MARKET | PENSION FUND | BENEFIT PAYMENTS | GOVERNANCE STANDARDS | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | OUTPUT | RETIREMENT | CONTRIBUTION PERIOD | PENSION FUNDS | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | SECURITY AGREEMENTS | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | RESERVE | LIQUIDATION | SECURITY AGREEMENT | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEMES | VOLATILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FINANCIAL ASSETS | BENEFIT INDEXATION | DEFINED BENEFITS | INFORMATION DISCLOSURE | INSURANCE | PENSION PROGRAMS | INCOME GROUPS | MATURITY | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEME | PENSION EXPENDITURES | REVENUE SHORTFALLS | GUARANTEED BENEFIT | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | CURRENCY | PENSION SYSTEMS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | PRIVATE PENSION | FINANCIAL MARKETS DEVELOPMENT | BENEFIT LEVEL | EARNINGS REPLACEMENT | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | ACCRUAL RATES | MARKET EFFICIENCY | FERTILITY RATES | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | CORRUPTION | PENSION | SINGLE MARKET | INVESTMENT RISKS | MARKET DISTORTIONS | BENEFIT LEVELS | DEBT BURDEN | PENSION SCHEME | DEFICITS | FINANCIAL DISTRESS | PENSION PROVISIONS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | DISABILITY PENSION | FINANCIAL SECTOR | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | PENSION POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | DEBT BURDENS | OLD-AGE INCOME | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | PUBLIC SPENDING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ECONOMIC VOLATILITY | PENSION RESERVES | PENSIONER | PENSION RIGHTS | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | RETURNS | ELDERLY | MANDATORY RETIREMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | INFLATION | PRICE GROWTH | RETIREMENT PENSION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | INFORMATION SHARING | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | IMPLICIT PENSION DEBT | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MINIMUM INCOME | FORMAL PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION INVESTMENTS | WAGE TAXES | WORKER CONTRIBUTIONS | RETIREE | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | ASSET PRICES | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | INVESTMENT POLICIES | GOVERNMENT PENSION | PUBLIC PENSION | TRANSPARENCY | ASSET VALUES | PENSION FUND MANAGERS | FULL-CAREER WORKER | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE | PUBLIC DEBT | COMMODITY EXPORTS | PENSION LIABILITIES | FINANCIAL WEAKNESSES | MONETARY FUND | DEBT LEVELS | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | HARMONIZATION | PENSIONABLE AGE | PENSIONABLE EARNINGS | FORMAL PENSION | LEVEL OF RISK | MULTI-PILLAR SYSTEM
Book
02/2014
This note sets out options to develop private pensions in Albania. It has been requested by the authorities to help create a more diversified pension system that can deliver improved outcomes for Albania in decades to come... 
INVESTMENT FUND | TAX BENEFIT | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | START-UP COSTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | HOME OWNERSHIP | INVESTMENT RISK | MORTALITY TABLES | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | SMALL COUNTRY | ANNUITY MARKET | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKET | HOME COUNTRY | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | COST REDUCTION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | CUSTOMER ACQUISITION | MORTALITY | JOINT ANNUITY | PENSION SECTORS | TAX RELIEF | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CONVERSIONS | LEGISLATION | VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | FEE INCOME | ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | MANDATORY SAVING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEM | FINANCE CORPORATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BANK DEPOSITS | UNION | TAX BURDEN | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | PENSION FUND | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | INVESTMENT FUNDS | LIFE ANNUITY | RENEWABLE ENERGY | TRUSTEE | DISABILITY | IDS | PENSION REFORM | ILLIQUIDITY | POOLS OF SAVINGS | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE ANNUITIES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | RETIREMENT | AFFORDABILITY | PENSION FUNDS | LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK | JOINT ANNUITIES | LABOR MARKET | REPLACEMENT RATES | MARKET STRUCTURE | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | COMPANY LAW | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | FINANCIAL ACCOUNT | INSURANCE | GENDER INEQUALITY | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | JUDGE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | LEVEL OF ASSETS | ENROLLMENT | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | EXCESS RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC ECONOMY | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | BEQUESTS | PAY AS YOU GO | PRIVATE PENSION | TAX BENEFITS | HOME | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM STABILITY | ASSET MANAGERS | ENROLLMENTS | RETIREMENT DATE | TRUSTEES | EXTREME POVERTY | COMPANY PENSION | HOMEOWNERSHIP | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | RETIREMENT INCOME SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | PENSION POLICY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL ADVANTAGE | PENSION REFORM PROCESS | TAX INCENTIVES | PENSION ASSETS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | RETIREMENT INCOME | EU DIRECTIVES | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | OUTSOURCING | SCANDAL | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | LOCAL CAPITAL MARKET | RETURNS | TERM DEPOSIT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | INFORMAL SECTORS | CONTRIBUTION COLLECTION | FUTURE PENSION | PROPERTY MARKETS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RETIREMENT AGES | WITHDRAWAL | PENSION LAW | BANKING SUPERVISION | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PENSION INCOME | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | SOURCES OF FINANCE | PENSION SAVING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | EMPLOYERS | BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL SECURITY | VOLUNTARY PENSION | KEY CHALLENGES | COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | MICROENTERPRISES | GENDER EQUALITY | GLOBAL INVESTMENT | MARKET TRENDS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | COST STRUCTURE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | PENSION PRODUCTS | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | GENDER | REGULATORS | UNEMPLOYMENT | EQUITIES | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | CUSTOMER BASE | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PUBLIC SYSTEMS | ACCOUNT HOLDER | SMALL ENTERPRISES | WILL | TRANSFERABLE SECURITIES
Book
07/2015, Social protection and labor discussion paper,no. 1503
This report provides an initial stocktaking of the characteristics, environment and performance of public and private pensions and elderly assistance programs in Sub-Saharan Africa... 
LONGEVITY RISKS | PUBLIC SCHEMES | PENSION COVERAGE | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS | CIVIL SERVICE PENSIONS | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | PENSION PROVIDER | WAGE GROWTH | WELFARE | ANNUITIES | SOCIAL SECURITY AGENCY | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | PENSION PLAN | AGE SUPPORT | SOCIAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATE | PENSION POLICIES | SAFETY NET | EMPLOYEES | BENEFIT FORMULA | PENSION INVESTMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | ACCRUAL RATE | CIVIL SERVICE PENSION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | RETIREMENT SYSTEMS | RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY | FERTILITY | PENSION PAYMENT | OLDER PERSONS | OCCUPATIONAL RETIREMENT | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | RETIREMENT PLANNING | FUNDED SCHEME | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | MANDATORY SCHEMES | PENSION SYSTEM | PENSION PROGRAM | WAGE TAX | INDIVIDUAL BENEFITS | PENSION SERVICE | PENSION AGENCY | MINIMUM BENEFIT | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEME | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | PENSION FUND | MORAL HAZARD | BENEFIT SCHEME | OLD-AGE PENSION | INDEXED ANNUITY | PENSION REFORM | HEALTH | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | LONGEVITY INSURANCE | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | PENSION ACCOUNTS | NATIONAL PENSIONS | WORKER CONTRIBUTION | PERSONAL PENSION | REPLACEMENT RATES | PENSION DEBT | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEMES | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | PENSION ADMINISTRATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | DEFINED-BENEFIT SCHEME | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | FUNDED ACCOUNTS | MANDATORY SCHEME | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEMES | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSIONERS | PENSION REFORMS | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | PAYROLL TAX | SUPERVISORY AGENCY | LONG-TERM PROJECTIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | BENEFIT LEVEL | EARNINGS REPLACEMENT | INFORMAL SECTOR | SUPPLEMENTAL BENEFIT | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | ACCRUAL RATES | INVESTMENT RETURN | PENSION | PENSION FUND MEMBER | BENEFIT LEVELS | PORTFOLIO CHOICE | PENSION SCHEME | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | RETIREMENT ACCOUNT | PROVIDENT FUND | TAX TREATMENTS | PENSION PROVISIONS | INFLATION RISK | AGING POPULATION | TAX ADVANTAGES | RETIREMENT INCOME SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | TAX TREATMENT | DEFERRED ANNUITY | ANNUITY FACTOR | DEFINED- BENEFIT SCHEME | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | PENSION ASSETS | BENEFIT FORMULAS | DEFINED- CONTRIBUTION PENSION | RETIREMENT INCOME | ANNUITY | PUBLIC SYSTEM | PENSION COSTS | PENSION RESERVES | PENSIONER | PENSION RIGHTS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED SCHEMES | LONGEVITY RISK | ELDERLY | PENSION REGULATOR | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | INVESTMENT RETURNS | FUTURE PENSION | PROVIDENT FUNDS | FAMILY SUPPORT | TAX PURPOSES | PENSION SPENDING | LABOR INCOME | RETIREMENT PENSION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | PENSION LAW | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSION | SAFETY NETS | INFLATION RISKS | INITIAL REPLACEMENT RATES | PENSION INCOME | RETIREMENT BENEFIT | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | LIFE INSURANCE | PERSONAL PENSION PLANS | VOLUNTARY PENSION SCHEMES | LIFE EXPECTANCY | RETIREMENT FUNDS | PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | PENSION INVESTMENTS | VOLUNTARY PENSION | ACCOUNTING METHODS | RETIREE | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | DEFINED-CONTRIBUTION PENSION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | PUBLIC PENSION | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | OCCUPATIONAL SCHEME | PENSION FUND MANAGERS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION PLANS | PENSION LIABILITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | BENEFIT SCHEMES | PENSION BENEFICIARIES | PENSIONABLE EARNINGS | AGING POPULATIONS | FORMAL PENSION
Paper
03/1998, ISBN 9781451892826, 0
Much of the work which highlighted the financial strain that pay-as-you-go (PAYG) public pension systems in industrial countries would inevitably face was done during the 1980s... 
Book
02/2007, ISBN 1451910452, 36
The present paper reviews key issues in pension design and pension reform encountered all across the world... 
Aging | Financial Safety Nets | Pension Funds | Welfare Programs | Household Behavior | Demographic Trends | Law and legislation | Government policy | Pensions
Book
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